• Title, Summary, Keyword: MR(magneto-rheological)

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The Evaluation of Shock Absorption Performance of Magneto-Rheological Elastomer Through the Drop Impact Test (낙하 충격 실험을 통한 자기유변탄성체의 충격 흡수 성능 평가)

  • Joeng, Kyeong Sik;Lee, Chul Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.92-93
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    • 2013
  • In this study, Shock Absorption performance of Magneto-rheological elastomer(MRE) is identified through the drop impact test. Magneto-rheological materials are divided into two groups by MR fluid in fluid state and MR elastomer in solid state like rubber. The stiffness characteristics of Magneto-rheological material can be changed as magnetic field is applied. The impact loads in MR elastomer were measured under weight of impactor. Experiment results are shown through the experiments to confirm the effect of shock absorption of MR elastomer. Thus, the MR elastomer can be applied to shock absorber used in area that shock occurs.

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A Study of Friction Characteristics in Magneto-Rheological Elastomer (자기유변탄성체 액츄에이터의 마찰특성 연구)

  • Lee, Deuk-Won;Lee, Chul-Hee;Kim, Cheol-Hyun;Cho, Won-Oh
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2011
  • In this study, friction characteristics using elastomeric actuator with Magneto-rheological (MR) materials are identified. Typically, Magneto-rheological materials are divided into two groups by MR fluid in fluid state and MR elastomer in solid state like rubber. The stiffness characteristics of Magneto-rheological material can be changed as magnetic field is applied. MR fluid has been applied to various industry fields such as to brake, clutch, damper, engine mount and etc. However, MR fluid has been used under the sealed condition to prevent leaking issues. In order to overcome these problems, MR elastomer that has same property as MR fluid has been developed and studied. MR elastomer mainly consists of polymer material such as natural rubber or silicon rubber with particles that can be polarized with magnetic field. And it is called as a smart material since its stiffness and damping characteristics can be changed. In this study, MR elastomer is produced and pin-on-disc tests are carried out to identify the friction characteristics of the material. Several test conditions are applied to evaluate the feasibility to use as a smart actuator in the field of vibration control.

High-performance Magneto-rheological Damper Design (고성능 MR댐퍼의 설계)

  • 이종석;백운경
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.470-477
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    • 2004
  • This study shows the design process of a MR damper for semi-active suspension systems. Damping force characteristics of the designed damper was predicted through the flow analysis and magnetic analysis. The predicted results were compared with the experimental results and the initial design specification was modified according to the results.

Vibration control of mechanical systems using semi-active MR-damper

  • Maiti, Dipak K.;Shyju, P.P.;Vijayaraju, K.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.61-80
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    • 2006
  • The concept of structural vibration control is to absorb vibration energy of the structure by introducing auxiliary devices. Various types of structural vibration control theories and devices have been recently developed and introduced into mechanical systems. One of such devices is damper employing controllable fluids such as ElectroRheological (ER) or MagnetoRheological (MR) fluids. MagnetoRheological (MR) materials are suspensions of fine magnetizable ferromagnetic particles in a non-magnetic medium exhibiting controllable rheological behaviour in the presence of an applied magnetic field. This paper presents the modelling of an MRfluid damper. The damper model is developed based on Newtonian shear flow and Bingham plastic shear flow models. The geometric parameters are varied to get the optimised damper characteristics. The numerical analysis is carried out to estimate the damping coefficient and damping force. The analytical results are compared with the experimental results. The results confirm that MR damper is one of the most promising new semi-active devices for structural vibration control.

Effect of Precured EPDM on the Property of Magneto-rheological Elastomer Based on NR/EPDM Blend

  • Na, Bokgyun;Chung, Kyungho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2018
  • Magneto-rheological elastomers (MREs) are smart materials in which the inherent stiffness and damping properties can be changed by the influence of an external magnetic field. The magneto-rheological (MR) effect depends on the orientation characteristics of the dispersed magneto-responsible particles (MRPs) in the matrix. In this study, natural rubber (NR) and ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM) were blended and used as a matrix of an MRE. EPDM was pre-cured before blending with NR. The Mooney viscosity, curing characteristics, and mechanical properties were analyzed with various pre-curing conditions of EPDM and the NR/EPDM blend. The results show that excellent mechanical properties of the NR/EPDM blend-based MRE were obtained when the pre-curing time of EPDM was 60 min. The aging property of the NR-based MRE was improved by the introduction of pre-cured EPDM. Also, the anisotropic MRE showed a higher MR effect than that of the isotropic MRE.

