• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lower Clothes

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A Study on the Bending Properties of Fabrics for Korean Women's Clothes (부인용 한복지의 굽힘특성에 관한 연구)

  • 성수광
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 1988
  • Bending properties of 168 commercial silk fabrics and polyester fabrics for korean women's clothes were tested by KES-F system. Samples were classified into for summer, fall & winter fabrics. In this study, bending regidity(B) and bending hysteresis(2HB) were measured, then 2HB/W, {{{{ SQRT { 2HB/W} }}}}, 2HB/B which are concerning to formation of weared clothes and transformation behavior were investigated. fabrics for korean women's silk clothes for fall & winter were compared with fabrics for japanese kimono clothes on the bending properties. The results were as follows : 1. The bending regidity of silk fabrics were higher than polyester fabrics and bending hysteresis of fall & winter fabrics were higher than summer fabrics. 2. The 2HB/W and {{{{ SQRT { 2HB/W} }}}} of polyester fabrics were lower than silk fabrics. 3. the silk fabrics for summer clothes were the least in 2HB/B. 4. Silk fabrics for korean women's clothes were almost the same in bending rigidity, bending hysteresis and thickness of fabrics for japanese kimono clothes, but weight of the silk fabrics were lower to fabrics for jpanese kimono clothes.

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The Physiological Responses of Material-improved Working Clothes for Construction Site Worker (건설현장 작업복의 소재 기능성 향상에 따른 생리반응)

  • Kim, Seong-Suk;Kim, Hee-Eun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.752-758
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, experiments to develop working clothes and evaluated, including the current and material-improved working clothes in relation to physiological functionality measurement. Experiments were conducted on subjects after wearing working clothes in an climate chamber, and the thermo-physiological response, such as human body temperature, micro-climate within the clothes, blood pressure, heart rate were measured. In this manner, the physiological functionality of improved working clothes was compared with that of current working clothes and evaluated. The summary of obtained results is as follows: For physiological functionality evaluation through material-improved working clothes, P working clothes showed significantly lower rectal temperature than C working clothes. For mean skin temperature, P's skin temperature was significantly higher than C's in the second half of the experiment. P working clothes's temperature around the thighs in Micro climate was significantly lower than that of the C working clothes. Also, humidity within the clothes showed similar trends. During the exercise period, C working clothes showed higher blood pressure than P, but P showed higher heart rates than C. Also, the oxygen uptake amount was higher in C than P during the exercise period, it explains that the energy consumption amount of P working clothes was smaller than that of C working clothes. Of the subjective evaluation, for temperature sensation, workers wearing P working clothes felt cooler. For humidity, C working clothes showed more humidity. For comfort, P working clothes were better, and for sense of fatigue, workers felt less tired wearing P working clothes. From results above, we can see that physiological functionality improved in the material-improved working clothes in the working clothes for construction site workers. The improvement of working clothes through functionality improvements not only will provide personal pleasantness to constriction site workers, but will also generate efficiency and productivity improvements at construction sites. All in all, the continuous study of functionality improvements in working clothes taking into consideration the human body's physiological responses is required.

Thermo-physiological Responses by Presence of Vents and Difference in Clothing Length for Construction Site Working Clothes (통기구 유무와 옷 길이 차이에 따른 건설현장 작업복의 온열생리반응)

  • Kim, Seong-Suk;Kim, Hee-Eun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.202-209
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    • 2018
  • This study examined thermo-physiological responses according to the design change of construction site working clothes (control (C) working clothes; prototype (P) working clothes). We measured rectal temperature, skin temperature, micro-climate within the clothes and sweat rate. In the evaluation of physiological functionality, based on pattern improvement in working clothes, P working clothes showed significantly lower rectal temperatures, trunk and thigh skin temperatures than C working clothes. It is preferable that rectal temperature should be kept low during work that is not favorable to an increase in body temperature. P working clothes were more physiologically functional than C working clothes. In addition, P working clothes showed significantly lower temperatures in the trunk and thigh parts in a micro climate temperature. We could explain that the side seam zipper on the pants and the gusset on armpit parts create an air permeability effect of lowering the temperature of micro-climate. Aggressive ventilation through the slit of the garment is an important factor for the restoration of the physiological function of the worker at rest between work. Sweat rate showed a higher level in C working clothes than P working clothes. When working in a hot environment, workwear needs to be designed so that the worker is not exposed to thermal stress. Therefore, it was evaluated that the P work clothes used in this study alleviated the physiological burdens of heat.

