• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean investment firms

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The Effects of Financial Constraints on Investments in Korean Stock Market

  • KANG, Shinae
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This paper empirically investigates what factors contribute to corporate investments under financial constraint condition in the Korean stock market. In the paper, tangible assets' growth rate and fixed assets' growth rate were employed as investment performance and total assets were also used for comparison purpose. Research design and methodology - Samples are constructed by manufacturing firms listed on the stock market of Korea as well as those who settle accounts in December from 2001 to 2018. Financial institutions are excluded from the sample as their accounting procedures, governance and regulations differ. This study adopted a fixed panel regression model to assess the sample construction including yearly and cross-sectional data. Results - This results support the literatures that major shareholders showed positive significance to investment in financially unconstrained firms and no significance to investment in financially constrained firms. ROA showed positive significance to investment in financially unconstrained and constrained firms, whereas firm size showed negative significance to investment in financially unconstrained and constrained firms. Debt showed no positive significance to investment in financially unconstrained firms and negative significance to investment in financially constrained firms. Conclusions - This paper documented evidence that ROA and firm size are important factors to investment irrespective of firms' financial constraints. And this paper also supports that major shareholders give positive impact to investments in financially unconstrained firms. This means that financial constraints itself rule corporate' investment decision in financially constrained firms.

The effect of R&D investment on Market value of Firms : The role of technology innovation system (R&D 투자가 기업시장가치에 미치는 R&D 영향 : 기술혁신시스템의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Song, Se-Chan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.152-156
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    • 2008
  • This study examines the relationships between R&D investment and Market value of Firms using data of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing sector of Korea. In particular, this paper investigates the role of technology innovation system in the impact of R&D investment on firm's Market value of Firms. Findings from the previous studies on the relationship between R&D investment and Market value of Firms are positive relationship. Main of the previous studies demonstrated a positive impact of R&D investment on Market value of Firms. On the other hand, some recent studies showed this is not the case. Those studies persisted that the technological innovation system for managing and efficiently utilizing R&D investment and capability has to be built in order for R&D investment to give rise to increases in Market value of Firms. According to the Oslo manual by OECD, it is assumed that a technology innovation system can becharacterized as three factors :capability for technological innovation, capability for technology commercialization, capability for technological innovation management. This study divides sample firms into two groups using the "Inno-Biz" certificate system of the Korean Small and Medium Business Administration (SMBA): Inno-Biz firms Vs. Not Inno-Biz firms. The system selects innovative SMEs denoted as "Inno-Biz" using the above factors as criteria. The results revealed that the technology innovation system has the moderating effect to R&D investment on Market value of Firms.

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An Analysis on the status of Measurement Investment in Korean Industry (한국산업의 계측투자실태분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Jin;Nam, Gyeong-Hui
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.76-93
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study, by surveying the status of firms, measurement-related investment and the defect rate, is to analyze the effect of measurement-related investment and to propose a scheme of efficient measurement-related investment which reduces the defect rate. For this project we obtain the data of the status of the measurement-related investment and the defect rate of 928 firms in Korean manufacturing industry by mailing survey. One of our results shows that the firms which have measurement standard laboratory, i.e, which invest in measurement-related area comparatively high, have the defect rate about 0.8% lower than those firms which don't have measurement standard laboratory. Also we find that the small-and-middle size firms have worse measurement-related facility than the large firms and the firms in the heavy-chemical industry have higher measurement-related investment effect than the firms in the light industry.

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An Empirical Study on the Impact of the R&D Investment in Korean Firms (우리나라 기업의 R&D 투자효과에 대한 실증분석)

  • Yong, Se-Jung;Kim, Seong-Jung
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 1992
  • Recognizing the lack of empirical studies on the returns to R & D investment in Korean firms, this paper analyzes the relationships between R & D investment and corporate performances measured by sales growth rate, profit rate and PER. The data used here are from 167 firms in 8 different industries covering the period from 1985 to 1989. The results show that the profit rate is strongly correlated with R & D investment. But unlike the results of most studies previously done in the U.S., R & D investment only weakly and insignificantly correlated with sales growth and PER.

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How does the Stock Market Reacts to Information Security Investment of Firms in Korea : An Exploratory Study (기업의 정보보안 투자에 시장이 어떻게 반응하는지에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Park, Jaeyoung;Jung, Woojin;Kim, Beomsoo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2018
  • Recently, many South Korean firms have suffered financial losses and damaged corporate images from the data breaches. Accordingly, a firm should manage their IT assets securely through an information security investment. However, the difficulty of measuring the return on an information security investment is one of the critical obstacles for firms in making such investment decisions. There have been a number of studies on the effect of IT investment so far, but there are few researches on information security investment. In this paper, based on a sample of 76 investment announcements of firms whose stocks are publicly traded in the South Korea's stock market between 2001 and 2017, we examines the market reaction to information security investment by using event study methodology. The results of the main effects indicate that self-developed is significantly related to cumulative average abnormal returns (CAARs), while no significant effect was observed for discloser, investment characteristics and firm characteristics. In addition, we find that the market reacts more favorably to the news announced by the subject of investment than the vendor, in case of investments with commercial exploitation. One of main contributions in our study is that it has revealed the factors affecting the market reaction to announcement of information security investment. It is also expected that, in practice, corporate executives will be able to help make an information security investment decision.

