• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knowledge Circulation

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Circulation System of Geographical Knowledge for the Sustainable Development of Geography (지속가능한 지리학 발전을 위한 지리지식의 순환체계)

  • Moon, Nam-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.473-483
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    • 2014
  • The geographical knowledge is composed of academic geographical knowledge, school geographical knowledge, applied geographical knowledge and popular geographical knowledge according to the diverse social need and demand. And the geographical knowledge has developed through the knowledge circulation system, which is connected to knowledge production, delivery, application and to reproduction among these knowledge fields. The discontinuity of knowledge circulation can lead to crisis of geographical whole. Therefore, for sustainable development of geography, it is necessary to firmly build a virtuous circulation system of geographical knowledge which is linked to a knowledge production and accumulation by an academic geography, knowledge delivery by a school geography, knowledge social application by an applied geography, knowledge application in everyday life by a popular geography and knowledge reproduction by an academic geography.

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A Study on the Relationship between Individual Knowledge Cycle Process on Its Knowledge Management Efficiency (기업내 개인차원에서의 지식순환과정과 지식경영 효율성간의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kun-Chang;Chung, Nam-Ho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.31-48
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    • 2002
  • Recent trend of business is characterized by a recognition of importance of knowledge asset. Especially, this phenomenon is receiving more momentum as our society goes digital rapidly. However, most of literature on knowledge management is based on knowledge circulation from the corporate point of view, not from individual viewpoint. In this regard, this paper is concerned with proposing knowledge circulation process and its efficiency from the individual perspective. We adopted structural equation model or SEM to prove the statistical validity of our research framework. Eight hypotheses were built and tested empirically, leading to the fact that the knowledge utilization and sharing of individuals have a positive impact on the knowledge management efficiency.

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The Case of the Knowledge Management Activity of KORAIL (코레일 지식경영 활성화 사례)

  • Jang, Young Cheul;Lee, Kun-Chang;Kang, Inwon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.157-178
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    • 2008
  • It is well known in KM (Knowledge Management) literature that a certain amount of knowledge is necessary for KM to contribute to corporate performance to some extent. However, for a company to amass knowledge is very difficult due to limited time and poor understandings from employees. Especially, it becomes harder in public organization where simulating financial motif among members is constrained. In this respect, KORAIL, one of typical and leading public organizations in Korea, shows very unique example in which KORAIL succeeds in catalyzing the knowledge circulation process among members, string the resulted working knowledge, and then sharing it to improve working performance at an individual level as well as team level. This KORAIL case will help understand how important the knowledge circulation speed is to improving the corporate performance.

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A Study on the Performance and Acceptance of Knowledge Management System By Considering Knowledge Circulation Process and Knowledge Schema (지식순환과정과 지식스키마를 고려한 지식경영시스템 성과 및 수용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kun-Chang;Roh, Jeong-Ran
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.259-274
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    • 2002
  • Recently, a great deal of corporations have adopted knowledge management system with eagerness to enhance the company competitiveness. However, since the main feature of knowledge management system is not just a simple information system but another entity creating intangible assets tailed "knowledge", we need to develop a new approach to investigating the performance and acceptance of knowledge management systems from a perspective allowing knowledge-sensitive constructs. In this regard, we develop new constructs like knowledge schema and several knowledge circulation-related activities. As a research model, we adopt a famous technology acceptance model or TAM by Davis (1989), and extend it into incorporating knowledge schema. With the statistically valid and usable questionnaire survey data collected from 886 respondents in a big corporation typically using knowledge management system, we induced a robust result empirically, saying that knowledge schema and knowledge circulation activities are valid determinants of performance and acceptance of knowledge management systems.

The effect of KMS-Task Fit on Organizational Performance: Perspective on Knowledge Circulation Process (지식순환의 관점에서 살펴본 KMS-업무적합이 조직성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kun Chang;Chung, Namho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.53-65
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    • 2004
  • Organizations continue to invest heavily in the acquisition of knowledge management systems (KMS). The overriding belief is that KMS-task fit will become more productive. A survey of users was conducted to better understand the factors that affect KMS-task fit to better explain KMS performance perspective on knowledge circulation process. This involves stating the research hypotheses among the following constructs: the characteristics of KMS, the fitness of task characteristics, and KMS performance. The findings indicate that the characteristics of KMS positively affect the fitness of task characteristics. The fitness of task characteristics are affecting KMS performance. The results of this study suggest that task-technology fit could be the basis for a strong diagnostic tool to evaluate whether KMS in a given organization are meeting user needs.

