• Title, Summary, Keyword: MR damper

Search Result 373, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

Design and calibration of a semi-active control logic to mitigate structural vibrations in wind turbines

  • Caterino, Nicola;Georgakis, Christos T.;Spizzuoco, Mariacristina;Occhiuzzi, Antonio
    • Smart Structures and Systems
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-92
    • /
    • 2016
  • The design of a semi-active (SA) control system addressed to mitigate wind induced structural demand to high wind turbine towers is discussed herein. Actually, the remarkable growth in height of wind turbines in the last decades, for a higher production of electricity, makes this issue pressing than ever. The main objective is limiting bending moment demand by relaxing the base restraint, without increasing the top displacement, so reducing the incidence of harmful "p-delta" effects. A variable restraint at the base, able to modify in real time its mechanical properties according to the instantaneous response of the tower, is proposed. It is made of a smooth hinge with additional elastic stiffness and variable damping respectively given by springs and SA magnetorheological (MR) dampers installed in parallel. The idea has been physically realized at the Denmark Technical University where a 1/20 scale model of a real, one hundred meters tall wind turbine has been assumed as case study for shaking table tests. A special control algorithm has been purposely designed to drive MR dampers. Starting from the results of preliminary laboratory tests, a finite element model of such structure has been calibrated so as to develop several numerical simulations addressed to calibrate the controller, i.e., to achieve as much as possible different, even conflicting, structural goals. The results are definitely encouraging, since the best configuration of the controller leaded to about 80% of reduction of base stress, as well as to about 30% of reduction of top displacement in respect to the fixed base case.

Control Performance Evaluation of Smart Mid-story Isolation System with RNN Model (RNN 모델을 이용한 스마트 중간층 면진시스템의 제어성능 평가)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.774-779
    • /
    • 2020
  • The seismic response reduction capacity of a smart mid-story isolation system was investigated using the RNN model in this study. For this purpose, an RNN model was developed to make a dynamic response prediction of building structures subjected to seismic loads. An existing tall building with a mid-story isolation system was selected as an example structure for realistic research. A smart mid-story isolation system was comprised of an MR damper instead of existing lead dampers. The RNN model predicted the seismic responses accurately compared to those of the FEM model. The simulation time of the RNN model can be reduced significantly compared to the FEM model. After the numerical simulations, the smart mid-story isolation system could effectively reduce the seismic responses of the existing building compared to the conventional mid-story isolation system.

Performance Improvement of Pneumatic Artificial Muscle Manipulators using Magneto-Rheological Brake (MR Brake를 이용한 공압근육매니퓰레이터의 지능제어)

  • Ahn, Kyoung-Kwan;Thanh, T.D.C.;Ahn, Young-Kong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.572-575
    • /
    • 2005
  • A novel pneumatic artificial muscle actuator (PAM actuator), which has achieved increased popularity to provide the advantages such as high strength and high power/weight ratio, low cost, compactness, ease of maintenance, cleanliness, readily available and cheap power source, inherent safety and mobility assistance to humans performing tasks, has been regarded during the recent decades as an interesting alternative to hydraulic and electric actuators. In order to realize satisfactory control performance, a variable damper Magneto Rheological Brake (MRB), Is equipped to the Joint of the manipulator. Superb mixture of conventional PID controller and a phase plane switching control method brings us a novel controller. This proposed controller is appropriate for a kind of plants with nonlinearity, uncertainties and disturbances. The experiments were carried out in practical PAM manipulator and the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm was demonstrated through experiments, which had proved that the stability of the manipulator can be improved greatly in a high gain control by using MRB with phase plane switching control method and without regard for the changes of external inertia loads.

