• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Ischemic Heart Disease

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허혈성심질환 발생에 대한 대사증후군과 비만의 개별효과와 결합효과 (Combined Influence of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome on Ischemic Heart Disease in Korean middle aged and older adults)

  • 라진숙;김혜선
    • 한국보건간호학회지
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.540-550
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine a combined influence of obesity and metabolic syndrome on ischemic heart disease in Korean middle aged and older adults. Methods: This study used secondary data from the 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 3,726 adults over age 40 were included. Logistic regression was used for analysis of complex samples. Gender, age, educational level, family income, family history of ischemic heart disease, physical activity, smoking, and heavy alcohol consumption were analyzed as covariates. Results: Ischemic heart disease was more prevalent among adults with metabolic syndrome regardless of obesity (non-obesity: Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR]: 3.044, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.163-7.967, overweight: AOR: 2.805, 95% CI: 1.246-6.316, obese: AOR: 3.137, 95% CI: 1.548-6.358) compared to the reference group, defined as adults with non-obesity and non-metabolic syndrome. Odds of ischemic heart disease were not significant in the group with obesity and non-metabolic syndrome compared to the reference group. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the population with metabolic syndrome is an at-risk group for ischemic heart disease. Thus, management of metabolic syndrome is required for prevention of ischemic heart disease.

Trends in Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality in Korea, 1985-2009: An Age-period-cohort Analysis

  • Lee, Hye-Ah;Park, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Economic growth and development of medical technology help to improve the average life expectancy, but the western diet and rapid conversions to poor lifestyles lead an increasing risk of major chronic diseases. Coronary heart disease mortality in Korea has been on the increase, while showing a steady decline in the other industrialized countries. An age-period-cohort analysis can help understand the trends in mortality and predict the near future. Methods: We analyzed the time trends of ischemic heart disease mortality, which is on the increase, from 1985 to 2009 using an age-period-cohort model to characterize the effects of ischemic heart disease on changes in the mortality rate over time. Results: All three effects on total ischemic heart disease mortality were statistically significant. Regarding the period effect, the mortality rate was decreased slightly in 2000 to 2004, after it had continuously increased since the late 1980s that trend was similar in both sexes. The expected age effect was noticeable, starting from the mid-60's. In addition, the age effect in women was more remarkable than that in men. Women born from the early 1900s to 1925 observed an increase in ischemic heart mortality. That cohort effect showed significance only in women. Conclusions: The future cohort effect might have a lasting impact on the risk of ischemic heart disease in women with the increasing elderly population, and a national prevention policy is need to establish management of high risk by considering the age-period-cohort effect.

허혈성 심질환(Ischemic heart disease) 환자(患者)의 사상(四象) 처방(處方) 투여 1례(例)에 대한 임상보고(臨床報告) (A Case Study of one Patient who has a ischemic heart disease(IHD))

  • 김혜원;송정모;김정호
    • 사상체질의학회지
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2002
  • An ischemic heart disease(IHD) is a anemic state of heart caused by disproportion between heart's demand and supply of oxygen. A patient who has this IHD feels serious chest pain called angina pectoris. In a keen condition it leads to a necrosis of heart muscles, known as myocardial infarction. In an ischemic heart disease the ECG waves gives us useful information of patients' heart. And CK(creatine kinase) in serum and Troponin T are the principal factors in diagnosis of IHD. In this study, the IHD patient classified by Sasang Constitutional Medicine had a notable medical effects. The symptoms of patient are disappeared and waves of ECG is closed to normal. The result of CK in serum is also recovered. So we report the healing process and results of this patient in this study.