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An Analytic Study on the Present Condition of Internet Knowledge Exchange Market (인터넷 지식거래소의 현황분석에 관한 조사연구)

  • Noh Young-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.33-57
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    • 2006
  • Upon the growing popularity of knowledge information and paid digital content, the Internet knowledge exchange market had emerged. A Internet knowledge exchange market consists of general characteristics of a market where a wide variety of knowledge is exchanged at market-appropriate prices, the Internet knowledge exchange market is recently gaining momentum with specialized knowledge items such as design, program source, patent information, consulting service, multimedia, or resumes, as it seeks to secure competitive advantage over its peer markets. Considering the immense influence that these Internet markets will exert on the existing system of knowledge circulation including libraries and information centers, this study aims to contribute to a better understanding of Korea's knowledge circulation structure by analyzing the current standing of the Internet knowledge exchange market.

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Retention of CPR knowledge in the police (경찰공무원을 대상으로 한 심폐소생술 교육효과 지속에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Mi-Lye;Lee, In-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2001
  • Retention of CPR knowledge was assessed in a group of 86 police officers who participated in first aid and emergency rescue program on February, 2001 and 3 months later. Police officers were taken written test about CPR knowledge by American Heart Association Guidelines 2000 and competence level. Data were analyzed by Frequency, Percentage, Mean, paired t-test using SPSS program. The results for this study were as follows ; 1. In the post-test, the highest question was a rechecking time of circulation sign(98.8%), the lowest was a check for signs of circulation(17.4%), in 3months later, the highest question was a chest compression(94.2%), the lowest was a check for signs of circulation(1.2%), and a retention of CPR knowledge was a 71.7%. In 3months later, knowledge level was decreased compared to that of post-test(t=-9.09, p=.000). 2. In 3months later, the competence level was decreased compared to that of post-test(t=3.09, p=.003).

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The Development of Information Circulation System for Science & Technology Video Digital Contents Based on KOI(Knowledge Object Identifier) (식별체계기반 과학기술 동영상 콘텐츠 유통시스템 구축 방안)

  • Seok Jung-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2005
  • With the rapid improvement of the internet and information technology, digital contents containing knowledge and information resource is circulated through the internet. A circulation system based on a standardized identifier is required to share this kind of information, generated from seminars and workshops conducted in the area of science and technology and saved in the form of digital video contents. The main objective of this study is on constructing an information circulation system based on the KOI identifier to effectively share the digital video contents produced from seminars and workshops related to the area of science and technology. Furthermore, the overview and status of a standardized identifier, and the functional aspects of the system such as the methods to apply the KOI identification system on the subject and its slides of digital video contents, a digital video contents management system, a centralized identifier management system, and the methods applied for the search of digital video metadata have been suggested to support construction of the information circulation system.

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A Review of Studies on Knowledge Ecosystem (지식생태계 연구 경향, 한계 그리고 제언)

  • Yu, Jae Mi;Oh, Cheol H.
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.3-21
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    • 2011
  • Knowledge ecosystem means a dynamic knowledge circulation, including knowledge creation, exchange and sharing and utilization. It is also the field of knowledge practice, which creates interactions in knowledge exchange between people and groups. The key premises of knowledge ecosystem, based on the nature of general ecosystems, can be characterized as follows: first, it primarily focuses on social networks between people and organizations participating in the process of knowledge circulation; secondly, knowledge ecosystem thrives on diversity of knowledge; and thirdly, it is significant for selection of valuable knowledge and adoption of appropriate knowledge. This review attempts to make a systematic examination of a wide range of existing studies on knowledge ecosystem. In so doing, it is expected to provide a basis for further inquiry into more critical and complicated issues. Although the scarcity of existing research-at least those in Korea-may limit the implications of findings, this review offers a set of suggestions for future research.

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A Study on the Environmental Organization within the Exhibition Space of the Contemporary Museum (현대 박물관건축 전시공간의 환경구성방법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Sung-Hoon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.169-177
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to find the characteristics of the exhibition space planning methodology as 'Spatialization of Knowledge' through analyzation of the spatial structure in the contemporary museum architecture. The result of this study is expected to apply in designing an exhibition space and may become a target point. Further more this study can result a museum design to assist actual museum to fully function and play a role as a service facility for users by containing broad knowledge and fair understanding of user's needs in museum planning. Basic survey of museum architecture history will help visualizing conceptual structure of the museum exhibition and the 'Space Syntax' method has been used to make this conceptual data more objective. This study found that the contemporary museums most likely to include in its planning the various spatial organization in order to convey knowledge. The result reflects the needs of modern society which shows the design accepting individuality in society with variety of needs. And this also explains that museum space organization has to reflect various ways or methods of conveying knowledge. In addition, users have tendency to prefer more open space organization for easy access and approach in exhibition environment. It is clear to see the change in today's viewing pattern that the users prefer flexible exhibition space where they can be more proactive in receiving knowledge by following their own circulation over architecturally constrained circulation pattern within the exhibition area.