• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intervention studies

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Meta-analysis of Complementary and Alternative Intervention on Menstrual Distress (월경 불편감에 적용한 보완대체 중재효과의 메타분석)

  • Kim, Jung Hyo;Park, Mi Kyung;Oh, Mi Ra
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.23-35
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was to analyze the effect size of complementary and alternative intervention studies in reference to dysmenorrhea and menstrual distress. Methods: In order to conduct a meta-analysis, a total of 393 studies were retrieved from the database. Twenty-eight studies that were published from March 2001 to February 2011 were selected. Results: Intervention studies included seven studies on aromatherapy, five on auriculotherapy, three on each Koryo-Sooji-Chim and moxibustion, two on each heat therapy and magnetic therapy and six on other therapy. The effect size of the intervention studies on dysmenorrhea and menstrual distress was greater than 0.48 for Koryo-Sooji-Chim, moxibustion, aromatherapy, auriculotherapy and other therapy. Conclusion: This study suggests that drug free therapy can reduce the levels of menstrual distress, despite the small number of intervention studies and randomized controlled trials.

Effect of Intervention Programs for Improving Maternal Adaptation in Korea: Systematic Review (유방암 생존자 부부를 위한 중재 연구 문헌고찰)

  • Kang, Hee Sun;Yeom, Soo Young;Jun, Eun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.153-165
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on intervention for breast cancer survivors and their partners. Methods: The literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Pubmed, and Proquest to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding intervention for breast cancer survivors and their partners. Articles published between January 2000 and December 2011 were included. Results: A total of 14 studies were identified. Couple-base d intervention was more effective than intervention for survivors alone. Intervention to partners had also effects on their wives. Most studies were conducted in USA with Caucasian women. Sample size of intervention studies was small with most being pilot studies. Conclusion: Providing couple-based intervention to breast cancer survivors could have positive impacts on physical, interpersonal, and social aspects in breast cancer survivors. Future studies with large sample and different ethnicity are needed to confirm the effects of couple-based interventions for breast cancer survivors.

Trends in Intervention Study for Childhood Obesity in Korea (국내 아동비만 중재연구의 동향 분석)

  • Park, Jiyoung;Ma, Hyunhee;Lee, Yu-nah;Oh, Hee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify trends in intervention studies on childhood obesity in Korea. Methods: From 1996, when the first research paper on childhood obesity intervention was published, to 2015, 192 published papers were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The number of studies increased sharply between 1996 and 2007, but declined slightly from then. The majority of studies involved only children as intervention participants. Most were elementary students, and overweight and obese children. Exercise therapy was the most common type of intervention. Parental participation was found in 35 studies, while teacher's participation was found in only one study. In many studies physiological indicators were used as measurement variables, but follow-up was done in only 10 studies. Finally, only a few studies applied a conceptual framework, while a quasi-experimental research design was used for most studies. Conclusion: Examination of trends in intervention studies on childhood obesity in Korea, shows there has been a quantitative increase but not enough improvement in terms of the quality of interventions. Findings in the present study suggest that it is necessary to seek diversity in terms of study participants, interventions and evaluation method along with quality improvement in research methodology.

Literature Review of Nursing Intervention Studies for Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (경피적 관상동맥 중재술 환자에게 적용된 간호중재 연구 고찰)

  • Baek, Kyoung Hwa;Son, Youn-Jung
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.82-93
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to provide a systematic review of the evidence from controlled trials regarding nursing intervention studies on patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, a discussion of the methodological problems that limit current research, and suggestions regarding future directions for research. Methods: Using a predefined protocol, 27 electronic databases were searched, studies selected, relevant data extracted, and the methodological quality of the studies assessed. Results: Twenty-seven studies were found reporting complex, generally heterogeneous interventions. The studies reported positive results, including self-efficacy, knowledge, and self-care. There were 6 randomized controlled trials, 19 quasi-experimental studies, and 2 only research group studies. In addition to support components, the interventions included elements of teaching, counseling, and education. Nursing interventions are still in the developmental and testing phase. Conclusion: The review demonstrated that a great deal is known about nursing intervention, the impact on a range of outcomes, and methodology. Although some useful evidence was reported for all interventions, further research needs to be carried out.

Meta-Analysis of Spiritual Intervention Studies on Biological, Psychological, and Spiritual Outcomes (영적중재의 신체적, 심리적, 영적 효과크기에 대한 메타분석)

  • Oh, Pok-Ja;Kim, Young-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.833-842
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of spiritual intervention studies by examining biological, psychological, and spiritual outcomes. Methods: From electronic databases 2522 studies were retrieved, of which 21 studies met the inclusion criteria. These studies had 1411 participants. Two authors independently extracted data from the selected studies and assessed the methodological quality. The data were analyzed using the RevMan 5.1 program of the Cochrane library. Results: Overall effect size of spiritual intervention on spiritual and psychological (depression and anxiety) outcomes were moderate (d= -0.65 to d= -0.76, p<.001). The effects on biological outcomes (pain and functional status) ranged from -0.51 to -0.39, respectively. No publication bias was detected as evaluated by a funnel plot. Spiritual intervention had a moderate effect on psychological and spiritual outcomes and a smaller effect on biological outcomes. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that spiritual intervention can relieve depression and anxiety. Further randomized controlled trials studies are needed to evaluate the effects of spiritual intervention on biological outcomes.

