• 제목/요약/키워드: MARXAN

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Marxan을 이용한 도시하천의 보전지역 설정 및 생태적 관리방안 연구 - 서울시 중랑천을 대상으로 - (A Study on Zoning and Management of Conservation Area and Ecological Management Plan on Urban Stream Using Marxan - A Case of Jungrangcheon(Stream) in Seoul -)

  • 윤호근;한봉호;곽정인
    • 한국조경학회지
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 서울시 도심 하천 중 국가하천인 중랑천을 대상으로 보전지역 설정 프로그램인 Marxan with zones 프로그램을 기반으로 한 하천 내 보전지역 설정 및 생태적 관리방안을 제시하였다. Marxan with zones 프로그램 적용은 유역권(planning unit) 설정, 맵핑지표(mapping index) 적용, 반복적인 분석을 위한 수치보정, 분석을 통한 시나리오 별 최적안 작성, 시나리오 별 민감도 분석, 시나리오 중 최적안 검토 및 선정 단계로 진행하였다. 중랑천 내 보전지역 설정 결과, 기존에 보전지역으로 지정 및 관리하고 있는 중랑천 상류 야생생물보호구역을 포함한 다수의 유역권과 중랑천 하류의 철새보호구역을 포함한 유역권이 핵심보전지역으로 설정되었다. 상류는 중랑천을 중심으로 수락산과 도봉산 등 산림이 인접하여 다수의 야생조류가 관찰되었다. 하류는 한강 합수부, 청계천 합수부 등 하천생태계가 인접하여 하천을 따라 이동하는 철새 도래지이다. 따라서 중랑천 상류와 하류는 유역권 내 도봉산, 수락산, 응봉산 등 산림생태계, 도심 내 녹지, 청계천 합수부, 한강 합수부 등 다양한 생태계와 연결되어 있어 보전지역 설정에 영향을 주었다. 본 연구는 보전지역 검증 시 Marxan with zones 프로그램을 통한 기존 보전지역 설정 및 평가를 검증하였고, 프로그램을 통해 핵심보전지역으로 도출된 유역권을 생태적으로 관리하기 위해 하천 내 관리방안과 유역권 관리방안으로 구분하여 제시하였다.

Marxan with Zones 적용을 통한 북한산국립공원 공원자연보존지구 재설정 방안 연구 (Re-establishment of Park Nature Conservation Area in Bukhansan (Mt.) National Park Using Marxan with Zones)

  • 염정헌;한봉호
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.133-146
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to develop strategies to re-establish the Park Nature Conservation Area in Bukhansan National Park, reflecting landscape ecological value by using the zonation program Marxan with Zones. Planning unit was set by watershed, and the basic data were mapped, considering topographical and ecological values. Mapped indicators were analyzed with the application framework of Marxan with Zones by indexing some indicators. The zones divided into Park Nature Conservation Area (Zone A), Park Nature Environment Area I(Zone B) which is reflected on the concept of Potential Park Nature Conservation Area and Park Nature Environment Area II(Zone C). The best solution for each of the scenarios was fixed through the sensitiveness analysis. From these, the final solution was selected considering five criteria including area ratio of conservation area and grouping. Lastly, the final solution was verified in the overlapped analysis with recent zonation. According to the results, the number of watersheds was 77, with an average area of $1,007,481m^2$. In terms of basic mapping and indexation, the slope index and number of landscape resources for topographical property were average 0.22 and 38 places, respectively. Biotope index was average 0.69 and legally protected species was 14 species, reflecting ecological values. As the social and economic indicators, trail index was average 0.04, and the number of tour and management facilities was 43 places. Through the framework of Marxan with Zones, the best solution for scenario 1 which was set by the highest conservation criteria was selected as the final solution, and the area ratio of Park Nature Conservation Area and grouping was excellent. As the result of overlapped analysis, suggested zonation of the Park Nature Conservation was better than the recent zonation in the area raito (28.3%), biotope grade I(15.4%) and the distribution points (10 places) of legally protected species with verification of proper distribution of conservation features according to the zone.

