• Title, Summary, Keyword: Imperata cylindrica

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A Survey on the Vegetation Change with Advancing Years of the Improved Pasture in Jeju Island (제주도 혼파목초지 식생의 연차적 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Nam-Ki Cho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 1979
  • Mixed seeds of Dactylis glomerata, Festuca arundinacea, Trifolium repens, Lolium multiflorum on the improved pasture were sown to investigate the vegetational change during the years of 1971-1978. The dominant species were Dactylis glomerata and Trifolium repens from the first year to the third year, Imperata cylindrica and Trifolium repens in the forth year, Imperata cylindria and Zoysia japonica from the fifth year to the eighth year in the pasture.

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Anti-Cancer Effects of Imperata cylindrica Leaf Extract on Human Oral Squamous Carcinoma cell line SCC-9 in Vitro

  • Keshava, Rohini;Muniyappa, Nagesh;Gope, Rajalakshmi;Ramaswamaiah, Ananthanarayana Saligrama
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1891-1898
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    • 2016
  • Imperata cylindrica, a tall tufted grass which has multiple pharmacological applications is one of the key ingredients in various traditional medicinal formula used in India. Previous reports have shown that I. cylindrica plant extract inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. To our knowledge, no studies have been published on the effect of I. cylindrica leaf extract on human oral cancers. The present study was undertaken in order to evaluate the anticancer properties of the leaf extract of I. cylindrica using an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line SCC-9 as an in vitro model system. A methanol extract from dried leaves of I. cylindrica (ICL) was prepared by standard procedures. Effects of the ICL extract on the morphology of SCC-9 cells was visualized by microscopy. Cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. Effects of the ICL extract on colony forming ability of SCC-9 cells was evaluated using clonogenic assay. Cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry and induction of apoptosis was determined by DNA fragmentation assay. The ICL extract treatment caused cytotoxicity and induced cell death in vitro in SCC-9 cells in a dose-dependent manner. This treatment also significantly reduced the clonogenic potential and inhibited cell proliferation by arresting the cell cycle in the G2/M phase. Furthermore, DNA fragmentation assays showed that the observed cell death was caused by apoptosis. This is the first report showing the anticancer activity of the methanol extracts from the leaves of I. cylindrica in human oral cancer cell line. Our data indicates that ICL extract could be considered as one of the lead compounds for the formulation of anticancer therapeutic agents to treat/manage human oral cancers. The natural abundance of I. cylindrica and its wide geographic distribution could render it one of the primary resource materials for preparation of anticancer therapeutic agents.

Changes of the Coastal Sand Dune Vegetation after the Construction of an Embankment in Anmado

  • Ihm, Byung-Sun;Lee, Jeom-Sook;Kim, Ha-Song
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2003
  • This study examined the coastal sand dune vegetation before and after the construction of an embankment on Anmado Island in order to compare vegetation in relation to the development of islands. A total of 24 species distributed on the sand dunes. 18 species were found to be in common before and after the construction of the embankment, which included Vitex rotundifolia, Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii, Zoysia sinica, etc. The species which were not found in this survey included Rumex japonicus, Setaria viridis, Portulaca oleracea, Artemisia japonica, Poiygonum aviculare, etc, and new species included Arena fatua, Carex boottiana, Lycium chinense, Leonurus sibiricus, Torilis japonica, Solanum carolinense, etc. The washing away of sand brought about the changes in habitat and the increase in naturalized plants, which included Oenothera odorata, Lepidium apetalum, Bidens bipinnata, Erigeron canadensis, Datura stramonium, Xanthium strumarium, Arena fatua, Solanum carolinense etc. In addition, the disturbance to this habitat led to the changes in vegetation. The main plant communities in the surveyed site were classified as Vitex rotundifolia-Imperata cylindrica var. koenigil community, Zoysia sinica-Calystegia soldanella community and Messerschmidia sibirica community. The sand dune vegetation on Anmado Island changed with regard to the community and the composition of species after the construction of the embankment, due to the sand being severely eroded. While Vitex rotundifolia community and Commelina communis community were found before the construction of the embankment, they were replaced by Vitex rotundifolia-Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii community, Zoysia sinica-Calystegia soldanella community and Messerschmidia sibirica community, after the construction of the embankment.

