• Title/Summary/Keyword: Job Stress

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Job Satisfaction among Korean Child Care Teachers : The Effects of Background Characteristics, Self-efficacy and Job Stress (보육교사의 일반적 배경이 보육교사의 직업만족도에 미치는 영향 : 자기효능감과 직무스트레스의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Youn A;Park, Youn Jung;Kim, Kyoung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2014
  • This study examined how child care teachers' background characteristics, self-efficacy and job stress relate to their job satisfaction. Participants were 400 child care teachers in Seoul and Gyeonggi, Korea. Structural equation models were developed based on the authors' hypothesized model, which proposed that teachers' self-efficacy and job stress have a mediating effect in the relationship between teachers' background characteristics and job satisfaction. The results revealed that career directly influenced on self-efficacy and job stress but had no direct effect on job satisfaction. Education level was found to have a direct effect on job stress but had no direct effect on self-efficacy and job satisfaction. Teachers' self-efficacy affected job stress and job satisfaction and job stress affected job satisfaction. Furthermore, self-efficacy mediated the effects of career on job stress and job satisfaction. Additionally, job stress mediated the effects of education level and self-efficacy on job satisfaction. These results suggested that teachers' self-efficacy and job stress were key predictors and mediating variables in the relationship between background characteristics and job satisfaction.

Relationship between Job Stress and Self-esteem of Physical Therapists (물리치료사의 자아존중감과 직무스트레스의 상관관계)

  • Ro, Hyo-Lyun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study aimed to determine the degree of job stress and self-esteem of physical therapists as well as the correlation between the two variables. Method: This study targeted 218 physical therapists of Busan City, and was carried out from July 16 to August 6, 2009 as survey research. A structured questionnaire referring to advance researches was used as a research tool. Job stress symptoms were measured one a 5 point scale, the higher the point total, the higher the job stress. Self-esteem was measured on a 4 point scale, the higher the point total, the lower the self-esteem. After data collection we determined descriptive statistics, and did reliability analysis, factor analysis, Spearman's correlation analysis, and regression analysis. Results: Reliability analysis indicated that reliability for the job stress questionnaire was 0.93 and for the self-esteem was 0.83. The average job stress score of physical therapists was 1.19 points which was not high. The average self-esteem score was 1.76 points, whichwas high. It appeared that the higher the self-esteem, the lower the job stress. Also, self-esteem had an influence on psychological symptoms among job stress factors. Conclusion: Job stress and self-esteem of physical therapists are well-correlated and influence each other. Accordingly, self-esteem can be used as a variable for adjusting job stress of physical therapists.

A Study on Job Stress of Aircraft Composite Material Part Manufacturing Workers (항공기 복합소재 부품 제조업 종사자의 직무 스트레스 분석)

  • Yoon, Hoon-Yong;Lee, Choon-Jae;Jang, Jun-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.751-762
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the job stress factors of aircraft composite material part manufacturing workers using survey based on 'Job stress factors evaluation tool for Koreans' that was developed by KOSHA in 2003. Two hundred and fifty workers participated in this study, and among them 204 responses were analyzed for this study due to the unreliability and insincerity of responses. The eight job stress factors which are physical environment, job autonomy, job insecurity, organizational system, workplace culture, unfair compensation, relationship conflict, and job requirement were analyzed. The results showed that the stress level of the six job stress factors which are physical environment, job autonomy, job insecurity, organizational system, workplace culture, unfair compensation was relatively higher than that of other industry workers. Generally, all eight job stress factors showed higher stress with temporary workers than with permanent workers, and especially job autonomy, job insecurity, organizational system, and unfair compensation factors showed statistically significant differences (p<0.05). Since the temporary workers are insecure with their job, weak position in organization, having little self-control for the job and lower pay level than that of permanent workers though the job is as same as permanent workers', the stress level of above job stress factors would be much higher than that of the other factors. The group of unsatisfactory with workplace showed higher job stress than group of satisfactory with workplace in all job stress factors, as expected, at the statistically significance level (p<0.05). From the results of this study, the work loss due to the job stress could be prevented, and accurate stress factors could be removed at the workplace. Also the job stress management program can be implemented to improve the work efficiency and the workers' quality of life.