토양유실을 고려한 양서파충류의 서식지 관리지역 선정방법 (A Methodology for Selection of Habitat Management Areas for Amphibians and Reptiles Considering Soil Loss)

  • 김지연;이동근;모용원
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.55-69
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    • 2018
  • As disaster risk and climate change volatility increase, there are more efforts to adapt to disasters such as forest fires, floods, and landslides. Most of the research, however, is about influence of human activities on disaster and there is few research on disaster adaptation for species. Previous studies focusing on biodiversity in selecting conservation areas have not addressed threats of disaster in the habitats for species. The natural disasters sometimes play role of drivers of ecological successions in the long run, but they might cause serious problems for the conservation of vulnerable species which are endangered. The purpose of this study is to determine whether soil loss (SL) is effective in selecting habitat management areas for amphibians and reptiles. RUSLE model was used to calculate soil loss (SL) and the distribution of each species (SD) was computed with MaxEnt model to find out the biodiversity index. In order to select the habitat management area, we estimated the different results depending if value of soil loss was applied or not by using MARXAN, a conservation priority selection tool. With using MARXAN, conservation goals can be achieved according to the scenario objectives, and the study has been made to meet the minimum habitat area. Finally, the results are expressed in two; 1) the result of soil loss and biodiversity with MATRIX method and 2) the result of regional difference calculated with MARXAN conservation prioritization considering soil loss. The first result indicates that the area with high soil loss and low species diversity have lower conservation values and thus can be managed as natural disturbances. In the area where soil loss is high and species diversity is also high, it becomes where a disaster mitigation action should be taken for the species. According to the conservation priorities of the second result, higher effectiveness of conservation was obtained with fewer area when it considered SL in addition to SD, compared to when considered only biodiversity. When the SL was not taken into consideration, forest area with high distribution of species were important, but when SL considered, the agricultural area or downstream of the river were represented to be a major part of habitats. If more species data or disaster parameters other than soil loss are added as variables later, it could contribute as a reference material for decision-making to achieve various purposes.

생태적가치 기반의 오대산국립공원 보전지구 재설정 방안 연구 (Re-establishment of a Conservation Area in Odaesan(Mt.) National Park based on Ecological Values)

  • 염정헌
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.951-959
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to re-establish the conservation area reflecting landscape ecological value through scenario program, targeting Odaesan National Park. The basic data were mapped in watershed planning units, which were set considering topographical and ecological values. The framework of Marxan with Zones, using an indexation process, was using the mapped indicators. Each best solution according to the scenarios was assessed through sensitivity analysis, and a final solution was selected among the best solutions, considering criteria including area ratio of conservation area and grouping. Lastly, the final solution was verified in the overlap analysis with recent zonation. As a result, through the framework of Marxan with Zones, the best solution of scenario 1, which was set by the highest conservation criteria was selected as the final solution, and the area ratio of conservation area and grouping was excellent. As for the overlap analysis, the suggested conservation area was improved compared to recent zonation in terms of the area ratio (39.4%), biotope grade I (35.6%) and the distribution points (7 places) of legally protected species.

개발영향과 멸종위기종의 서식적합성을 고려한 보전 우선순위 선정 (Spatial Conservation Prioritization Considering Development Impacts and Habitat Suitability of Endangered Species)

