• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knowledge Creation

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KNOWLEDGE DECOUPLING: AN INSTITUTIONAL APPROACH TO THE GAP BETWEEN CREATION AND UTILIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES (지식창출과 활용의 괴리: 녹색기술인증의 제도론적 분석)

  • Park, Sangchan;Cha, Hyeonjin
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.117-138
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    • 2017
  • While prior work has noted the importance of knowledge creation in gaining competitive advantages, much less is understood about why firms do not actually use what they create. Building upon institutional approaches to organization studies, we offer a new framework to explain the gap between knowledge creation and utilization. We test our framework in an empirical context of sustainable innovation and environmental technologies where ideas of environmental sustainability have recently gained public popularity and shaped how interested audiences make evaluative assessments of firms. In such a context, firms are apt to perceive the social attention toward sustainability to be a normative pressure, which causes them to create new knowledge and develop technologies consistent with the pressure. Using data from the government-initiated certification system for green technologies, our study finds that firms do not always fully implement new environmental technologies they develop in response to the certification program, the situation we refer to as knowledge decoupling. We also examine a set of conditions under which knowledge decoupling becomes more or less amplified. Taken together, our findings show how a firm's knowledge creation and utilization is shaped by its external institutional environment as well as internal learning processes.

Knowledge and Organization: Perspectives of Knowledge Market and Knowledge Community (지식과 조직: 지식시장과 지식공동체 관점)

  • Chung, Myung-Ho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2000
  • As the Knowledge Economy grows bigger, studies and practices of knowledge management flourish in almost every organizations. Yet, the studies of fundamental relationships between knowledge and organization have not been sufficiently developed. It is partly because current knowledge management mainly focus on the technical aspects of the theme. This paper tries to find the possible organizing principles and theoretical foundations of knowledge-intensive organizations through the perspective of knowledge market and knowledge community. Based on the differentiation of "knowledge" and "knowing", the author draws several propositions about knowledge creation and knowledge use. Then, the author relates these propositions to the design and implementation of two theoretical models of organizations, i. e. knowledge market and knowledge community. Major claims are: 1) Knowledge use and knowledge creation process are conceptually separable, so that different conceptual models (market & community) need to be applied. 2) Since knowledge use and creation should be integrated, organizations in the Knowledge Economy should be the efficient knowledge market and, at the same time, knowledge community with care and cooperations. 3) The network of independent small KIFs(knowledge-intensive firms) could be considered as the possible organizational model of the future.

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The Moderating Effect of Media Synchronicity in the Communication Media Use and Knowledge Creation

  • Ryoo, Sung-Yul;Koo, Chul-Mo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.103-124
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    • 2010
  • Social communications using information and communication technologies (ICT) for social interactions have been making a significant impact on task performance in organizations. However, most of the existing studies on ICT (e.g., telephone and email) have only focused on technical improvement of communication efficiencies (e.g., information exchange and storage). In this paper, we claim that ICT may be another alternative source of knowledge creation that enables employees to work, find solutions, and achieve their goals faster and better. We investigate the impact of ICT in terms of both tasks and social aspects with knowledge creation as task performance. Also, we investigate the moderating effect of media synchronicity on these relationships. This study contributes to the understanding of contemporary communications media usage and its performance in organizations. We collected and analyzed survey data of 248 company employees, using PLS. The results indicate that task urgency and social influence directly affect ICT usage, and even knowledge creation. Also the media synchronicity moderates the relationship between the characteristics of a given task and ICT usage and the relationship between ICT usage and knowledge creation. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed in the paper.

The Effect of Knowledge Activity on Organizational Performance: Focused on Knowledge Creation Activity and Knowledge Sharing Activity (지식활동이 조직성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 지식창출 활동과 지식공유 활동을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jung-Ho;Kim, Young-Gul;Kim, Min-Yong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.13-30
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    • 2006
  • This study aims at exploring the relationships between knowledge activity, knowledge activity performance, and organizational performance. By adopting the balanced scorecard perspective, organizational performance was measured by product/service, customer and internal performances. Using data collected from the 36 Korean firms, this study found that knowledge creation activity was positively and significantly related to the organizational performance such as product/service performance, customer performance and internal performance. We also found that knowledge activity performance such as knowledge quality and user knowledge satisfaction mediated the positive relationship between knowledge sharing activity and internal performance.

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An Empirical Study on Impact of Knowledge Management Success Factors and Activities on Disaster Management Task Performance (재난관리에 있어서 지식경영의 성공요인과 활동이 업무성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Hyoung-Seop;Lee, Jung-Woo;Jeong, Duk-Hoon
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.173-189
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    • 2010
  • This study empirically explores the relationship among knowledge management success factors (leadership, organizational culture, information technology, measurement, incentive, knowledge quality), knowledge management activities(knowledge creation and knowledge use), and task performance in disaster management area. Findings suggest that (1) organization culture, information technology, incentive and quality of knowledge are significantly related to knowledge creation activities while leadership, information technology, incentive and quality of knowledge are significantly related to knowledge use activities, (2) higher level of knowledge creation is related to high level of knowledge use, and (3) the level of knowledge use activities seems to be significantly related to task performance in disaster management, while knowledge creation activities are not.

