• Title, Summary, Keyword: LDL-cholesterol

Search Result 1,939, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Effects of Soy Isoflavones on Lipid Profiles and Hepatic LDL Receptor mRNA Level in Growing Female Rats

  • Jo, Hyun-Ju;Choi, Mi-Ja;Yoo, Min
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.74-81
    • /
    • 2006
  • The present study examined the effect of soy isoflavones on lipid metabolism in growing female rats. Rats were randomly assigned to three different groups and provided experimental diets for 9 weeks. The experimental groups were classified into 1) a control group, 2) a soy protein isolate group: soy (+)) group and 3) a soy protein concentration group: soy (-)) group. Diets contained either casein or one of two soy proteins with (soy (+)) or without isoflavones (soy (-)). Serum triglyceride concentration showed no significant differences among the experimental groups. Serum total cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in both the soy (+) and soy (-) groups than in the control group and LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in the soy (+). Serum HDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in the control group than in the soy protein groups but the HDL-cholesterol share rate in total cholesterol tended to be lower in the control group than in the soy protein groups, insignificant as it was. Hepatic IDL receptor mRNA level was significantly increased in the soy (+) group when compared to the other two groups to be 20% higher than the control group. In conclusion, soy protein isolate, soy protein rich with isoflavones reduced serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentration and increased hepatic IDL receptor mRNA expression in growing female rats. Therefore, it is considered that the intake of soy isoflvones during puberty can be advantageous in terms of the long-tenn control of serum lipid.

The Effect of Vitamin {TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} Deficiency and Age on Plasma Cholesterol Profile in Intensely Exercised Rats

  • Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.234-238
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether vitamin {TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} deficiency and age affect the blood cho-lesterol profile in exercising rats. Fifty four rats were fed either a viramin {TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} deficient dief(-{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX}) of a control diet(+{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX}) for 6 weeks, then subdivided into 3 groups:non-exercise group(NE), exercise and sacrifice group(ES), exercise and recuperation group(ER). ES group was exercised in treadmill({TEX}$10^{o}${/TEX}, 0.5~0.8km/h) for 2 hours and sacrifice. ER group was recuperated three days with respective diet after exercise. At week 3 and 6, and level of plasma total cholesterol(TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL_C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL_C) were compared. In NE group, there was no difference in the levels of TC, HDL_C and LDL_C between +{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats and -{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats. The plasma levels of TC and LDL_C of 6 weeks were higher than those of 3 weeks and on difference in HDL_V between 3 weeks rats and 6 weeks rats. In ES group, there was also no difference in the levels of TC, HDL_C and LDL_C between +{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats and -{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats and there was no difference in TC, LDL-cholesterol between 3 weeks rats and 6 weeks rats. The level of HDL_C pf 6 weeks was lower than that of 3 weeks rats. In ER group, there was no difference in the levels of TC and LDL_C not only between +{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats and-{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats but also between 3 weeks rats and 6 weeks rats. The level of HDL_C was lower in -{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats than in +{TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} rats and higher in 6 weeks rats than in 3 weeks rats. These results suggest that vitamin {TEX}$B_{6}${/TEX} deficiency may affect the HDL_C during exercise and after recuperation. The desirable effect of exercise on plasma Cholesterol profile is strengthened in adult age than young age.

  • PDF

Effects of Green Tea Consumption on Serum Lipid Profiles (녹차 섭취가 혈중 지질 성상에 미치는 효과)

  • 백송남;양정례;진현화;김양하
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.35 no.8
    • /
    • pp.854-862
    • /
    • 2002
  • In the present study, we investigated the effects of chronic green tea consumption on the serum lipid profiles of 92 subjects (mean age: 59.5 $\pm$ 8.9, men: 41, women:51) living in a green tea cultivation village. The anthropometric and biochemical blood indices were measured, and nutritional intakes were assessed using 24-h recall method. Also, we administered a questionnaire regarding green tea consumption. The subjects were divided into three groups based on the period of green tea consumption (0, < 10 year, and $\geq$ 10 year). There were no significant differences in age, anthropometric indices (Wt, Ht, BMI, Body fat, LBM), and nutritional intakes among the groups. Serum LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in the $\geq$ 10 year group compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). Also, the LDL/HDL-cholesterol ratio was significantly lower in the $\geq$ 10 year group compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). The frequency of subjects with a normal range of serum LDL-cholesterol concentration (< 200 mg/dl) was significantly higher in the $\geq$ 10 year group compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). These results imply positive effects of chronic green tea consumption on blood lipid profiles, which requires confirmation in further studies.

