• Title/Summary/Keyword: MOE

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Measurement of Dynamic MOE of 3-Ply Laminated Woods by Flexural Vibration and Comparison with Blending Strength and Creep Performances

  • Park, Han-Min;Byeon, Hee-Seop
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.46-57
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    • 2006
  • To estimate nondestructively strength performances of laminated woods, 3-ply parallel- and cross-laminated wood specimens exposed under atmosphere conditions after bending creep test were prepared for this study. The effects of density of species, arrangement of laminae and lamination types on dynamic MOE obtained by flexural vibration were investigated, and regression analyses were conducted in order to estimate static bending strength and bending creep performances. Dynamic MOE of parallel-laminated woods showed 1.0~1.2 times higher values than static bending MOE, and those of cross-laminated woods showed 1.0~1.4 times higher values than static bending MOE. The degree of anisotropy of dynamic MOE perpendicular to the grain of face laminae versus that parallel to the grain of face laminae was markedly decreased by cross-laminating. There were strong correlations between dynamic MOE by flexural vibration and static bending MOE (correlation coefficient r = 0.919~0.972) or bending MOR (correlation coefficient r = 0.811~0.947) of 3-ply laminated woods, and the correlation coefficient were higher in parallel-laminated woods than in cross-laminated woods. It indicated that static bending strength performances were able to be estimated from dynamic MOE by flexural vibration. Also, close correlations between the reciprocal of dynamic MOE by flexural vibration and initial compliance at 0.008 h of 3-ply laminated woods were found (correlation coefficient r = 0.873~0.991). However, the correlation coefficient between the reciprocal of dynamic MOE and creep compliance at 168 h of 3-ply laminated woods was considerably lower than those between dynamic MOE and initial compliance, and it was hard to estimate creep compliance with a high accuracy from dynamic MOE due to the variation of creep deformation.

Physical and Mechanical Properties of Phyllostachys pubescens According to Growth Age or Felling Time (죽령 및 벌채시기에 따른 맹종죽재의 물리적ㆍ기계적 특성)

  • 안상열;신훈재;변희섭;박상범;공영토
    • Journal of Korea Foresty Energy
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2003
  • The Phyllostachys pubescens planted in the Nambu forest Experiment was used for this study. The growth ages of the P. pubescens were 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively. The experiment was carried out every month in between June of 2001 and May of 2002. The p. pubescens were divided into upper, middle and lower parts according to the growing points. The static modulus of elascity($MOE_d$) and dynamic modulus of elascity($MOE_d$) were investigated for the physical and mechanical properties of the P. pubescens. The density, MOEs and $MOE_d$according to the growing points were highest in the upper part of the P. pubescens. Generally, density and MOEs and $MOE_d$ of the P pubescens for 3 years grows larger every month. However, moisture content, MOEs and $MOE_d$ of the P. pubescens for 1, 2 years had nothing to do with growth ages and felling time. In the case of the relationships between average MOEs and $MOE_d$ the correlation coefficient was 0.88 in between June of 2001 and May of 2002. Also, $MOE_d$ showed about 18.5% higher than MOEs. Generally, the equally expressed in research that was known that $MOE_d$ of wood is higher than MOEs of wood. Therefore, the $MOE_d$ using a resonance frequency mode is useful as a nondestructive evaluation(NDE) method for predicting the MOE of the P. pubescens.

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Effect of a Time Dependent Concrete Modulus of Elasticity on Prestress Losses in Bridge Girders

  • Singh, Brahama P.;Yazdani, Nur;Ramirez, Guillermo
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2013
  • Prestress losses assumed for bridge girder design and deflection analyses are dependent on the concrete modulus of elasticity (MOE). Most design specifications, such as the American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) bridge specifications, contain a constant value for the MOE based on the unit weight of concrete and the concrete compressive strength at 28 days. It has been shown in the past that that the concrete MOE varies with the age of concrete. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a time-dependent and variable MOE on the prestress losses assumed for bridge girder design. For this purpose, three different variable MOE models from the literature were investigated: Dischinger (Der Bauingenieur 47/48(20):563-572, 1939a; Der Bauingenieur 5/6(20):53-63, 1939b; Der Bauingenieur, 21/22(20):286-437, 1939c), American Concrete Institute (ACI) 209 (Tech. Rep. ACI 209R-92, 1992) and CEB-FIP (CEB-FIP Model Code, 2010). A typical bridge layout for the Dallas, Texas, USA, area was assumed herein. A prestressed concrete beam design and analysis program from the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) was utilized to determine the prestress losses. The values of the time dependent MOE and also specific prestress losses from each model were compared. The MOE predictions based on the ACI and the CEB-FIP models were close to each other; in long-term, they approach the constant AASHTO value. Dischinger's model provides for higher MOE values. The elastic shortening and the long term losses from the variable MOE models are lower than that using a constant MOE up to deck casting time. In long term, the variable MOE-based losses approach that from the constant MOE predictions. The Dischinger model would result in more conservative girder design while the ACI and the CEB-FIP models would result in designs more consistent with the AASHTO approach.

