• Title/Summary/Keyword: MMP-1

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Effects of Citrus sunki Peel Extract on Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Expression (진귤 과피 추출물의 MMP-1 발현조절 효과)

  • Han, Gu-Seul;Lee, Sun-Ryung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.1553-1556
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    • 2013
  • Flavonoids are one of the major components found in the peels of citrus fruits. Present evidence has suggested that polymethoxyflavonoids, including nobiletin and tangeretin isolated from Citrus sunki, have many biological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-obesity capabilities. Here, we investigated the effect of Citrus sunki peel extract and its possible mechanisms on oxidative stress-induced MMP-1 expression, a major marker of skin photoaging. $H_2O_2$ induced MMP-1 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Extract of Citrus sunki peel (1-25 ${\mu}g/ml$) dose-dependently decreased MMP-1 mRNA levels. When $H_2O_2$ was combined with Citrus sunki peel extract, the phosphorylation of ERK was further decreased compared to a single treatment with $H_2O_2$ alone. Moreover, U0216, an MEK inhibitor, markedly prevented the production of MMP-1. These data suggest that Citrus sunki peel extract has demonstrated protective activity against oxidative damage on MMP-1 expression, and ERK MAP kinase may be involved.

Isolation and Characterization of MMP-1 Inhibitor Peptide from Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge in Fibroblast Cell Line HS68 Cells (아가위(Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge)로 부터 HS 68세포의 MMP-1에 대한 저해활성 물질의 분리)

  • Lee, Se-Young;Chun, Hyug;Cho, Hong-Yun;An, Jeung-Hee
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2003
  • MMP-1 inhibitory compounds were isolated from 120 Korean traditional edible plants. UP- 1 activity significantly increased linearly with increasing UVB dose in normal human foreskin fibroblast HS68 cell, showing maximum activity at approximately 35 $mJ/cm^2$, whereas in HaCaT cell, normal human keratinocyte, no increase was observed. Maximum secretion of MMP-1 after UVB treatment occurred around 36-48 k after treatment. MMP-1 inhibitory compound isolated from cold-water fraction of Cataegus pinnatifida Bunge showed the mort potent activity. The MMP-1 inhibitory compound was deduced as a peptide based on the fact that pronase digestion decreased the activity whereas periodate oxidation did not. The most potent UP- 1-inhibitory protein, CP-2Va-2, showing an activity of 88.5% against MMP-1, was isolated through sequential column chromatography on DEAE-Toyopearl 650C, Butyl-Toyopearl 650M, and Bio-Gel P-30. Molecular weight of CP-2Va-2 determined through high performance liquid chromatography and SDS PACE was 19 and 20 kDa. respectively, signifying a monomeric structure.

Expression of Matrix metalloproteinase-1 between Simple Chronic Periodontitis and Type 2 Diabetes associated Chronic Periodontitis on Protein level (단순만성치주염환자와 2형 당뇨환자의 만성치주염에서 Matrix metalloproteinase-1의 발현양상)

  • Lee, Jae-Mok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.649-659
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to quantify and compare the level of MMP-1 in the healthy or inflamed gingival tissue of patients with or without type 2 diabetic mellitus. We investigated whether mean amount of MMP-1 was changed by chronic periodontitis and type 2 DM. Gingival tissue samples were obtained during periodontal surgery or tooth extraction. According to the patient's systemic condition & clinical criteria of gingiva, each gingival sample was divided into the three group. Group 1(n=8) was clinically healthy gingiva without bleeding and no evidence of bone resorption or periodontal pockets, obtained from systemically healthy 8 patients. Group 2(n=8) was inflamed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis. Group 3(n=8) was inflamed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes. Tissue samples were prepared and analyzed by Western blotting. The quantitative analysis of MMP-1 was performed using a densitometer and statistically analyzed by ANOVA. MMP-1 was expressed in all samples and an increased MMP-1 level was observed in group 2 compared to group 1 and decreased MMP-1 level was found group 3 compared to group 2, but the differences among 3 groups were not statistically significant. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that MMP-1 levels of inflamed gingiva of systemically healthy patient(group 2) were higher than normal gingiva of systemically health patients and although the severity of gingival inflammation in group 2 and 3 were similar, MMP-1 expression was decreased in diabetic patients than systemically healthy periodontal patients.