Development of a Knowledge Management Promotion System of Utilizing the SECI Model in Production Fields (SECI모델을 이용한 생산현장 지식경영촉진체계 구축)

  • Kim, Young-In;Hong, Sung-Jo
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2008
  • In the knowledge-based society which recognizes knowledge as a core value, knowledge management is one of the most interesting issues. The creation of knowledge within an organization occurs as a result of interactions of tacit and explicit knowledge, in process of knowledge conversion. One useful model of this process is the SECI model which stands for a process of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization of knowledge. The enterprise competitive power depends on how an organization accelerates the speed of the cycle of knowledge creation well. In this paper we introduce a knowledge management promotion system based on SECI model and proposal system to promote the cycle of knowledge creation in production fields, and study an enterprise case.

The Conceptual Study of Knowledge Adoption based on Resource and Institutionalization Theory for Organizational Knowledge Creation Applied to Knowledge Management Systems (지식 원천 이론과 제도적 이론 관점에서 조직의 지식 수용과 창출에 관한 개념적 연구)

  • Sun, Jong-Hak;Yoon, Jung-Hyeon
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.119-136
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study are as follows : First, This study conceptually provide an insight of reasons that organizations seek to create, acquire, store and distribute knowledge at the level of an organization and of process how they can transform or evolve to knowledge based organizations. Second, this study confirms examine what theories can be used to knowledge management, how such theories can be useful to analyse knowledge management and provide a theoretical foundation for knowledge management research. Applied to the theories of knowledge based and resource based view and institutional theory, the essence of knowledge management confirms that the organization finds job-related knowledge and know-how retained by individual of organizational members systematically and shares common knowledge within the organization and explains knowledge creation, multi-dimensional knowledge transition and share in all dimension of individual, group, and organization. As a result of comparative analysis of theory of organizational knowledge creation theory, In knowledge management, building of knowledge-creative culture, transitional process of explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge, knowledge creation and knowledge operation are important. In the basis on these study results, we discussed how the organizational knowledge creation theory can be used to manage knowledge in the organization, and also proposed hypotheses based on some arguments against the universal acceptance of the theory.

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Designing a Conceptual Model of Knowledge Creation Type e-PBL Support System - Focused on Naval e-PBL Support System - (지식창출형 e-PBL 지원시스템의 개념적 모형 구안 - 해군 e-PBL지원시스템을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Soo-Hong;Hong, Jin-Yong;Woo, Cha-Seop;Kim, Du-Gyu
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.437-448
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    • 2008
  • As the importance of knowledge is emphasized and the environment of battlefields is changing, the military also demands competent people equipped with creativity, cooperativeness and communication ability, and in this situation it is required to apply PBL to education in the navy. The present study went through three stages in order to develop a prototype to implement a naval e PBL support system for knowledge creation. First, databases in Korea Education and Research Information Service, National Assembly Library, etc. were searched using keywords such as PBL, e-PBL, knowledge creation and knowledge ecosystem. In addition, we selected and analyzed frequently quoted literature and recent research reports related to this study among domestic and foreign theses, books, research papers, etc. recommended by specialists in contents, and derived the key values of a knowledge creation type e-PBL support system and design strategies. Second, we developed a primary prototype based on the contents of analysis and, revising it according to teaching design specialists' opinions, we proposed the final prototype of knowledge creation type naval e PBL support system and it has values as follows. First, the knowledge creation type naval e PBL support system provides learners with opportunities to apply e PBL and helps them improve their creativity, cooperativeness and communication ability and accumulate know how of services. Second, it improves work efficiency by circulating knowledge through sharing among individuals or groups, and produces synergy that promotes the organizational culture of learning. Third, the knowledge creation type naval e-PBL support system enables teachers who apply PBL to school education to find new applications of PBL in constructing knowledge bases.

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Investigation for an e-Learning Instructional Design Model for Business Performance (성과 창출 과정으로서의 e-러닝 교수설계 모형)

  • Jo, Il-Hyun
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.35-49
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study is to develop and validate an instructional design model from the perspective of the knowledge creation. To serve the purpose, the researcher conducted 1) literature review to find causal relationship model among knowledge creation factors and to propose a hypothetical instructional design model, 2) data analysis with 50 senior level e-Learning instructional designers, and 3) testing the fitness of the proposed model and relevant causal-relational hypotheses. Results indicate; 1) the proposed model fit to the empirical evidence, 2) 6 hypotheses among 11 were validated. A typical instructional designer's personal competency was evidenced as the most powerful independent variable that predicted knowledge acquisition, knowledge sharing, and the application of the instructional models. However, the expected effect of instructional design models toward other dependent variable was not be found. In addition, further suggestions for the future research are addressed.

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The Knowledge Definition Language and Knowledge Creation for Knowledge Base Construction (지식베이스 구축을 위한 지실정의 언어와 지식생성)

  • 김창화;백두권
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 1989
  • REA (Restricted Entity Aspect) model is a knowledge representation model to classify the aspect type, the EA model component, into five aspects (IS-A-aspect, A-PART-OF aspect, attribute aspect, role aspect, and operation aspect). EATPS, the knowledge representation system, consists of user interface module, knowledge creation module, instance management module, schema management module, and integrity checking module. EATPS creates and manages interactively REA model based knowledge base. This paper shows the structure and functions of EATPS, the design and interactive construction of the knowledge definition language EAKDL, the functions and algorithm of class creation module, and the functions and algorithm of instance creation module to include inheritance inference mechanism.

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