The Plant Succession of Improved Pasture Around Mt. Halla in Cheju Island (한라산 인공초지의 식물천이)

  • 조남기
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.336-349
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    • 1986
  • This study was conducted to examine the plant succession on the improved pasture of the mountain districts around Mt. Halla in Cheju Island. For this study, the researcher had investigated for ten years the improved pasture which had been used for grazing from 1976 to 1985. The pasture was reclaimed from native grassland. The mixed seeds of 17kgs' Dactylis glomerata, 7kgs' Festuca arundinacea, 2kgs' Lolium multiflorum and 2kgs' Trifolium repens were sowed per ha. The results of this study are the followings; The annual changes in the number of plant species were observed. 37 weed species were found in 1976 and increased year after year to 151 species in 1985. The changes in the distribution of annual and perennial plant, and one species of arbor were found in 1976 and increased respectively year by year to 56 species (annual plant), 95 species (perennial plant) and 9 species (arbor) in 1985. The average plant height of introduced grasses by year increased from 38.05cm (1976) to 47.30cm (1978) and decreased from 40.50cm (1979) to 10.36cm in 1985 (y =-0.501x$^2$+1.609x + 41.946). While the average plant height of invading weeds increased from 26.61cm to 42.84cm (y=-0.80$\chi$$^2$+2.540$\chi$+27.570) between 1976 and 1985. The density of introduced grasses was 70.90% in 1976 and was reduced to 0.49% in 1985 (y =-0.501$\chi$$^2$+1.609$\chi$+41.946); while that of introduing weeds was 29.10% in 1976 and was increased to 99.51% in 1985 (y=-0.080$\chi$$^2$+2.540$\chi$+27.570). The coverage of introduced grasses by year increased gradually from 72.8% (1976) to 74.86% (1978) and decreased from 43.01% (1979) to 1.21% in 1986 while that of intruding weeds developed a tendency to increase every year. Their coverage in 1976 was 22.09% and increased to 98.78% in 1985. The weight of introduced grasses by year increased from 2,808kg (1976) to 3,535kg (1978) per l0a and after 1979 decreased gradually from 2,326kg (1978) to 35kg per l0a in 1985. That of intruding weeds increased yearly from 308kg in 1976 to 3,178kg in 1985. The type of annual vegetation were changed as follows; Year Type 1976-1978 Dactylis glomerata / Trifolium repens type 1979 Trifolium repens / Imperata cylindrica type 1980-1982 Imperata cylindrica / Zoysia Japonica type 1983 Imperata cylindrica / Pteridium aquilinum type 1984-1985 Imperata cylindrica / Miscanthus sinensis type The plants whose plant height, coverage, density, and weight increased year after year were Imperate cylind-rica, Zoysia japonica, Pteridium equilinum, Miscanthus sinensis, Cirsium japonicum, Erigeron canadensis, Artemisia japonica, Lespedeza cuneata, Spondiopogon cotuUfer. Cymbopogon tortilis, Plantago asiatica, Rumex acetosella, etc. The vegetation of Digitaria sanguinalis, Hydrocotyl japonica, Artemisia asiatica, etc. was com-paratively remarkable in the beginning.

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Comparison of ecophysiological and leaf anatomical traits of native and invasive plant species

  • Rindyastuti, Ridesti;Hapsari, Lia;Byun, Chaeho
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.24-39
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    • 2021
  • Background: To address the lack of evidence supporting invasion by three invasive plant species (Imperata cylindrica, Lantana camara, and Chromolaena odorata) in tropical ecosystems, we compared the ecophysiological and leaf anatomical traits of these three invasive alien species with those of species native to Sempu Island, Indonesia. Data on four plant traits were obtained from the TRY Plant Trait Database, and leaf anatomical traits were measured using transverse leaf sections. Results: Two ecophysiological traits including specific leaf area (SLA) and seed dry weight showed significant association with plant invasion in the Sempu Island Nature Reserve. Invasive species showed higher SLA and lower seed dry weight than non-invasive species. Moreover, invasive species showed superior leaf anatomical traits including sclerenchymatous tissue thickness, vascular bundle area, chlorophyll content, and bundle sheath area. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that leaf anatomical traits strongly influenced with cumulative variances (100% in grass and 88.92% in shrubs), where I. cylindrica and C. odorata outperformed non-invasive species in these traits. Conclusions: These data suggest that the traits studied are important for plant invasiveness since ecophysiological traits influence of light capture, plant growth, and reproduction while leaf anatomical traits affect herbivory, photosynthetic assimilate transport, and photosynthetic activity.