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The Effects of Self-Efficacy Promoting Cardiac Rehabilitation Program on Self- Efficacy, Health Behavior, and Quality of Life

  • Song, Kyung Ja
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.510-518
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    • 2003
  • Background. Ischemic heart disease results from athesclerotic changes of the coronary artery. These changes are aggravated by hypercholesterolemia, smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, coronary-prone personality, and stress. Because these risk factors affect not only the prevalence of the ischemic heart disease but also recurrence of the disease, cardiac rehabilitation programs were introduced to help patients with ischemic heart disease reduce risk factors. Diverse cardiac rehabilitation programs are needed to motivate participation in cardiac rehabilitation and to enhance patients' quality of life. Objectives. To examine the effect of a self-efficacy promoting cardiac rehabiltation program on self-efficacy, health behavior and quality of life of patients with ischemic heart disease. Methods. Data were collected from 45 hospitalized ischemic heart disease patients. Medical records were reviewed to obtain demographic and clinical characteristics. Data regarding self-efficacy, health behavior, and quality of life were obtained from interviews using structured questionnaires. The nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design was used to conduct this study. One session of conventional group education was given to patients in the control group while they were in the hospital. Patients in the experimental group participated in a newly developed cardiac rehabilitation program. It focused on strengthening self-efficacy with four self-efficacy sources-performance accomplishment, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion and physical status using two individualized in-hospital education sessions and four weekly telephone counseling follow-up calls after discharge. Results. Four weeks after discharge, the increment of total self-efficacy score was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (p<.0l). There was also a significant difference in the total quality of life scores increments between the two groups (p<.0l). However, no significant changes were noted in the increments of total health behavior scores between the two groups. Conclusion. A cardiac rehabilitation program focusing on promoting self-efficacy was effective in improving self-efficacy, and quality of life of patients with ischemic heart disease.

허혈성 심장 질환자를 위한 운동프로그램의 효과 (Effects of Exercise Program for Ischemic Heart Disease Patients)

  • 노호성
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.668-674
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    • 2000
  • This study was to examine effects of the eight month exercise program at lactate threshold level intensity on 11 women patients of ischemic heart disease. The %body fat and systolic blood pressure were decreased and the aerobic capacioties of oxygen consumption as well as oxygen consumption at lactate threshold were improved through the exercise program arranged by this study. The lipid variables concerned with coronary heart disease were changed a little except that triglyceride was significantly decreased during the exercise program. The effects obtained from exercise program during four months lasted to the end of the exercise program. In case we control the exercise intensity according to increase of oxygen consumption at lactate threshold the exercise program conducted by this study will be effective to the treatment for ischemic heart disease patients.(Korean J Nutrition 33(6) . 668~674, 2000)

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허혈성심질환에서의 항산화영양소 상태와 혈소판 항산화계효소 활성에 관한 연구 (Plasma Antioxidant Status and Platelet Antionxidative Enzyme Activities in Patients of Ischemic Heart Disease)

  • 최영선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 1996
  • To investigate antioxidant status and platelet antioxidative enzyme activity in patients with ischemic heart disease, 36 male patients admitted to Kyungpook National University Hospital from June to December 1994 were compared to 36 healthy male control subjects. The percentages of heavy smoking and nonexercise were significantly higher in the patient group compared to the control, but the drinking status was not significantly different between groups. Food habit and food frequency scores were significantly lower in patients than in control subjects. Plasma retinol levels tended to be lower in the patient group, and plasma $\alpha$-tocopherol and $\beta$-carotene levels were not different between groups. There was no difference in the level of plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) and in the activities of platelet glutathione peroxidase and catalase. Our results indicate that oxidative stress, which is reflected by the plasma levels of antioxidants and TBARS, did not increase in the patients with ischemic heart disease, and the long-term effects due to smoking, poor food habit and other life styles could possibly contribute to the onset of the disease.

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우리나라 성인의 허혈성 심장질환, 뇌졸중으로 인한 총 진료비 중 과체중 및 비만의 기여분 (Medical Expenditure Attributable to Overweight and Obesity in Adults with Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke in Korea)

  • 강재헌;정백근;조영규;송혜령;김경아
    • 보건교육건강증진학회지
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2010
  • objectives: This study was conducted to estimate medical expenditure attributable to overweight and obesity in adults with ischemic heart disease and stroke using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data and Korea National Health Corporation data. methods : The medical expenditure of ischemic heart disease and stroke related to overweight and obesity were composed of inpatient care costs, outpatient care costs and medication costs. The population attributable risk (PAR) of overweight and obesity was calculated from national representative data of Korea such as the National Health Insurance Corporation cohort data and 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data. results: The medical expenditure attributable to overweight and obesity of ischemic heart disease were 97.4 billion won(74.1-122 billion won). and stroke were 64.6 billion won(33.1-98.1 billion won). Consequently, these costs corresponded to 11.4% of total medical expenditure due to ischemic heart disease and stroke. conclusion: We conclude that overweight and obesity have increased medical expenditure from ischemic heart disease and stroke in Korea. These findings provide important support for implementing overweight and obesity management strategies in Korea.

