• Title/Summary/Keyword: Job Stress

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A study on the job stress influencing to the construction management in construction industry (논 문 3 - 건설업 공사관리에 미치는 직무스트레스 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hae-Cheon;Jeong, Tae-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korea Construction Safety Engineering Association
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    • pp.52-62
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    • 2011
  • Purpose of this study was to comprehend the influence that worker's lob stress caused by the distinct characteristics of construction work affect on construction management. Proven through previous studies of job stress measurement method, physical environment, job demands, job autonomy, interpersonal conflict are derived as typical factors. We analyzed causal relationships between the factors using structural equation modeling under the hypothesis that job stress have effect on the construction management. As a result, successful job stress management for construction management plan is proposed.

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The Effect of Job-stress and Self-efficacy on Depression of Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 직무 스트레스와 자기효능감이 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Park, Eunok
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.134-144
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose was to investigate the relations among job-stress, self-efficacy, and depression of nurses. Methods: The data were collected from a random sample of 213 nurses working in two general hospitals of a local area. A self-reported questionnaire was used to assess the level of job-stress, self-efficacy, and depression. Results: The mean score of job-stress was 49.1 and the score of job demand was the highest. The mean score of self-efficacy was 3.4, and depression was 18.2. The prevalence of depression was very high. The job-stress and depression were negatively correlated with self-efficacy. Hierarchial multiple regression showed that the self-efficacy and the high job demand, lack of reward, and organizational injustice of job-stress explained 53% of the variance for the nurses' depression. Conclusion: The findings indicated that the self-efficacy and job stress, especially job demand, organizational injustice, and lack of reward contributed to the depression. In order to prevent and decrease the depression, the developing programs to improve self-efficacy are needed.

The Influence of Disabled Worker's Social Support, Self Efficiency & Depression on Job Stress (장애인근로자의 사회적 지지, 자기효능감 및 우울이 직무 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Younsil;Kwon, Myoungjin;Kim, Siekyeong
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.116-124
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the influencing factors of social support, self efficiency and depression among the hearing-impaired and physically disabled on their job stress. Methods: The data were collected from Jan.1 to Aug. 30, 2010 from 151 disabled workers. The instruments for this study were the Korean Occupational Stress Scale (KOSS), Social Support Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-Korean Version (K-BDI). The data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: The physically disabled show higher social support (t=0.284, p= .001) and self efficacy (t=0.165, p= .024) but lower in depression (t=0.789, p<.001) than the hearing-impaired. There are negative correlation between job stress and social support, job stress and self efficacy but a positive correlation between job stress and depression. These three factors explained 42.9% of the variance in job stress. Conclusion: Social support and self efficacy have positive impacts on job stress but depression has negative impact.

The Influence of Collective Self-esteem on Teachers' Job Stress (교사의 집단적 자아존중감이 직무 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • CHOI, Tae-jin
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.732-745
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of collective self-esteem on teachers' job stress. For the study, 223 teachers in elementary school, junior high school, and high school were selected and data on teachers' background variables, collective self-esteem, and job stress were collected. The relationship between variables was analysed by using multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: The job stress of teacher was significantly different according to teacher's gender, school level, and career experience. When the influence of background variables was controlled and multiple regression analysis was performed, the group self-esteem of teachers had a great influence on mitigating the perception of job stress. Particularly, it was shown that private collective self-esteem and importance to identity are the most important factors in mitigating job stress perception among the sub-variables of collective self-esteem. These results showed that it is an important task for our society to find an effective way to elevate the teacher's collective self-esteem. Teachers' collective self-esteem is expected to play a positive role not only in mitigating job stress but also in enhancing self-fulfillment and personal self-esteem of teacher.

A Study on the Job Stress of Small and Medium Sized Industry Workers (중소규모 제조업 근로자의 직무스트레스 분석)

  • Yun, Soon Nyoung;June, Kyung Ja;Kim, Chun Mi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.79-95
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    • 1997
  • The purposes of this study were to develop a job stress measurement tool and to identify the job stress according to the characteristics of worker and work condition at the small and medium-sized plants. Data were collected through face-to-face survey for April-May, 1997. Subjects were 180 workers at 36 small and medium-sized plants located near Seoul. Data were analyzed by item analysis, factor analysis, and ANOVA. The results were as follow : 1, Number of items of job stress measurement were 33 and Cronbach's $\alpha$ was .9262 except 13 items with low values of Cronbach's coefficient. Factor analysis was done in order for construct validity and 8 factors were extracted and cumulative percent of variance was 65.6%. 2. The job stress scores of male, the younger, 2-shift workers, and over-time workers were significantly higher than those of female, the older, 1-shift workers, and 48 hour workers per week. 3. There were no significant difference between job stress scores and the groups by number of worker, and the types of manufacturing. The stress measurement tool is valid and very reliable to measure worker's stress. Furthermore, the job stress managent program for health promotion of the workers at the vulnerable work condition is needed more and more.

