• Title/Summary/Keyword: Lagging

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The Impact of Parasitic Elements on Spurious Turn-On in Phase-Shifted Full-Bridge Converters

  • Wang, Qing
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.883-893
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    • 2016
  • This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the spurious turn-on phenomena in phase-shifted full-bridge (PSFB) converters. The conventional analysis of the spurious turn-on phenomenon does not establish in the PSFB converter as realizing zero voltage switching (ZVS). Firstly, a circuit model is proposed taking into account the parasitic capacitors and inductors of the transistors, as well as the parasitic elements of the power circuit loop. Second, an exhaustive investigation into the impact of all these parasitic elements on the spurious turn-on is conducted. It has been found that the spurious turn-on phenomenon is mainly attributed to the parasitic inductors of the power circuit loop, while the parasitic inductors of the transistors have a weak impact on this phenomenon. In addition, the operation principle of the PSFB converter makes the leading and lagging legs have distinguished differences with respect to the spurious turn-on problems. Design guidelines are given based on the theoretical analysis. Finally, detailed simulation and experimental results obtained with a 1.5 kW PSFB converter are given to validate proposed analysis.

OBC-LDC Integrated Charger with Entire ZVS Range using Common Leg (공통 레그를 이용하여 전 범위 ZVS를 갖는 OBC-LDC 통합형 충전기)

  • Yu, Gibum;Suk, Chaeyoung;Kim, Sunju;Choi, Sewan
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.94-96
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    • 2020
  • 본 논문은 전 범위 ZVS를 가지는 OBC-LDC 통합형 차량용 충전기를 제안한다. 제안하는 통합형 충전기는 OBC의 절연부인 양방향 LLC 공진형 컨버터의 2차측 스위치 레그와 LDC의 위상천이 풀브릿지 컨버터의 lagging 레그를 공통으로 사용하여 스위치 개수를 2개 줄일 뿐아니라 경부하에서 ZVS 성취가 어려운 lagging 레그의 전 범위 ZVS 턴온을 가능케 한다. 제안하는 통합형 충전기는 OBC와 LDC의 동시동작이 가능하며 OBC와 LDC가 같이 동작할 때 전류 상쇄효과로 인해 도통손실을 저감할 수 있다. 또한 OBC와 LDC가 동일주파수로 동작하므로 고전압측 출력필터와 EMI 필터의 설계가 간단해지는 장점이 있다. 3.6kW급 LLC 공진형 컨버터와 1kW급 위상천이 풀브릿지 컨버터로 구성되는 통합형 충전기의 시작품을 제작하여 본 논문의 타당성을 증명하였다.

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Effect of construction sequence on three-arch tunnel behavior-Numerical investigation

  • Yoo, C.;Choi, J.
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.911-917
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    • 2018
  • This paper concerns a numerical investigation on the effect of construction sequence on three-arch (3-Arch) tunnel behavior. A three-arch tunnel section adopted in a railway tunnel construction site was considered in this study. A calibrated 3D finite element model was used to conduct a parametric study on a variety of construction scenarios. The results of analyses were examined in terms of tunnel and ground surface settlements, shotcrete lining stresses, loads and stresses developed in center column in relation to the tunnel construction sequence. In particular, the effect of the side tunnel construction sequence on the structural performance of the center structure was fully examined. The results indicated that the load, thus stress, in the center structure can be smaller when excavating two side tunnels from opposite direction than excavating in the same direction. Also revealed was that no face lagging distance between the two side tunnels impose less ground load to the center structure. Fundamental governing mechanism of three-arch tunnel behavior is also discussed based on the results.

A Basic Study for Tuning Power System Stabilizer Part I : Analyzing the Torque Characteristics of Power System Corresponding to Operating Conditions (PSS 튜닝을 위한 기본 연구 Part I : 계통 운전조건에 대한 토오크 특성분석)

  • 김동준;문영환;김태균
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.48 no.9
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    • pp.1064-1072
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    • 1999
  • The basic concepts, which are related to the PSS tuning conditions and performance conditions for the safe of determination of PSS gain and compensation of phasor lagging, are thoroughly investigated in this first part. The performance conditions, where the power system has the lowest inherent damping torque and PSS should provide maximum damping torque, are examined by analysing synchronizing torque and damping torque supplied by the voltage control loop at the oscillation frequency. PSS tuning conditions are also investigated by observing the phasor lagging and the gain, resulted from power system-generator-excitation system depending on operating conditions, such as generator active power, reactive power, transmission impedance and AVR gain. The basic concepts developed in this PartImake it possible to lay foundation for the discussion of PSS tuning in Part II.

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Zero-Current Switching Two-Transformer Phase-Shifted Full-Bridge Converter using Voltage Ripple (전압 리플을 이용해 영전류 스위칭하는 두 개의 트랜스포머를 가지는 위상천이 풀-브릿지 컨버터)

  • Han, Sang-Kyoo;Moon, Gun-Woo;Youn, Myung-Joong;Yoon, Hyun-Ki
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents a Zero-Current Switching(ZCS) two-transformer phase-shifted full-bridge(TTFB) converter using voltage ripple. The proposed converter provides Zero-Voltage Switching(ZVS) of leading leg switches and ZCS of lagging leg switches using voltage ripple. Especially, circulating current is reduced by ZCS operation and there are no additional components required for the soft switching of power switches. Furthermore, in case of light load, ZVS operation of lagging leg can be achieved. The operations, analysis and design consideration of proposed converter are presented. To verify the validity of the proposed converter, experimental results for a 410W (205[V], 2[A]) prototype are presented.

