• Title/Summary/Keyword: Liquid Semen

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Effect of BTS and Androhep during Storage Times on the Kinematics and Capacitation Status in Liquid Boar Semen (BTS와 Androhep이 보존 기간 동안 액상 정액의 운동역학 및 수정능 획득에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yun-Hee;Park, Yoo-Jin;Yoon, Sung-Jae;Kwon, Woo-Sung;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of storage time on fresh boar semen in Androhep and Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS). Boar semen samples extended in each extender were stored at $17^{\circ}C$ up to 4 days. Sperm motility kinematics was evaluated by computer assisted sperm analyzer (CASA) and capacitation status by chlortetracycline (CTC)/Hoechst 33258 staining. Sperm motility (%) was not decreased during storage in BTS and Androhep. No significant difference between extenders was observed. Only significant differences in kinematic parameters on linearity during storage were found. The percentage of dead sperm significantly decreased during storage (p<0.05). Also the percentage of noncapacitated, capacitated, and acrosome-reacted sperm significantly modified during storage (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between extenders except proportion of capacitated sperm. This finding supported that modification in these parameters was not significantly different between extenders during this short-term storage. Our finding strongly indicated that both Androhep and BIS maintained favorable conditions for motility, motility kinematics, and capacitation status during short-term storage. Despite modifications in some parameters were apparent during sperm storage in extenders, these may not affect the fertilizing capacity of boar semen.

Effect of green tea extract in extender of Simmental bull semen on pregnancy rate of recipients

  • Susilowati, Suherni;Sardjito, Trilas;Mustofa, Imam;Widodo, Oky Setio;Kurnijasanti, Rochmah
    • Animal Bioscience
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.198-204
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    • 2021
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to ascertain the effects of adding green tea extract (GTE) to skim milk-egg yolk (SM-EY) extender on both the quality of post-thawed bull semen and the pregnancy rates of the recipient cows. Methods: Twelve ejaculates from four Simmental bulls, aged 3 to 5 years and weighing 900 to 950 kg, were diluted SM-EY extender, added with 0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.15 mg GTE/100 mL extender and then frozen. After four weeks storage in liquid nitrogen, the sperm were thawed and evaluated for viability, motility, intact plasma membrane (IPM), and DNA fragmentation. Meanwhile, the estrus cycles of 48 recipient cows were synchronized by intramuscular administration of a single injection of 5 mg prostaglandin F2α. Estrus cows were divided into four equal groups and inseminated artificially 18 to 20 h after the onset of estrus by using semen from each extender group. Pregnancy was diagnosed by measuring serum progesterone levels at 21 days, followed by transrectal palpation 90 days after insemination. Results: The findings revealed that adding 0.1 mg of GTE/100 mL extender produced the highest percentages of sperm viability (70.67%±1.75%), motility (69.17%±1.47%), and IPM (69.23%±1.21%) and the lowest percentage of DNA fragmentation (3.00%±0.50%). The pregnancy diagnosis revealed that all cows (36/36) inseminated using frozen semen in GTE addition extender were pregnant (pregnancy rate 100%), whereas the pregnancy rate of the control group was 83.33% (10/12). Conclusion: It may be concluded that 0.1 mg GTE/100 mL extender yields the best quality of spermatozoa and that all variants doses of GTE in extender produce a higher pregnancy rate among recipient cows.

닭 정액의 보존온도 및 희석배율이 수정률에 미치는 영향

  • 김학규;나재천;최철환;장병귀;상병돈;이상진
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
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    • pp.107-108
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dilution rate and stored temperature of semen at 5, 25 and 35$^{\circ}C$ on fertility in liquid rooster semen. At 5$^{\circ}C$ cold temperature, no significant difference were found in sperm mobilities on dilution rate(1:1, 1:3, 1.6) among treatments. Sperm mobility for the conservation of 3 hours at 25∼35$^{\circ}C$ were significantly higher for 1:3 and 1:6 dilution rate(semen:diluent) groups than for 1:1 dilution rate group(P<0.05). In Fertility results after artificial insemination with the conservation of 3 hours at 5∼25$^{\circ}C$ temperature, no significant difference were found in fertility on dilution rate among treatments. Fertilities after artificial insemination with the conservation of 3 hours at 35$^{\circ}C$ were significantly higher for 1.3 and 1:6 dilution rate(semen:diluent) groups than for 1:1 dilution rate group(P<0.05).