Control Performance for Semi-active Mount Featuring Magneto-Rheological Fluid (반능동형 MR유체 마운트의 성능제어)

  • Kim, O.S.;Park, W.C.;Lee, H.C.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the semi active mount featuring Magneto rheological fluid(MR Fluid) is proposed. MR fluid is suspension of micro sized magnetizable particles in a fluid medium, and its apparent viscosity can be varied by the applied strength of magnetic field. When the controllable MR fluid is applied to mechanical devices, the devices provide simple, rapid response interfaces between electronic controls and mechanical systems. The MR fluid is applied in the conventional fluid mount for improving its performance of the mount's isolation effect. A appropriate size of the MR mount is designed and manufactured on the basis of Bingham model of MR fluid. In addition, the field dependent damping forces of MR mount are evaluated with respect to the input frequency variation.

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Basic Study for Development of Magneto-rheological Elastomer (자기장 응답형 엘라스토머 개발을 위한 기초연구)

  • Chung, Kyung-Ho;Yoon, Kyu-Seo
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.106-111
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    • 2010
  • Magneto-rheological elastomers (MREs) were manufactured by incorporation of magnetic responsible powder (MRP) into natural rubber and silicone rubber. The optimum loading amounts of MRP was 30 vol.% and the natural rubber based MRE (NR-MRE) showed better mechanical property than that of silicone rubber based MRE (S-MRE). However, the modulus shift ratio caused by S-MRE, measured by Self-modified Electromagnet Applied Fast Fourier Transform Analyser (SEFFTA), was higher than that of NR-MRE. The modulus shift ratio caused by NR-MRE was 10%, while the modulus shift ratio caused by S-MRE was 35.7%. The modulus shift ratio could be improved by orienting the magnetic direction of MRP before crosslinking the MRE. The degree of orientation of MRP was analyzed using SEM.

Dynamic Characteristics Analysis of A Magneto-Rheological Damper (MR 댐퍼의 동특성 해석)

  • Jeong, Hee-Kyung;Baek, Woon-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 2002
  • MR(Magneto-rheological) fluid is smart fluid that can change its characteristics then magnetic fields are applied. Recently, many researches have been performed on this MR fluid for the application in a vareity of areas including automobile shock absorbers. This paper describes the design procedure of a MR damper and the analysis results of its dynamic characteristics. MR fluid in the magnetic field shows initial yield shear stress and increasing resistive viscosity with final saturation thereafter. Herschel-Bulkley model is used to simulate the flow characteristics of MR fluid and magnetic analysis is used to identify the magnetic property of the MR fluid in the orifice of the damper. The dynamic characteristics of the damper was predicted and compared with the experimental results for typical sinusoidal excitations.

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Performance of Squeeze Film Damper Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (MR유체를 이용한 스퀴즈필름 댐퍼의 응답특성)

  • 안영공;양보석;신동춘;김동조
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents the property of the Squeeze Film Damper (SFD) using Magneto-Rheological fluid (MR fluid). The damping property of a SFD for a flexible rotor system varied according to vibration mode. MR fluid is known as a functional fluid with controllable apparent viscosity of the fluid by applied magnetic field strength. When the MR fluid is applied in the SFD, the SFD using MR fluid can effectively reduce vibrations of the flexible rotor in a wide range of rotating speed by control of the applied magnetic field strength. To investigate in detail the SFD using MR fluid, the SFD to support one mass was constructed and its performance was experimentally investigated in the present study. The damping property of the SFD using MR fluid has viscous damping by Newtonian fluid, but not Coulomb friction by Bingham fluid. Therefore, The system damped by the SFD can be considered as a linear system.

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Control of a building complex with Magneto-Rheological Dampers and Tuned Mass Damper

  • Amini, F.;Doroudi, R.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.181-195
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    • 2010
  • Coupled building control is a viable method to protect tall buildings from seismic excitation. In this study, the semi-active control of a building complex is investigated for mitigating seismic responses. The building complex is formed of one main building and one podium structure connected through Magneto-Rheological (MR) Dampers and Tuned Mass Damper. The conventional semi-active control techniques require a primary controller as a reference to determine the desired control force, and modulate the input voltage of the MR damper by comparing the desired control force. The fuzzy logic directly determines the input voltage of an MR damper from the response of the MR damper. The control performance of the proposed fuzzy control technique for the MR damper is evaluated for the control problem of a seismically-excited building complex. In this paper, a building complex that include a 14-story main building and an 8-story podium structure is applied as a numerical example to demonstrate the effectiveness of semi-active control with Magneto-Rheological dampers and its comparison with the passive control with the Tuned Mass Damper and two uncoupled buildings and hybrid semi-active control including the Tuned Mass Damper and Magneto-Rheological dampers while they are subject to the earthquake excitation. The numerical results show that semi-active control and hybrid semi-active control can significantly mitigate the seismic responses of both buildings, such as displacement and shear force responses, and fuzzy control technique can effectively mitigate the seismic response of the building complex.