Transcription factor EGR-1 transactivates the MMP1 gene promoter in response to TNFα in HaCaT keratinocytes

  • Yeo, Hyunjin;Lee, Jeong Yeon;Kim, JuHwan;Ahn, Sung Shin;Jeong, Jeong You;Choi, Ji Hye;Lee, Young Han;Shin, Soon Young
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 2020
  • Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), a calcium-dependent zinccontaining collagenase, is involved in the initial degradation of native fibrillar collagen. Tissue necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that is rapidly produced by dermal fibroblasts, monocytes/macrophages, and keratinocytes and regulates inflammation and damaged-tissue remodeling. MMP-1 is induced by TNFα and plays a critical role in tissue remodeling and skin aging processes. However, the regulation of the MMP1 gene by TNFα is not fully understood. We aimed to find additional cis-acting elements involved in the regulation of TNFα-induced MMP1 gene transcription in addition to the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein 1 (AP1) sites. Assessments of the 5'-regulatory region of the MMP1 gene, using a series of deletion constructs, revealed the requirement of the early growth response protein 1 (EGR-1)-binding sequence (EBS) in the proximal region for proper transcription by TNFα. Ectopic expression of EGR-1, a zinc-finger transcription factor that binds to G-C rich sequences, stimulated MMP1 promoter activity. The silencing of EGR-1 by RNA interference reduced TNFα-induced MMP-1 expression. EGR-1 directly binds to the proximal region and transactivates the MMP1 gene promoter. Mutation of the EBS within the MMP1 promoter abolished EGR-1-mediated MMP-1 promoter activation. These data suggest that EGR-1 is required for TNFα-induced MMP1 transcriptional activation. In addition, we found that all three MAPKs, ERK1/2, JNK, and p38 kinase, mediate TNFα-induced MMP-1 expression via EGR-1 upregulation. These results suggest that EGR-1 may represent a good target for the development of pharmaceutical agents to reduce inflammation-induced MMP-1 expression.

Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Expression by the Homeodomain Transcription Factor Caudal in Drosophila Intestine (초파리 장조직에서 Caudal 전사조절인자에 의한 matrix metalloproteinase-1 발현 조절)

  • Lee, Shin-Hae;Hwang, Mi-Sun;Choi, Yoon-Jeong;Kim, Young-Shin;Yoo, Mi-Ae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.12
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    • pp.1600-1607
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    • 2012
  • The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family plays essential roles in physiological processes such as embryonic development, angiogenesis, wound healing, and tissue homeostasis as a consequence of MMPr capacity for breaking down many types of extracellular matrix proteins. Imbalanced regulation of MMP expression can also lead to pathological conditions such as tumor progression. We recently reported that the Drosophila Mmp1 gene is highly expressed in the digestive tract and is required for the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis such as by restriction of uncontrolled intestinal stem cell proliferation. However, the regulatory mechanisms of MMP gene expression in the intestine remain unclear. In this study, we determined that the expression of Mmp1 is regulated by the homeodomain transcription factor Caudal. Experiments using the targeted expression of Caudal under the regulation of Gal4-UAS system indicated that endogenous Caudal is required for the Mmp1 gene expression in the adult Drosophila intestine and that exogenous Caudal induces Mmp1 expression. Transient transfection experiments indicated that Caudal can activate the promoter activity of Mmp1 and that several putative Caudal binding sites in the 5'-flanking region of the Mmp1 gene may be critical to the upregulation by Caudal. Our data suggest that Mmp1 is one of the target genes of Caudal in physiological normal condition and in tumorigenesis.