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Study on the Preservation of Liquid Boar Semen with $\textrm{BF}_5$ and Butschwiler Diluents (희석액 $\textrm{BF}_5$ 엔오투와 Butschwiler를 이용한 돼지 액상정액 보존에 관한 연구)

  • 천용민;박창식;서길웅;이규승
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 1996
  • 본 연구는 돼지 액상정액을 인공수정용 100ml 플라스틱 병에 보존하면서 BF5희석액과 Butschwiler 희석액 간에 보존 온도별 차이를 조사하고, BF5 희석액에서의 글리세롤 농도의 효과를 조사하여 돼지 액상정액을 좀더 장기간 사용할 수 있는 방법을 찾고자 실시하였다. 돼지 액상정액을 5$^{\circ}C$ 냉장고에 보존하면서 조사한 바에 의하면, 37$^{\circ}C$에서 0.5 및 2시간 배양후의 정자운동성은 전체 보존기간동안 BF5 희석액이 Butschwiler 희석액보다 유의하게 (P<0.05) 높게 나타났고, 정상첨체비율은 두 희석액간에 차이가 없었다. 돼지 액상정액을 15$^{\circ}C$에 보존하면서 조사한 바에 의하면, 3일부터 7일 보존시 까지 정자운동성과 정상첨체비율에 있어서 Butschwiler 희석액이 BF5 희석액보다 유의하데 높게 나타났다. BF5 희석액을 이용한 돼지 액상정액의 글리세롤 농도의 효과에 있어서는 최종 글리세롤 농도가 0, 2, 3, 및 5% 보다 1%일 때 가장 높은 정자운동성과 정상첨체비율을 나타내었다. 분만율, 복당 생존자돈수 그리고 출생시 평균 생시체중은 BF5 희석애과 Butschwiler 희석액간에 차이가 없었다. 이상의 연구 결과를 종합해 볼 때 BF5 희석액을 5$^{\circ}C$에서 Butschwiler 희석액은 15$^{\circ}C$에서 6-7일 동안 돼지 액상정액을 보존할 수 있었다.

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Current Status of Swine Artificial Insemination(AI) in Korea (한국의 돼지 인공수정 현황)

  • Kim, In-Cheul;Sa, Soo-Jin;Kang, Kwon;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Bae, Sang-Jong;Kim, Dae-Sil;Kim, Si-Joo;Min, Chen-Sik;Son, Jung-Ho;Chung, Ki-Hwa
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2011
  • This survey was conducted to investigate the current status of swine artificial insemination(AI) centers registered as 'semen processing business' in Korea. The survey responses were collected by direct visitation or telephone conversation for 5 months from May through September in 2008. The survey showed that sixty-four AI centers were enrolled in local government and those of fifty-two AI centers were under operation. Forty-nine AI centers surveyed owned a total of 3,334 boars and the Duroc breed accounted for the highest rate(73.1%) of all boar breeds. In type of ownership, agricultural management corporations was the highest(42.3%) and followed by private ownership(34.6%). Large-scale AI centers in terms of own over 151 boar were surveyed as 5.9% and most AI centers own less than 100 boars(86.5%). The average number of boars per AI center was 68. The amount of liquid semen provided by 52 AI centers were 1,791,000 doses and each AI center provides average of 39,000 does, which is represented for 90% consumption by sows in Korea.