Anti-obestic Effects of Bangpoongtongsungcankamibang(BTSK) in 3%3-L1 preadipocyte cells and the Lipid Metabolism of Obesity induced Rats (방풍통성산가미방(防風通聖散加味方)이 비만유도(肥滿誘導) 백풍(白嵐)와 지방세포(脂肪細胞) 분화(分化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Jin-Yong;Kim, Deog-Gon;Ahn, Hong-Sik
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.219-240
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objective : This experimental study was designed to determine the anti-obestic effects of Bangpoongtongsungcankamibang(BTSK). Method : In vitro, BTSK extracts of various concentration (50,100, 200 $200{\mu}g/ml$)were added examination. The protein and mRNA expression of $C/EBP{\alpha}$ and $PPAR{\gamma}$ receptor was measured by western blot assay and RT-PCR. In vivo, BTSK extracts of various concentration (100, $200{\mu}g/ml$) were orally administered to induced hyperlipidemic rats by poloxamer-407 for consecutive four weeks and serum triglyceride, total cholesterol were measured. This method applied to induced hyperlipidemic rats by triton WR-1339, too. Obesity induced rats by the high fat-diet for six weeks were orally administered BTSK extracts of various concentration (100, $200{\mu}g/ml$) and serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, hydroxy radical, superoxide dismuatse activity were measured. Results : I. In vitro 1. The 3T3-L1 cells' differentiation was significantly decreased by BTSK. 2. expression of $C/EBP{\alpha}$ and $PPAR{\gamma}$ was was significantly decreased by BTSK. II. In vitro 1. BTSK significantly reduced serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, contents in poloxamer-407 treated rat. 2. BTSK significantly reduced serum triglyceride, contents in Triton WR-1339 treated rat. But Total cholesterol did not show a significant change. 3. BTSK significantly reduced body weight gain of rat and adipose tissue mass of rats and serum triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, contents and significantly increased HDL-cholesterol, HTR(HDL-cholesterol/Total-cholesterol) in rats with obesity induced by the high fat-diet. 4. BTSK reduced blood lipid peroxide, hydroxy radical and increased superoxied dismuatse(SOD) activity.

  • PDF

Effects of Mageum-tang on the Hyperlipidemia in Rats (마금탕(麻芩湯)이 흰쥐의 고지혈증 병태에 미치는 영향)

  • Roh, Seung-Won;Kim, Jeung-Beum
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.319-327
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was designed to investigate the hyperlipidemia-healing effect of liquid extract from Mageum-tang(麻芩湯), it was performed on the hyperlipidemia of rats induced by high cholesterol diet and Triton WR-1339. We prepared two types of hyperlipidemia model in rats induced by high cholesterol diet and Triton WR-1339. The amount of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL -cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid, free fatty acid, the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD), and glutathione were measured. The liquid extract from Mageum-tang showed significant decreasing effects on total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid, free fatty acid in the both model. And it showed significant increasing effects on HDL-cholesterol, the activity of SOD in both model and amount of glutathione in Triton WR-1339 model. These results suggest that liquid extract from Mageum-tang has healing efficacy on hyperlipidemia induced by high cholesterol diet and Triton WR-1339.

A Study on the Relationship between Sasang Constitution and Serum Lipids in CVA Patients (중풍 환자의 사상체질 유형별 혈중지질 분포에 대한 상관성 연구)

  • Lee, Min-Goo;Park, Sae-Wook;Son, Ji-Woo;Kim, Dae-Joong;Kang, Baek-Gyu;Park, Sang-Moo;Lee, In;Moon, Byung-Soon;Lee, Sun-Woo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.488-499
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objectives : This study was executed in order to examine relationship between Sasang constitution and serum lipids in CVA patients. Method and Results : This study was done with 104 cases of stroke patients who admitted to department of the internal medicine Wonkwang university oriental hospital from September in 2004 to August in 2005. A study on the relationship among serum lipids : In T-cholesterol and triglyceride, T-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol. T-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, they had positive correlation each other. Between triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol, they had negative correlation each other. Distribution of serum lipids which it follows in stroke type : T-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol average of cerebral hemorrhage is higher than cerebral infarction. Distribution of serum lipids which it follows in Sasang constitution : T-cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol average of Taeyumin was higher than different types of Sasang constitution But it didn't have no statistically consideration Conclusions : The relationship between Sasang constitution and Serum lipids was not proven.

  • PDF

Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation on Antioxidation and Lipid Profiles of Rats on Diets Supplemented with Cholesterol and Olive Oil