SAMD4B, a novel SAM-containing protein, inhibits AP-1-, p53- and p21-mediated transcriptional activity

  • Luo, Na;Li, Guan;Li, Yongqing;Fan, Xiongwei;Wang, Yuequn;Ye, Xiangli;Mo, Xiaoyan;Zhou, Junmei;Yuan, Wuzhou;Tan, Ming;Xie, Huaping;Ocorr, Karen;Bodmer, Rolf;Deng, Yun;Wu, Xiushan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.355-362
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    • 2010
  • The sterile alpha motif (SAM) is a putative protein interaction domain involved in a wide variety of biological processes. Here we report the identification and characterization of a novel gene, SAMD4B, which encodes a putative protein of 694 amino acids with a SAM domain. Northern blot and RT-PCR analysis showed that SAMD4B is widely expressed in human embryonic and adult tissues. Transcriptional activity assays show SAMD4B suppresses transcriptional activity of L8G5-luciferase. Over-expression of SAMD4B in mammalian cells inhibited the transcriptional activities of activator protein-1 (AP-1), p53 and p21, and the inhibitory effects can be relieved by siRNA. Deletion analysis indicates that the SAM domain is the main region for transcriptional suppression. The results suggest that SAMD4B is a widely expressed gene involved in AP-1-, p53- and p21-mediated transcriptional signaling activity.

Effect of Dietary Microalgae, Diatom-Dominant, Oil Extracts on Growth, Body Composition and Shell Color of Juvenile Abalone Haliotis discus (배합사료내 규조류 우점인 미세조류 오일 추출물 첨가가 까막전복(Haliotis discus)의 성장, 체조성 및 패각 색채에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee Sung;Lee, Ki Wook;Jeong, Hae Seung;Kim, June;Yun, Ahyeong;Cho, Sung Hwoan;Lee, Gye-An;Kim, Keun-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.738-744
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    • 2017
  • Effect of dietary inclusion of microalgae, diatom-dominant, oil extracts (MOE) on growth, body composition and shell color of juvenile abalone Haliotis discus was investigated. One thousand four hundred and seventy juvenile abalone were distributed into 21 plastic rectangular containers. Seven experimental diets were prepared: MOE0, MOE0.01, MOE0.05, MOE0.1, MOE0.5, MOE1 and MOE2 diets containing MOE at the concentrations of 0, 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2% at the expense of mixture of squid liver and soybean oils, respectively. The experimental diets were fed to abalone in triplicate once a day with a little leftover for 16 weeks. Weight gain and specific growth rate of abalone fed the MOE1 and MOE2 diets were higher than those of abalone fed the all other diets. The shell length and soft body weight of abalone fed the MOE2 diet were longer and heavier than those of abalone fed the all other diets. Crude protein and ash content of the soft body of abalone were affected by dietary inclusion of MOE. The shell color of abalone fed the all experimental diets was different from that of wild abalone. In conclusion, dietary inclusion of MOE improved growth of abalone, but did not shell color of abalone.

Nondestructive Evaluation of Bending Strength Performances for Red Pine Containing Knots Using Flexural Vibration Techniques

  • Byeon, Hee-Seop;Ahn, Sang-Yeol;Park, Han-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2005
  • This paper deals with flexural vibration techniques as a means of predicting bending strength properties for quarter-sawn and flat-sawn planes of red pine containing knots. Dynamic modulus of elasticity $(MOE_d)$ was calculated from resonance frequency obtained from the flexural vibration induced by a magnetic driver in quarter-sawn and flat-sawn planes of red pine containing knots. The dynamic MOE were well correlated to bending strength properties. Their correlation coefficients ranged from 0.866 to 0.800 for the regression between dynamic MOE and static bending MOE or MOR. The difference of the values between quarter-sawn and flat-sawn was very small. These values were higher than correlation between percentage of total knot diameter to total width of red pine specimen $(K_T(%))$ as well as $K_O(%)$ base upon ASTM D 3737 and static bending strength properties (correlation coefficient r = 0.448~0.704), and were similar to those between static bending MOE and bending MOR (r = 0.850). These results indicate that dynamic MOE obtained from resonance frequency induced by flexural vibration of magnetic driver is able to effectively use for predicting of static bending strength of red pine containing knots as well as static MOE.

