• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knowledge Creation

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Antecedents of Employees' Knowledge Integration Capability and Its Effects on Knowledge Creation: Focused on Convergence-Oriented Organizations (조직구성원의 지식통합 역량에 대한 선행 요인과 지식창출 효과에 관한 연구: 융합 지향 조직을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Jinwon;Suh, Woojong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.105-126
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    • 2014
  • Knowledge integration is becoming a primary function of improving organizational capabilities and performance in today's convergence paradigm. The knowledge integration capability of employees has increasingly been regarded as a critical source for developing new products and services. This study investigates the influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability and its effects. A theoretical research model was developed based on the socio-technical perspective and information processing theory. The model includes teamwork quality, expertise, IT support, and knowledge complexity as the primary influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability. A large-scale survey was conducted for gathering data (a total of 316 samples from 141 organizations) to test the proposed model. The test results of the hypotheses show that expertise and knowledge complexity are the significant influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability, and also the capability has a positive effect on the knowledge creation performance of employees. Our findings contribute to the development of initiatives for promoting employees' knowledge integration capability, especially in knowledge intensive organizations focusing on convergence products and services.

Determinants of the Knowledge Combinative Capability Based on Social Capital Theory (사회적 자본의 관점에서 본 결합능력의 형성요인 -특허청 사례를 중심으로-)

  • Park, Rhoyun
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.67-98
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    • 2004
  • New knowledge is created through the dynamic interaction of knowledge that depends largely on a social context within the organization. Social processes influence the nature of knowledge and learning. This paper is rooted in the concept of social capital. Social capital theory emphasizes the importance of social relationship. Using social capital theory, this paper suggests three factors that must be satisfied for the development of knowledge combinative capability. The first factor is that the opportunity exists to make the exchange or combination of knowledge. The second factor is that people is motivated for the creation of new knowledge. The third factor is that people must share the common knowledge. This paper examines the change case of KIPO (Korean Intellectual Property Office). This case provides evidence that the three factors can develop social relationship, and build knowledge combinative capability. The man finding from this research is that social factors play an important part in the creation of knowledge, and processes of knowledge exchange and combination heavily rely upon social patterns, practices and processes in ways which emphasize the value and importance of collective action and knowledge sharing. This research may have several implications for the development of the knowledge creation mechanisms.

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How to Innovate Sellers' Performance in the E-marketplace: Focused on Absorptive Capacity and Information System Use Pattern

  • Lee, Jooryang
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.55-73
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    • 2011
  • Intermediaries are presenting not only transactional information that orchestrates electronic transaction, but also market related information and knowledge useful for sellers' understanding of the market status. However, we do not have strong evidence that the market related information and knowledge is properly utilized by sellers and that it has an actual influence on sellers' performance. According to the research result, absorptive capacity and the pattern of information system utilization is statistically significant to sellers' performance mediated by operational efficiency and market knowledge creation. Especially, explorative utilization of information system and realized absorptive capacity has a stronger influence on sellers' performance mediated by market knowledge creation. With this research result, this study maintains that sellers are required to absorb and utilize market related information and knowledge more actively through explorative utilization of information system to achieve better performance in the e-marketplace. On the other hand, intermediaries are recommended to provide abundant and valuable market related information and knowledge for the sellers to build up better e-marketplaces.

An Analysis of the Intellectual Structure of Venture-Creation Studies to build an Entrepreneurship Ontology (창업 온톨로지 구축을 위한 벤처창업 연구의 지식구조 분석)

  • Sim, Jae-Hu;Choi, Myeonggil
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2013
  • The deeping interests and research toward Entrepreneurship, which is considered as an potential alternative for solving the continuing economic recession in the $21^{st}$ century, have grown. The process and methodology of the research could not be systematically arranged and the results of the research lack in efforts on the application of increasing suceess ratio in starting new business. This study adopted corpus methodology, through which we try to analyzes the knowledge structure in entrepreneurship research, derive essential concepts and the consisting domains in venture research. Based on the results of analysis, this study constructs the knowledge structure of venture research in a form of knowledge ontology. The results of the study could be a ground for entrepreneurship research and utilized as implication for a creation of construction for the entrepreneurship knowledge ontology.