허혈성심질환 예측모형을 이용한 사회경제적 위치와 허혈성심질환 위험도의 연관성 (The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Position and the Predicted Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease with Using Health Risk Appraisal)

  • 고동희;한순실;지선하;김형렬
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: The object of this study is to assess the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the predicted 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease by using health risk appraisal of ischemic heart disease. Methods: The study population was taken from The 2001 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, and it consisted of 1,566 men and 1,984 women aged 30-59. We calculated 10-year risk using the risk function of ischemic heart disease as developed by Jee. The educational level and equivalized household income were dichotomized by a 12 years education period and the median income level. Occupation was dichotomized into manual/non-manual work. We stratified the population by age(10 years) and sex, and then we rated the risk differences according to socioeconomic factors by performing t-tests for each strata. Results: There were gradients of the predicted 10-year risk of ischemic heart disease with the educational level and the equivalized household income, and thet was an increasing tendency of risk differences with age. Manual workers didn't show significant risk difference from non-manual workers. Conclusions: There was definite relationship between low socioeconomic position and the predicted risk of ischemic heart disease in the future.

의료정보를 활용한 허혈성 심장질환의 재원일수에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석 (Factors Influencing the Length of Stay Ischemic Heart Disease Utilizing Medical Information)

  • 박지경
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.354-362
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    • 2017
  • 인구 고령화와 서구화된 생활로 인한 허혈성 심장질환이 지속적으로 증가하고 있으며, 우리나라는 OCED 국가 중에서 허혈성 심장질환의 재원일수가 높은 국가에 속한다. 재원일수 증가는 진료비 상승의 주요 원인이므로, 허혈성 심장질환의 재원일수 관리방안 마련이 필요하다. 이에 본 연구는 허혈성 심장질환자의 재원일수에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하여 재원 일수 관리에 필요한 기초자료를 제공하고자 시도되었다. 연구대상자는 일개 상급종합병원의 2015년1월1일부터 12월31일까지 순환기내과의 퇴원환자 중에서 주진단명이 허혈성 심장질환인 환자 566명이다. 자료분석은 IBM SPSS ver. 23.0을 이용하여 빈도분석, 교착분석, Fisher's test, One-way ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, 더미변수를 이용한 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과는 첫째, 흉통을 주호소로 입원한 환자가 가장 많았다. 둘째, 평균 재원일수는 4.89일이었으며, 허혈성 심장질환 종류별로 재원일수에 차이가 있었다. 셋째, 75세이상, 당뇨병, 호흡곤란 증상이 재원일수를 증가시키는 요인으로 나타났다. 따라서 허혈성 심장질환의 적정 재원일수 관리를 위해서는 당뇨병을 동반한 허혈성 심장질환자의 경우에는 혈당조절을 통해서 질병의 진행을 막는 것이 중요하며, 증상이 나타났을 경우 빠른 시간 내에 의료기관을 방문할 수 있는 체계마련이 필요하다.

개심술 114례의 임상적 고찰 (Clinical Evaluation of Open Heart Surgery - Review of 114 Cases -)

  • 장운하;이문금;김병린
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 1993
  • Between March, 1988 and July, 1992, 114 patients underwent Open Heart Surgery under hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. There were 29 cases of congenital heart anomalies (25%), and 85 cases of acquired heart diseases (75%) consisting of 53 cases of valvular heart disease, 31 cases of ischemic heart disease, and a case of left atrial myxoma. The age distribution of 114 cases was 4 to 73 years, and mean age was 43 years old consisting of mean age of congenital heart disease 23, valvular heart disease 47, and ischemic heart disease 57 years old. Overall operative mortality was about 7.9%.

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