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The effects of job stress and emotional labor on Perceptive health status of dental hygienist's (치과위생사의 직무스트레스, 감정노동이 지각된 건강상태에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Myung Sun;Lim, Hee-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aims to understand the effects of job stress and emotional labor on perceptive health status of dental hygienist's. And provide basic data by for establishing the plan for the effective management of job stress and emotional labor and the promotion of health. Methods: Self-evaluation questionnaires were surveyed for 441 dental hygienist's who agreed to participate in the survey, using questionnaires used in the preceding study were modified and complemented. We analyzed the data with frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, chi-square test와 ANOVA, Spearman correlation coefficient by using IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 (IBM Co., Armonk, NY, USA). The significance level for significance was set at 0.05. Results: health status were job stress, emotional labor significant negative correlation. The factors having significant effects on health problem were physical health status, the job culture of job stress, lack of job autonomy, organizational instability, and workplace culture. In addition, social health status was affected by emotional expressionism, relationship conflict, organizational instability, organizational system, and workplace culture. Conclusion: Recognizing the importance of the management of job stress and emotional labor in the working environment to dental clinic and hospital managers and managerial dental hygienists, a dental hygienist health promotion intervention program is needed to mitigate and cope with job stress and emotional labor.

Health Habits and Job Stress among IT Workers According to Employment Type (고용형태에 따른 IT 종사자의 건강습관과 직무스트레스)

  • Jung, Hye-Sun;Jhang, Won Gi;Choi, Eun-Hi
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.371-379
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences and the influencing factors of health habits such as smoking, drinking, and exercise on job stress among IT workers. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to total of 300 people (30 persons per business place) at 10 IT work sites performing computer and information system tasks, and 275 data points were analyzed. The survey items were general characteristics, occupational characteristics, employment type, physical burden, amount of drinking, smoking, exercise, and job stress. Results: The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, non-regular workers showed higher smoking, exercise, and job stress than did regular workers by employment type, but exercise was not significant. Regular workers had a higher rate of drinking than non-regular workers. Second, the factors affecting alcohol drinking were gender and age, and factors affecting smoking were gender and employment type. Third, factors affecting job stress were annual income, long working hours, physical burden, and employment type. Conclusions: It is necessary to consider employment patterns in smoking, drinking, and job stress management. In addition, it is necessary to deeply analyze what affects the health behaviors and job stress of IT workers and explore ways to mitigate them.

The Effect of Job Stress and Musculoskeletal Symptoms on Depression among Emergency Medical Technicians (응급구조사의 업무스트레스와 근골격계 증상이 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Hee;Lee, Jong-Ryol
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.63-78
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine how emergency medical technicians(EMT) are affected by job stress, musculoskeletal symptoms(MSSs) and depression. Methods : Data were collected from EMTs at emergency medical institutions and fire stations (n=257). With a questionnaire, the association of job stress and MSSs and depression were examined in this study. Results : When examining job stress by place of work, the level of stress in field situations was significantly higher in EMTs at fire stations than in EMTs at emergency medical institutions. The MSSs of EMTs at emergency medical institutions were significantly higher compared to EMTs at fire stations, For depression, the score was 14.09 out of 60, and MSSs were significantly more common in women. Additionally, the level of job stress for 20-24 and over 35 year olds was significantly higher than that in the other age groups. Job stress had a positive correlation with MSSs and depression of EMTs, and MSSs were associated with depression. Conclusions : To improve the work environment of EMTs, attention should be paid to job stress, MSS, and depression and the presence of positive organizational support should be provided which can prevent negative effects.

A Study of New Nurses' Resilience, Job Stress and Burnout (신입간호사의 회복탄력성, 직무스트레스 및 소진)

  • Park, Jung Ok;Lee, Mi Jung;Kim, Kyung Ja;Jang, Bong Hee;Yoo, Moon Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.124-132
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to identify correlations between resilience, job stress, and burnout in new nurses. Methods: The participants were recruited from a university hospital. All participants (N=87) were new nurses whose clinical experience was 12 month and less. We gathered data regarding demographics, resilience, job stress, and the incidence of burnout among the nurses using structured questionnaires. We analyzed the data using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, coefficien and multiple regression analyses. Results: Resilience of the nurses was negatively correlated with job stress (r=-.377, p<.001) and burnout (r=-.568, p<.001), while job stress was positively correlated with burnout (r=.511, p<.001). Resilience and job stress explained 42.5% of the variance in nurses' burnout ($R^2$=.425, F=37.071, p<.001). Conclusion: These results of the present study indicate that the management programs to address job stress and resilience for new nurses should be needed to reduce the burnout among them.

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Relationship between emotional labor and burnout among dental hygienists (일부 치과위생사의 감정노동과 직무소진과의 관련성: 직무스트레스의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purposes of this study is to examine the relationship between emotional labor and burnout among dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 247 dental hygienists from September 4 to October 9, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of emotional labor, job burnout, and job stress. Emotional labor included frequency of emotional expression, compliance with emotional regulation, emotional diversity, and emotional dissonance by the instrument pf Morris and Feldman. Job burnout was adopted from Maslach burnout inventory(MBI). Job stress was adpoted from instrument of Chang. Except 13 incomplete answers, 234 data were analyzed by AMOS 18.0 and SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The emotional labor has a significant positive relation to the job burnout. There was a statistical significance between emotional labor and job stress. Job stress had a positive relation to job burnout. Job stress had a mediating effect between emotional labor and job burnout. Emotional labor had a direct effect on the job burnout. Job stress also had a mediating effect on job burnout. Conclusions: It is necessary to improve working environment that can enhance emotional balance and to develop job stress management program.