• 제목, 요약, 키워드: LDL-cholesterol

검색결과 1,938건 처리시간 0.034초

백하수오 추출액이 고지혈증 및 Streptozotocin 유발 당뇨성 흰쥐의 혈청 지질성분 및 효소활성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Cynanchum wilfordii Extract on Serum Lipid Components and Enzyme Activities in Hyperlipidemic and Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats)

  • 김한수
    • 한국가정과학회지
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was designed to observe the effects of the feeding Cynanchum wilfordii extract on the improvement of the blood glucose, lipid components in the serum of dietary hyperlipidemic and streptozotocin(STZ) -induced diabetic rats(S.D. strain, ♂) fed the experimental diets for 5 weeks. Concentrations of total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-Cholesterol, free-cholesterol. cholesteryl ester, TG, PL and blood glucose in serum were significantly higher in the cholesterol administration groups((group 2(cholesterol+water), 4(cholesterol+Cynanchum WIlfordii 3.5g% extract)) than those in the control group (group1 , basal diet+water). But the concentrations of total cholesterol. atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL- cholesterol. free-cholesterol, cholesteryl ester, TG, PL and blood glucose in serum were remakably lower in the group 4 than those in the group 2. In the STZ(55mg/kg B.W.)-induced diabetic groups((group 3(STZ, IP.)+water), 5(STZ(IP.)+Cynanchum WIlfordii 3.5g% extract? the serum total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, free-cholesterol. cholesteryl ester, TG, PL and blood glucose concentrations actions were rather lower in the group 5 than those in the group 3. In the ratio of HDL -cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentration, Cynanchum wilfordii extract administration groups were higher percentage than III the groups 2 and 3. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) in serum were rather lower in the Cynanchum wllfordii extract administration groups (group 4,5) than in the cholesterol diet group(group 2) and STZ-induced diabetic group (group 3). From the above research, the physiological activity substances in Cynanchum wllfordii were effective on the improvement of the blood glucose, lipid compositions in serum of dietary hyperlipidemic and STZ-induced diabetic rats. And particularly, physiological activity substance in Cynanchum wilfordii was more effective therapeutic regimen for the control of metabolic derangements in adult disease.

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비브리오 패혈증에 미치는 LDL의 영향 (The Effect of LDL on Vibrio vulnificus Septicemia)

  • 김종현;김종석;류완희;허현
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2006
  • 비브리오 불니피쿠스는 우리의 식생활과 밀접한 관계가 있는 어패류와 바닷물에 의해 간경화 같은 만성 간질환 환자에 주로 감염되어 높은 치사율을 보이는 비브리오. 패혈증을 일으킨다. 그러나 현재까지도 항생제 같은 대증적 요법 외 효과적인 치료 및 예방 방법이 없는 실정이다. 최근 혈중 LDL같은 지단백질 이 감염 과 염증반응에 중요한 방어작용을 가지고 있음이 알려졌다. 따라서 LDL이 비브리오 패혈증에 영향을 미치는지 평가해 보았다. 비브리오 패혈증을 일으키는 비브리오 불니피쿠스 균을 배양하고, 대표적인 병태 인자인 비브리오 불니피쿠스 cytolysin를 추출하여 cytolysin의 용혈 활성에 혈청, 콜레스테롤 및 LDL의 영향을 조사하였다. 그리고 마우스에 직접 LDL를 복강 내 주입하여 혈중농도를 변화시킨 후 비브리오 불니피쿠스 균의 마우스 사망률을 조사하였다. 또한 전북 지역 대학 병원에서 비브리오 패혈증 환자에서 생존한 환자와 사망한 환자의 콜레스테롤과 LDL를 조사하였다. 비브리오 불니피쿠스 cytolysin의 용혈 활성은 혈청, cholesterol 및 LDL에 의해 억제되었다. 비브리오 불니피쿠스 균의 마우스 사망률은 LDL을 주입한 경우 40%나 사망률이 낮게 나타났다. 전북 지역 대학 병원에 비브리오 패혈증으로 입원 중인 환자 (15명)의 혈액 분석에서 정상 수준의 콜레스테롤 $(190.8{\pm}16.3)$과 혈청 지단백질 LDL $(53.3{\pm}40.7)$을 가진 환자는 모두 생존하였다 (4명). 그러나 정상보다 낮은 수치 ($35.6{\pm}13.9,\;LDL;\;59.2{\pm}15.1$, 콜레스테롤)를 보이는 환자는 사망하였다 (11명). 콜레스테롤과 LDL은 비브리오 불니피쿠스 cytolysin의 독작용의 억제 요소로서, 비브리오 패혈증의 예후에 중요한 요소임이 밝혀졌다. 또한 이는 콜레스테롤과 LDL이 비브리오 패혈증의 예방과 치료에 중요한 지표가 될 수 있음을 시사한다.

