• Title, Summary, Keyword: Local Authorities

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Decision-Making Model Research for the Calculation of the National Disaster Management System's Standard Disaster Prevention Workforce Quota : Based on Local Authorities

  • Lee, Sung-Su;Lee, Young-Jai
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.163-189
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to develop a decision-making model for the calculation of the National Disaster Management System's standard prevention workforce quota. The final purpose of such model is to support in arranging a rationally sized prevention workforce for local authorities by providing information about its calculation in order to support an effective and efficient disaster management administration. In other words, it is to establish and develop a model that calculates the standard disaster prevention workforce quota for basic local governments in order to arrange realistically required prevention workforce. In calculating Korea's prevention workforce, it was found that the prevention investment expenses, number of prevention facilities, frequency of flood damage, number of disaster victims, prevention density, and national disaster recovery costs have positive influence on the dependent variable when the standard prevention workforce was set as the dependent variable. The model based on the regression analysis-which consists of dependent and independent variables-was classified into inland mountainous region, East coast region, Southwest coastal plain region to reflect regional characteristics for the calculation of the prevention workforce. We anticipate that the decision-making model for the standard prevention workforce quota will aid in arranging an objective and essential prevention workforce for Korea's basic local authorities.

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A Study on the Benefits of GIS Implementation in the Local Authorities (우리나라 지방자치단체의 GIS 편익측정에 관한 연구)

  • 김태진
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.203-211
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    • 2000
  • In the GIS literature, evaluation efforts have also been rare and unsystematic because of the difficulties in measuring impacts, and the lack of developed methodologies and evaluation criteria. Using a survey of the an ten local authorities in Korea, this research examines the benefits of using GIS and analyze the factors which affect the benefits of GIS in local authorities. Following are the major findings of this empirical research. First, most of the local authorities employees surveyed report improvements in operational and decision-making benefits. Second, factors influencing the benefits of GIS include political support and performance of the GIS system.

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Cooperation Case between Railway Specialized Authorities and Local Government in LRT Project (경전철사업에서의 철도전문기관과 지자체 간의 협력사례)

  • Song, Jae-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2217-2224
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    • 2011
  • The railway industry has well developed with Korea's economic growth as follows - Industrial railway's electrification in 1973, Seoul subway opening in 1974, Busan subway opening in 1985, High speed railway opening in 2004. But LRT as city transportation means has been faced with many difficulties. Looking at the LRT projects implemented until now, there are some issues like the transportation demand, the quality & safety of RS and facilities, the poor management of inhabitant complaints and the failure to maintain policy coherence. They have caused not only the project schedule to extend but also the project costs to increase, even to obstruct the project progress itself in some cases. These risk factors become the obstacle of LRT project's success, but it is said that more basic problem is the lack of risk management capability of competent authorities in railway business. Under these circumstance, Railway specialized Authorities and Local government have cooperated to identify various risk factors and to prepare the measures in advance, so we try to introduce this cooperation case, which will help other local government as an useful reference.

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A Study on GIS Integration Strategies for the Future u-City Construction (u-City를 위한 지자체 GIS 연계통합 연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Hyung
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.335-347
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    • 2006
  • The GIS has grown in its quantity as local authorities established the urban information system for better city administration, civilian services and decision-making support services. Recently, local authorities have expressed much interest on the introduction of ubiquitous technology to improve citizens' safety and convenience. This has become the drive behind the construction of ubiquitous city(u-City). Construction of a u-City requires the multitude of information and telecommunication networks and digital contents; the existing information resources need to be put to use in entirety for that end. In that regard, the integration of GIS established and currently operated by local authorities needs to be strategically promoted. This study intends to propose GIS integration strategies in various aspects for the future u-City and directions for the development of urban information systems in the coming of the Ubiquitous Age.

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The Evolution of the Regional Development Policy and Types of the Rural Development Policies in France (프랑스 지역개발정책의 변천과 농촌 개발정책의 제유형)

  • Oh, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.431-442
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to examine France's regional development policy in terms of rural development since the end of World War II. Following decentralization in 1982, France's regional and rural development policies have been focused on the interrelated actions of government, local authorities and European authorities. The aim of their works was to extend the dispersal of industrial activities to the reorganization of the rural space. The rural development policies aimed to the agricultural modernization in the 1950s have differed in their goals, methods, and implements. France's regional and rural development clearly illustrates the key role played by the government despite the decentralization and the challenges of the europeanization leading to a unique market of European nations. This reinforces the fact that the government is instrumental in organizing population distribution and regulating regional decision centers to harmonize both national objectives and local authorities' concerns. The French experience will be helpful as reference in the field of regional and rural development for Korea which has recently begun decentralizing.