Effect of Cholesterol and Serum Albumin on Sperm Ability and Lipid Peroxidation during the Storage of Miniature Pig Sperm (미니돼지정액의 보존 시 콜레스테롤과 혈청 알부민이 정자 성상과 지질 과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Woo;Lee, Yong-Seung;Yoo, Han-Jun;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2011
  • This study was undertaken to find out the effect of cholesterol and serum albumin on sperm ability and lipid peroxidation levels period to the liquid storage of miniature pig sperm. Ejaculated semen from miniature pigs was collected by gloved-hand method into a pre-warmed ($37^{\circ}C$) thermos bottle, and extended with Modena solution {with and without BSA, methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (-cholesterol) and cholesterol loaded cyclodextrin (+cholesterol)}. Each semen was assessed for viability (SYBR-14/PI staining) and acrosome intactness, intensity and capacitation status by chlorotetracycline (CTC) staining at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days of storage. At for the effects of cholesterol and serum albumin on lipid peroxidation, semen were incubated with $H_2O_2$ ($10\;{\mu}M$), and lipid peroxidation level were measured by flow cytometry using the lipid peroxidation reporter probe $C_{11}-BODIPY^{581/591}$. The result, lipid peroxidation level in sperm added with cholesterol were lower in $10\;{\mu}M$ $H_2O_2$ compared to the added sperm with serum albumin. Also, added cholesterol to sperm had significant (p<0.05) higher viability when storage for 7 and 10 days and lower when 10 days of storage percentage of acrosome-reacted sperm (AR pattern) in acrosome state as say result compared to other treated groups. In conclusion, role of cholesterol during lipid storage in miniature pig spermatozoa was protected boar spermatozoa from lipid peroxidation prior to lipid storage. Addition serum albumin during lipid storage in sperm may be induce sperm membrane damage by lipid peroxidation. Therefore, addition of cholesterol to miniature pig sperm will be lead to extension of liquid storage periods.

An Analysis of Survey Data on South Korea Boar Stud Practices (한국의 돼지 인공수정센터 현황 분석)

  • Sa, Soo-Jin;Woo, Jae-Seok;Hong, Joon-Ki;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Kim, Du-Wan;Kim, Yong-Min;Park, Hyun-Sik;Kim, Si-Joo;Chung, Ki-Hwa;Cho, Eun-Seok
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study is to examine current status of swine AI and boar stud in South Korea using survey and data analysis. This survey included 48 boar studs registered as 'semen processing business'. The survey data were collected by direct visitation, FAX and/or telephone conversation for 7 months from June through December in 2013. 48 boar studs owned a total of 3,537 boars and the Duroc breed accounted for the highest rate (75.3%) of all boar breeds. In case of ownership, agricultural management corporations was the highest (50.0%) and followed by individual ownership (33.3%). Large-scale boar studs in terms of own over 151 boar were surveyed as 4.2% and most boar studs owned less than 100 boars (77.1%). The amount of liquid semen provided by 48 boar studs were 1,889,000 doses and each boar stud provided average of 39,000 does, which is represented for 90% consumption by sows in South Korea.

Change of Sperm Viability and Acrosome Integrity of Post-thawed Korean Jeju Black Bull Spermatozoa according to Glycerol Concentration (제주 흑우 동결 정액 제조에 있어 Glycerol의 농도에 따른 생존율 및 정자 첨체 양상의 변화)

  • Choi, Sun-Ho;Ko, Min-Hee;Kang, Tae-Young;Cho, Sang-Rae;Park, Yong-Sang;Oh, Shin-Ae
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to establish most suitable freezing condition, to evaluate the different glycerol concentration of freezing and thawing rates on motility, viability, membrane integrity and acrosome intecrity of frozen Korean Jeju Black Bull spermatozoa, Semen was collected from a Korean Jeju Black Bull using an artificial vagina and transported to the laboratory. The semen was extended gradually 1:5 then cooled slowly for 2 hrs to 4$^{\circ}C$. The semen was diluted 1:1 with cryoprotectant extenders (3%, 5% and 7% glycerol) and equilibrated for 2 hrs at cold chamber and packed to 0.5 ml straws. The semen straws were located above 3 cm of liquid nitrogen for 5 minutes, above 5 cm for 10 min and above 8 cm for 10 min. And then the frozen straw was plunged into LN$_2$. The presented straws were examined the viability and motility after thawed at 37$^{\circ}C$ water bath. The viability and membrane integrity immediately post-thawing were significantly higher in samples frozen in 7% glycerol than 3% and 5% glycerol (p<0.05). After CTC staining to assess acrosome integrity, F pattern was significantly increased, but B pattern was significantly decreased in 7% glycerol (p<0.05). Freezing distance of 5 cm from liquid nitrogen and pre-cooling for 10 min yield better survival and membrane integrity, but not significant difference. However, AR pattern according to CTC staining was significantly decreased in 3 cm for 5 min.