  • 모용원
    • 한국환경생태학회지
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2021
  • 인간의 개발로 점차 멸종위기 생물종이 증가하고 있어, 충분한 보호지역의 선제적 확보가 중요한 상황이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 인간의 개발영향을 고려했을 때 앞으로 보호지역 선정 시 고려해야 할 보전 우선순위지역을 확인하였다. 보전 우선순위 도출은 보전계획 의사결정 지원 소프트웨어인 MARXAN을 이용하여 기존 보호지역 포함 여부와 개발영향 반영여부를 기준으로 총 네 가지의 시나리오로 분석하였다. 개발영향은 개발면적 비율, 인구밀도, 도로망 체계, 교통량을 이용하여 도출하였으며, 생물종 보전 대상 지역은 제 3차 전국자연환경조사 자료의 조류, 포유류, 양서파충류의 출현자료를 이용하여 도출한 서식적합지역을 이용하였다. 이 두 가지 요인을 입력 자료로 기계학습 기반 최적화방법론을 이용하여 보전 우선순위 지역을 도출하였다. 연구결과, 멸종위기 생물종을 보전하는데 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 기대되는 지역이 기존 보호지역과 떨어진 지역에서 다수 나타났으며, 개발영향을 고려했을 때는 보전우선순위 지역이 파편화되어 나타남을 알 수 있었다. 개발영향과 기존보호지역을 모두 고려했을 때에도 기존 보호지역 주변으로 이미 도로개발이 많이 이뤄져 기존 보호지역과는 떨어진 지역에서 우선순위가 높게 나타났다. 따라서 개발영향을 고려하여 멸종위기종 보호하기 위해서는 기존 보호지역 주변 이외의 지역도 검토해볼 필요가 있으며, 파편화되어 나타나는 보전 우선순위지역에 대한 대응방안 모색이 필요함을 알 수 있었다.

지속가능한 순천만을 위한 보호지역 확대와 정책적 활용을 위한 생태계 서비스 지불제(PES)의 적용 (Establishment of Additional Protected Areas and Applying Payment for Ecosystem Services(PES) for Sustainability of Suncheonman-Bay)

  • 모용원;박진한;손용훈;이동근
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.171-184
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    • 2016
  • Suncheonman-Bay and its surrounding areas play important roles as habitats for migratory birds. However, sustainable management of these areas is difficult because of the development pressure of private lands. Therefore, the areas surrounding Suncheonman-Bay must be classified as additional protected areas; for this, it is necessary to gather concrete and objective evidence and ensure protected area management. Further, compensation measures must be considered when acquiring a private property as an additional protected area. In this study, we distinguish protected areas, such as core, buffer, and transition areas, within a private area by using data from the Winter Waterbird Census of Korea and MARXAN software, a spatial conservation prioritization tool. We applied ecosystem services to apply Payment for Ecosystem services (PES) as compensation measures. Watershed conservation (supply), climate control (regulation), supporting habitats (support), and recreation (culture) etc. were evaluated by calculating the economic value of these ecosystem services. Eastern, western, and northern forests and rice fields of Suncheonman-Bay were shown to have a number of core areas for the preservation of endangered species. The ecosystem service value of the additional protected areas was estimated at 17.5 million KRW/ha/year. We believe that our study result could be used to establish protected areas to preserve major habitats, as well as include areas adjacent to such major habitats that play a vital role in endangered species conservation. In addition, through this study, we highlight the need for an objective basis to establish protected areas.

강원도 평창지역의 보호지역 확대를 위한 공간의사결정 지원방안 (Efficient Establishment of Protected Areas in Pyoungchang County, Kangwon Province to Support Spatial Decision Making)

  • 모용원;이동근;김호걸;백경혜;남상준
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2013
  • As the second-largest 1st degree of ecological zone in Kangwon Province, Pyeongchang County is expected to play an important role in expanding the protected areas of the Republic of Korea. However, Pyoungchang County is expected to experience an increase in demand for development due to the 2018 Winter Olympics. Problems related to various stakeholders and limited budget will arise regarding the issue of expanding the protected areas. In this study, in order to effectively control these problems, we designed expansion plans for the 1st degree ecological zoning map areas and the observed data of threatened species I and II in Pyoungchang County by using the MARXAN Software. As for the methods, we first set the planning units(PUs) for the spatial analysis. The PUs include boundary length, land cost, land status, etc. Then, we made the input data by controlling the conservation features, BLM(Boundary Length Modifier) and iteration numbers. There are two measures for the establishment of the protected areas, one of which only concerns with the ecological priority, and the other with combining the land cost on forest. The one illustrated shows that the larger patches that include the conservation feature was selected as a candidate of the protected areas. The other one presented shows that inexpensive land cost areas were selected. As this study produces visual results and enables an efficient application of various values in selecting protected areas, we believe that it will be useful to various stakeholders in spatial decision-making process.