• Title/Summary/Keyword: Job Stress

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The Influence of Daycare Teachers' Job Stress and Job Satisfaction on Their Psychological Happiness (보육교사의 직무스트레스와 직무만족도가 심리적 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Min-Jung;Kim, Yu-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2009
  • The study was conducted by regression analysis based on a survey with the subjects of 107 daycare teachers working at 120 daycare facilities located in Gyeonggi-do, so as to investigate the influence of daycare teachers' 'job stress' and 'job satisfaction' on their 'psychological happiness'. The results are: first, there was significant difference in job stress(F(3,103)=2.85, p<.05), job satisfaction(F(3,103)=5.88, p<.05) and psychological happiness(F(3,103)=3.52, p<.05) accordant to the kind of work facilities among social demographic variables. In the correlation between 'job stress' and 'job satisfaction', there was negative correlation(r= .-56, p<.(01). Second, in the correlation between 'job stress' and 'psychological happiness', there was negative correlation(r= .-41, p<.001). Third, in the correlation between 'job satisfaction' and 'psychological happiness', there was positive correlation(r= .54, p<.001). In the relationship between 'job satisfaction' and 'job stress', job stress had influence on job satisfaction($R^2$= .43, F=79.42, p<.001). The explanatory power of it was 43%. In the relationship between 'job stress' and 'psychological happiness', 'job stress' had influence on 'psychological happiness'($R^2$= .41, F=21.46, p<.001). The explanatory power of it was 17%. In the relationship between 'job satisfaction' and 'psychological happiness', 'job satisfaction' had influence on 'psychological happiness'($R^2$= 59, F=5457, p<.001). The explanatory power of it was 34%.

The Relationship Between Job Stress and Depressive Disorder Among Emotional Laborers in a City (일 도시 감정노동자의 직무스트레스와 우울증의 연관성)

  • Jang, Jun Ho;Lee, Yu Jeong;Lee, Sang Jun;Yang, Jong-Chul;Park, Tae Won;Park, Jong-Il;Chung, Sang-Keun
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2020
  • Objective : The purpose of our study was to investigate the relationship between job stress and depressive disorder among emotional laborers in a city. Methods : A total of 677 emotional laborers living in Jeonju-city participated in this study. The participants completed survey questions regarding demographic characteristics, job stress (using the Korean Occupational Stress Scale-24, KOSS-24), and depression (the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PHQ-9). Logistic regression was performed to estimate the association between job stress and depression. Results : Our results indicated that 34.9% of the participants had a high risk of total job stress and 21.7% of participants had depression. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, female sex (OR=1.66, 95% CI=1.01-2.72) and total job stress (OR=3.84, 95% CI=2.57-5.75) were significantly associated with depression after adjusting for confounding factors. Among the subscales of job stress, job demand (OR=3.06, 95% CI=1.99-4.72) and occupational climate (OR=1.88, 95% CI=1.19-2.97) were significantly associated with depression. But insufficient job control, interpersonal conflict, job insecurity, the organizational system and lack of rewards were not. Conclusion : Among the emotional laborers, job stress, particularly job demand and occupational climate, were major contributing factors associated with depression. Early screening and preventive strategies focusing on job stress could reduce the impact of depression in emotional laborers.

The Effects of Preceptors' Transformational Leadership on Job Stress and Clinical Performance among New Graduate Nurses (프리셉터의 변혁적 리더십이 신규간호사의 업무스트레스와 업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee Young;Park, Jong;Ryu, So Yeon;Choi, Seong Woo;Han, Mi Ah
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.347-364
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    • 2012
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of preceptors' transformational leadership on job stress and clinical performance among new graduate nurses. Methods : The study subjects were 180 new nurses in three University Hospitals. General characteristics, leadership, job stress and clinical performance were collected using self-reported questionnaires. Transformational leadership consisted of charisma, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration. T-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed to access the effect of leadership on job stress and clinical performance. Results : Of 180 subjects, 94.4% were female. The mean scores of transformational leadership, charisma, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration were $3.9{\pm}.46$, $3.9{\pm}.46$, $3.9{\pm}.57$ and $4.0{\pm}.58$, respectively. In multiple regression analysis, overall transformational leadership(${\beta}$=.154, p=.006) and charisma(${\beta}$=.388, p=.008) significantly increased the job stress. On the other hand, individual consideration significantly decreased the job stress (${\beta}$=-.671, p=.048) and increased the clinical performance(${\beta}$=2.472, p=.024). Conclusions : Charisma of preceptors was associated with the increase of job stress, and individual consideration was associated with the decrease of job stress and improvement of clinical performance. Therefore, the preceptors' leadership focusing on individual consideration rather than charisma may reduce job stress and improve clinical performance in the University hospital organization.