  • PDF

Seismic Response Control of Spacial Arch Structures using Multiple Smart TMD (다중 스마트 TMD를 이용한 대공간 아치구조물의 지진응답 제어)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-51
    • /
    • 2016
  • A novel vibration control method for vibration reduction of a spacial structure subjected to earthquake excitation was proposed in this study. Generally, spatial structures have various vibration modes involving high-order modes and their natural frequencies are closely spaced. Therefore, in order to control these modes, a spatially distributed MTMDs (Multiple TMDs) method is proposed previously. MR (Magnetorheological) damper were used to enhance the control performance of the MTMDs. Accordingly, MSTMDs (Multiple Smart TMDs) were proposed in this study. An arch structure was used as an example structure because it has primary characteristics of spatial structures and it is a comparatively simple structure. MSTMDs were applied to the example arch structure and the seismic control performance were evaluated based on the numerical simulation. Fuzzy logic control algorithm (FLC) was used to generate command voltages sent for MSTMSs and the FLC was optimized by genetic algorithm. Based on the analytical results, it has been shown that the MSTMDs effectively decreased the dynamic responses of the arch structure subjected to earthquake loads.

Feedforward actuator controller development using the backward-difference method for real-time hybrid simulation

  • Phillips, Brian M.;Takada, Shuta;Spencer, B.F. Jr.;Fujino, Yozo
    • Smart Structures and Systems
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1081-1103
    • /
    • 2014
  • Real-time hybrid simulation (RTHS) has emerged as an important tool for testing large and complex structures with a focus on rate-dependent specimen behavior. Due to the real-time constraints, accurate dynamic control of servo-hydraulic actuators is required. These actuators are necessary to realize the desired displacements of the specimen, however they introduce unwanted dynamics into the RTHS loop. Model-based actuator control strategies are based on linearized models of the servo-hydraulic system, where the controller is taken as the model inverse to effectively cancel out the servo-hydraulic dynamics (i.e., model-based feedforward control). An accurate model of a servo-hydraulic system generally contains more poles than zeros, leading to an improper inverse (i.e., more zeros than poles). Rather than introduce additional poles to create a proper inverse controller, the higher order derivatives necessary for implementing the improper inverse can be calculated from available information. The backward-difference method is proposed as an alternative to discretize an improper continuous time model for use as a feedforward controller in RTHS. This method is flexible in that derivatives of any order can be explicitly calculated such that controllers can be developed for models of any order. Using model-based feedforward control with the backward-difference method, accurate actuator control and stable RTHS are demonstrated using a nine-story steel building model implemented with an MR damper.

Locating and identifying model-free structural nonlinearities and systems using incomplete measured structural responses

  • Liu, Lijun;Lei, Ying;He, Mingyu
    • Smart Structures and Systems
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.409-424
    • /
    • 2015
  • Structural nonlinearity is a common phenomenon encountered in engineering structures under severe dynamic loading. It is necessary to localize and identify structural nonlinearities using structural dynamic measurements for damage detection and performance evaluation of structures. However, identification of nonlinear structural systems is a difficult task, especially when proper mathematical models for structural nonlinear behaviors are not available. In prior studies on nonparametric identification of nonlinear structures, the locations of structural nonlinearities are usually assumed known and all structural responses are measured. In this paper, an identification algorithm is proposed for locating and identifying model-free structural nonlinearities and systems using incomplete measurements of structural responses. First, equivalent linear structural systems are established and identified by the extended Kalman filter (EKF). The locations of structural nonlinearities are identified. Then, the model-free structural nonlinear restoring forces are approximated by power series polynomial models. The unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is utilized to identify structural nonlinear restoring forces and structural systems. Both numerical simulation examples and experimental test of a multi-story shear building with a MR damper are used to validate the proposed algorithm.

Shaking table testing of a steel frame structure equipped with semi-active MR dampers: comparison of control algorithms

  • Caterino, N.;Spizzuoco, M.;Occhiuzzi, A.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.963-995
    • /
    • 2015
  • The effectiveness of the various control algorithms for semi-active structural control systems proposed in the literature is highly questionable when dealing with earthquake actions, which never reach a steady state. From this perspective, the paper summarizes the results of an experimental activity aimed to compare the effectiveness of four different semi-active control algorithms on a structural mock up representative of a class of structural systems particularly prone to seismic actions. The controlled structure is a near full scale 2-story steel frame, equipped with two semi-active bracing systems including two magnetorheological dampers designed and manufactured in Europe. A set of earthquake records has been applied at the base of the structure, by utilizing a shaking table facility. Experimental results are compared in terms of displacements, absolute accelerations and energy dissipation capability. A further analysis on the percentage incidence of undesired and/or unpredictable operations corresponding to each algorithm gives an insight on some factors affecting the reliability and, in turn, the real effectiveness of semi-active structural control systems.

