• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knowledge management assimilation

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A Knowledge Stock and Flow Perspective for the Assimilation of Knowledge Management Innovation (지식관리혁신의 동화를 위한 지식의 축척과 흐름의 관점)

  • Lee, Jae Nam;Choi, Byoung-Gu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2010
  • In order to provide a better understanding about the phenomenon of KM assimilation, this study attempts to conceptually develop and empirically compare two different models: (1) the first model, which considers the KM process as the flow of knowledge that plays an intervening role between knowledge stocks (i.e., knowledge worker, technical knowledge infrastructure, external knowledge linkage, knowledge strategy, and internal knowledge climate) and the level of KM assimilation; and (2) the second model is a simple direct effect formulation without any distinction between knowledge stock and flow. These two models were then tested and compared using the responses of 187 Korean organizations that had already implemented enterprise-wide KM systems. The findings indicate that the two models are useful in explaining successful KM assimilation. However, the first causal model with the distinction between knowledge stock and flow assesses the effectiveness of KM more accurately than the second model without the distinction. Interestingly, the KM process was shown to be the most critical factor for the proliferation of KM activities across an organization. The findings of this study are expected to serve not only as early groundwork for researchers hoping to understand KM and its effective assimilation in organizations, but should also provide practitioners with guidelines as to how they can enhance their KM assimilation level so as to improve their organizational performance.

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The Effect of Individual's on Absorptive Capacity on Process and Product Innovation (개인의 흡수 역량이 프로세스 및 제품 혁신에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Jang, Jae-Seung;Lee, Junyeong;Kwak, Chanhee;Lee, Heeseok
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.135-154
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    • 2016
  • Absorptive capacity has been increasingly thought of as a potential source of innovation. From the knowledge management perspective, absorptive capacity is composed of a set of activities dealing with acquisition, assimilation, transformation, and exploitation of external and internal knowledge. This study investigates what relationship the absorptive capacity of individuals who have technical knowledge in the organization has with process innovation and product innovation. Mobile based survey was conducted from the employees working for the largest electronics manufacturer in Korea. The analyzed data was based on 156 responses from 199 participants. The analysis result shows that four phases of absorptive capacity such as acquisition, assimilation, transformation and exploitation have different effects on process innovation and product innovation, respectively. Specifically, transformation is found to be most critical in leading to innovation.

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An Empirical Study on Factors Influencing the Assimilation and Expected Benefits of Cloud Computing and the Moderating Effect of Organizational Readiness (기업의 클라우드 컴퓨팅 내재화 및 기대이익에 영향을 미치는 기술주도/수요견인 요인과 조직 준비성의 조절효과에 대한 실증연구)

  • Kim, Sanghyun;Kim, Geuna
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2013
  • Recently, many companies are interested in adopting cloud computing as their IT strategy. However, no distinct results have appeared in the substantial implementation of this technology. The main reason for such result is from the absence of research models leading to high impact studies on cloud computing. Thus, this study attempts to find a possible answer for the following research question : what factors influence an organizational assimilation of cloud computing? This study investigates Technology-Push (TP)/Need-Pull (NP) theory as a main factor affecting cloud computing assimilation. Also, the study examines the moderating role of organizational readiness. TP includes of perceived benefits, vendor pressure, cost savings, and IT activity intensity while NP includes competitor orientation, information technology policy, technological turbulence, and performance gaps. In addition, organizational readiness suggests two variables, financial resources and technological knowledge. Result from 217 adopting organizations showed that all of these factors with exception of competitor orientation and vendor pressure, have statistically significant impact on assimilation of cloud computing. The implications of the findings propose a theoretical framework for the foundation of studies on cloud computing assimilation, which can server as important practical guidelines for technology development.

The Effect of Boundary-spanning Leadership on Self-efficacy, Extra-role Behavior, and Absorptive Capacity (경계연결리더십이 조직구성원의 자기효능감, 역할 외 활동, 그리고 흡수역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Jung-Eon;Woo, Hyung-Rok
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.133-153
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    • 2019
  • Due to the uncertainty of dynamic business environment, modern organizations have been giving attention to dynamic capabilities beyond traditional notion of core competence. Among them, absorptive capacity and boundary-spanning activity are considered the most important. The former refers to activities regarding acquisition, assimilation, transformation and exploitation of internal and external knowledge. The latter is composed of boundary-loosening and boundary-tightening activities to detect internal or external information and then to preserve, protect, or acquire resources. Thus, both have achieved wide recognition as a potential source of change and innovation. This study investigated the cross-level relation between boundary-spanning leadership at team level and absorptive capacity at individual level. We also explored self-efficacy and extra-role behavior that can affect employees' absorptive capacity. To test multi-level analysis, the survey data were collected from 862 members in 137 teams of different firms. Results revealed that boundary-spanning leadership had the positive cross-level impact on absorptive capacity in the team context. Moreover, absorptive capacity was positively associated with self-efficacy and extra-role behavior at individual level. Based on these findings, we provided theoretical and practical implications to address rapidly changing environments and discussed limitations of this paper for further research.