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A Strategy Model for Strengthening Knowledge Creation Capabilities of Korean Foreign Subsidiaries (한국기업 해외자회사의 지식창출 역량 강화를 위한 전략모형)

  • Kim, Min Sook;Kang, Han Gyoun
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.209-237
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    • 2012
  • Multinational enterprises(MNEs) try to strengthen their global innovative capabilities by incorporating the foreign subsidiaries' knowledge bases. Foreign subsidiaries play an important role in MNEs' knowledge creation activities. This study develops a strategy model that strengthening the knowledge creation capabilities of Korean firms' foreign subsidiaries. Four strengthening strategy types are derived from three research areas related with center of excellence, subsidiary strategic roles, and knowledge creation capabilities. The strategies that strengthen knowledge creation capabilities are including organizational culture and autonomy reinforcing strategy, subsidiary's absorptive capacity reinforcing strategy, local environment management strategy, and network building strategy. Strategic fit conditions which support the success of each strategy type are also discussed.

Implications fer Assessing Framework of Next Generation Enterprise Portals' Functions: Perspective of Organizational Knowledge Creation (차세대 Enterprise Portal 기능의 평가 프레임워크 개발에 관한 연구: 지식창출 관점)

  • Park, Ji-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.67-82
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to imply for the assessing framework of next generation Enterprise Portals'(EPs) function through the lens of organizational knowledge creation. As the emerging "suite" products such as Smart Enterprise Suite (SES) converges EPs with collaboration and content management, EPs are no longer just a gateway to information and content. EPs are emerging as the center of convergence for many complementary technologies. Considering that this trend is common and knowledge creation is one of key goals of EPs, it is important to assess EPs' function through the knowledge creation process. This paper reviews literatures to set initial assessing elements of EPs' function, then adopts Delphi Technique to prove and categorize the elements according to the knowledge creation process. The samples are consisted of 7 professional knowledge management consultants at Entrue Consulting Partners, LG CNS. This paper may be significant in providing a new vision to the evaluation of EPs by combining a theoretical model with a practical situation.

A Study of the Action Planning Strategy for the Knowledge Management in Construction Industry (건설업계의 지식경영 추진전략)

  • Kim Hak-Doo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2003
  • What is the Meaning of the Knowledge Management?, That is gathering, renewal of old knowledge, communication and creation of new knowledge. The major three key factors for the successful knowledge management in construction industry is well cooperation between following factors ; the willingness of the CEO(in its organization). creation of Cooperation culture in company organization through its members participation and the Activity of the Knowledge management Team in company. But most important factors in successful Promotion for the Knowledge Management is the creation of Cooperation culture in company organization through its members participation, without creating the company culture, there is no successful way in knowledge management business in all business. The other important thing in knowledge management is the creating of the recording culture in company business activity. The greatest purpose of knowledge management is the through the KM activity, we ensure the gathering, renewal of old knowledge, communication and creation of new knowledge and capitalization of knowledge. and the result of the KM is strengthen the company and preparing the our future and new mission.

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Creation of Intellectual Capital in Hospital Organizations and Factors Influencing Creation of Intellectual Capital (임상간호사가 지각한 병원조직의 새로운 지적자본 창출 능력 영향요인)

  • Jang, Keum-Seong;Kim, Eun-A;Kim, Min-Soo;Sim, Jae-Yeun;Park, Hyun-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.46-55
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to identify creation of intellectual capital and factors influencing the creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 300 nurses from three general hospitals in Gwangju and South Cholla province. The tools used for this study were scales measuring creation of intellectual capital (8 items), social capital (20 items), knowledge management (8 items). Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and regression using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. Results: There were significantly positive relationships between social capital and knowledge management with creation of intellectual capital. The mean score for creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations was 4.59 points. Factors influencing creation of intellectual capital in hospital organization were identified as knowledge management (${\beta}$=.625), shared values & action (${\beta}$=.166), and participation in civic activities (${\beta}$=.118). These factors explained 59.3% of the variance in creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations. Conclusion: The results indicate which factors are major factors influencing creation of intellectual capital and therefore, serve as predictors of creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations.