The Effects of Marigold(Tagetes L.) Extract and Calendula(Calendula officinalis L.) Extract on Collagen Growth and MMP-1 Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts (메리골드(Tagetes L.)와 카렌듈라(Calendula officinalis L.) 추출물이 인간 섬유아세포에서 콜라겐 생성 및 MMP-1 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun-sun;Kim, Su-mi;Moon, Ji-sun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.769-777
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    • 2017
  • To research the effects of marigold extract, which is used mixed with calendula extract, on collagen growth and MMP-1 expression in human fibroblast, we measured cytotoxicity, collagen growth and MMP-1 expression by using HDF cells. The result of measurement showed over 80% cell survival rate in $5{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of marigold extract and calendula extract for HDF cells, which indicates there is no cytotoxicity. The result of measuring collagen synthetic abilities showed both types of extract had collagen synthetic ability increase dose dependently, by 25% in $100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of marigold extract, and by 7% in $100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of calendula extract. The result of experimenting the effect on MMP-1 expression showed that both types of extract suppress MMP-1 expression. The result of observing phosphorylation of p-JNK and p-ERK, which are known to be involved with MMP-1 expression, revealed that marigold extract effectively suppresses MMP-1 expression through signaling pathway of p-JNK and p-ERK. The above results confirm the wrinkle improvement effect of marigold extract, and furthermore, it can be used as a cosmetic ingredient for anti-aging.

Effect of Rheum undulatum Extract on Antioxidant Activity and Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 in Human Skin Fibroblasts (대황 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 MMP-1 저해 활성)

  • Park, Sung-Min;Lee, Gye-Won;Cho, Young-Ho
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1700-1704
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    • 2008
  • Rheum undulatum L. has been commonly used as a cure for hematemesis, dropsy, and haematuria in the Oriental medicine for a long time. The main constituents of R. undulatum are chrysophanol and emodin, which are an antioxidative substance that has an anthraquinone structure. In the present study, to develop a new anti-aging agent, we examined the antioxidant activity and the inhibitory effect of the R. undulatum extract on the synthesis of MMP-1 in UVA-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts and MMP-1 activity. The R. undulatum extract was found to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and superoxide radicals in the xanthine/ xanthine oxidase system by a dose-dependent manner, respectively. UVA-induced MMP-1 expression was reduced about 79.5% by 1 ${\mu}g$/ml of the R. undulatum extract and also inhibited MMP-1 activity in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, it was observed that the R. undulatum extract has the antioxidant activity, regulation of UVA-induced MMP-1 production, and inhibition of MMP-1 activity. Therefore, these results suggest that the R. undulatum extract can be developed as a new anti-aging component of cosmetics.

Study on the Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 by Promoter Polymorphism in Human Dermal Fibroblast (섬유아세포에서 프로모터 다형성에 의한 Matrix Metalloproteinase-1의 발현에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin Woo;Jung, Yujung;Bong, Sim-Kyu;Park, No-June;Lee, Sang Heon;Noh, Minsoo;Lim, Kyung-Min;Kim, Su-Nam
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2021
  • The skin fibroblasts of different origins showed different expression levels of MMP-1 in response to TNF-α treatment or UV irradiation. We hypothesized that this is caused by polymorphism in the MMP-1 promoter region. To elucidate it, first of all, we analyzed and classified the genotype of the -1607 site of the MMP-1 promoter in 23 commercially available primary fibroblasts, and then we examined the expression of MMP-1 by TNF-α or UVB stimulation for each classified genotype. As a result of the analysis, fibroblasts with 6 1G/1G genotypes, 10 1G/2G genotypes, and 7 2G/2G genotypes were identified. Hs68 and Detroit 551 cell lines were confirmed to have 1G/2G genotypes. In the 1G/1G genotype, MMP-1 was expressed twice as high as that of the control group by TNF-α treatment, and was hardly expressed by UV light. In the case of the 1G/2G genotype, MMP-1 was expressed 2.45 fold higher by TNF-α treatment, and 1.4 fold by UV light than the control. In the case of the 2G/2G genotype, MMP-1 was expressed 1.35 fold by TNF-α treatment, and was highly expressed by 2.5 fold by ultraviolet rays compared to control. It can be estimated that MMP-1 expression is better induced in the 1G genotype by TNF-α and in the 2G genotype by UV light. In addition, it can be presumed that MMP-1 expression is increased by creating a site where the Ets transcription factor can bind by another G inserted at the -1607 position. These studies have not been conducted at all in fibroblasts in relation to skin aging, so it is an area that needs to be further studied in the future. In conclusion, since the skin is an organ that is affected by both intrinsic aging and photoaging at the same time, when analyzing the expression of MMP-1 as a target for improving skin aging, it is necessary to select cells with a genotype suitable for the experimental conditions of the study.