An Integrative Literature Review on Self-awareness Education/Training Programs in the Nursing Area

  • Han, Soolgi;Kim, Sungjae
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This paper is a review of interventions designed to promote self-awareness in the nursing area. The specific purpose was to analyze the general characteristics of self-awareness intervention studies, intervention contents, and the effects of the studies in order to present basic information for developing self-awareness interventions in the nursing area. Methods: Using "nurse/nursing" and "self-awareness" as key words, the researchers searched six electronic databases. The method proposed by Whittemore and Knafl was used. Results: Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. The most common research design was quasi-experimental. Nine quasi-experimental studies (52.9%), 7 qualitative studies (41.2%), and 1 mixed methodology study (5.9%) were analyzed. Most studies used group intervention and student nurses as participants. The interventions were revealed to be effective in enhancing participants' self-awareness. The reflection method was used in most intervention approaches. Conclusion: To provide therapeutic nursing care, having self-awareness is important. Future research with well-designed clinical trials applying self-awareness intervention needs to be conducted to enhance self-awareness in the nursing area.

A Meta-Analysis of Intervention Studies on Cancer Pain (암환자의 통증에 적용한 중재효과의 메타분석)

  • Min, Young-Chun;Oh, Pok-Ja
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was to analyze the characteristics and effect size of intervention studies in reference to cancer pain. Methods: In order to conduct a meta-analysis, a total of 208 studies were retrieved from search engine. And 29 studies published from 2000 to 2010 were selected upon their satisfaction with the inclusion criteria. The data was analyzed by the RevMan 5.0 program of Cochrane library. Results: 1) Intervention studies included 7 studies on reflexology (24.1%), 5 for pain management education (17.2%), 3 studies for each music therapy, spiritual care and hand massage (10.3%, respectively), and 2 studies for each hospice and horticultural therapy (6.7%, respectively). 2) The effect size of the intervention studies were high in hand massage (d=-0.98), reflexology (d=-0.74), spiritual care (d=-0.72), pain management education (d=-0.66), music therapy (d=-0.41), and horticultural therapy (d=-0.32). Conclusion: This study suggest that non-drug therapy can reduce the levels of cancer pain intensity, even though the numbers of intervention studies and randomized controlled trials are very rare.

An Integrative Review of Intervention for School-bullying Perpetrators (학교폭력 가해 아동·청소년을 위한 중재의 통합적 문헌고찰)

  • Song, Yul-mai;Song, Moonju;Kim, Sunah
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.355-369
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of intervention for child and adolescent perpetrators of school violence through an integrative literature review. Methods: Using combinations of the terms 'bullying', 'school violence', and 'intervention' as key words, the researchers searched eight electronic databases for relevant studies. Fifteen studies were selected through full-text screening of related research published in academic journals before June 2018. The framework was used to identify the selected studies' intervention patterns and classify the various intervention components. The extracted intervention components were grouped into potential themes to determine whether the researchers clearly showed the interventions in the studies. Results: The intervention components of 15 selected studies were categorized into five themes: 1) Utilizing intervention techniques for voluntary participation, 2) Enhancing self-awareness, 3) Strategies to improve emotional intelligence, 4) Promoting interpersonal skills, and 5) Emphasis on responsibility through future vision experience. Conclusion: As a result of analyzing interventions for children and adolescent perpetrators of school violence, five components were derived. It is suggested that these components should be considered in the field, and intervention programs development and research using them are needed.

A Meta-analysis of Intervention Studies on Cancer-related Fatigue in Korea: 1990-2010 (국내 암환자 피로에 적용한 중재효과의 메타분석: 1990-2010)

  • Oh, Pok Ja;Jung, Ji Ah
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.163-175
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was to analyze the characteristics and effect size of intervention studies applied to cancer-related fatigue in Korea. Methods: For meta-analysis, a total of 963 studies were retrieved from search engines. And 19 studies with a total of 721 participants published from 1990 to 2010 were selected upon their satisfaction with the inclusion criteria. Two authors independently extracted data from the selected studies and assessed the methodological quality. The data was analyzed by the RevMan 5.0 program of Cochrane library. Results: Intervention studies included 4 studies on foot-reflexo-massage (21.1%), comprehensive program (21.1%), and exercise (21.1%), respectively, 3 for hand-reflexo-massage (15.8%), and 4 for others. The effect size of the intervention studies shown higher effect size in order of exercise (d=-1.80), and foot & hand-reflexo-massage (d=-0.55). Conclusion: This study suggest that exercise can reduce the intensity of cancer-related fatigue, even though the number of intervention studies and randomized controlled trials were very few. There is limited evidence that reflexo-massage is effective in reducing cancer-related fatigue.

Analysis on Intervention Studies of Sasang Constitutional Diet : Participant, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome (PICO) (사상체질 식이중재연구 현황분석 : Participant, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO)를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ji Hwan
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.90-101
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    • 2021
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate intervention studies on Sasang Constitutional diet (SCD) through the checks of Participant, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome (PICO) Methods Randomized controlled trial (RCT) and non-randomized study for intervention (NRSI) about SCD were searched in 4 Korean core databases and other sources, and then PICO was checked. Results 1. Total 10 studies were conducted with 1 RCT and 9 NRSIs. 2. Participants were people with no specific disease, or patients with essential hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, or stroke with diabetes or hyperlipidemia. Most studies were conducted on groups of various Sasang Constitutional types except Taeyangin. 3. Two studies provided participants with meals and exercise. Three studies, instead of providing meals directly, taught participants how to eat SCD on their own. 4. NRSIs have tested the effectiveness of various outcome measures without the presentation of primary outcome, and then concluded that all outcomes were ineffective or some are effective. 5. There was no mention of adverse events. In most studies, a single doctor of Korean medicine diagnosed Sasang Constitution the QSCC II questionnaire. The intervention period ranged from three weeks to three months, and recent studies have conducted interventions for 12 weeks. Conclusions Intervention studies about SCD which were conducted so far have shown problems on the study design of PICO items. The study design and implementation that carefully consider how to maintain similarity between groups, minimize the risk of bias, set primary outcome measure, and control the diet are required.