• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean immigrant women

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Korean Immigrant Women's Taekyo Practices in the United States as a Traditional Prenatal Self-care

  • Lee, Kyoung-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.241-251
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore preserved belief system supporting Korean immigrant women's Taekyo practices and influencing factors while they observe the tradition within US sociocultural context. Methods: Leininger's exploratory focused ethnographic approach was used. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with purposive sample of sixteen Korean immigrant women who gave birth in the US within last 6 months. Researcher's observation and reflective field notes were also integrated into the interview data. Leininger and McFarland's four phases of ethnographic analysis guided data analysis process. Results: The perceived belief system supporting Taekyo practices included Taekyo as an enculturated Korean tradition, connecting parents with fetus, and positive impacts on fetal development. And Korean immigrant women's Taekyo practices were influenced by resources of information, woman's orientation toward Taekyo, pressure from local Korean community, and child order. Conclusion: The findings from this research would serve as an important knowledge base to expand US health care providers' understanding of Korean traditional Taekyo practices observed by Korean immigrant women's as important prenatal self-care practices. The findings could also aid in providing more patient-centered and culturally-tailored prenatal care plan to Korean immigrant by including Korean traditional belief system supporting Taekyo practices.

Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Married Immigrant Women in Korea (결혼 이주 여성의 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yoo, Eun-Kwang;Kim, Hye-Jin;Kim, Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing quality of life of married immigrant women in Korea. Methods: The participants included 508 married immigrant women who met the eligibility criteria and agreed to participate in the study. Participants were evaluated for subjective assessment of married immigrant-related constructs using a self-report questionnaire, for self-esteem, self-efficacy, and quality of life (QOL). The analysis was done using SPSS for Windows, version 10.1, and included stepwise regression. Results: The major findings were as follows; 1) There were significant relationships between marital satisfaction (r=.39, $p$=.001), violence by the husband during the couple's arguments (r=-.24, $p$<.001), satisfaction with life in Korea (r=.39, $p$<.001), self-esteem (r=.16, $p$<.001), self-efficacy (r=.51, $p$<.001) and quality of life. 2) Marital satisfaction, self-efficacy, education level and satisfaction life with in Korea were significant factors, which explained 53% of the variance in quality of life (F=43.97, $p$<.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that a powerful predictor of QOL for married immigrant women was self-efficacy. Conclusion: Developing nursing interventions to enhance self-efficacy toward improvement of QOL among married immigrant women is recommended.

Development of a Scale to Assess Immigrant Women's Needs for Pregnancy and Postpartum Adaptation (결혼이주여성의 임신과 산후 적응 요구 측정도구 개발)

  • Kim, Kyung Won;Jeong, Geum Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.242-253
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to assess immigrant women's needs for pregnancy and postpartum adaptation and to test the reliability and validity of the scale. Methods: To construct scale items, critical issues and difficulties associated with pregnancy and postpartum adaptation of immigrant women were identified and categorized through a literature review. Fifty-two scale items were constructed, and data for validity and reliability testing was collected with a questionnaire survey from 367 immigrant women. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and reliability coefficients. Results: The final measurement scale to assess immigrant women's pregnancy and postpartum adaptation consisted of 48 items and 7 factors (adaptation to daily activity during pregnancy, cross-cultural understanding and personal respect, understanding of the process of pregnancy and delivery, baby rearing and family support, physical and emotional adaptation after childbirth, nutrition during pregnancy, and sexual life adaptation). The seven factors accounted for 64.26% of the variance, and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was .96. Conclusion: The scale developed by this study is a reliable and valid instrument and can be used to assess needs of pregnancy and postpartum adaptation and can be utilized in providing nursing interventions for immigrant women.

Married Immigrant Women's Life in Relational Spaces (관계적 공간에서 결혼 이주 여성의 삶)

  • Park, Kyu-Taeg
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.203-222
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    • 2013
  • This study has been implemented under the two purposes. One is to critically explore how married immigrant women had experienced or experience conflicts, differentiation and so on occurred in their relations to family, neighbor, friend, organization and nation. The other is to understand married immigrant women and family through a new perspective based on a relational space of interacting trans-nation, local and nation. The results of the study are summarized as the followings. Firstly, transnational space is produced by international marriage between Korean man and foreign woman and kept (or activated ) by (non) everyday activities of married immigrant women and family. There are remittance, children's rearing and education, visits to mother's house, emotional interactions by phone and computer and so on. Secondly, multi-layered and relational local spaces have been (re)produced by married immigrant women's various activities related to family, neighbor, friend, nation and so on. Thirdly, married immigrant women's relations to nation state or government has been specifically presented (or expressed) through the acquiring of Korean nationality and government's activities of supporting multicultural family. Married immigrant women feel that their national identity between mother's nation and Korea is ambiguous and undecided.

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Immigrant Women's Health Status, Health Behaviors and Health Care Utilization (다문화여성의 건강상태, 건강행위 및 보건의료이용 실태)

  • Jeong, Jin Young;Shim, Moon Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.200-210
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This research is conducted in order to compare health status, health behaviors, and health care utilization between immigrant women and domestic women in South Korea. Methods: Research subjects comprised of 62 immigrant women living in a rural area of South Korea' extracted from a survey and health examination conducted during a period from 1st of August in 2013 to 8th of November in 2013 and 214 domestic women extracted from primitive data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011. Student t-test, Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression were performed using the SPSS18.0K program for analysis. Results: Results of comparison between immigrant women and domestic women, showed no difference in obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, anemia, hepatitis B, previous history of tuberculosis, and history of decayed, missing, and filled teeth however, more immigrant women had experienced decayed, missing, and filled teeth compared to domestic women (p<0.001). Conclusions: Compared to domestic women, Iimmigrant women were more likely to have poor dental health conditions. Therefore, greater efforts is needed in order to solve poor dental health conditions for women.