An Exploratory Study on the Organizational Knowledge Discovery Process (조직지식 창출프로세스에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-A;Kim, Young-Gul
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.91-107
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    • 2000
  • This paper proposes the Organizational Knowledge Discovery Process Model (OK-DPM) as an initiative for developing a knowledge management methodology. OK-DPM is a model designed to effectively discover knowledge useful to the organization. It explains the knowledge discovery process from the conceptual level to the application level. It decomposes the organizational knowledge discovery process into 3 sub-processes; Creation, Suggestion and Validation. For each sub-process, design components are identified and possible methods for supporting each one are suggested. Also, the relationship patterns between the knowledge discovery process and knowledge type are explored. By applying OK-DPM to two real cases where the knowledge management projects are ongoing, the model was validated and revised. Even though we need to investigate with more cases to refine the OK-DPM, we found that it could provide some insights in developing the effective knowledge discovery process.

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Analysis of Knowledge Community for Knowledge Creation and Use (지식 생성 및 활용을 위한 지식 커뮤니티 효과 분석)

  • Huh, Jun-Hyuk;Lee, Jung-Seung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2010
  • Internet communities are a typical space for knowledge creation and use on the Internet as people discuss their common interests within the internet communities. When we define 'Knowledge Communities' as internet communities that are related to knowledge creation and use, they are categorized into 4 different types such as 'Search Engine,' 'Open Communities,' 'Specialty Communities,' and 'Activity Communities.' Each type of knowledge community does not remain the same, for example. Rather, it changes with time and is also affected by the external business environment. Therefore, it is critical to develop processes for practical use of such changeable knowledge communities. Yet there is little research regarding a strategic framework for knowledge communities as a source of knowledge creation and use. The purposes of this study are (1) to find factors that can affect knowledge creation and use for each type of knowledge community and (2) to develop a strategic framework for practical use of the knowledge communities. Based on previous research, we found 7 factors that have considerable impacts on knowledge creation and use. They were 'Fitness,' 'Reliability,' 'Systemicity,' 'Richness,' 'Similarity,' 'Feedback,' and 'Understanding.' We created 30 different questions from each type of knowledge community. The questions included common sense, IT, business and hobbies, and were uniformly selected from various knowledge communities. Instead of using survey, we used these questions to ask users of the 4 representative web sites such as Google from Search Engine, NAVER Knowledge iN from Open Communities, SLRClub from Specialty Communities, and Wikipedia from Activity Communities. These 4 representative web sites were selected based on popularity (i.e., the 4 most popular sites in Korea). They were also among the 4 most frequently mentioned sitesin previous research. The answers of the 30 knowledge questions were collected and evaluated by the 11 IT experts who have been working for IT companies more than 3 years. When evaluating, the 11 experts used the above 7 knowledge factors as criteria. Using a stepwise linear regression for the evaluation of the 7 knowledge factors, we found that each factors affects differently knowledge creation and use for each type of knowledge community. The results of the stepwise linear regression analysis showed the relationship between 'Understanding' and other knowledge factors. The relationship was different regarding the type of knowledge community. The results indicated that 'Understanding' was significantly related to 'Reliability' at 'Search Engine type', to 'Fitness' at 'Open Community type', to 'Reliability' and 'Similarity' at 'Specialty Community type', and to 'Richness' and 'Similarity' at 'Activity Community type'. A strategic framework was created from the results of this study and such framework can be useful for knowledge communities that are not stable with time. For the success of knowledge community, the results of this study suggest that it is essential to ensure there are factors that can influence knowledge communities. It is also vital to reinforce each factor has its unique influence on related knowledge community. Thus, these changeable knowledge communities should be transformed into an adequate type with proper business strategies and objectives. They also should be progressed into a type that covers varioustypes of knowledge communities. For example, DCInside started from a small specialty community focusing on digital camera hardware and camerawork and then was transformed to an open community focusing on social issues through well-known photo galleries. NAVER started from a typical search engine and now covers an open community and a special community through additional web services such as NAVER knowledge iN, NAVER Cafe, and NAVER Blog. NAVER is currently competing withan activity community such as Wikipedia through the NAVER encyclopedia that provides similar services with NAVER encyclopedia's users as Wikipedia does. Finally, the results of this study provide meaningfully practical guidance for practitioners in that which type of knowledge community is most appropriate to the fluctuated business environment as knowledge community itself evolves with time.