  • Kurtoglu, Firuze;Kurtoglu, Varol;Sivrikaya, Abdullah
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.21 no.6
    • /
    • pp.883-889
    • /
    • 2008
  • Lipid peroxidation (LPO) has been identified as an important component of atherosclerosis. In this study, the effects of supplementation with cholesterol (0.5%), olive oil (5%) and vitamin E (0.05%) on erythrocyte glutathione (GSH), plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), total cholesterol, HDL-LDL cholesterol and triacylglycerol, brain and liver MDA and GSH concentrations of rats were investigated. A total of 50 Sprague-Dawley male rats aged 6 months, and of equal body weight were used and fed a standard ration ad libitum. Animals were housed in the University of Selcuk, Veterinary Faculty Experimental Animals Unit. The experiment lasted 60 days and there were five experimental groups as follows: 1. Control, 2. Cholesterol (0.5%), 3. Olive oil (5%), 4. Cholesterol plus vitamin E (0.05%), 5. Olive oil plus vitamin E (0.05%). At the end of the experiment, blood samples were taken by cardiac puncture and erythrocyte GSH, plasma MDA, cholesterol, HDL-LDL cholesterol, triacylglycerol and also GSH and MDA concentrations in brain and liver tissue of rats were spectrophotometrically determined. Supplementation of olive oil and cholesterol into rat diets (groups 2 and 3) caused significant differences in lipid parameters; HDL cholesterol concentrations were increased in the olive oil group and LDL cholesterol was lower than in the cholesterol fed group. Moreover, these decreases in LDL and triacylglycerol concentrations were more significant with vitamin E supplementation. The high plasma MDA concentrations showed that lipid peroxidation occurred in the olive oil group and the highest brain MDA concentrations were determined also in the olive oil group. These findings suggest that vitamin E addition may decrease the sensitivities of several oils to oxidation and that monounsaturated fatty acids in olive oil may decrease the incidence of atherosclerosis by regulating blood lipid profiles.

Egg Cholesterol is not related with Heart Disease : A Review (계란의 콜레스테롤은 심장질환과 무관 : 총설)

  • Kang, Geunho;Kim, Dong-Hun;Kim, Hye Kyung;Jang, Aera;Cho, Soohyun;Seong, Pil-Nam;Park, Beom-Young
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.337-349
    • /
    • 2013
  • The objective of this literature review is to prove that egg cholesterol is not related with heart disease based upon research results of the past 50 years. As a result, it was reported that the dietary intake cholesterol did not affected cholesterol levels in blood. Moreover, it was reported that adding two eggs a day to a healthful diet did not significantly increase blood cholesterol levels in young or middle-aged men and women with normal or even moderately elevated blood cholesterol levels. Cholesterol feeding studies demonstrate that dietary cholesterol increases both LDL and HDL cholesterol with little change in the LDL : HDL ratio as an important risk indicator of heart disease. Especially a good indicator in the elderly from increased HDL-cholesterol, so cholesterol intake appeared to be good for the prevention of heart disease. Thus the consumption of eggs is bad for your health is not known as a fact, but rather was found to be effective in preventing heart disease. Also, all consumers may consume without worrying because there are no official standards regarding egg intake. Therefore, these evidences would clear up some misunderstanding and mistrust on egg cholesterol regarding the consumption of egg as well as give some desirable advice on how to maintain healthy life.

Cholesterol-lowering Effects of Unripe Black Raspberry Water Extract (복분자 미숙과 물추출물의 콜레스테롤 개선 효과)

  • Choi, Hye Ran;Lee, Su Jung;Lee, Jung-Hyun;Kwon, Ji Wung;Lee, Hee Kwon;Jeong, Jong Tae;Lee, Tae-Bum
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.42 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1899-1907
    • /
    • 2013
  • We investigated the effects of unripe black raspberry water extract (UBR-W) and oxidation-LDL treatment on cholesterol levels. Experiments using an established human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) showed a time-dependent increase in expression of LDL receptor after UBR-W treatment. Expression of LDL receptor-related genes, such as SREBP1 and 2, increased upon UBR-W treatment. However, expression of HDL-related genes was unaffected by UBR-W. HMG-CoA reductase activity was reduced by UBR-W treatment, whereas HMG-CoA mRNA expression significantly increased. In addition, the ApoB/ApoA1 mRNA level, which is a predictor of cardiovascular risk, was reduced in a time-dependent manner by UBR-W treatment. Macrophage-like cells (RAW 264.7) showed increased expression of ox-LDL-related genes, such as CD36, scavenger receptor-A, adipophilin, and PPAR-gamma, upon ox-LDL treatment compared to untreated control cells, and quantitative lipid analysis indicated a dramatic increase in lipid accumulation. However, UBR-W treatment significantly reduced expression of ox-LDL-related genes and largely prevented lipid accumulation. The results indicate that UBR-W mediates a cholesterol-lowering effect via inhibition of cholesterol synthesis and induction of LDL uptake through SREBP.

The Effect of Regular Exercise on Body Fat Contents and Blood Lipid Compositon of College Women (규칙적인 운동습관이 여대생의 체지방량 및 혈중 지질초성에 미치는 영향)

  • 남정혜
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.113-119
    • /
    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to compare to the effects of regular exercise on body fat contents and plasma lipid composition of college women. This study was conducted from May to August in 2000. The subjects selected for the experiment were composed sixty three female college students. The basal anthropometric measurements were performed. The levels of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride and fatty acid composition of plasma were determined. And plasma glucose concentrations was also assayed. The results obtained are summerized as follows : Average height and weight of E(exercise) group were found to be slightly higher than NE(non exercise) group. The percent of body fat and body fat mass (kg) in E group was slightly lowered than that of NE group. There was decreased on the levels of plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride by regular exercise. HDL-cholesterol level was not significantly different between two groups, but LDL-cholesterol level in E group was significantly lowered than that of NE group. Therefore, plasma total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels was significantly decreased by regular exercise.

  • PDF