• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean immigrant women

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Nutrition Education for Female Immigrants in Multicultural Families Using a Multicultural Approach: In-depth Interviews with Female Immigrants and Nutrition Education Professionals (다문화 시각에서 접근한 다문화 가정의 결혼이주여성을 위한 영양교육 방안 - 결혼이주여성 및 영양교육 전문가를 대상으로 한 심층인터뷰 -)

  • Kim, Ji-Eun;Kim, Ji-Myung;Seo, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.312-325
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary behaviors and nutritional knowledge among immigrant women in multicultural families. In addition, this study reveals a necessity for nutrition education, which is apparent to both immigrant women living in multicultural families as well as nutrition education experts. The survey was conducted with 30 immigrant women within multicultural families in Seoul. The dietary behaviors of the women were significantly different by their period of residence. The longer they had resided in Korea, the higher their dietary behavior score. However, there was no significant difference in nutrition knowledge by their period of residence. This study also conducted in-depth personal interviews with 8 immigrant women who lived in Seoul, and with 4 nutrition education experts. These interviews were performed to provide profound insights regarding the content and means of nutrition education for immigrant women. Nutrition education for immigrant women living in multicultural families should proceed at a basic level in terms of language and content, using bilingual (Korean and their native language) education materials. Education topics and content need to be developed differently according to the level of Korean comprehension and period of residence in Korea. Also, this multicultural approach should be adapted when planning nutrition education since immigrant women have various acculturation levels, and the content and means of education should be adjusted to these acculturation levels. Management after nutrition education is necessary for immigrant women who do not have sufficient understanding of the Korean language. Practical educational methods such as real cooking practices and food purchasing simulations must be developed. Finally, the results suggest that the government needs to establish a systematic plan for nutrition education among immigrant women living in multicultural families. Policy support such as training nutrition educators on multicultural individuals residing in Korea is necessary for active and effective nutritional education.

A Study on Acculturation Stress among Married Immigrant Women in the Jeonbuk Area (전북지역 결혼이주여성의 문화적응 스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, In Ju
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.889-901
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    • 2012
  • This study examined acculturation stress resulting from socio-demographic characteristics and psychological and social status of married immigrant women residing in the Jeonbuk region. Data were gathered from married immigrant women who were participating in non-profit agencies offering multi-cultural services and those who worked for business offices and stores in the Jeonbuk area. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used. A total of 280 questionnaires were distributed, and 210 were returned. Twenty three questionnaires were excluded from the study because of invalid responses, providing a final data pool of 187 responses. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that Korean language ability and levels of depression were significantly associated with acculturation stress among married immigrant women. Based on the findings of this study, interventions for reducing acculturation stress among married immigrant women and implications for future studies are discussed.

Comparison of Stress, Social Support, and Marital Satisfaction between Married Immigrant Women in Urban and Rural Areas (도시와 농촌 거주 결혼이주여성의 스트레스, 사회적 지지 및 결혼만족도 비교)

  • Nam, In-Suk;Ahn, Suk-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the levels of stress, social support, and marital satisfaction between married immigrant women living in urban areas and women living in rural areas to identify ways to improve their mental health. Methods: Two hundred married immigrant women were recruited from multicultural familysupport centers located in Daejeon City and Chungcheong Province. From July, 2009 to January, 2010, data were collected using self- administered questionnaire. Study instruments were scales for acculturative stress, housewives life stress, support from spouse, and marital satisfaction. Results: Urban married immigrant women had lower levels of acculturative stress and higher levels of support from spouse and more positive marital satisfaction compared to rural women. Both groups reported similar levels of stress in life as a housewife. Factors influencing marital satisfaction in both group were lower levels of acculturative and housewives life stress, higher levels of support from spouse, and living with parents-in-law. Conclusion: Rural married immigrant women may have more problems in adjusting to Korean culture and marriage compared to urban women. Therefore, to improve the physical and psychological wellbeing and marital adjustment of married immigrant women, development of nursing strategies according to area of residence is needed.

