• Title/Summary/Keyword: LVEF

Search Result 53, Processing Time 0.149 seconds

Protocol Optimization of Coronary CT Angiography (심혈관 CT 조영술의 프로토콜 최적화)

  • Lee, Hae-Kag;Yoo, Heung-Joon;Lee, Sun-Yeob;Goo, Eun-Hoe;Seok, Jong-Min;Han, Man-Seok;Lee, Kwang-Sung;Cho, Jae-Hwan;Kim, Bo-Hui;Park, Cheol-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.51-58
    • /
    • 2011
  • This research compared and analyzed the heart rate of the patient in which the LVEF value is 40% less than and normal patient. When as for LVEF 40% or less becomes to each heart rate and LVEF in a relation, we can know that the time to reach 100HU hangs long. Therefore, in patients, that is 40% less than, when setting up the Premonitoring delay, we could know to could give 5 primary solid phrases. It is seen that subsequently an addition injected 40cc as to Saline, to all patients by 4cc/sec speeds after injecting the capacity of Scan time ${\times}$ 4cc + 30cc with 4cc/sec speeds. And HR excludes 80 or greater in 40% less than, the contrast agent shows the large-scale difference. In addition, in 40% less than, it could predict that the time difference was big and the contrast agent was already out in the Left ventricle Wash- when the contrast agent reached 100HU and Scan was started There is a wide difference between under 40% LVEF and normal. when starting scan from low LVEF patients. So, Injection contrast media protocol Should be determined to CCTA. And then In case of low LVEF is recommended to more low Pitch than routine Pitch because we should reduce scan failed in accordance with low LVEF.

Clinical Study of Ventricular Function Following Open Heart Surgery by Radionuclide Angiocardiogram - left ventricular ejection fraction by ECG gated blood pool scan - (방사성 동위원소를 이용한 개심술 전후의 심실기능 변화에 관한 연구: ECG gated blood pool scan을 이용한 ejection fraction 검사)

  • Lee, Jeong-Cheol;Kim, Gyu-Tae
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.25-34
    • /
    • 1986
  • Recently, radionuclide angiocardiogram is one of the most common procedure for assessment of ventricular performance due to its distinctive advantages such as safety, accuracy, and ease of repeated studies. Also, measurement and comparison between pre and postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] are meaningful for assessing the severity of myocardial damage which occurred during open heart surgery and the status of myocardial recovery. We obtained pre and post operative LVEF using radionuclide angiocardiogram on 30 patients composed of atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, cyanotic congenital heart disease, and valvular heart disease who undergone the open heart surgery from March to august 1984. The study revealed that ventricular septal defect and mitral valvular heart disease showed 8.1% and 6.2% decreases of postoperative LVEF, respectively. But, there are little increases of postoperative LVEF in the atrial septal defect and cyanotic congenital heart disease. In ventricular septal defect, each group of Qp/Qs over 2.0 and systolic pulmonary artery pressure over 50mmHg showed significant 17% and 14.7% decreases of postoperative LVEF, respectively. Considering the duration of the aortic cross clamping times and closing methods of VSD, each group of duration over 30 min. and of patch closure showed 13.9% and 14.2% decreases of LVEF between pre and postoperative status respectively which was significant finding statistically.