A Study on the Wearing Conditions of Working Clothes for Railroad Workers (철도근로자 작업복 개발을 위한 착의실태 조사)

  • Ha, Seon-Ju;Choi, Hei-Sun;Kim, Eun-Kyong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.90-103
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to examine the current state of wearing working clothes for the workers who work in Electric Technology Division, Korea Railroad Corporation, to identify inconveniences and problems in relation to the working clothes, and based on the examination, to find a way to improve them, creating a design of summer working clothes that will have more advanced functionalities including activity adaptability and comfort. Survey was conducted through direct observation and interview for Electric Railway Power Team. A total of 352 copies were collected and analyzed. Based on the results of questionnaire, an experimental clothes, the functionality of which has improved in terms of design, material, and patterns, was created. The followings are the results of the study. Easy activity, design, and comfort are required as functions of working clothes. In design related questions, the survey shows high dissatisfaction in the color of existing working clothes, and preferred colors are dark blue and gray. With regard to the method of zipping up the front side, zippers are preferred. Although many pockets on the existing working clothes have high satisfaction, dissatisfaction to pocket format is high. In material related questions, lower dissatisfaction is indicated for the sense of touch, ventilation and sweat absorption. It is shown that the areas frequently polluted include the lower part of pocket, the edges of sleeves and elbow areas on the jacket. The frequently polluted area of the trousers include knee areas, the edges of pants and buttocks. With regard to the areas where the workers felt discomfort when motion, discomfort is highly indicated with armpits and back on the jacket. Also discomfort is highly indicated with crotch, buttocks and knee areas on the trousers. In material related questions, lower dissatisfaction is indicated for the sense of touch, ventilation, sweat absorption.

Development and Ergonomic Evaluation of Spring and Autumn Working Clothes for Livestock Farming Workers

  • Kim, Insoo;Lee, Kyung-Suk;Seo, Min-Tea;Chae, Hye-Seon;Kim, Kyung-Su;Choi, Dong-Phil;Kim, Hyo-Cher
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.343-359
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    • 2016
  • Objective:In this study, we designed working clothes for livestock farmers to wear in spring and autumn to improve their work efficiency, conducted a physiological test on their performance, and evaluated their comfort. Background: In recent years, livestock farming in Korea has expanded, yet farmers' safety and sanitation levels remain low in hazardous environments that include organic dust, toxic gas, and heat stress, as well as the risk of accidents. Furthermore, most livestock farmers wear ordinary or dust-resistant clothes that are unsuitable for rearing livestock and compromise their safety and health. Thus, it is important to design specialized working clothes for livestock farmers that are comfortable and that minimize their health and safety risks. Method: To this end, we examined the literature on livestock (poultry, swine, and cattle) farmers' safety and sanitation issues, designed appropriate working clothes, and tested them in terms of sensory feel, physiological response, and subjective comfort. Results: The respondents expressed satisfaction with the new working clothes. The results of a physiological test showed a decline in temperature and humidity inside the clothes, a lower pulse rate, and a lower oxygen intake compared to the measurements taken when famers wore their previous working clothes. This indicates a fall in heat stress and fatigue, which was mostly consistent with the results of the assessment of subjective comfort. Conclusion: The results of the analysis show an improvement in the comfort of the new working clothes compared to the dust-resistant clothes that are widely worn. Based on this study, the new working clothes need to be further tested and evaluated to improve the design. Application: This study is expected to contribute to designing better working clothes for livestock farmers.

The Wearing Sensation and Physiological Responses in School Wear in the High School Girl's (여고생 통학복의 착용감과 생리반응에 관한 연구)

  • Kweon, Soo-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 1998
  • The subjects in this research were 368 girls in high school for survey, and wearing sensation and physiological responses were investigated through wearing trials on human body in climatic chamber based on these results from the survey. The results are as follows : 1. They enjoyed wearing t-shirts, jackets, vests, and blouses in order for the upper clothes, and they preferred t-shirts to blouses. For the lower clothes, they enjoyed slacks much more than skirts. The weight of clothes was significantly heavier in the group where they wore the uniforms(U-group) than in the group where they wore the free styles(F-group). When they chose the school wear, activity was the most important of all, and the maintenance was the least. 2. As the classes were a little cool and dry, most of them dissatisfied the environment. The degree of the satisfaction of the class environment and properties to it were higher in the U-group than in F-group. 3. In the textiles, colors, styles, activity, static electricity, seasonal property, and easiness of putting on and taking off the clothes, F-group was more satisfied than U-group. U-group was more satisfied than F-group in the soil of the clothes. 4. The thermal comfort, thickness, and tightness of the clothes were not significantly different between the groups. The clothes of U-group was heavier than those of F-group, and the tactile sensation in U-group was worse than F-group. In U-group the students felt the skirts very inconvenient when they acted. 5. The weight of the clothes influenced the wearing sensation, therefore the heavier the clothes were the less satisfied they felt. 6. The inside temperature of clothes was significantly higher in U-group than in F-group. The skin temperatures of abdomen and arm were significantly higher in U-group than in F-group, while the skin temperatures of thighs and legs were significantly lower in U-group than in F-group. U-group felt heavier than F-group in wearing the clothes. Therefore the improvement of the clothes weight is needed.