The Role of Corporate Governance in Financially Constrained Firms

  • KANG, Shinae
    • The Journal of Economics, Marketing and Management
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This paper empirically investigates what factors contribute to management decisions by corporate governance in the Korean stock market. In the paper, dividends and investments were imployed as management decisions and major stockholders' shares and foreign investors' shares were used as corporate governance. Research design, data, and Methodolog - Samples are constructed by manufacturing firms listed on the stock market of Korea as well as those who settle accounts in December from 2001 to 2018. Financial institutions are excluded from the sample as their accounting procedures, governance and regulations differ. This study adopted the panel regression model to assess the sample construction including yearly and cross-sectional data. Results - This results support the literatures that major shareholders showed insignificance to dividends, positive significance to investment in financially unconstrained firms and negative significance to investment in financially constrained firms. Whereas foreign investors favor firms to increase dividends but they decrease investments only in financially constrained firms. Conclusion - This paper documented evidence that financial constrained firms use dividends for their investment and foreign investors decrease investments under financial constraints. But for dividends decisions, foreign investors give significant positive impacts irrespective of financial constraints.

The Empirical Study on the Relationship between R&D Investment and Growth Rate Change of Manufacturing Firms in Incheon (인천 제조업 기업의 연구개발 투자와 성장률의 관계)

  • Lee, Yune;Han, Seong Ho;Yoo, Gwang Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.601-610
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between R&D investment and growth rate of manufacturing firms in Incheon. Methods: The balanced panel data of 246 firms which have existed for the period 2001-2012 are constructed. As a method of analysis, fixed effects panel data model is used. Results: There is a one year lag in the relationship between R&D intensity and the subsequent sales growth of firms and its relation depends on the firms' characteristics. Conclusion: We suggest the emphasis on R&D investment for firms' growth and the differentiated R&D program based on firm size. This article has the limitation that various types of R&D investment cannot be included in this analysis.

Motives, Strategies and Patterns of Foreign Direct Investment : The Case of Japanese and Korean Firms

  • Park, Kang-H.;Lim, Yong-Taek
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.387-407
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    • 2005
  • This paper is to study globalization motives and strategies of Japanese and Korean industries by analyzing the causes and patterns of foreign direct investment (FDI) of the firms of the two countries during the 1980s and 1990s. First we develop a FDI function from the profit maximizing model of firms. Then we use regression analysis to determine internally driving-out factors and externally-inducing factors. Japanese FDI strategy has gone through three different stages; from natural resource-seeking investment in the 1950s and 1960s to market-expansion investment in the 1970s and 1980s and to a combination of cost-reducing (low-cost labor-seeking) investment and market-penetrating investment in the 1990s. On the other hand, Korean FDI behavior has gone through four different stages; from the learning stage with small investments in the 1970s, to natural resource-seeking investment in the early and mid 1980s, to the growth stage in the late 1980s and the early 1990s, to the maturity stage of the mid and late 1990s. The last two stages were characterized by a combination of cost-reducing investment and market-seeking investment. As a late comer, Korea began its FDI two decades later than Japan, but caught up the patterns of Japanese FDI by the mid 1990s and is in a competing position with Japan. Our findings show that both Japanese FDI and Korean FDI in Asia and other developing countries tendto be in labor-intensive sectors where their firms are losing their comparative advantages at home. The main motive for FDI into these regions is low-cost resource seeking. On the other hand, both Japanese FDI and Korean FDI in the U.S. and Europe tend to be knowledge-intensive sectors where Japanese and Korean firms attempt to internalize transaction and information costs by globalizing its production. The main motive for FDI into these regions is market-seeking. Firms in both countries have increased their investments in Mexico and Western and Eastern Europe in order to penetrate large economic blocs such as the EU and NAFTA area. Korean firms are more aggressive in expanding into new and untested markets than are their counterpart in Japan. Evidence of this can be seen in the scarcity of Japanese FDI and abundance of Korean FDI in Eastern Europe and China.

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The Impacts of Uncertainty on Investment: Empirical Evidence from Manufacturing Firms in Korea (불확실성이 투자에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증분석)

  • Lee, Hangyong
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.89-121
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    • 2005
  • This paper investigates the empirical relationship between investment and uncertainty using the firm level data of Korean manufacturing sector. Empirical results show that uncertainty is negatively correlated with investment only for the post-crisis sample period. In particular, the negative effect of uncertainty on investment is more significant for low interest coverage ratio firms, high debt-asset ratio firms and small firms. The results are consistent with the claim that firms act in a more risk-averse manner after the financial crisis. This paper also finds a significant sensitivity of investment to cash flows only for the pre-crisis sample period, suggesting that financial constraint is not relatively important in explaining low investment after the financial crisis.

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Characteristics and Economic Effects of Korean Firms' R&D Investment (우리나라 민간기업 연구개발투자의 특성 및 경제적 효과)

  • Suh, Joonghae
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.81-122
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    • 2005
  • The paper aims to establish the characteristics of the Korean firms' R&D investment and to estimate the private rate of return to R&D investment. For the empirical analysis, a balanced panel data is constructed with 695 firms on 8 year observations. The panel data enables to characterize R&D investment of the Korean firms, which is mostly conformed to the 'stylized facts' of R&D investment that found in the previous studies on foreign firms. Klette model was used to estimate the private rate of return on R&D investment and depreciation rate of R&D capital. The paper estimates that the rate of return on R&D investment is 10.5% on average or 16.4% on median for the whole industry whereas manufacturing firms show 10.4% on average or 16.4% on median. The depreciation rate was estimated about 32.9% for whole industry, where it ranges from the minimum 11.6% for metal industry and 49.5% for services. The median estimate of the rate of return for R&D investment of Korean firms is roughly two times higher than real interest rates for the same period, which implies that R&D investment allows sizable rent in addition to the opportunity cost of capital investment.

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