  • PDF

A Study of the Level of Cardiac Troponin I in Patients with Clinically Suspected Acute Myocarditis Treated with Intravenous Gammaglobulin (심근형 Troponin I의 증가로 급성 심근염의 진단을 받은 환아에서 정맥용 면역글로부린 치료 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Minshik;Lee, Youngok;Chun, Yoonae
    • Pediatric Infection and Vaccine
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.267-275
    • /
    • 1998
  • Purpose : We have studied the changes of cardiac troponin I(cTnI) level and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) before and after treatment of IVGG to evaluate the efficacy of single high dose of intravenous gammaglobulin(IVGG)(2.0gm/kg) therapy for improving cardiac function and clinical symptoms and signs in patients with clinically suspected acute myocarditis. Methods : The patients consisted of 18 cases who admitted increased cTnI with clinically suspected acute myocarditis caused by viral infection, Kawasaki disease and fever unknown origin(FUO) from Jan. 1995 to Jun. 1998. The control group consisted of 20 cases suffered from hand-foot-mouth disease, herpangina and high fever with rash. The level of cTnI was measured by Chemiluminiscent immunoassay method(normal<0.1ng/ml) and cardiac function was evaluated by left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)(normal 64~83%) by echocardiogram. Results : The level of cTnI increased to $0.306{\pm}0.209ng/ml$ and LVEF decreased to $60.1{\pm}1.6%$ before treatment of IVGG significantly as compared with control group(P<0.05). All cases were returned to normal range of LVEF($71.4{\pm}3.7%$) and decreased cTnI significantly($0.089{\pm}0.082ng/ml$) after treated with IVGG within 1 week in patients group(P<0.05). Conclusion : The single high dose of IVGG(2.0gm/kg) therapy was rapid and effective improvement of cardiac function and clinical symptoms and signs of acute myocarditis, and the measurement of serum cTnI and LVEF may help to diagnose and evaluate efficacy of IVGG on it.

  • PDF

Affecting Factors on Left Ventricle Ejection Fraction Measured using 64-slice MDCT (64 절편 MDCT를 이용한 심장CT에서 측정된 좌심실 구혈률에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kang, Yeong-Han;Kim, Kyung-Wook;Cho, Kwang-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.250-257
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was to analysis what factors could affect left ventricle ejection fraction(LVEF) using 64-slice multidetector CT. 164 patients(84 men, 80 women) had a cardiac CT in this study, and their blood pressure, body mass index(BMI), heart rate(HR) measured. LVEF was 52.00${\pm}$18.95% in below 25kg/$m^2$, 59.50${\pm}$16.05% in above 25kg/$m^2$ of BMI. LVEF was 57.26${\pm}$17.84% in normal blood pressure group(NBPG), 49.95${\pm}$17.63 in hypertension group(HG). LVEF was 60.76${\pm}$17.26 in below 60 beats/min, 54.14${\pm}$16.56 in 60-70 beats/min, 50.83${\pm}$20.56 in above 70 beats/min of HR. LVEF was negatively correlated with age, HR(r=-0.283 p<0.05, r=-0.231 p<0.05. respectively). And LVEF was positively correlated with BMI(r=0.228 p<0.05). A measurement of LVEF at cardiac CT by using MDCT may be considered to age, blood pressure, heart rate and BMI.

Evaluation of Coronary Artery Disease with Gated Blood Pool Scan Using Dipyridamole (Dipyridamole 부하 심장 풀 스캔을 이용한 관동맥질환의 평가)

  • Kim, Gwang-Weon;Choi, Chung-Il;Chung, Byung-Cheon;Lee, Jae-Tae;Lee, Kyu-Bo;Chae, Shung-Chull;Jun, Jae-Eun;Park, Wee-Hyun;Park, Hee-Myung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-36
    • /
    • 1991
  • Thirty-one patients with coronary artery disease and twenty-sir normal subjects underwent $^{99m}Tc-GBPS$ before and after coronary vasodilatation was induced by dipyridamle 0.54 mg/kg given IV over 4 min. LVEF, ${\Delta}EF$ and regional wall motion by phase analysis were measured during rest and dipyridamole infusion. The results were as follows: 1) Mean LVEF of normal subjects was significantly higher than that of MI group (p=0.001), but similar to that of angina group during rest. Among MI group, mean LVEF of anterior MI group was significantly lower than that of inferior MI group during rest (p=0.024). 2) The normal subjects had a significaat increase in mean LVEF during dipyridamole infusion $(+12{\pm}3.8)$, while the CAD group had no increase $(+2{\pm}5.0)$ (p<0.001). If an increase of LVEF during stress is less than 5%, it suggests an abnormality. The sensitivity and specificity of LVEF changes after dipyridamole infusion were 81%, 96%, respectively. 3) With phase analysis, LV mean phase angle of normal subjects and CAD patients was $143{\pm}20.5^{\circ},\;132{\pm}20.6^{\circ}$ respectively, durign rest (p=0.049). But an ncrease of LV mean phase angle during dipyridamole infusion in these two groups was not significantly different. Dipyridamole infusion did not affect standard deviation and FWHM of phase angle. 4) Regional wall motion was abnormal in 5 patients (16%) during dipyridamole infusion. 5) Side effects with dipyridamole infusion include; headache, angina pain, chest discomfirt, nausea, weakness sense. In conclusion, dipyridamole GBPS might be useful in detection and follow up of CAD.