Effect of Packing Materials of Frozen Boar Semen on Sperm Characteristics and Reproductive Performance (동결정액 포장방법이 돼지정액의 성상 및 번식성적에 미치는 영향)

  • 김인철;이장희;김현종;이성호;박창식
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of packing materials of frozen boar semen to improve reproductive performance efficiency in pig. Boars were raised at Swine Artificial Insemination Center in National Livestock Research Institute, Sunghwan, Chungnam, Korea. We compared packing protocols for frozen boar semen among 5$m\ell$ maxi-straw, 5$m\ell$ cryogenic-vial, and aluminum-pack. Cryogenic-vial packing material showed similar sperm characteristics compared with maxi-straw packing material when the sperm was frozen above 15cm from liquid nitrogen and thawed at 52$^{\circ}C$ for 190 seconds. We investigated different thawing times to find out the optimal condition of freezing and thawing protocol with cryogenic-vial. Freezing above 15cm from liquid nitrogen and thawing at 52$^{\circ}C$ for 190 seconds were the optimal protocol compared with 120 and 150 seconds. However, normal acrosome rates did not show any differences among thawing times. Post-thawing results of maxi-straw in water at 52$^{\circ}C$ for 45 seconds had better total motility and curve linear velocity than those of cryogenic-vial in water 52$^{\circ}C$ for 190 seconds. However, there were no differences on straightness and normal apical ridge of sperm between maxi-straw and cryogenic vial. Non-return rate, farrowing rate and litter size of sows inseminated with frozen boar semen of commercial farms were higher in the maxi-straw than cryogenic-vial, but there were no significant differences between maxi-straw and cryogenic-vial. In conclusion, there were no significant differences between maxi-straw and cryogenic-vial and so, we may replace cryogenic-vial packing method instead of maxi-straw packing method by improvement of freezing and thawing rate.

Physicochemical properties of Dongchimi added with . Jasoja(Perillae semen) (자소자첨가 동치미의 이화학적 특성)

  • 황재희;장명숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.555-564
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    • 2001
  • The optional ingredient jasoja(Perillae semen) was adopted to improve Dongchimi in qualify during fermentation The final weight percentage of jasoja in Dongchimi was adjusted to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, or 1.0% Per radish. Physicochemical characteristics were determined during fermentation for 45 days at 10$^{\circ}C$. As the fermentation of Dongchimi proceeded, the pH decreased with the increase of total acidity; however, the decreasing rate was slowed down by increasing the level of jasoja. The delayed pH drop of Dongchimi was limited only for the initial period of fermentation and the ultimate pH became almost comparable even for the 1% treatment. The total vitamin C content increased initially to a certain level depending on the level of jasoja, and then decreased later. Dongchimi with 0.5% jasoja contained the highest level of total vitamin C and reducing sugars. In case of 1% treatment, the typical pattern of an initial high content followed by a gradual decrease in reducing sugar was destroyed by a rapid fermentation at the later stage. Turbidity level, along with total solid contents of the liquid part of Dongchimi increased in all treatments as the fermentation proceeded although the extent was rather suppressed by jasoja. As a result of fermentation, the colorimetric lightness values decreased, with the intial increase followed by the decrease at a certain point in redness and yellowness and the increase in color difference values (ΔE). Overall, fermentation with 0.5% jasoja for 11 to 30 days appeared to improve the quality of Dongchimi.

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