Effects of Acculturative Stress, Parenting Stress, and Social Support on Perceived Health Status of Married Immigrant Women (문화적응 스트레스, 양육 스트레스, 사회적 지지가 결혼이주 여성의 인지된 건강정도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun Sim;Kim, Dong Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.344-353
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with perceived health status of married immigrant women. Methods: Data were collected from 65 married immigrant women. The measurements were Symptom checklist-48, Acculturative Stress Scale, Parenting Stress Index(PSI), and Personal Resource Questionnaire(PQR). Descriptive, T-test, ANOVA test, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analyses were used. Results: There were significant differences in perceived health status according to satisfaction with the married life(F=8.819, p=0.000), and help from husband(F=6.308, p=.003). There was also a significant relationship between perceived health status and perceived economic status (F=8.006, p=.001), acculturative stress (r=.560, p<.01), parenting stress (r=.662, p<.01) and social support (r=-.289, p<.05). The result of multiple regression analysis showed a significant association of parenting stress with perceived health status of married immigrant women (${\beta}=0.397$, p=0.037). Conclusion: Comprehensive interventions designed to enhance the health of married immigrant women, including prevention of acculturative stress, parenting stress and improving social support may be helpful in mitigating health in married immigrant women.

A Study on Family Conflict and Life Satisfaction for Immigrant Women (국제결혼 이주여성의 가족갈등과 생활만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jung-Sook;Kim, Jin-Hee;Park, Ok-Im
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the differences among families in terms of conflict, life satisfaction according to socio-demographic variables, and self-esteem, and to analyze the effects of these variables influencing marital satisfaction for immigrant women. The subjects of this study were 127 immigrant women in Sunchon. Trained researchers interviewed the subjects with structured questionnaires. The data were analyzed using Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Duncan's test, Pearson's r, and stepwise multiple regression. The statistical package of SPSS is used to perform these analyses. The result of this study is summarized as follows: The family conflict scores of the immigrant women were lower than the median. The average score of life satisfaction was higher than the median. The family conflict of the immigrant women showed significant differences according of age.

Analysis of Factors Affecting Unmet Healthcare Needs of Married Immigrant Women (결혼 이주 여성의 미충족 의료에 미치는 영향 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Su Hee;Lee, Chung Yul
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.770-780
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting the unmet healthcare needs of married immigrant women. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis using data from the 2009 National Survey of Multicultural Families. Data collected from 58,735 married immigrant women who had spouses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and logistic regression. Results: Overall, 9.9% of married immigrant women have unmet healthcare needs. The significant predictors related to unmet healthcare needs were young age, high level of education, employed, country of origin, long period of residence, low income, uninsured, urban area, low level of subjective health status, and illness experience over past two weeks. In particular, four variables (long period of residence, low income, subjective health status, and illness experience over past two weeks) significantly predicted unmet healthcare needs for women from all countries of origin. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that common predictors related to unmet healthcare needs of married immigrant women are a long period of residence, low income, subjective health status, and illness experience over past two weeks. Therefore intervention strategies to decrease unmet healthcare needs should focus on these significant predictors.

Factors Influencing Depression in Married Immigrant Women in Korea (결혼이주여성의 우울에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Ha, Ju Young;Kim, Yoon Ji
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.254-264
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing depression of married immigrant women in Korea. Methods: Participants included 127 married immigrant women who met eligibility criteria and agreed to participate in the study. Participants were evaluated for subjective assessment of married immigrant-related constructs using a self-report questionnaire, for depression, acculturation stress, and social support. The analysis was done using SPSS for Windows, version 18.0, and included stepwise regression. Results: The major findings were as follows; 1) Depression significantly differed according to native country, length of residence in Korea, education, family monthly income, household and primary support. 2) There were significant relationships between marital life satisfaction (r=-.80, p<.001), acculturative stress (r=.78, p<.001), and social support (r=-.20, p=.025). 3) Marital life satisfaction, family monthly income, acculturative stress, primary support and social support were significant factors, which explained 84.6% of the variance in depression (F=138.04, p<.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that a powerful predictor of depression for married immigrant women was marital life satisfaction. Conclusion: Based upon the findings, this study provides useful information that could assist in reducing depression among married immigrant women, and indicates that nursing interventions are needed.

The Experience of Transition in Pregnancy and Childbirth among the Married Immigrant Women in Korea (결혼이주 여성의 임신.출산을 통한 삶의 전환 체험)

  • Lim, Hyun-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.243-255
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was to provide understanding of the meaning of the transition experiences in pregnancy and childbirth among the married immigrant women. Methods: Data was collected through a face-to-face interview from 11 married immigrant women. Their conjugal lives were followed using the hermeneutics phenomenological method developed by van Manen: focusing on the meaning of lived experience. Results: The essential themes that were associated with the transition experiences of the participants' lives during pregnancy and childbirth were as follows: "entering a strange world filled with chaos and tension where they feel like outsiders", "being pregnant and giving birth in increasingly difficult times", "giving birth to a child, which strengthens them to persevere through painful life experiences", "receiving greater support from their families". Conclusion: It contributes a deeper understanding of the essence of the transition experiences of married immigrant women who undergo pregnancy and childbirth after immigration. On the basis of this understanding, this study would be likely to highlight the importance of establishing an appropriate health and medicare systems and the expert network of nursing care for immigrant wom.