  • PDF

Effect of the Angle of Ventricular Septal Wall on Left Anterior Oblique View in Multi-Gated Cardiac Blood Pool Scan (게이트 심장 혈액풀 스캔에서 심실중격 각도에 따른 좌전사위상 변화에 대한 연구)

  • You, Yeon Wook;Lee, Chung Wun;Seo, Yeong Deok;Choi, Ho Yong;Kim, Yun Cheol;Kim, Yong Geun;Won, Woo Jae;Bang, Ji-In;Lee, Soo Jin;Kim, Tae-Sung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.13-19
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose In order to calculate the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) accurately, it is important to acquire the best septal view of left ventricle in the multi-gated cardiac blood pool scan (GBP). This study aims to acquire the best septal view by measuring angle of ventricular septal wall (${\theta}$) using enhanced CT scan and compare with conventional method using left anterior oblique (LAO) 45 view. Materials and Methods From March to July in 2015, we analyzed the 253 patients who underwent both enhanced chest CT and GBP scan in the department of nuclear medicine at National Cancer Center. Angle (${\theta}$) between ventricular septum and imaginary midline was measured in transverse image of enhanced chest CT scan, and the patients whose difference between the angle of ${\theta}$ and 45 degree was more than 10 degrees were included. GBP scan was acquired using both LAO 45 and LAO ${\theta}$ views, and LVEFs measured by automated and manual region of interest (Auto-ROI and Manual-ROI) modes respectively were analyzed. Results $Mean{\pm}SD$ of ${\theta}$ on total 253 patients was $37.0{\pm}8.5^{\circ}$. Among them, the patients whose difference between 45 and ${\theta}$ degrees were more than ${\pm}10$ degrees were 88 patients ($29.3{\pm}6.1^{\circ}$). In Auto-ROI mode, there was statistically significant difference between LAO 45 and LAO ${\theta}$ (LVEF $45=62.0{\pm}6.6%$ vs. LVEF ${\theta}=64.0{\pm}5.6%$; P = 0.001). In Manual-ROI mode, there was also statistically significant difference between LAO 45 and LAO ${\theta}$ (LVEF $45=66.7{\pm}7.2%$ vs. LVEF ${\theta}=69.0{\pm}6.4%$; P < 0.001). Intraclass correlation coefficients of both methods were more than 95%. In case of comparison between Auto-ROI and Manual ROI of each LAO 45 and LAO ${\theta}$, there was no significant difference statistically. Conclusion We could measure the angle of ventricular septal wall accurately by using transverse image of enhanced chest CT and applied to LAO acquisition in the GBP scan. It might be the alternative method to acquire the best septal view of LAO effectively. We could notify significant difference between conventional LAO 45 and LAO ${\theta}$ view.

  • PDF

Diagnostic Usefulness of N-Terminal Probrain-type Natriuretic Peptide to Detect Congestive Heart Failure Patients (울혈성 심부전 환자에서 N-Terminal Probrain-type Natriuretic Peptide의 진단적 유용성)