LDL Cholesterol 또는 Total Cholesterol의 적용에 따른 Framingham Risk Score와 10년 내 심혈관질환 발생 위험도 평가 (The Assessment of Framingham Risk Score and 10 Year CHD Risk according to Application of LDL Cholesterol or Total Cholesterol)

  • 권세영;나영악
    • 대한임상검사과학회지
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2016
  • 증가하고 있는 심혈관질환을 예방하기 위한 연구와 함께 심혈관질환 위험도를 예측할 수 있는 평가도구에 대한 연구도 꾸준히 진행되고 있다. 가장 널리 알려져 있는 Framingham risk score (FRS)는 여러 선행 연구에서 그 타당성이 검증되었다. 본 연구에서는 연구 대상자들의 LDL 콜레스테롤과 총 콜레스테롤의 적용에 따른 FRS의 점수 차이를 살펴보고, 두 변수의 선택 적용에 따른 10년 내 심혈관질환 발생 위험도의 판정에 대한 일치도를 평가해 보고자 하였다. 2011 국민건강영양조사 데이터 중 심혈관질환 진단을 받은 자를 제외한 1,530명(남성 755명, 여성 775명)의 자료를 이용하였다. LDL 콜레스테롤 또는 총 콜레스테롤 중에 어떤 항목을 적용하느냐에 따라 FRS와 심혈관질환의 10년 예측위험도는 차이가 있었다. 남녀 모두 FRS는 LDL 콜레스테롤 적용 점수 보다 총콜레스테롤 적용 점수가 더 높았다. 위험도 10% 미만의 저위험군, 10~19%의 중등도 위험군, 20% 이상의 고위험군 분류에서 남성 106명, 여성 26명의 판정이 일치하지 않았다. 코헨의 카파 계수는 남성의 경우 0.718, 여성의 경우 0.884로 나타나 여성의 경우 더 높은 일치성을 보였다. 심혈관질환의 10년 예측위험도와의 관련성에서도 LDL 콜레스테롤을 포함한 회귀식 보다 총 콜레스테롤을 포함한 회귀식에서 남녀 모두 설명력이 더 높아 총 콜레스테롤을 반영한 FRS 산출과 10년 예측 위험도의 평가가 더 상관성이 더 높고, 더불어 남성 보다는 여성에서 더 일치하는 결과가 나타남을 알 수 있었다.

한국여승(韓國女僧)의 영양섭취(營養攝取)와 혈청(血淸) Lipoprotein, Cholesterol 및 단백량(蛋白量)의 관계(關係) (Daily Nutritional Intake and Serum Levels of Lipoprotein, Cholesterol and Protein -A Study of Buddhist Nuns-)