Variation of ANN Model's Predictive Performance Concerning Short-term (<24 hrs) $SO_2$ Concentrations with Prediction Lagging Time

  • Park, Ok-Hyun;Sin, Ji-Young;Seok, Min-Gwang
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.24 no.E2
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2008
  • In this study, neural network models (NNMs) were examined as alternatives to dispersion models in predicting the short-term $SO_2$ concentrations in a coastal area because the performances of dispersion models in coastal areas have been found to be unsatisfactory. The NNMs were constructed for various combinations of averaging time and prediction time in advance by using the historical data of meteorological parameters and $SO_2$ concentrations in 2002 in the coastal area of Boryeung, Korea. The NNMs were able to make much more accurate predictions of 1 hr $SO_2$ concentrations at ground level in the morning in coastal area than the atmospheric dispersion models such as fumigation models, ADMS3 and ISCST3 for identical conditions of atmospheric stability, area, and weather. Even when predictions of 24-h $SO_2$ concentrations were made 24 hours in advance, the predictions and measurements were in good accordance(correlation coefficient=0.65 for n=216). This accordance level could be improved by appropriate expansion of training parameters. Thus it may be concluded that the NNMs can be successfully used to predict short-term ground level concentrations averaged over time less than 24 hours even in complex terrain. The prediction performance of ANN models tends to improve as the prediction lagging time approaches the concentration averaging time, but to become worse as the lagging time departs from the averaging time.

Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Tieback Walls in Sand

  • Lim, Yu-Jin;Briaud, Jean-Louis
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.33-52
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    • 1997
  • A three dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis is used to study the influence of various design decisions for tieback walls. The numerical model simulates the soldier piles and the tendon bonded length of the anchors with beam elements, the unbonded tendon with a spring element, the wood lagging with the shell elements, and the soil with solid 3D nonlinear elements. The soil model used is a modified hyperbolic model with unloading hysteresis. The complete sequence of construction is simulated including the excavation, and the placement and stressing of the anchors. The numerical model is calibrated against a full scale instrumented tieback wall at the National Geotechnical Experimentation Site (NGES) on the Riverside Campus of Texas A&M University. Then a parametric study is conducted. The results give information on the influence of the following factors on the wall behavior : location of the first anchor, length of the tendon unbonded zone, magnitude of the anchor forces, embedment of the soldier piles, stiffness of the wood lagging, and of the piles. The implications in design are discussed.

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Studies on Meiosis of PMC's in P. alba × glandulosa and Their Parents (P. alba × glandulosa와 그 양친(両親)의 Pollen Mother Cell의 Meiosis에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Cheung, Hyon Pae;Chon, Sang Kun;Kim, Mal Sook;Kim, Chung Suk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 1979
  • The chromosome behavior and it's synapsis in the meiosis of pollen mother cell were studied on Populus alba L. as a female parent tree, Populus glandulosa Uyeki as a male parent tree and their hybrid, Populus alba x glandulosa. 1. At metaphase I, the number of nuclear plates with early separation chromosome were observed with the lowest proportion of 11.0% in Populus glandulosa and with the highest proportion of 13.0% in Populus alba${\times}$glandulosa. 2. At metaphase II, early separation chromosomes appeared with the frequency of 11.0% in Populus alba${\times}$glandulosa. But the frequency was not different with those of the parental trees. 3. At anaphase I, lagging chromosomes appeared with some high rate of 11.6% in Populus alba${\times}$glandulosa and yet the number of chromosome bridges in populus alba x glandulosa almost were not different with the partental trees. 4. At anaphase II, lagging chromosomes appeared with some high frequency of 10.2% in Populus alba${\times}$glandulosa and the chromosome bridges in Populus glandulosa appeared with the highest frequency in all studied trees. 5. The frequency of abnormal pollen sporad was the highest value of 8.2% in Populus alba${\times}$glandulosa among the studied trees. With the results, it might be assured that the chromosome segregation and it's synapsis behaved normally in Populus alba, Populus glandulosa and Populus alba x glandulosa, and so all the studied trees could produced normal pollens.

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Comparison of Capacities at an Intersection with Lagging or Leading Left Turn Green Phase (직진(直進)과 좌회전(左回轉) 신호순서(信號順序)에 따른 교차로(交叉路) 용량분석(容量分析)과 신호시간(信號時間) 연구(硏究))

  • Do, Cheol Ung
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1983
  • Through traffic utilization of left turn lane constitutes an unique traffic operation at an intersection. Consequently, due to the provision as of current practice, conventional methods which estimate traffic volume and intersection capacity by lane would not be valid for design of signal timings. Through traffic utilization factor of left turn lane is affected by left turn volume and signal timings. The primary purpose of this study is to compare the results from leading left turn green phasing scheme with those from previously studied lagging left turn green phasing scheme in terms of utilization factor and intersection capacity by various left turn volume and signal timings, and thereby optimum signal timing to maximize the capacity at given left turn volume. Leading left turn green phasing increases capacity by 10~15 % as compared with that for current lagging left turn green phasing scheme. The range of optimum cycle length for left turn volume about 150 vph is 180~200 second. This cycle length range and left turn interval are longer than those for the lagging left turn green phasing scheme.

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Calculation of Ground Water Recharge Ratio Using Cumulative Precipitation and Water-level Change (누적 강수량과 지하수위 곡선을 이용한 지하수 함양률 산정 기법)

  • 문상기;우남칠
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2000
  • A calculation technique which estimates natural recharge was proposed and prepared with the existing techniques. And the necessity to obtain representative averages of 'specific yield' was discussed.

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