• Title/Summary/Keyword: Low-and intermediate-level radioactive waste

Search Result 77, Processing Time 0.122 seconds

Comparison of Dose Assessment Programs; DOSE, LIMCAL and PABLM (방사선 피폭선량프로그램 DOS, LIMCAL 및 PABLM의 비교)

  • Park, Hee-Seoung;Cho, Won-Jin;Han, Kyoung-Won;Park, Hun-Hwee
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-52
    • /
    • 1991
  • A comparison study is performed on dose assessment programs including DOSE, LIMCAL, and PABLM, DOSE is a program developed for preliminary safety assessments of the low- and intermediate- level radioactive waste disposal, and the others are existing programs applicable to similar calculations. The results show acceptable agreement within an order of magnitude(mrem/yr) except for C-14 and Pu-239. PABLM results higher dose for C-14 while lower value for Pu-239 in comparison with those from DOSE or LIMCAL. It is found that the discrepancy in C-14 is due to difference in transport model introduced and that in Pu-239 is from the different value of dose conversion factor to each program.

  • PDF

Performance Evaluation of Sintered Metal Filter in LILW Vitrification Facility (중.저준위 방사성폐기물 유리화설비에서 금속필터 적용성평가)

  • Park, Seung-Chul;Kim, Byong-Ryol;Hwang, Tae-Won
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
    • /
    • v.15 no.3 s.47
    • /
    • pp.146-153
    • /
    • 2006
  • A performance test of the stainless steel based sintered metal filter was conducted on the low and intermediate level radioactive waste (LILW) vitrification process. The applicability of the metal filter was based on the test results as well. The baseline pressure drop of the metal filter was evaluated similar to the ceramic filter. During the test, when the flow rate of off-gas was $110Nm^{3}/h$, the total baseline pressure drop was shown as $92mmH_{2}O$. The total pressure drop was attributed to the filter media and the residual dust layer and the value of each was $25mmH_{2}O\;and\;67mmH_{2}O$ respectively. The SEM-EDS spectrum and micrograph of the metal filter specimen showed, no corrosion and no physical damage both at the skin membrane and at the support layer. And most of the baseline pressure drop was caused by the deposition of dust on the surface of the membrane. In conclusion, even though the filter exposure time was short at the test, the performance of the stainless steel based metal filter was acceptable for the treatment of LILW vitrification process.

Characteristics of the Ancient Tombs and Application to Cover Design of a Near-surface Disposal Facility : Literature Survey (삼국시대고분의봉분특징과천층처분시설처분덮개에활용: 고분의발굴문헌을중심으로)

  • Park Jin-Beak;Lee Ji-Hoon;Park Joo-Wan;Kim Chang-Lak;Yang Si-Eun;Lee Sun-Bok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
    • /
    • 2005.06a
    • /
    • pp.221-230
    • /
    • 2005
  • To support the design concept and performance evaluation of the cover system for low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste(LILW) disposal facility, the pioneering study is conducted with the tomb of historical age. Research status of the art are followed and the characteristics of tomb cover are summarized based on the preservation of historical remains. Visiting the excavation site of historical tomb and communication with Korean archeological society is required for the further understanding and for the extension of radioactive waste disposal research.

  • PDF

Radiological Environment Investigation of Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility (방사성폐기물 처분시설 주변의 방사선환경조사)

  • Baek, Jeong-Seok;Jeong, Yeui-Young;Ahn, Sang-Bok;Kim, Wan
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.387-398
    • /
    • 2008
  • To obtain base-line data in the low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste disposal facility, radiological environment investigation is required at least two years prior to the facility operation near the disposal facility. The investigation has been performed since January 2007 for the Wolsong LILW disposal center. In this paper, investigation procedure and detailed information obtained for six months in 2008 are described. Based on the current results, future investigation planning is also discussed for the radiological environment management of the disposal facility.

  • PDF

Glass Formulations for Vitrification of Low- and Intermediate-level Waste

  • Kim, Cheon-Woo;Park, Jong-Kil;Ha, Jong-Hyun;Song, Myung-Jae;Lee, Nel-Son;Kong, Peter-C.;Anderson, Gary-L.
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.40 no.10
    • /
    • pp.936-942
    • /
    • 2003
  • In order to develop glass formulations for vitrifying Low-and Intermediate-Level radioactive Wastes (LILW) from nuclear power plants of Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power (KHNP) Co., Ltd., promising glass formulations were selected based on glass property model predictions for viscosity, electrical conductivity and leach resistance. Laboratory measurements were conducted to verify the model predictions. Based on the results, the models for electrical conductivity, US DOE 7-day Product Consistency Test (PCT) elemental release, and pH of PCT leachate are accurate for the LILW glass formulations. However, the model for viscosity was able to provide only qualitative results. A leachate conductivity test was conducted on several samples to estimate glass leach resistance. Test results from the leachate conductivity test were useful for comparison before PCT elemental release results were available. A glass formulation K11A meets all the KHNP glass property constraints, and use of this glass formulation on the pilot scale is recommended. Glass formulations K12A, K12B, and K12E meet nearly all of the processing constraints and may be suitable for additional testing. Based on the comparison between the measured and predicted glass properties, existing glass property models may be used to assist with the LILW glass formulation development.