  • 김난희;윤진숙;주영은;이원정
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.195-207
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    • 1982
  • 장기적(長期的)인 채식섭취(菜食攝取)가 혈청(血淸)의 lipoprotein, cholesterol 및 단백량(蛋白量)에 미치는 영향(影響)을 알아보기 위하여 결은 여승(女僧) 45명(名)($20{\sim}35$세)과 대조군(對照群)으로 여대생(女大生) 29명(名)($20{\sim}22$세)을 연구대상(硏究對象)으로 하였다. 하루 열량섭취(熱量攝取)는 여승(女憎)들이 1,945 kcal 였고 여대생(女大生)은 1,815 kcal 였다. 열량구성비율(熱量構成比率)은 여승(女僧)들이 탄수화물(炭水化物) : 단백질(蛋白質) : 지방(地方)=84 : 11 : 5였고 학생(學生)은 70 : 15 : 15였으며 이는 여승(女僧)들의 탄수화물(炭水化物) 편중(偏重) 및 지방섭취부족(脂肪攝取不足)을 보여준다. 신체계측결과(身體計測結果) 여승(女僧)들은 여대생(女大生)보다 신장(身長)을 제외(除朴)하고, 체중(體重), 지방층(脂肪層)두께, 체표면적(體表面積) 및 비만도계수(肥滿度係數)가 모두 높았다. 수축기(收縮期) 및 이완기혈압(弛緩期血壓)은 여승(女憎)과 여대생(女大生)이 거의 같았다. 혈청(血淸)의 총지방(總脂肪), cholesterol 및 단백량(蛋白量)은 여승(女憎)과 여대생간(女大生間)에 유의(有意)한 차이(差異)가 없었다. 그러나 전기영동(電氣泳動)으로 분획(分劃)하여 혈청(血淸)의 high density lipoprotein(HDL), very low density lipoprotein(VLDL) 및 low density lipoprotein(LDL)량(量)을 비교(比較)해 본 결과(結果), 여승(女憎)들의 HDL은 여대생(女大生)보다 낮았으나 LDL은 유의(有意)하게 높았다. Cholesterol분획결과(分劃結果)도 역시 여승(女憎)들의 HDL-cholesterol값은 여대생(女大生)보다 유의(有意) 하게 낮은 반면(反面) LDL-cholesterol은 유의(有意)하게 높았다. Lipoprotein과 cholesterol간(間)의 상관계수(相關係數)(r)를 계산(計算)한 결과(結果) LDL과 LDL-cholesterol(r=0.40), VLDL과 VLDL-cholesterol(r=0.85), HDL과 HDL-cholesterol(r=0.45), 혈청총지방량(血淸總脂防量)과 cholesterol(r=0.66) 및 혈청(血淸) 총(總) cholesterol과 LDL-cholesterol(r=0.79) 간(間)에는 유의(有意)한 상관관계(相關關係)를 보여주었다. 그러나 혈청(血淸) cholesterol과 음식섭취(飮食攝取) 및 신체계측결과간(身體計測結果間)에는 유의(有意)한 상관관계(相關關係)가 나타나지 않았다. 혈청단백량(血淸蛋白量)은 여승(女憎)과 여대생간(女大生間)에 차이(差異)가 없었다. 이상(以上)의 결과(結果)는 여승(女憎)들의 장기적(長期的)인 채식섭취(菜食攝取)로 인(因)해 인체(人體)의 lipoprotein 및 cholesterol 대사(代謝)에 영향(影響)이 있음을 시사(示唆)해 주고 있다.

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아연 보충이 젊은 여성의 혈청 콜레스테롤 농도에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Serum Cholesterol Concentration of Young Women)

  • 송미영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.237-247
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    • 1990
  • This study was to investigate the effect of zinc supplementation on serum cholesterol concentration of young women. Thirty healthy students were divided into Zn and placebo groups, and were orally given with zinc(50mg/day, 220mg as ZnSO4·7H2O) or placebo for 2 month (June 9-August 7, 1988). Changes of plasma zinc, serum total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol(LDL-C) and total lipid were analyzed from the initiation to 1 month after the end of zinc supplementation at monthly interval. Plasma zinc, serum LDL-C content and LDL-C/HDL-C were significantly increased by zinc supplementation. Serum total cholesterol content tended to be increased by zinc supplementation but was not significantly different between the two groups. Serum HDL-C content was significantly decreased by zinc supplementation. Serum total lipid content was not different between the two groups during experimental period. Thus, in this study considering the effect of zinc supplementation on serum cholesterol concentration, we conclude that the effect of zinc supplementation on coronary heart disease may be negative.

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Effects of the Zizyphus jujuba Seed Extract on the Lipid Components in Hyperlipidemic Rats

  • Kim, Han-Soo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was designed to observe the effects of Zizyphus jujuba seed extract on the concentrations of the lipids and blood glucose in the S.D. rats fed the experimental diets for 4 weeks. Concentrations of total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, free-cholesterol, cholesteryl ester, triglyceride (TG), phospholipid (PL) and blood glucose in serum were significantly higher in the cholesterol administration groups (group 2 (cholesterol+water), group 3 (cholesterol+Zizyphus jujuba seed extract)) than those in the control group (group 1, basal diet+water). But the concentrations of total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, free-cholesterol, cholesteryl ester, TG, PL and blood glucose in serum ware remarkably lower in the group 3 than those in the group 2. In the ratio of HIDL-cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentration, Zizyphus jujuba seed extract administration group was higher percentage than in the group 2. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine amino-transferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in serum were rather lower in the Zizyphus jujuba seed extract administration group (group 3) than in the cholesterol diet group (group 2). From the above research, Zizyphus jujuba seeds were effective on the improvement of the blood glucose, lipid compositions in serum of dietary hyperlipidemic rats. And particularly, Zizyphus jujuba seeds were more effective as a therapeutic regimen for the control of metabolic derangements in adult disease.