  • Son, Gye-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.88-95
    • /
    • 2005
  • Even though the echocardiograph has been recognized as the method of choice among various diagnostic tools to detect congestive heart failure (CHF), there were some limitations in relation to the consumption of time, labor and process. We analyzed results of N-terminal probrain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and various parameters of the echocardiographic findings to clarify the diagnostic usefulness of NT-proBNP in detecting patients with CHF. We analyzed the sera from total of 242 cases from in-patients and out-patients, which were requested from the cardiovascular section of department of Internal Medicine at Chungnam National University Hospital from March 2003 to May 2004. The procedures were performed in order as shown below; sampling, NT-proBNP analysis, data acquisition and data analysis. All data including personal information and echocardiographic findings ware acquired by medical record review. When classifying the study population into six groups according to the degree of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the serum level of NT-proBNP was higher in the group with 51-60% of LVEF (P=0.023). There were low correlation between the serum level of NT-proBNP and various parameters of the echocardiographic findings with LVESD (r=0.1513), LVEDD (r=0.0831), LVEF (r=0.2035), IVST (r=0.03) and LVPWT (r=0.0728), respectively. When comparing NT-proBNP with atrial and/or ventricular enlargement, the patient group with both left atrial and left ventricular enlargement (p=0.186) or only left atrial (p=0.105) or only left ventricular enlargement (p=0.256) showed higher level of NT-proBNP without statistical significance than patient group with no enlargement. Searching the optimal cutoff of the serum level of NT-proBNP, the sensitivity (98.9%) and the specificity (100%) was highest at the cutoff of 300 pg/mL than any other cutoffs. These findings suggested that the analysis of NT-proBNP in serum might detect the patients with CHF earlier than with the echocardiograph, especially in patients with asymptomatic or mild symptomatic CHF. In conclusion, NT-proBNP test was proved to be clinically useful to diagnose CHF patients.

  • PDF

Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP): a useful marker for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity in Korean children with cancer (한국인 소아암 환자에서 anthracycline 유발 심독성에 대한 지표로서 BNP 혈장농도의 유용성)

  • Lee, Hyun Dong;Lee, Jae Min;Lee, Yong Jik;Lee, Young Hwan;Hah, Jeong Ok
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.50 no.8
    • /
    • pp.774-780
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose : The anthracyclines (AC) are widely used chemotherapeutic agents for pediatric cancers. However, the therapeutic use of these agents is limited by their cardiotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels as a marker for AC-induced cardiotoxicity compared to echocardiography in Korean children with cancer. Methods : Fifty-five pediatric cancer patients who had received chemotherapy including AC were enrolled. The cumulative AC doses, clinical symptoms, and two echocardiography parameters, left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), were studied and compared with plasma BNP levels. Results : In 55 patients, plasma BNP levels were measured 115 times and echocardiographies were performed 64 times. The median cumulative dose of AC was $325mg/m^2$ (range 120-600; mean 345) and the median plasma BNP level was 10 pg/mL (range 5-950; mean 31). The cumulative AC doses correlated significantly with the plasma BNP levels (P=0.002). The plasma BNP levels correlated significantly with LVFS (P=0.018) and LVEF (P=0.025). Dilated cardiomyopathies were identified in three patients. LVFS and LVEF decreased and plasma BNP levels increased in a patient with acute dilated cardiomyopathy and in that with symptomatic chronic dilated cardiomyopathy. However, LVFS, LVEF and plasma BNP levels were normal in a patient with asymptomatic chronic dilated cardiomyopathy. Conclusion : The results of this study demonstrated that plasma BNP levels could be used as a marker for AC-induced cardiotoxicity; they showed good correlation with echocardiography findings in pediatric cancer patients. Plasma BNP levels may be used for the detection and management of AC-induced cardiotoxicity in Korean children with cancer.