Comparison of Obstetric Outcomes between Married Immigrant and Korean Pregnant Women in University Hospital (일 대학병원 결혼이주여성과 한국여성의 산과적 결과 비교)

  • Lee, Eun-Sook;Moon, Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.279-287
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    • 2018
  • This study was to investigate the factors affecting the obstetric outcomes of married immigrant women and to compare the results with the Korean women's and to provide basic data for establishing effective nursing interventions for the married immigrant women. The subjects were 302 married immigrant women and Korean women who were delivered in the university hospital from 2011 to 2015. Data were analyzed using frequency, mean, standard deviation and logistic regression using SPSS WIN 24.0 program. Factors affecting obstetric outcome were premature rupture of membranes, gestational hypertension, amniotic fluid abnormalities, and medical illness in both married immigrant women and Korean women. In addition, age, spouse's age, occupation, hemoglobin level, and placental abnormality were found to have an effect on obstetrical outcome in married immigrant women. Therefore, in order to improve the obstetric outcome of married immigrant women, a prenatal care program considering these influencing factors will be needed.

The Related Factors on Cervical Cancer Screening Intention among Married Immigrant Women based on the Health Belief Model (결혼이민여성의 자궁경부암 검진에 대한 건강신념, 문화적 장애성 및 자궁경부암 검진 의도의 영향 요인)

  • Koo, Sang-Mee;Kang, Moon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.405-415
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the factors of health beliefs, cultural barriers, and intentions of cervical cancer screening behaviors in married immigrant women and provide information for the development of intervention programs. Methods: The subjects were 207 married immigrant women living D and S cities, and G and Y counties. The data were collected from April to June 2019, using a self-report structured questionnaire that was translated into English, Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean, and analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 24.0 program. Results: As a result of this study, it was found that the intention of cervical cancer screening for married immigrant women were high when they had a job (β=-.17, p=.014), experience of Pap testing within the past year (β=-.28, p<.001), experience of cervical cancer prevention education (β=-.18, p=.008), and a higher perceived sensitivity (β=.18, p=.016). All of these variables together explained 22% of the intention of cervical cancer screening behaviors in immigrant women married to Korean men. Conclusion: In order to increase the cervical cancer screening behaviors in married immigrant women, intervention strategies to increase perceived susceptibility and decrease cultural barriers for immigrant women should be developed.

Effects of Newborn Care Education Program on Child-rearing Knowledge, Child-rearing Stress, and Child-rearing Self-efficacy of Immigrant Pregnant Women (신생아돌보기프로그램이 결혼이주여성 임산부의 양육지식, 양육스트레스 및 양육효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Gi Min;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.561-571
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a newborn care education promotion program on child-rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy of immigrant pregnant women. Methods: The subjects were 23 immigrant pregnant women who voluntarily participated in the study in D city. The program was provided, once a week for 90 minutes for a period of 3 weeks. The outcome variables were child-rearing knowledge, child-rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy. Data was collected from April 4 to June 24, 2011, through self-administered questionnaires. Results: The program significantly improved child rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and newborn care self-efficacy for married immigrant pregnant women who participated in the program compared to women who did not participate. Conclusion: The results suggest that the reproductive health promotion program has an affirmative effect on child-rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy of married immigrant pregnant women. It is suggested, therefore, that the educational program be presented to married immigrant woman at public health centers to enhance their confidence in child-rearing.

Health Behaviors and Related Factors among Asian Immigrant Women in Korea by Ethnicity (국내 여성결혼이민자의 출신국별 건강행위와 관련 요인)

  • Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet and to identify sociodemographic factors related with health behaviors among Asian immigrant women in Korea by ethnicity. Methods: A cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires was conducted in 396 immigrant women from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines to Korea through international marriage. The associations between health behaviors and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: The prevalence of current smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and abnormal diet were 4.2%, 7.6%, 49.3%, and 31.9%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking (7.6%) and physical inactivity (56.7%) was highest in Chinese immigrant women. However, the prevalence of current smoking (2.7%) and alcohol consumption (3.8%) were lowest in Vietnamese immigrant women. Immigrant women who had been living in Korea for a long time since immigration (${\geq}$ 5 years) had a higher prevalence of alcohol consumption compared to those of who had been living in Korea for a short time since immigration (< 5 years) (OR=2.95, 95% CI=1.74-5.01). Conclusion: Health promotion programs for immigrant women should be differentiated based on health behaviors and their related factors by ethnicity.