Higher levels of serum triglyceride and dietary carbohydrate intake are associated with smaller LDL particle size in healthy Korean women

  • Kim, Oh-Yoen;Chung, Hye-Kyung;Shin, Min-Jeong
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the influencing factors that characterize low density lipoprotein (LDL) phenotype and the levels of LDL particle size in healthy Korean women. In 57 healthy Korean women (mean age, $57.4{\pm}13.1$ yrs), anthropometric and biochemical parameters such as lipid profiles and LDL particle size were measured. Dietary intake was estimated by a developed semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The study subjects were divided into two groups: LDL phenotype A (mean size: $269.7{\AA}$, n = 44) and LDL phenotype B (mean size: $248.2{\AA}$, n = 13). Basic characteristics were not significantly different between the two groups. The phenotype B group had a higher body mass index, higher serum levels of triglyceride, total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, apolipoprotein (apo)B, and apoCIII but lower levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and LDL particle size than those of the phenotype A group. LDL particle size was negatively correlated with serum levels of triglyceride (r = -0.732, $P$ < 0.001), total-cholesterol, apoB, and apoCIII, as well as carbohydrate intake (%En) and positively correlated with serum levels of HDL-cholesterol and ApoA1 and fat intake (%En). A stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed that carbohydrate intake (%En) and serum triglyceride levels were the primary factors influencing LDL particle size ($P$ < 0.001, $R^2$ = 0.577). This result confirmed that LDL particle size was closely correlated with circulating triglycerides and demonstrated that particle size is significantly associated with dietary carbohydrate in Korean women.

저밀도 지질단백질 및 산화 LDL(Oxidized-LDL)의 특성 (Function Properties of Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) and Oxidized-LDL)

  • Tae-Koong Kim
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.530-539
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    • 1994
  • 최근 지방 섭추의 증가에 따른 혈관계 질병이 증가 추세에 있다. 이러한 동맥경화 및 고지질의 질병은 지질 단백질(lipoprotein)과 관련하여, LDL 및 산화 LDL의 특성을 중심으로 고찰하였다. 인체의 혈장에 함유된 LDL 함량의 증가는, 동맥경화와 직결되는 것을 의미하며, 이러한 LDL은 매우 hydrophobic한 특성을 가진 550Kd의 단일 polypeptide인 Apo B-100라는 단백질이, 지질성분인 triglyceide, phospholipid 및 cholesterol와 결합되어 있다. 최근 이러한 LDL은 산화(oxidation)되는 경우, 정상적인 LDL-receptor pathway를 따르지 않고, macrophang와 결합하므로서, foarn cell을 형성하여 동백경화가 촉진되는 것으로 알려지고 있다.

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The Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Green Tea EGCG Was Not Mediated Via the Stimulation of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Gene Expression in Cholesterol-Fed Rats

  • Moon Hee-Jung;Kim Yangha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2005
  • Green tea, which has high polyphenols amount, is thought to have hypocholesterolemic effects. The present study was performed to further examine the hypocholesterolemic action of green tea, especially (-) epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for its effect on diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=15) were fed a green tea-free diet (control), $1.0\%$ green tea catechin (catechin) or $0.5\%$ green tea catechin EGCG for seven weeks. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by adding $1\%$ cholesterol and $0.5\%$ cholic acid to all diets. There was no difference in food intake and body weight gain among the groups. The green tea EGCG treatment led to a significant improvement in plasma levels of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)/LDL ratio (p<0.05). There was no significant effect on the plasma HDL-cholesterol level. The catechin treatment led to a 4.19-fold increase in the LDL-receptor mRNA level compared to the control, but the EGCG treatment did not affect the hepatic LDL-receptor mRNA level. Our results suggest that when blood cholesterol level is down-regulated by green tea EGCG, the LDL receptor gene-independent pathway may dominate the hypocholesterolemic action of EGCG.

성장기 암컷 흰쥐에서 이소플라본 첨가 식이가 지질 농도와 간 LDL 수용체의 유전자 발현정도에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Isotlavones Supplemented Diet on Lipid Concentrations and Hepatic LDL Receptor mRNA Level in Growing Female Rats)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.344-351
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of isoflavones on lipid concentrations and hepatic LDL receptor mRNA level in growing female rats. Twenty four rats (body weight $75\pm5g$) were randomly assigned to one of two groups, consuming control diet or isoflavones supplemented diet (57mg isoflavones/100g diet). All rats has been fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. The concentration of triglyceride and total cholesterol were measured in serum and liver. Serum HDL cholesterol was measured. Hepatic LDL receptor mRNA level was tested by RT-PCR. Supplementation of isoflavones did not affect weight gain, mean food intake and food efficiency ratio. Serum total cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol of isoflavones supplemented rats were significantly lower than those of control rats (p<0.05). But hepatic cholseterol was not influenced by supplementation of isoflavones. Hepatic LDL receptor mRNA level not significantly different between control group and isoflavones supplemented group. Therefore, isoflavones may be beneficial on serum cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol lowering in growing female rats.