A Study on the Work Stress of Dental Technicians (치과기공사의 업무스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Eun-Ja;Kim, Ji-Hwan
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.105-119
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to grasp the degree of job stress affecting dental technicians and the degree of the symptoms of their job stress. With this in mind, the researcher selected a total of 170 dental technicians living in Seoul and Incheon, conducting a research in a period ranging from August 1,2001, to August 20, 2001. The researcher made use of a structured questionnaire whose reliability and feasibility are proved. The questionnaire is composed of a total of 55 questions: thirteen questions related to the subjects' general characteristics; 28 questions connected to the measurement of job stress and fourteen questions linked with the measurement of job-stress symptoms. The researcher analyzed the findings with the aid of SPSS(Statistical Package for Social Sciences). The research came to draw the following conclusions on the basis of frequency, percentage, T-test, and F-test, multiple regression. I. The analysis into the job stress of the subjects indicates that there is a significant difference in difficult questions among their work places, working hours, academic background, job satisfaction and jobs(P<.05). The job stress stands at 3.48 on the average, and the area of conflict among too much work and job performance turns out to be highly perceived. 2. The analysis into the degree of the symptoms of the job stress of the subjects shows that there is a significant difference in work place, working hours, job satisfaction and the continual maintenance of job(P<.05). The symptoms of job stress accounts for 2.65 on the average. Physical symptoms turn out to be highly perceived; The response 'My arms and legs are killing me' proves to stand for 3.03. 3. The correlation between job stress and the symptoms of job stress turns out to be significant(r=0.519, P<0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the average points of each job-stress area and the average points of the symptoms of job stress. All in all, it is necessary that dental technicians themselves should make positive efforts to control and relieve stress and that more efficient programs should be implemented with a view to dealing with stress.

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The Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Health of Women Who Work in the Professional Job: Nurses and Teachers (전문직 여성의 직무 스트레스, 직업 만족도, 건강 : 간호사와 교사 그룹을 중심으로)

  • 홍경자;탁영란;강현숙;김금순;박호란;곽월희;김정은;최정례
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.570-579
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    • 2002
  • This research study explores the job stress, job satisfaction, and health of women who works in the professional work place and identify the influence of the job stress and job satisfaction on the mental health status focused on the social and psychological structure of the workplace. Method: 535 participants of registered nurses and teachers from 10 General Hospitals and 15 Middle and High School located in Seoul, Korea were completed the modified version of the short form Work-family stress inventory of questionnaire as used for job stress and mental health problems and perceived overall health status and job satisfaction. Result: Job stress was significantly correlated with job satisfaction, overall health, and mental health. There were also significant group differences in job stress and job satisfaction between nurses and teachers. Multiple regression only moderately supported the effect of job stress and job satisfaction on the mental health of professional working women. Also marital status demonstrated a significant factor of group differences in job stress, work-family stress, job satisfaction, and mental health problem. Conclusion: These results suggest that job stress in the work place has profound impact on job satisfaction and health of women who work in the professional job. This study also identified major sources and types of work-related stress on women's health which should be considered in a management for health promotion.

The Relationship Between Emotional Labor and Job Stress of Clinical Nurses in a Hospital (일개 병원 임상간호사의 감정노동과 직무스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Ji Young;Jung, Hye-Sun;Kim, Hyeong A
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research is to understand the relationship between emotional labor and job stress for clinical nurses. Method: The information for this research has been gathered in method of questionnaire for 202 nurses working in a hospital from January 30 to February 10, 2006. Results; The emotional labor for clinical nurses showed 2.43 on a scale of 4 and the job stress showed 49.84 out of 100. The correlation between the emotional labor and job stress showed that the emotional labor was higher, job stress was also higher. The result was that the factors that influenced the emotional labor were health status in a subjective point of view, working department, and the personality. The factors that influence job stress were self-efficacy, working department, and health status in a subjective point of view. Conclusion: The result of the research showed that emotional labor and job stress for clinical nurses were high and the strategy for reduction in those two areas is needed. Especially, diversified plans for job demand and occupational climate in an area of job stress that is correlated to emotional labor will be needed to minimize the emotional labor and job stress.