An Analysis of the Effect of the Investment Factors Toward the Information Technology Using IS Theory (IS 이론을 이용한 정보기술 투자요인의 영향력 분석)

  • Son, Dal-Ho
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.99-113
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    • 1999
  • Studies of information technology assimilation have been limited primarily to information technology implementation issues that arise after purchasing and/or developing information technology and applications. Thus there is a need to step back and investigate what motives a manager to implement a information technology for his organization use. The purpose of this paper is to examine decision maker's attitudes and internal beliefs, especially the construct of alienation. This study findings indicate that decision-maker computer knowledge, computer experience, and education level are closely associated with alienated beliefs and attitudes toward information technology. Assuming technologies can provide advantages, these findings point to the need for change agents to minimize alienating beliefs and attitudes.

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An Assessment and Policy Implication of Information Technology Convergence Programs in Korean Public Service Area (공공부문 IT신기술 적용사업의 추진현황 평가와 정책적 시사점)

  • Kim, SungHyun
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.11 no.sup
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2012
  • Information technology is a useful strategic weapon that can create competitive advantage and new business opportunity by applying it in the organization' value chain. IT convergence can be understood as an attempt of industrial level IT adoption to facilitate the innovation of the industry and the birth of a new industry. This study provides the comprehensive review of the Korean government' three IT assimilation programs, ubiquitous technology diffusion program of the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, u-service program of the Ministry of Public Administration and Security, and u-Defence cooperation program of the Department of Defense. The analysis is done through the interpretation of the existing literature and the logic model. The result proposes inter-agency cooperation and building of new technology road-map in the planning stage, flexible management in the execution phase, and failure tolerant evaluation system. The proposal for developing competencies and institutional foundations for IT convergence also presented.

A Study on the Impact of Employee's Person-Environment Fit and Information Systems Acceptance Factors on Performance: The Mediating Role of Social Capital (조직구성원의 개인-환경적합성과 정보시스템 수용요인이 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 사회자본의 매개역할)

  • Heo, Myung-Sook;Cheon, Myun-Joong
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.1-42
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    • 2009
  • In a knowledge-based society, a firm's intellectual capital represents the wealth of ideas and ability to innovate, which are indispensable elements for the future growth. Therefore, the intellectual capital is evidently recognized as the most valuable asset in the organization. Considered as intangible asset, intellectual capital is the basis based on which firms can foster their sustainable competitive advantage. One of the essential components of the intellectual capital is a social capital, indicating the firm's individual members' ability to build a firm's social networks. As such, social capital is a powerful concept necessary for understanding the emergence, growth, and functioning of network linkages. The more social capital a firm is equipped with, the more successfully it can establish new social networks. By providing a shared context for social interactions, social capital facilitates the creation of new linkages in the organizational setting. This concept of "person-environment fit" has long been prevalent in the management literature. The fit is grounded in the interaction theory of behavior. The interaction perspective has a fairly long theoretical tradition, beginning with proposition that behavior is a function of the person and environment. This view asserts that neither personal characteristics nor the situation alone adequately explains the variance in behavioral and attitudinal variables. Instead, the interaction of personal and situational variables accounts for the greatest variance. Accordingly, the person-environment fit is defined as the degree of congruence or match between personal and situational variables in producing significant selected outcomes. In addition, information systems acceptance factors enable organizations to build large electronic communities with huge knowledge resources. For example, the Intranet helps to build knowledge-based communities, which in turn increases employee communication and collaboration. It is vital since through active communication and collaborative efforts can employees build common basis for shared understandings that evolve into stronger relationships embedded with trust. To this aim, the electronic communication network allows the formation of social network to be more viable to rapid mobilization and assimilation of knowledge assets in the organizations. The purpose of this study is to investigate: (1) the impact of person-environment fit(person-job fit, person-person fit, person-group fit, person-organization fit) on social capital(network ties, trust, norm, shared language); (2) the impact of information systems acceptance factors(availability, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use) on social capital; (3) the impact of social capital on personal performance(work performance, work satisfaction); and (4) the mediating role of social capital between person-environment fit and personal performance. In general, social capital is defined as the aggregated actual or collective potential resources which lead to the possession of a durable network. The concept of social capital was originally developed by sociologists for their analysis in social context. Recently, it has become an increasingly popular jargon used in the management literature in describing organizational phenomena outside the realm of transaction costs. Since both environmental factors and information systems acceptance factors affect the network of employee's relationships, this study proposes that these two factors have significant influence on the social capital of employees. The person-environment fit basically refers to the alignment between characteristics of people and their environments, thereby resulting in positive outcomes for both individuals and organizations. In addition, the information systems acceptance factors have rather direct influences on the social network of employees. Based on such theoretical framework, namely person-environment fit and social capital theory, we develop our research model and hypotheses. The results of data analysis, based on 458 employee cases are as follow: Firstly, both person-environment fit(person-job fit, person-person fit, person-group fit, person-organization fit) and information systems acceptance factors(availability perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use) significantly influence social capital(network ties, norm, shared language). In addition, person-environment fit is a stronger factor influencing social capital than information systems acceptance factors. Secondly, social capital is a significant factor in both work satisfaction and work performance. Finally, social capital partly plays a mediating role between person-environment fit and personal performance. Our findings suggest that it is vital for firms to understand the importance of environmental factors affecting social capital of employees and accordingly identify the importance of information systems acceptance factors in building formal and informal relationships of employees. Firms also need to reflect their recognition of the importance of social capital's mediating role in boosting personal performance. Some limitations arisen in the course of the research and suggestions for future research directions are also discussed.