Phenomenological Study on Mothering Experiences of the Married Immigrant Women in Urban Areas (결혼이주여성의 모성경험에 관한 현상학적 연구 -도시거주 이주여성을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Tae-Im;Kwon, Yun-Jung;Kim, Mi-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to explore the lived experience of pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and early child rearing in married immigrant women in urban areas. Methods: Data were collected from February to April, 2011 through in-depth interviews. Nine immigrant women were selected in a metropolitan area through the purposive and snowball sampling method. After obtaining IRB permission and informed consent from the participants, all interviews were recorded with MP3 recorder and transcribed for analysis. Using the phenomenological approach, data collected through in-depth interviewing were analyzed following Colaizzi style. Results: Data analysis revealed 4 categories and 10 themes related to pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and early child rearing of married immigrant women in urban areas. These four categories were 'A clumsy foreigner's life with nostalgia', 'Crisis in the crisis', 'Unprepared for motherhood', and 'Living together with new family without regrets'. It was a common finding that they were not ready to be mothers because of the very short time for adjustment in Korea. Compared to rural, immigrant women urban women had various in social support systems. Conclusion: The results indicate that adequate education is needed for immigrant women regarding motherhood, and that this education should be culturally appropriate for these women.

Developing Parenting Stress Scale for International Marriage Immigrant Women in South Korea: Focused on Vietnamese and Filipino Marriage Immigrant Women (여성결혼이민자의 양육 스트레스 측정도구 개발: 베트남과 필리핀 여성결혼이민자 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jung;Kim, Sun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to evaluate parenting stress of international marriage immigrant women from Vietnam and the Philippines. Methods: The concept of parenting stress of international marriage immigrant women was analysed with a hybrid model. Data were collected from 273 international marriage immigrant women from Vietnam and the Philippines who were raising their children aged 1 to 6 years. These collected data were subjected to exploratory factor analysis, multitrait/multi-item matrix assessment, Pearson correlation coefficient analysis, and Cronbach's alpha internal consistency measurement. Results: The final instrument consisted of 28 items. The following six factors were extracted by exploratory factor analysis: 'insufficiency of parenting support system', 'role burden of mothers', 'maladjustment of children', 'confusion of parenting methods due to cultural differences', 'unskilled Korean communication', and 'ordinary difficulties'. Construct validity (factor analysis, convergent validity, and discriminant validity) and criterion-related validity were confirmed. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ value of total items was .92(95% CI .91-.94). Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of values for these factors ranged from .76 to .85. Conclusion: The parenting stress scale for international marriage immigrant women is a valid and reliable tool.

The Case Study on Marriage Immigrant Women' Child Birth Intention (결혼 이민자 여성의 자녀 출산 의향에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Cho, Yoon Joo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.631-643
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    • 2015
  • In that marriage immigrant women' birth rate are higher than those of Korea women, they were selected to suggest pronatalism in Korea. The purpose of this study is to explore the child birth intention of marriage immigrant women. One of qualitative study, case study was used in methodology. Participants were 10 marriage immigrant women, depth interview were conducted. The major results were categorized facilitators and inhibitors. Facilitators were 'number of origin family members', 'absence or weakness of family planning', 'successful experience of the first child birth', 'no difficulty in childbearing', 'recommendation of mother-in-law', 'child' positive effect in Korea life adjustment'. Inhibitors were 'insufficient economic condition', 'husband' old age and the opposite of mother-in-law', 'dissatisfaction with marriage life', 'lack of government' support'. Based on this results, practical implications and interventions were suggested.