Control of a Soft Recoil System for Recoil Force Reduction (사격충격력 저감을 위한 연식주퇴계의 제어)

  • Shin, Chul-Bong;Bae, Jae-Sung;Hwang, Jai-Hyuk;Kang, Kuk-Jeong;Ahn, Sang-Tae;Han, Tae-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
    • /
    • v.18 no.7
    • /
    • pp.764-774
    • /
    • 2008
  • A fire-out-of-battery(FOOB) mechanism, which is a new recoil technology, can reduce dramatically the level of a recoil force compared to the conventional recoil system. The FOOB mechanism pre-accelerates the recoil parts in direction opposite of conventional recoil before ignition. This momentum of the recoil parts due to pre-acceleration can reduce the firing impulse. In this paper, the dynamics of the recoil system with this FOOB mechanism is formulated and simulated numerically. The results of the simulation show that the FOOB system can reduce the recoil force and stroke compared to the conventional system under normal condition. When the fault modes happen, the FOOB system may not perform well and may be damaged seriously due to excessive recoil force and stroke. Hence, the control of the fault modes is necessary to achieve the normal operation of the FOOB system. The results that an additional MR damper enables the FOOB system to perform well under all firing condition.

Integrated Optimal Design of Smart Connective Control System and Connected Buildings (스마트 연결 제어 시스템과 연결 구조물의 통합 최적 설계)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.43-50
    • /
    • 2019
  • A smart connective control system was invented recently for coupling control of adjacent buildings. Previous studies on this topic focused on development of control algorithm for the smart connective control system and design method of control device. Usually, a smart control devices are applied to building structures after structural design. However, because structural characteristics of building structure with control devices changes, a iterative design is required for optimal design. To defeat this problem, an integrated optimal design method for a smart connective control system and connected buildings was proposed. For this purpose, an artificial seismic load was generated for control performance evaluation of the smart coupling control system. 20-story and 12-story adjacent buildings were used as example structures and an MR (magnetorheological) damper was used as a smart control device to connect adjacent two buildings. NSGA-II was used for multi-objective integrated optimization of structure-smart control device. Numerical simulation results show the integrated optimal design method proposed in this study can provide various optimal designs for smart connective control system and connected buildings presenting good control performance.

LRB-based hybrid base isolation systems for cable-stayed bridges (사장교를 위한 LRB-기반 복합 기초격리 시스템)

  • Jung, Hyung-Jo;Park, Kyu-Sik;Spencer, Billie-F.Jr.;Lee, In-Won
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.63-76
    • /
    • 2004
  • This paper presents LRB-based hybrid base isolation systems employing additional active/semiactive control devices for mitigating earthquake-induced vibration of a cable-stayed 29 bridge. Hybrid base isolation systems could improve the control performance compared with the passive type-base isolation system such as LRB-installed bridge system due to multiple control devices are operating. In this paper, the additional response reduction by the two typical additional control devices, such as active type hydraulic actuators controlled by LQG algorithm and semiactive-type magnetorheological dampers controlled by clipped-optimal algorithm, have been evaluated bypreliminarily investigating the slightly modified version of the ASCE phase I benchmark cable-stayed bridge problem (i.e., the installation of LRBs to the nominal cable-stayed bridge model of the problem). It shows from the numerical simulation results that all the LRB based hybrid seismic isolation systems considered are quite effective to mitigate the structural responses. In addition, the numerical results demonstrate that the LRB based hybrid seismic isolation systems employing MR dampers have the robustness to some degree of the stiffness uncertainty of in the structure, whereas the hybrid system employing hydraulic actuators does not. Therefore, the feasibility of the hybrid base isolation systems employing semiactive additional control devices could be more appropriate in realfor full-scale civil infrastructure applications is clearly verified due to their efficacy and robustness.