In vitro Multiple-propagation of Wolly Grass (Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra') (홍띠(Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra') 기관분화에 의한 기내대량증식)

  • Kang, In-jin;Kantayos, Vipada;Choi, Jong Young;Lee, Ye-Jin;Bae, Chang-Hyu
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.79-79
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    • 2019
  • 홍띠(Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra') 식물자원의 기내대량증식과 재분화식물체의 순화체계를 구축하고자 기내 재분화에 적합한 식물재료부위, 생장조절물질을 조사하고, 재분화 유식물체로부터 적정 순화조건을 구명하였다. 기본배지로 MS (Murashige and Skoog, 1962) 배지를 사용하였고, 배양은 $26{\times}2^{\circ}C$, $25{\mu}mol/m^2/s$, 14h/10h (day/night) 광조건 하의 배양실에서 수행하였다. 캘러스 형성은 뿌리 끝, 줄기절편, 생장점 부위 중생장점 부위에서 가장 양호하였고, 이 생장점 조직에 0.1 mg/L의 2,4-D와 2 mg/L의 BA를 처리하였을 때 양호하였다. 캘러스 증식은 0.1 mg/L의 2,4-D와 0.05 mg/L의 BA 배지, 0.05 mg/L의 2,4-D와 0.5 mg/L의 BA를 첨가한 배지 중 0.1 mg/L의 2,4-D와 0.05 mg/L의 BA 배지에서 양호하였고, 이들 캘러스로부터 신초 재분화는 0.01 mg/L의 NAA와 2 mg/L의 BA 처리에서 양호하였다. 초기 치상으로부터 실제 경과시간은 캘러스 유도에 19주간(2018. 03. 18~07. 27), 캘러스 증식 9주간(2018. 07. 27~09. 28), 신초 유도 11주간(2018. 09.28~12. 14), 순화에 10주간(2018. 12. 14~2019. 02. 23)에 걸쳐 진행하였으나 확립된 배양계를 적용하면 캘러스 유도 4주, 캘러스 증식 3주, 신초유도 및 증식 4주, 순화 7주 정도가 소요될 것으로 계측되었다. 순화는 다경줄기 형성후 MS배지를 멸균한 상토(버미큘라이트) 또는 종이포트로 교체하여 재분화식물체를 배양병에서 7주간 배양하고, 7주후에 배양병 뚜껑을 1/10 정도 1차 개방하여 1주일 후 3/10 정도 개방하여 2주간 경과한 후 컵포트(직경 6 cm)에 이식하여 성공적으로 활착시켰다.

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Screening of Peroxynitrite and DPPH Raoical Scavenging Activities from Salt Marsh Plants (염생식물로부터 Peroxynitrite와 DPPH 라디칼 소거 활성 검색)

  • 서영완;이희정;김유아;안종웅;이범종;문성기
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.57-61
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    • 2004
  • A peroxynitrite is formed when superoxide and nitric oxide exist at near eqimolar ratio in biological systems. Although not a free radical by chemical nature, peroxynitrite is a powerful oxidant having a wide array of tissue damaging effects ranging from lipid oxidation and inactivation of enzymes and ion channels through protein oxidation and nitration to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. During our search for new antioxidizing components from natural resources, twenty salt marsh plants were screened for their ONOO and DPPH radical scavenging activities. Among them, methanol extract of Rosa rugosa, lxeris tamagawaensis, Erigeron annus, Tetragonia tetragonoides, Imperata cylindrica, and Suaeda japonica inhibited more than 85% of peroxynitrite produced by 3-morpholinsydnonimine (SIN-1) at a concentration of 5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$. In addition, Rosa rugosa, Artemisia capillaris, Erigeron annus and Ixeris tamagawaensis showed significant scavenging effect against DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical).