A Study on Job Stress and Job Satisfaction of 119 Relief Squads (119 구급대원의 직무스트레스와 직무만족도)

  • Lee, Sung-Hee;Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.521-529
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to measure the degree of job stress and job satisfaction and the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction of 119 relief squads. Methods: The subjects were 170 members of 119 relief squads in the Fire Department of D City, and data were collected from 1 April to 20 April, 2006 through a survey using a questionnaire composed of questions on general characteristics (11 items), job stress (6 items) and job satisfaction (20 items). Collected data were analyzed through frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation using the SPSS program. Results: The average item score for job stress was 2.77. Role sharing with peers was highest as 3.05. There were significant differences in the degree of job stress according to religion, working period and applying motive. The average item score for job satisfaction was 2.93. Group conflict was highest as 3.18. There were significant difference in the degree of job satisfaction according to religion, working period and applying motive. There were significant differences in the negative correlation between role-sharing with peers among the job stress factors and decision-making factor (r=.53), group conflict factor (r=.58), role implementation factor (r=.63) and personal social-culture factor (r=.53) among the job satisfaction factors. Also, there were significant differences in the negative correlation between co-workers among the job stress factors and decision-making factor (r=.607), group conflict factor (r=.51) and personal social-culture factor (r=.45) among the job satisfaction factors. Conclusion: It is important to develop various methods of job stress management to increase job satisfaction in 119 relief squads.

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A Study on the Relationship between Self-efficacy, Collective-efficacy and Job Stress in the Nursing Staff (일반간호사의 자기효능감, 집단효능감과 직무스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Kyeong-Hwa;Ko, Yu-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.276-286
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of self-efficacy and collective-efficacy on job stress in the nursing staff. Method: This study surveyed 160 nurses in three general hospitals in the Seoul and Gyung-gi province for two months starting in September 2004. The questionnaire consisted of 54 questions about job stress, 10 questions about self-efficacy, and 7 questions about collective-efficacy. The answers were on a scale rating of 5. The answer sheets were analyzed with descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, the tukey test, the Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression using SAS version 8.2. Result: The average job stress rating of the nurses was 3.11. The average self-efficacy and the average collective-efficacy were 3.41 and 3.39, respectively. The age, working department, income level, shift-work and hospital have influence on job stress. Efficacies such that self-efficacy and collective-efficacy have influence on job stress. The much efficacy makes the less job stress. The stepwise multiple regression revealed that the significant predictor of job stress was working department and hospital. Conclusion: This study showed that collective-efficacy as well as self-efficacy reduces job stress, so nursing intervention methods should promote collective-efficacy. The collective-efficacy improvement program should be developed to improve job performance, to improve cohesion of nursing units, and to improve satisfaction on the job. The next research could be to develop collective-efficacy improvement programs for nursing units.

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Job Stress Trajectories of the Eco-boomer Generation in the Convergence Era and Predicting Factors (융복합시대 에코부머세대의 직업 스트레스 궤적과 예측요인)

  • Son, Jung-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.405-409
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to obtain basic data to be used in social welfare intervention for relieving psychological burdens caused by job stress in the eco-boomer generation that will be the center of Korean society in future, by estimating job stress change trajectories of the eco-boomer generation in the convergence era, figuring out predicting factors and examining job stress factors that individuals experience, in accordance with the degree of job stress and the changes. This is a longitudinal study using secondary data and for analysis, the Latent Growth Model(LGM) was applied to the 1st year to the 7th year Korean Welfare Panel Data. Self-esteem was one of job stress predicting factors of the eco-boomer generation. Since most of eco-boomers were students in the early measurement period, the level of job stress was low, but over time, the burden of job increased by gradation. This study has significance by providing an empirical basis for predicting factors of job stress changes of the eco-boomer generation to understand job stress in the eco-boomer generation.

The Impact of Job Stress and Job Satisfaction on Workforce Productivity in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry

  • Hoboubi, Naser;Choobineh, Alireza;Ghanavati, Fatemeh Kamari;Keshavarzi, Sareh;Hosseini, Ali Akbar
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2017
  • Background: Job stress and job satisfaction are important factors affecting workforce productivity. This study was carried out to investigate the job stress, job satisfaction, and workforce productivity levels, to examine the effects of job stress and job satisfaction on workforce productivity, and to identify factors associated with productivity decrement among employees of an Iranian petrochemical industry. Methods: In this study, 125 randomly selected employees of an Iranian petrochemical company participated. The data were collected using the demographic questionnaire, Osipow occupational stress questionnaire to investigate the level of job stress, Job Descriptive Index to examine job satisfaction, and Hersey and Goldsmith questionnaire to investigate productivity in the study population. Results: The levels of employees' perceived job stress and job satisfaction were moderate-high and moderate, respectively. Also, their productivity was evaluated as moderate. Although the relationship between job stress and productivity indices was not statistically significant, the positive correlation between job satisfaction and productivity indices was statistically significant. The regression modeling demonstrated that productivity was significantly associated with shift schedule, the second and the third dimensions of job stress (role insufficiency and role ambiguity), and the second dimension of job satisfaction (supervision). Conclusion: Corrective measures are necessary to improve the shift work system. "Role insufficiency" and "role ambiguity" should be improved and supervisor support must be increased to reduce job stress and increase job satisfaction and productivity.