Study the Analysis of Comparison with AROI and MROI Mode in Gated Cardiac Blood Pool Scan (게이트심장혈액풀 스캔에서 자동 관심영역 설정과 수동 관심영역 설정 모드의 비교 분석에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Jung-Yul;Kang, Chun-Koo;Kim, Yung-Jae;Park, Hoon-Hee;Kim, Jae-Sam;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.222-228
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The objectives of this study were to compare the left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) from gated cardiac blood pool scan (GCBP) for analysis auto-drawing region of interest mode (AROI) and manual-drawing region of interest mode (MROI), respectively. To evaluation the relationships between values produced by both ROI modes. Materials and Methods: Gated cardiac blood pool scan using in vivo method Tc-99m Red Blood Cell were performed for 33 patients (mean age: $53.2{\pm}13.2\;y$) with objective of chemotherapy using single head gamma camera (ADAC Laboratories, Milpitas, CA). Left ventricular ejection fraction was automatically and manually measured, respectively. Results: There was significant difference statistically between AROI and MROI ($LVEF^{AROI}$: $71.4{\pm}12.4%$ vs. $LVEF^{MROI}$: $65.8{\pm}5.9%$, p=0.003). Intra-observer agreements in AROI was higher than MROI ($\gamma^{AROI}=0.964$, Cronbach's $\alpha^{AROI}=0.986$ vs. $\gamma^{MROI}=0.793$, Cronbach's $\alpha^{MROI}=0.911$), either. Additionally, there was no significant difference statistically at best septal view (${\Delta}LVEF^{BSV}=0.7{\pm}2.3%$, p=0.233), however statistically significant difference was found at badly separated septal view (${\Delta}LVEF=10.9{\pm}11.4%$, p=0.001). Moreover, Intra-observer agreements in best septal view was higher than badly separated septal view ($\gamma^{BSV}=0.939$, Cronbach's $\alpha^{BSV}=0.978$; $\gamma=0.948$, Cronbach's $\alpha=0.981$ at AROI, $\gamma^{BSV}=0.836$, Cronbach's $\alpha^{BSV}=0.936$; $\gamma=0.748$, Cronbach's $\alpha=0.888$ at MROI). Conclusion: When best septal view was acquired, LVEF by AROI and MROI indicated not different. Comparing Intra-observer agreements with AROI and MROI, the AROI tended to show higher. Therefore, it is considered that the AROI than MROI is valuable in reproducibility and objective when ROI analysis by acquire left ventricular of best septal view.

  • PDF

The Recovery of Left Ventricular Function after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Severe Ischemic Left Ventricular Dysfunction: Off-pump Versus On-pump (심한 허혈성 좌심실 기능부전 환자에서 관상동맥우회술시 체외순환 여부에 따른 좌심실 기능 회복력 비교)

  • Kim Jae Hyun;Kim Gun Gyk;Baek Man Jong;Oh Sam Sae;Kim Chong Whan;Na Chan-Young
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.116-122
    • /
    • 2005
  • Background: Adverse effects of cardiopulmonary bypass can be avoided by 'Off-pump' coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. Recent studies have reported that OPCAB had the most beneficial impact on patients at highest risk by reducing bypass-related complications. The purpose of this study is to compare the outcome of OPCAB and conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CCAB) in patients with poor left ventricular (LV) function. Material and Method: From March 1997 to February 2004, seventy five patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of $35\%$ or less underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting at our institute. Of these patients, 33 patients underwent OPCAB and 42 underwent CCAB. Preoperative risk factors, operative and postoperative outcomes, including LV functional change, were compared and analysed. Result: Patients undergoing CCAB were more likely to have unstable angina, three vessel disease and acute myocardial infarction among the preoperative factors. OPCAB group had significantly lower mean operation time, less numbers of total distal anastomoses per patient and less numbers of distal anastomoses per patient in the circumflex territory than the CCAB group. There was no difference between the groups in regard to in-hospital mortality $(OPCAB\; 9.1\%\;(n=3)\;Vs.\;CCAB\;9.5\%\;(n=4)),$ intubation time, the length of stay in intensive care unit and in hospital postoperatively. Postoperative complication occurred more in CCAB group but did not show statistical difference. On follow-up echocardiography, OPCAB group showed $9.1\%$ improvement in mean LVEF, 4.3 mm decrease in mean left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and 4.2 mm decrease in mean left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD). CCAB group showed $11.0\%$ improvement in mean LVEF, 5.1 mm decrease in mean LVEDD and 5.5 mm decrease in mean LVESD. But there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion: This study showed that LV function improves postoperatively in patients with severe ischemic LV dysfunction, but failed to show any difference in the degree of improvement between OPCAB and CCAB. In terms of operative mortality rate and LV functional recovery, the results of OPCAB were as good as those of CCAB in patients with poor LV function. But, OPCAB procedure was advantageous in shortening of operative time and in decrease of complications. We recommend OPCAB as the first surgical option for patients with severe LV dysfunction.