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Study on the herb policy and its application of Choongbuk for the activation of local economy (지역경제활성화를 위한 충청북도 허브정책수립 및 적용에 관한 연구)

  • 조태동
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 1997
  • This study surveys the herb industry, which plays an important role in the economy activation of the advanced countries, and by which Choongbuk, as one of local authorities, makes the first attempt in Korea. It describes the direction of the policy and application, came to a conclusion as follows. 1. Choongbuk is arranging a Herb garden as the first step in connection with the exsiting plan, It could be highly rated because there has been no example yet in korea and therefore it could involve risks. 2. The selection of site will be decided by the Do-authorities considering traffic network and accessibility. Therefore Shi and Gun authorities could have a passive and formal attitude for this policy. 3. The size of the herb garden, by modeling Japanese and European herb garden, will be 15000 pyung(4545m), From the point of view it is a start, the herb garden has still tasks to solve, e.g. lack of experience, organizational and technological problems.

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Analysis of Urban Brand Slogans of Gyeongsangbuk-do's Local Authorities (경상북도 지방자치단체의 도시 브랜드 슬로건 분석)

  • Bae, Jin-Hee;Kwon, Gi-Chang
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.206-220
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    • 2020
  • In the glocal era, the competitiveness of local authorities leads to national competitiveness. Even though they have competitively adopted slogans to stay competitive, the process has not been systematic. The goal of this study is to provide basic data needed to develop and utilize urban brand slogans effectively. In terms of a research scope, 48 slogans currently in use by 24 local authorities of Gyeongsangbuk-do as of April 2020 were chosen. Concerning the lingual representation of such slogans, diverse languages such as Korean, English and Sino-Korean have been used. In terms of meaning of meaning and material type, there was a lack of coherence among the slogans. In addition, they were poor in representing identity, and abstract image upgrade types were commonly found. It is anticipated that the study results would make a contribution to the development of urban brand slogans and value generation.

UK Urban Regeneration Policy for Comprtitiveness: A Government Perspective

  • Thorpe, Keith
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.33-53
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    • 2017
  • The UK Government's approach to how to deliver regeneration in its towns and cities has changed considerably in recent years. Traditionally, urban regeneration policy focused on reversing physical, economic and social decline in an area where market forces would not do this without intervention. Since 2010 urban regeneration has become a vital part of the Government's approach to increasing local growth and competitiveness and building a strong and balanced economy. The current emphasis is on a place-based approach to regeneration that builds on the particular strengths of different places to drive growth and addresses the factors that hold them back. This paper outlines the key features of current UK urban regeneration policy and how interventions to support regeneration and growth are being pursued at different spatial scales to ensure all parts of the country benefit. They include pan regional initiatives like the Northern Powerhouse and Midlands Way, to groups of local authorities operating at a sub regional level (combined authorities/city regions), Local Enterprise Partnerships, and a variety of smaller scale programmes delivering regeneration in areas of economic and social decline. The paper explains some of the policy instruments and funding programmes available to support regeneration, and provides case studies of some major urban regeneration projects that illustrate the new approach including housing and infrastructure improvements like the planned High Speed Rail 2 line. These are supporting regeneration through the creation of strategic partnerships involving government, places and investors. The paper concludes with some lessons from past and future regeneration schemes to improve their effectiveness and impact on places and enhance local growth potential.

An Evaluation of the Collaborative Urban Environment Improvement Initiative in South Korea: A Case Study of Demolishing Walls Initiative in Daegu City (한국의 공동체 도시환경 개선사업 평가: 대구광역시 담장허물기사업을 사례로)

  • Kim Soobong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.863-870
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    • 2004
  • The main objectives of this research are to analyse and evaluate the demolishing walls initiative in Daegu city as the collaborative urban environment improvement initiative in South Korea using the actor network theory concept. Local authorities are unable to effectively and efficiently improve urban environment because of their limited statutory and financial powers. This inability crucially led to the formation of the demolishing walls initiative in Daegu city with building a coalition of the local people, interest groups and public and non-governmental organisations in the operational processes in order to improve the physical and social urban environments. Furthermore, co-ordination between local authorities and landscape architecture specialists not only to change the way in which they tackle urban environmental problems but also to make the local people aware of their potential ability in positively improving the urban environment.

Perceptions of Key Stakeholders Towards Sustainable Tourism Development: A Case Study in Mekong Delta, Vietnam

  • VU, Hieu Minh;LAM, Trung Minh;PRABHAKARAN, Sudesh
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.717-726
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    • 2021
  • Tourism is one of the key economic drivers not only in Vietnam but also in the world. This study explores the awareness and perceptions of key stakeholders such as local residents, tourism businesses, and tourists on sustainable tourism development in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches have been used with the secondary and primary data to provide insights on the subject. The secondary data is from vast sources, including the governmental department of tourism, statistical departments, annual all-level governmental reports, businesses, and others. The primary data is from the survey by questionnaires with 230 enterprises, 720 local residents, and 670 tourists and from the semi-structured and in-depth interviews conducted with local residents, businesses, tourists, local authorities' officers, and especially with 5 experts who are also stakeholders of Mekong Delta tourism. The results will help the related authorities understand the awareness and perceptions of the key stakeholders and deliver valuable information and a concrete delineated roadmap toward sustainable tourism development of the research settings.