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A Study on the Taekwondo Uniform (태권도복에 관한 연구(제1보) -태권도복의 착용실태를 중심으로-)

  • 김숙진
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 1987
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basis data for the pattern and material development of the Taekondo uniform by investigating the Taekwondo uniform wearing status of 260 Taekwondo players. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. In the current material of Taekwondo uniform, the problem of physiological comfort was generally dissatisfied in all subjects. And this unsatisfactory trend was founded higher in female player. 2. In the problem of the body fitness of Taekwondo unifrom, the unifitness of upper and lower clothes was founded higher in female player. And both of male and female player represented unfitness more high in lower clothes. So the current size of Taekwondo uniform, especially the size of lower clothes had its problem. 3. The problem of the sports function, the body fitness and easiness of wearing of Taekwondo uniform was generally founded uncomfortable in all subjects. But especially female player, fat type player was founded higher in the phase of discomfort. And accoring to the method of gaining clothes, the case of the slop was founded the highest.

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Sizing System for the Junior-high School Girls′ Lower Clothes According to the Lower Body type Analysis (여중생의 하반신 체형분류에 따른 하의류 치수체계)

  • 임지영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.7
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2002
  • Fitness of clothes becomes a major concern in apparel industry. In order to improve clothing fitness, it's very important to suggest a systematical sizing system. The Purpose of this study was to suggest a standard sizing system for junior-high school girls'lower clothes. The subjects were 402 middle-high school girls of 13 to 15 year-old. 4 clusters were categorized by cluster analysis and the sizing system was classified according to four lower body types. The size intervals of waist girth and hip girth were 3cm and 4cm respectively. The most frequent size were 64-86 in the short and small figure type 1,67-90 in the fattest figure type 2, 61-86 in the average size type 3 and 64-90 in type 4 taller than others types. The sizing system, which had frequencies more than 4%, was classified 9 cases, 11 cases, 8 cases and 9 cases respectively by lower body types. This result will contribute to clothing fitness of consumer and the amount of production.

Types and Characteristics of the Clothes of Fur and Leather Worn by Chinese Minority Races in the Northeastern Regions of China and Inner Mongolia (동북.내몽골지역 중국소수민족이 착용한 모피와 피혁류 복식의 유형과 특성)

  • Ko, Soon-Hee;Jang, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.58-75
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of fur and leather clothes of minority races of China in Northeas and Inner Mongolia. To examine their characteristics, the clothes and ornaments were classified into four types: headwear, clothes, footwear, and accessories. First, headwear was divided into animal head-shaped, petal-shaped, round-shaped, and cone-shaped head wear. Among them, the animal head-shaped headwear was made by making the best use of the shape of animal's head and it was used as the best disguising method when hunting. Second, clothes were composed of upper garments and lower garments. For the upper garments, Po and Jeogori were worn and pants were worn for the lower garments. The clothes were decorated with lining, applique, or top-stitching on the outer collar, neck circumference, and the edge of sleeves and pants. Third, for the footwear, high boots of leather were developed to meet the needs for a convenient life in the plains. In some areas, fur shoes and leather shoes were also used. Finally, accessories included bags and gloves. Bags were usually decorated with fur on the outside or with a fringe or applique of tanned leather. Gloves were lavishly decorated with embroideries and partly with fur or leather.

A Study on the Sizing System for Clothes of Lower Body -females from l9 to 24 years old- (하의 치수 체계에 관한 연구 -만 19 ~ 24세 여자를 중심으로-)

  • 문명옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.1036-1042
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to set up the sizing system for clothes of lower body. Sample size was 191 females and their age ranges were from 19 to 24 years old. The lower body types for the sizing system were categorised by height and drop value of lower body(hip circumference-waist circumference). The results were as follows. 1. The Thick waist (drop value of lower body<21) and the Slender waist (drop value of lower body$\geq$27) had the low coverage rates of 14.2% and 11.5%, and the Normal waist (21$\leq$ drop value of lower body<27) had the high coverage rate of 72.8%. 2. The height could be divided into three groups and thar covered 97.5%. The Short(152cm) covered 2l.0%, the Regular(160cm) 58.7% and the Tall(168cm) 17.8%. 3. The size interval of hip circumference was 4cm and the intervals of waist circumference were 3cm and 4cm. The interval of slacks length was 4∼5cm according to three height groups.