• Title, Summary, Keyword: Landscape Planning

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A Study for Rural Landscape Planning Criteria (농촌경관계획수립 기준 정립 연구)

  • Joo, Shin-Ha;Im, Seung-Bin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the rural landscape planning criteria for Korean rural area. For this, the meaning of rural landscape is defined, and the legislative framework and several legal processes are surveyed, including the deliberation system for natural landscape impacts and the Landscape Law recently legislated. Through literature studies and analysis, the rural landscape planning criteria are proposed, which have step-by-step processes; goals and objectives, analysis and estimation for present conditions, basic planning concept, landscape planning for different visual landscape types, landscape designing for visual elements, and practical action plans. Each processes are designed considering the existing legislative framework, so it can be well-matched to current systems. But, because there are few rural landscape plans so far, comparing to the urban landscape plans, the validity of this criteria should be verified in the future studies.

Constructing Urban Open Space System by Ecological Landscape Planning - The Case Study of Eunpyung New Town in Seoul -

  • Oh Choong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2004
  • After UNECD(United Nations Conference of Environment and Development) in 1992, ESSD (Environmental Sound and Sustainable Development) is an important concept of urban planning in Korea. The introducing environmental assessment system of urban planning and the district unit planning system were representative cases. In this process, Landchaftplanung(ecological landscape planning) was introduced from Germany. This study was executed for applying ecological landscape planning to Eunpyung New Town in Seoul city, and analyzing the problem to apply this system. The process of ecological landscape planning was followed to (1) the site survey, (2) the analysis and assessment of survey data, (3) the establishing ecological landscape planning. Three master architects participated in all investigations. The major fields of them were landscape architecture, architecture, and urban planning. Master Architects helped many aspects. In conclusion, ecological landscape planning was feasible to be applied to develop other New Town in Korea. However the mediation system is very weak, if different situations are confronted with ecological landscape plan and land use plan in the operative legal framework of Korea. Thus, the legislation of mediation system is necessary for an establishment of ecological landscape planning.

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A Study on the guideline of Visual Landscape Planning for Landscape Agricultural Region (경관농업지 경관계획 기준 연구)

  • Kang, Young-Eun;Im, Seung-Bin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.143-157
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    • 2010
  • This study provides a physical indicator of landscape that can be guidelines so as to evaluate landscape agricultural region for visual landscape planning, finds out the guideline for visual landscape planning lastly through examining importance of indicators and the preference of each indicator of landscape. The physical landscape indicators were derived from document study and questionnaire survey to evaluate visual landscape on landscape agricultural region. In addition, field study was conducted to examine and inspect the physical landscape indicator, managers' interview and photograph was took for evaluating the landscape simulation. Moreover, the important elements for visual landscape planning of landscape agricultural region, the importance of physical landscape indicator and the preferences of each indicator were derived by conducting questionnaire to experts and general publics. The physical landscape indicator guideline was established from the following procedures. In case of the land, flat area had higher preference than steep region. So, planning an agricultural area at a flat region with open space will be better than establishing an agricultural area on a steep region. In case of the kind of landscape crops, For the background of landscape agricultural region, the seashore type had the highest preference and mountain type and non-background type was followed in order. According to the study, facilities built with natural elements such as straw-roofed pavilion received high preference. Therefore, look-out shed and straw-roofed pavilion should be introduced in the landscape agriculture planning to select materials and colors to keep harmony with the nature. The result of this study could be used as a best choice for improving visual landscape of landscape agricultural region on selecting suitable land, facilities and so on. Moreover, the results of manager interview could be used as a useful tool in the management and formation of visual landscape. The landscape point evaluating visual landscape of landscape agricultural region could be used as a reference for establishing relative guideline for the direct payment program for rural landscape conservation and landscape agreement. In addition, it could be a useful reference to improve the general landscape and revitalize the rural area.