Literature Investigation of Phragmites communis Trin.[蘆根] and Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii[茅根] (노근(蘆根)과 모근(茅根)에 대한 문헌고찰(文獻考察))

  • Cho, Nam-Kyung;Kim, Jong-Dug
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2009
  • 1. Objective : The object of this thesis is to find the basis of Constitution assignment of Nogeun(蘆根, Phragmites communis Trin.) used to the medication for Taeyangin. Also, it is to recognize what kind of Constitution of Mogeun(茅根, Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii) is needed to be assigned to. 2. Methods "Dongyi Soose Bowon", 'SinchukBon', 'ChobonKwun', other related Sasang Constitutional Medicine(SCM) books, herbal medicine books such as "Boncho Kangmok", and etc. were compared and researched. 3. Results & Conclusions : 1) Nogeun(蘆根) lowers Qi and harmonizes the body. Because of the effect of lowering soar-Qi(氣), it used to treat the symptoms of Taeyangin's vomiting(噎膈反胃, Stomach reflux due to dysphagia-occlusion). Also Yuksoo Nogeun(逆水蘆恨, Reed growing near the river in low scream) is the basis of considering inhale-gathering Qi effect as a major indication of Nogeun. 2) The theory of classifying White Mogeun as a Tae-eumin Medicinal is based on the effect of Radiating while classifying White Mogeun as a Taeyangin Medicinal is based on the effect of treating stomach reflux(反胃). But both basis are not conclusive and thus requires further study. 3) In "Sasang Geumge Bibang", the first text ever to write only about separate medicinals and Classified Foods (食物類) of each constitution, there were examples of Nogeun and Mogeun's usage based on other pre-existing medical texts. 4) Because White Mogeun is classified as Tae-yangin medication in "Dongmu Yugo", but classified as a Taeeumin's medication in "Dongyi Soose Bowon" 'ChobonKwun' and "Sasang Geumge Bibang", there remains a controversy.

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Community Formation Comparison of Herbaceous Perennials planted on Urban Stream Levee Slope (도시하천 제방사면에 식재한 다년생 초본류의 군락 형성 비교)

  • Yang, Hong-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2014
  • In order to investigate community formation ability, herbaceous perennials such as Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens Rendle, Imperata cylindrica Linne, Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. and Arundinella hirta Tanaka were planted in April 2009 at the levee slope of Gwangju Stream in South Korea. Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens Rendle, Imperata cylindrica Linne and Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. which grew in pots for two years and divided rhizomes of Arundinella hirta Tanaka gathered from fields were employed. Weeds growing on the experiment sites were removed twice a year until 2011 when the plant species were formed into community. Weeds were not eradicated during 2012 and 2013 to observe community sustainability of the species. T-tests on stem numbers and heights in May, July and September were conducted between 2011 and 2012, and between 2012 and 2013. Stem numbers of the five species in 2012 were significantly reduced(p<0.001) compared with those in 2011, which were attributed to weed growth in 2012. Heights of Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens Rendle, Imperata cylindrica Linne, Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. and Arundinella hirta Tanaka in 2012 were significantly lower than those in 2011(p<0.001), which resulted from weed invasion. Heights of Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham in May and July 2012 were significantly decreased compared with those in 2011(p<0.001), however, heights of Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham in September 2012 were almost the same as those in 2011(p>0.05). Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham was able to compete against weeds in September 2012. Stem numbers and heights of Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens Rendle, Imperata cylindrica Linne and Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. in 2013 were similar to those in 2012(p>0.05). However, stem numbers and heights of Arundinella hirta Tanaka in 2013 were significantly decreased compared with those in 2012(p<0.001). After community formation, Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens Rendle, Imperata cylindrica Linne and Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. were able to maintain its community without weed removal. However, Arundinella hirta Tanaka was unable to establish its community due to the weed growth. Miscanthus sacchariflorus Bentham, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens Rendle, Imperata cylindrica Linne are more suitable to stream levee slope environment in terms of community formation and maintenance, stream landscape enhancement and slope erosion control.