ZNF552, a novel human KRAB/C2H2 zinc finger protein, inhibits AP-1- and SRE-mediated transcriptional activity

  • Deng, Yun;Liu, Bisheng;Fan, Xiongwei;Wang, Yuequn;Tang, Ming;Mo, Xiaoyang;Li, Yongqing;Ying, Zaochu;Wan, Yongqi;Luo, Na;Zhou, Junmei;Wu, Xiushan;Yuan, Wuzhou
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we report the identification and characterization of a novel C2H2 zinc finger protein, ZNF552, from a human embryonic heart cDNA library. ZNF552 is composed of three exons and two introns and maps to chromosome 19q13.43. The cDNA of ZNF552 is 2.3 kb, encoding 407 amino acids with an amino-terminal KRAB domain and seven carboxyl-terminal C2H2 zinc finger motifs in the nucleus and cytoplasm. Northern blotting analysis indicated that a 2.3 kb transcript specific for ZNF552 was expressed in liver, lung, spleen, testis and kidney, especially with a higher level in the lung and testis in human adult tissues. Reporter gene assays showed that ZNF552 was a transcriptional repressor, and overexpression of ZNF552 in the COS-7 cells inhibited the transcriptional activities of AP-1 and SRE, which could be relieved through RNAi analysis. Deletion studies showed that the KRAB domain of ZNF552 may be involved in this inhibition.

KBTBD7, a novel human BTB-kelch protein, activates transcriptional activities of SRE and AP-1

  • Hu, Junjian;Yuan, Wuzhou;Tang, Ming;Wang, Yuequn;Fan, Xiongwei;Mo, Xiaoyang;Li, Yongqing;Ying, Zaochu;Wan, Yongqi;Ocorr, Karen;Bodmer, Rolf;Deng, Yun;Wu, Xiushan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2010
  • In this study, a novel member of BTB-kelch proteins, named KBTBD7, was cloned from a human embryonic heart cDNA library. The cDNA of KBTBD7 is 3,008 bp long and encodes a protein product of 684 amino acids (77.2 kD). This protein is highly conserved in evolution across different species. Western blot analysis indicates that a 77 kD protein specific for KBTBD7 is wildly expressed in all embryonic tissues examined. In COS-7 cells, KBTBD7 proteins are localized to the cytoplasm. KBTBD7 is a transcription activator when fused to GAL4 DNA-binding domain. Deletion analysis indicates that the BTB domain and kelch repeat motif are main regions for transcriptional activation. Overexpression of KBTBD7 in MCF-7 cells activates the transcriptional activities of activator protein-1 (AP-1) and serum response element (SRE), which can be relieved by siRNA. These results suggest that KBTBD7 proteins may act as a new transcriptional activator in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling.

A Proposal of New MOE to Assess the Combat Power Synergistic Effect of Warfare Information System (전장 정보체계의 전투력 상승효과 측정을 위한 새로운 MOE 제안)

  • Lee, Yong-Bok;Jung, Whan-Sik;Kim, Yong-Heup;Lee, Jae-Yeong
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2009
  • Warfare information system is a core factor of future combat operation under NCW(Network centric Warfare) environment. In this paper, we proposed a new MOE(Measure of Effectiveness) that can assess the combat power synergistic effect of warfare information system in the theater-level joint fire operation. This new MOE uses the rule of Newton's second law($F=(m{\Delta}{\upsilon})/{\Delta}t{\Rightarrow}(M{\upsilon}I)/T$). Four factors considered in combat power evaluation are network power(M), movement velocity(v), information superiority(I), command and control time(T). We applied this new MOE to the JFOS-K(Joint Fire Operating System-Korea) to assess its combat power effect and compared with other's effects obtained from different MOE.

Synergistic efficacy of LBH and αB-crystallin through inhibiting transcriptional activities of p53 and p21

  • Deng, Yun;Li, Yongqing;Fan, Xiongwei;Yuan, Wuzhou;Xie, Huaping;Mo, Xiaoyang;Yan, Yan;Zhou, Junmei;Wang, Yuequn;Ye, Xianli;Wan, Yongqi;Wu, Xiushan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.432-437
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    • 2010
  • LBH is a transcription factor as a candidate gene for CHD associated with partial trisomy 2p syndrome. To identify potential LBH-interacting partners, a yeast two-hybrid screen using LBH as a bait was performed with a human heart cDNA library. One of the clones identified encodes ${\alpha}B$-crystallin. Co-immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays showed that LBH interacts with ${\alpha}B$-crystallin, which is further confirmed by mammalian two-hybrid assays. Co-localization analysis showed that in COS-7 cells, ${\alpha}B$-crystallin that is cytoplasmic alone, accumulates partialy in the nucleus when co-transfected with LBH. Transient transfection assays indicated that overexpression of LBH or ${\alpha}B$-crystallin reduced the transcriptional activities of p53 and p21, respectively, Overexpression of both ${\alpha}B$-crystallin and LBH together resulted in a stronger repression of the transcriptional activities of p21 and p53. These results showed that the interaction of LBH and ${\alpha}B$-crystallin may inhibit synergistically the transcriptional regulation of p53 and p21.