The Assessment of the Landscape Planning Phases by Importance-Performance Analysis - Focused on the Landscape Planning of Development Sites - (중요도-성취도 분석에 의한 경관계획 작성 단계별 평가 - 개발대상지 경관계획을 중심으로 -)

  • Joo, Shin-Ha;Baek, Woon-Hae;Shin, Ji-Hoon;Mok, Jeong-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.74-82
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to reflect on the results of the assessment and analysis of landscape planning projects according to planning phases in a landscape planning system based on landscape law. An assessment of the importance and performance of landscape planning elements by planning phases was studied by statistically descriptive analysis, variation analysis, statistical t-test and importance-performance analysis. As a result of the evaluation, the performance of existing landscape planning projects is 3.813 and the importance of planning elements is 5.648. This means that in spite of the importance of landscape planning elements, the performance of existing landscape planning projects is not sufficient to cover the importance of landscape planning elements. In addition, 'site landscape survey' and 'landscape design guideline' sections are not sufficient when they are compared to 'landscape concept plan' and 'landscape basic plan' to complete the landscape planning projects required by landscape law. It means also that the landscape survey and landscape design guidelines should be complementarily practiced in order to increase the effectiveness of landscape planning projects. As the research is practiced by survey methods on landscape planning projects which are only new development sites, the results cannot represent all types of landscape planning projects. Nevertheless, the results can be applied to new landscape planning at new development sites or old cities to increase effectiveness.

A Study on the Analyze and Improvements for Rural Landscape Planning Guideline - Focused on Rural Landscape Planning Guideline in Western Australia - (국내 농촌 경관계획 가이드라인의 개선방향에 관한 연구 - West Australia의 경관계획 매뉴얼을 대상으로 -)

  • Shin, Jae-Sun;Kim, Sang-Bum
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2016
  • Landscape elements of historical and cultural value and elements that have negative impact on landscape due to reckless development teem in rural area. Due to this, local government has established a visual landscape plan. The purpose of this study is to analyze the process and content of domestic rural landscape planning process and to suggest improvements for it. For that, this study measure guideline of Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs against guideline of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. To analyze the landscape planning guideline of australia which is similar to domestic rural landscape planning process, and to compare both guidelines. The results of this study are as follow. The stage of landscape resource survey and assessment progressed systematically, but it was not practical because for the lack of survey and assessment method. Therefore, it should be suggested for the survey and assessment technique. The rural landscape plan, established in master planning stage, do not necessarily reflect local government's landscape management on the ground of abstract technic of landscape management. For this sake, to develop evaluation method for development of landscape element seems necessary.

Landscape Analysis on simulation studies are used to deliberation landscape - Focuse on the Apartment Gyeonggi-do landscape simulation analysis - (경관심의에 사용되는 경관시뮬레이션 실태분석 연구 - 경기도 공동주택사업 경관시뮬레이션 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Im Jung;Choi, Joo Young
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2014
  • Adverse effects resulting from the development of the environment and to minimize damage to the natural environment and the desire for pleasant scenery and the sense of raising more awareness about May 17, 2007 in accordance with the scenery method is established by each municipality landscape management and landscape planning committee Configure the district planning officer for development projects, including enhancing deliberation scenery method 7 February 2014 and revised in urban areas is more than $30,000m^2$ urban planning landscape projects are all considered by a committee mandated to landscape receive a defined landscape plan for the development was enhanced. Gyeonggi Province in 2007 after the enactment of the scenery method for district planning and landscape planning by strengthening the district planning consideration during deliberations landscape simulation by selecting the view that the proposed mandatory hearing officer from the Joint Committee on Urban construction was done. In this study, Gyeonggi-do district planning business point of view the characteristics of the landscape planning and landscape planning of the center of analysis and as a basis for the evaluation presented.

Study on the Status Change in Rural Landscape Planning and Landscape Project in the General Agriculture Fishing Village Development Project (일반농산어촌개발사업에 있어 농촌경관계획과 경관사업부문의 위상변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Su Hyun;Cho, Tong Buhm
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2019
  • Although the General Agricultural Fishing Village Development Project had a significant impact on the landscape formation and management in rural area, the rural landscape planning and project sectors was not stable by fluctuation variables. On the basic understanding the institutional status of rural landscape planning, some conclusions could be discussed as follows through the analysis of quantitative and qualitative changes and the background factors. The rural landscape plan lacked its own legal and institutional foundations, and the landscape project of the General Agricultural Fishing Village Development Project was mainly focused on the environment-improving H/W project for expanding the basic living infrastructures. In order to reflect the characteristics of the region and become independent rural landscape management, it is necessary to change the contents so that the S/W business such as the deepening landscape awareness and empowerment linked with improving the physical landscape. To this end, it is necessary to establish a foundation for the rural landscape planning system to have its own status, and it seems to seek to supplement with what is included S/W contents reflecting the context of higher level landscape planning. The landscape sector of the General Agricultural Fishing Village Development Project proved to be in the process of shrinking in both quantity and quality, despite the temporary expansion in the past. In addition, considering the distortion of the contents of landscape projects in rural sites, it seems that the rural landscape-related public project are now in a position to seek a new phase change beyond quantitative expansion. In particular, along with institutional improvements to secure the independent status of rural landscape planning that contributes to village community regeneration and social sustainability through the role of intermediary support organizations in landscape management activities. Through the integrated landscape plan, which is established in advance and led by the residents in the early stages, there is a need to change the direction to enhance meaning of the landscape planning goes beyond the facility design or space improvement.