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The Influence of Mobile Office Systems on Users' Job Stress and Work Overload (모바일 오피스 시스템이 사용자의 업무과부하 및 직무 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Hae-Jung;Choi, Gui-Young;Lee, Choong-C.
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.155-176
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    • 2011
  • The use of mobile office systems has been expanded due to the smartphones' rapid diffusion in Korea, and it has brought a new work environment that is different from traditional working patterns. In this study, the unique attributes of mobile office systems, such as ubiquity, usefulness, complexity, and insecurity, are examined along with the impact of these attributes on work overload and job stress. Based on transaction-based model of job stress, organizational support was applied as a stress inhibitor and also the moderator between work overload and job stress. The findings of this study show that ubiquity increases usefulness of mobile office systems; complexity increases both work overload and job stress; and insecurity increases job stress. Surprisingly, usefulness increases job stress, which means employees who perceive the efficiency of mobile office systems higher may feel more job stress. Organizational support for mobile office systems significantly shows the moderating effect, but no direct mitigating effect on job stress. The theoretical and practical implications in order to mitigate the side effects of mobile office systems based on the research findings are thoroughly discussed.

Job Stress at the Shipbuilding Industry

  • Lee, Kwan-Suk;Chung, Da-Yeh
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The objectives of this study are to discuss the importance of job stress and to introduce a model of job stress at the shipbuilding industry considering the characteristics of the shipbuilding works. Background: Shipbuilding works consist of grinding, painting, interior works, welding, and assembling and using heavy equipment in narrow space or work at outside or at high and dangerous places. The working environments aggravate the stress to the workers. Methods: Studies of job stress in industries including shipbuilding industries were reviewed and the characteristics of jobs of shipbuilding were analyzed to find causes of job stress. Results: A model was constructed based upon these findings and reviews. Conclusions: Job stress of shipbuilding workers are very high and thus job and working conditions need to be improved to attenuate the level of job stress of shipbuilding workers. Applications: This model can be used to identify the highly stressed workers and sources of stress.

A Literature Reviewed of Job Stress (직무스트레스에 관한 문헌적 고찰)

  • 박광희;유화숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.167-183
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    • 2003
  • This study reviewed the literature pertaining to the cause and effects of job stress. Many definitions of stress have been offered and the diversity of these definitions has been generated by medical scientists, psychologists, and behavioral scientists. Most approaches dealing with job stress have involved listing of various sources of job stress, moderators, and outcomes. This study is concerned with the selection of variables, the relationships between job stressors and outcomes, and the effects of moderators on these relationships investigated in job stress research. A review of job stress literature presents that various job stressors (e. g., task characteristics, role characteristics, organizational characteristics, career development, and relationships), moderators (e. g., locus of control, type A and B personality, social support, and demographics), and outcomes (e. g., perceived stress, job satisfaction, job commitment, organizational commitment, performance, turnover, and physiological symptoms) were used for a greater understanding of job stress.

A Job Stress and Self-Efficacy of Child Care Teachers (보육교사의 직무스트레스와 자기효능감)

  • Cho, Song-Yon;Koo, Hyunah
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.55-70
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    • 2005
  • The Teachers' Job Stress Scale(D'Arienzo, 1981) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale(Kim & Cho, 1996) were used to study 170 child care teachers. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Pearson's partial correlation, stepwise multiple regression(forward), path analysis, Internal consistency(Cronbach's $\alpha$), and factor analysis. Results showed that job stress was low for teachers of the national child care center, university graduates, higher salaried, and married teachers. Self-efficacy was high among teachers with more than 2 years experience, married status, and previous experience. Correlation between teacher's job stress and self-efficacy was -.19. Self-efficacy and demographic variables for job stress explained 8~22% of the variability. Self-efficacy intermediated between job stress and demographic variables. Monthly salary directly affected job stress.

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