Stromelysin-1 and Membrane type-MMP-1 Expressions in Human Chronic Periodontitis with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (단순 만성 치주염 환자와 제 2형 당뇨병을 동반한 만성 치주염 환자에서 Stromelysin-1와 Membrane type-MMP-1 Expressions)

  • Ryu, Sang-Ho;Park, Jin-Woo;Suh, Jo-Young;Lee, Jae-Mok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.629-638
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to compare and quantify the expression of Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 in the gingival tissues of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(DM) and healthy adults with chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: Gingival tissue samples were obtained during periodontal surgery or tooth extraction. According to the patient's systemic condition & clinical criteria of gingiva, each gingival sample was devided into three groups. Group 1 (n=8) is clinically healthy gingiva without bleeding and no evidence of bone resorption or periodontal pockets, obtained from systemically healthy 8 patients. Group 2 (n=8) is inflammed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis. Group 3 (n=8) is inflammed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis associated with type 2 DM. Tissue samples were prepared and analyzed by Western blotting. The quantification of Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 were performed using a densitometer and statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey test. Results: In the analysis of expression levels, Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 expressions were similar in group 1 and 2. Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 expressions was more increased in group 3 than group 1, 2. The difference between group 3 and group 1, 2 was statistically significant. Also, in the interrelationship of Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 expressions, expressions of Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 showed increasing tendency in chronic periodontitis associated with type 2 DM and it seems that the MT-MMP-1 expressions were increasing in proportion to Stromelysin-1 expressions. Conclusion: It is suggested that Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 may be partly involved in the progression of periodontal inflammation associated with type 2 DM, as related to a metabolism of other factors, such as AGE, plasmin and other inflammatory mediators. Therefore, the expression levels of Stromelysin-1 and MT-MMP-1 can be inflammatory markers of periodontal inflammed tissue with type 2 DM.

Inhibitory Activity of Blueberries on UVB-induced Oxidative Stress and Matrix Metalloproteinase Expression in Human Skin Fibroblasts (인간피부 섬유아세포에서 UVB 유도된 산화 스트레스와 기질금속단백질가수분해효소 발현에 블루베리의 저해능)

  • Jang, Young Ah;Kim, Se Gie
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.1321-1328
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    • 2019
  • Intermediate-wavelength solar radiation, also known as ultraviolet B (UVB: 290-320 nm) radiation, may cause premature aging and oxidative damage-dependent skin cancer in humans. UVB-induced formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-often a consequence of excessive exposure to these rays-could activate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP-1 and MMP-3. These enzymes break down type I collagen in human fibroblasts. In this study, we assessed the antioxidant and anti-aging effects of ethyl acetate extract of blueberry (EEB). An antioxidant test in blueberries evaluated ROS production using CCD-986sk cells and DPPH assay. In order to evaluate the anti-wrinkle efficacy of blueberries, the MMP-1 production and type 1 procollagen synthesis evaluated and the expression of MMP 1, 3 were tested through Western blot and RT- PCR. EEB exhibited 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and reduced the production of UVB-induced ROS. Also, EEB inhibited UVB-induced processes associated with photoaging and skin cancer, such as reduction in procollagen production and increase in MMP-1 production. More precisely, EEB (50 ㎍/ml) markedly suppressed mRNA and protein levels of MMP-1 and -3. The anti-aging effects are attributable to the antioxidant activity of EEB. These findings indicate that EEB has a protective effect against UVB-induced aging in human fibroblast cells by regulating the levels of type-1 procollagen, MMP-1, and MMP-3.