An Analysis on the Vision of Visual Landscape Planning in Korea (경관계획에서 제시된 경관 미래상의 현황 분석)

  • Joo, Shin-ha
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.80-92
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the visions of visual landscape planning and to suggest improvements for it. This study overviews currents methods of making the vision of visual landscape planning by group interview with hands-on workers. Thirty-two cases of visual landscape planning are reviewed to analyze the forms and contents of vision of visual landscape planning. The purpose of urban vision and city slogans are fairly similar to the vision of visual landscape planning; therefore, this study reviews and compares them. According to this study, we conducted writing direction and policy implications. The results of this study are as follows. The vision of visual landscape planning is written by consulting the landscape resources survey and visions of upper plans. These writing methods are able to enhance the consistency of each chapter in visual landscape planning, and the consistency between visual landscape planning and upper plans. Thus, it is desirable to revise landscape planning guidelines with this method. The current vision of visual landscape planning is written in the form of a city slogan. But the vision of visual landscape planning is not a means of publicity and transformational use. So, the form of the vision needs to be revised. This study analyzed the correlation among the vision of visual landscape planning, urban vision, and city slogan. There is a closer correspondence between the vision of visual landscape planning and urban vision than city slogan. This result means that it is beneficial to write the vision of visual landscape planning in consideration of the upper plan. Henceforward, for maintaining and enhancing consistency detailed contents in landscape planning guidelines are needed.

An Analysis on the Landscape Planning Methods of the Public Sector Housing Complex in Korea - Focusing on the Public Sector Housing Complex in the Metropolitan Area in the 2000s - (국내 공공부문 주거단지의 경관계획 방법 분석 - 2000년대 수도권 지역에 건설된 공공부문 주거단지를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Yong-Kuk;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2015
  • This study has the purpose to investigate the landscape plans focused on the public sector housing complexes in the Seoul Metropolitan Area in the 2000s. The targeted subjects of this study are 24 districts conducted by the Corporation, and the spatial extent is limited to Seoul metropolitan area. The scope of the research is limited to the public sector, because this sector has been conducted preferentially for public needs rather than the development profit, and has positively reflected the will "pre plan - post development". In view of the study methodologies, this study examined the transition process in Korea housing complex and analyzed the design reports to extract the key planning concepts and planning methods of landscape planning. The main concepts of landscape planning analyzed in this study were urban landscape, natural landscape, streetscape, architectural landscape, axis for viewing, landmark, skyline and landscape by areas. The key planning methods of landscape planning were landmark, which is a point landscape element, axis for viewing and skyline, which are linear landscape elements, landscape by areas which is an area landscape element, and finally complex landscape, walking landscape and nightscape, which are three-dimensional landscape elements.

Visual Landscape Plan for Conservation and Management in Rural Landscape Character Area (농촌경관의 보전과 경관관리를 위한 농촌경관계획 수립 및 적용방안 관한 기초연구 - 예산군을 사례로 -)

  • Kim, Sang-Bum;Lee, Seung-Yeon;Kim, Eun-Ja;Lee, Seung-Joo;Rhee, Sang-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 2009
  • This study focuses on the application of landscape planning(i.e. including rural landscape character area designation and rural landscape planning etc.). That application of landscape planning provides the probably most operable and comprehensive version of what is generally accepted by the discipline. According to the planning discipline the schemes of planning are to; Firstly, we derived the improvement of landscape and the methods of landscape characterization subsequent to analyze the present condition and grasp the landscape resources in Yesan via reviewing the current study and field survey. Secondly, in order to achieve environmentally friendly rural landscape plan and characteristic rural landscape creation, we planed the draft landscape area such as woodland, hydrology area, urbanized area, rural communities, etc. which was classified by sphere of life moreover, we planed partly outdoor facilities, road and colour suchlike. Thirdly, we tried to seek the programme of conservation and utilization for scenic and characteristic rural landscape area via rural landscape character area designation. Lastly, it is proposed that rural landscape planning lead to inhabitant participation, system improvement, subject performance for carrying out efficient rural landscape planning.