Radiological Impact Assessment for the Domestic On-road Transportation of Radioactive Isotope Wastes (방사성동위원소 폐기물의 국내육상운반에 관한 방사선영향 평가)

  • Seo, Myunghwan;Hong, Sung-Wook;Park, Jin Beak
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.279-287
    • /
    • 2016
  • Korea Radioactive Waste Agency (KORAD) began to operate the low and intermediate level radioactive waste disposal facility in Gyeongju and to transport the radioactive waste containing radioactive isotopes from Daejeon to the disposal facility for the first time at 2015. For this radioactive waste transportation, in this study, radiological impact assessment is carried out for workers and public. The dose rate to workers and public during the transportation is estimated with consideration of the transportation scenarios and is compared with the Korean regulatory limit. The sensitivity analysis is carried out by considering both the variation of release ratios of the radioactive isotopes from the waste and the variation of the distances between the radioactive waste drum and worker during loading and unloading of radioactive waste. As for all the transportation scenarios, radiological impacts for workers and public have met the regulatory limits.

A natural analog study on the cover-layer performance for near-surface LILW disposal by considering the tomb of historical age (역사시대 고분을 이용한 중저준위 방사성폐기물의 천층처분 덮개성능 자연유사연구)

  • Park Jin-Beak;Park Joo Wan;Kim Chang-Lak;Yang Si Eun;Lee Sun Bok
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.3 no.4
    • /
    • pp.279-291
    • /
    • 2005
  • To support the design concept and the performance assessment of the cover system for low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste(LILW) disposal facility, a pioneering study is conducted for the tomb of historical age. Research status of the art are investigated and the characteristics of tomb cover are summarized based on the preservation status of historical remains. On-site soil samples are prepared and their unsaturated hydraulic conductivities are measured by an one-step outflow method. Visiting the excavation site of historical tomb and communication with Korean archeological society are required for the further understanding and for the extension to the radioactive waste disposal research.

  • PDF

Investigation of Perception of Nuclear Power by the Local Residents Adjacent to Nuclear Installations (원자력 시설 주변 지역주민의 원자력에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Cho, Kyeong-Young;Moon, Joo-Hyun
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.181-189
    • /
    • 2011
  • The smooth construction and operation of nuclear facilities requires understanding and support of both the local residents and the national people. It is essential that our country, which should maintain using nuclear energy for national energy security and economic growth, shall improve the social acceptance of nuclear energy. In order to identify the level of social acceptance of nuclear energy, this study investigated the perception of the local residents in Gyeongju and the public in other areas on a nuclear power plant and a low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste disposal facility through an individual interview. The subjects of the investigation were 450 persons. This study identified that perceptions of the respondents were somewhat dependent on the residential area, and derived the implications to be reflected in establishing the customized public-relation strategies.

Prediction of Radionuclide Inventory for Low- and Intermediate-Level Radioactive Waste by Considering Concentration Limit of Waste Package (처분방사능량제한치를 고려한 중저준위 방사성폐기물 처분시설의 핵종재고량 산정(안))

  • Jung, Kang Il;Kim, Min Seong;Jeong, Noh Gyeom;Park, Jin Beak
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-82
    • /
    • 2017
  • The result of a preliminary safety assessment that was completed by applying the radionuclide inventory calculated on the basis of available data from radioactive waste generation agencies suggested that many difficulties are to be expected with regard to disposal safety and operation. Based on the results of the preliminary safety assessment of the entire disposal system, in this paper, a unit package exceeding the safety goal is selected that occupies a large proportion of radionuclides in intermediate-level radioactive waste. We introduce restrictions on the amount of radioactivity in a way that excludes the high surface dose rate of the package. The radioactivity limit for disposal will be used as the baseline data for establishing the acceptance criteria and the disposal criteria for each disposal facility to meet the safety standards. It is necessary to draw up a comprehensive safety development plan for the Gyeongju waste disposal facility that will contribute to the construction of a Safety Case for the safety optimization of radioactive waste disposal facilities.

Study on the Well Scenario of the LILW Disposal Facility in Korea (중·저준위 방사성폐기물 처분시설의 우물 이용 시나리오를 적용한 안전평가 연구에 대한 고찰)

  • Jeong, Mi-Seon;Cheong, Jae-Yeol;Park, Jin Beak
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-72
    • /
    • 2015
  • The low and intermediate-level radioactive waste generated in Korea is disposed of at Wolsong Disposal Facility. For the safety of a disposal facility, it must be assessed by considering some abnormal scenarios including human intrusion as well as those by natural phenomena. The human intrusion scenario is a scenario that an incognizant man of the disposal facility will be occurred by the drilling. In this paper, the well usage scenario was classified into the human intrusion event as the probability of the well drilling is very low during the man's lifecycle and then was assessed by using conservative assumptions. This scenario was assessed using the dilution factor of contaminants released from a disposal facility and then it was introduced the applied methodology in this study. The assessed scenario using this methodology is satisfied the regulatory limits.