A Study of Job Stress and Job Satisfaction of Medical Aid Client Managers (의료급여관리사의 직무스트레스와 직무만족도)

  • Choi, Jeong Myung;Oh, Jin Joo;Lee, Hyun Joo
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.146-154
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of job stress and job satisfaction and the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction of Medical Aid Client Managers. Method: Data were collected from 185 Medical Aid Client Managers in 234 areas between April 2-15, 2007. Collected data was analyzed for the frequency, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient etc. Results: The average score of job stress was 2.6. Job instability was highest as 2.9 and job autonomy was lowest as 2.2. in eight items. When the job stress of Medical Aid Client Managers was converted to 100 point, the average was 51.7 and ranked in upper 50% of Korean woman workers' job stress. Among the eight items, because the relationship satisfaction and the instability of duty regime ranked in upper 25% of Korean woman workers' job stress, those items were identified to have high stress. The average score of job satisfaction was 2.3 out 4.0 which could be interpreted as unsatisfactory. The correlation between the job stress and the job satisfaction demonstrated significant difference. Decrease of the job satisfaction was associated with increase of the job stress. In regard to the eight items, the inverse correlation was demonstrated to be significant in organization, inappropriate compensation, and workplace culture. Conclusion: Medical Aid Client Managers have high stress in carrying out their duties. They have experienced very severe instability in their duty regime. Also, they have felt alienated from their organization and experienced unfair rewards. They had low duty satisfaction but got a heavy workload and experienced overtime work. To relieve job overburden of Medical Aid Client Managers. it was necessary to improve business system and also was necessary to relieve a regional disparity of business charge.

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A Comparative Study on Job Stress and Coping of the Nurses in ICU and Cancer Ward (중환자실 간호사와 암병동 간호사의 직무스트레스와 대처에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Baek, Myung-Wha
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree of Job stress and Coping of the nurses in ICU and Cancer ward, and to compare the Job stress and Coping between two groups, and finally to get the basic information about the adequate method to promote Coping about Job stress of the nurses in ICU and Cancer ward. Method: The subjects of this study were 131; 62 nurses in ICU and 69 nurses in Cancer ward. Data were collected from 27th August to 14th September in 2007. The instruments for this study were Job stress scale(55 items) developed by Kim(1989), and Coping scale(32 items) developed by Lazarus and Folkman(1984) and revised by Han and Oh(1990). For the data analysis, SPSS PC/win 12.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, $X^2$-test, t-test, Pearson correlation. Result: The results of this study were the followings; The mean score of Job stress(range 1-5) was 2.93 in ICU nurse and 2.58 in Cancer ward nurse. There was a significant difference (t=4.453, p<.01)between them. There were significant differences in subscale of Job stress between the two groups, such as Nursing job(t=3.717, p<.01), Job circumstances(t=4.558, p<.01), Personal relations(t=3.425, p<.01), Hospital administration and ward management(t=2.94, p<.01). The mean score of Coping(range 1-4) was 2.55 in ICU nurse, and 2.54 in Cancer ward nurse; there was no significant difference. But one subscale of the Coping(Search of social support) showed significant difference(t=-2.865, p<.01). There was no significant correlation between Job stress and Coping of ICU nurse vs Cancer ward nurse except one subscale in cancer ward(correlation between Nursing Job and Coping). Conclusion: The ICU nurse is higher than the Cancer ward nurse in the Job stress score significantly and lower than the Cancer unit nurse in the Coping. Based on the study results, it is needed the program development using the Coping methods in accordance with ward speciality to relieve Job stress.

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The Effect of Job Stress and Social Support on the Organizational Effectiveness of Hospital Employees (직무스트레스와 사회적 지원이 병원종사자들의 조직효과성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Jong-Wook;Seo, Young-Joon;Park, Ha-Young
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.295-309
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of job stress and social support on the organizational effectiveness of hospital employees and to examine the role of social support in the experience of job stress among the employees. Previous studies have yielded mixed results regarding the role of social support. Some studies provide supporting evidence for the buffering effect of social support, while others do not. Still others report findings about reverse buffering effects. These inconsistent findings are, in part, accounted for by methodological problems such as poor measurement, small sample size, and the existence of high multicollinearity. To examine more rigorously the role of social support in relation to the negative effects of job stress, this study was carefully designed to overcome methodolgical shortcomings found in the past research. In addition, unlike the previous studies, which were concerned mostly with health-related variables as consequences of job stress, in this study, three work-related variables (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intent to stay) which had close relationships with organizational effectiveness were examined as output variables. The sample used in this study consisted of 353 employees from a university hospital in the surburbs of Seoul. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using canonical analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that; (1) job stress has negative main effects on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intent to stay; (2) social support has positive main effects on the same three output variables, (3) social support does not moderate the harmful effects of job stress on the three outcome variables, and (4) the three-way interaction effects of (social support * job stress * gender) and of (social support * job stress * education) are not supported. The implications of these findings for the management of human resources are discussed.

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