• Title, Summary, Keyword: Idle stability

Search Result 40, Processing Time 0.057 seconds

ANALYSIS PROCESS APPLIED TO A HIGH STIFFNESS BODY FOR IMPROVED VEHICLE HANDLING PROPERTIES

  • Kim, K.C.;Kim, C.M.
    • International Journal of Automotive Technology
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.629-636
    • /
    • 2007
  • This paper describes the process of analyzing vehicle stiffness in terms of frequency band in order to improve vehicle handling. Vehicle handling and ride comfort are highly related to the systems such as suspension, seat, steering, and the car body design. In existing analytical processes, the resonance frequency of a car body is designed to be greater than 25 Hz in order to increase the stiffness of the body against idle vibration. This paper introduces a method for using a band with a frequency lower than 20 Hz to analyze how stiffness affects vehicle handling. Accordingly, static stiffness analysis of a 1g cornering force was conducted to minimize the deformation of vehicle components derived from a load on parts attached to the suspension. In addition, this technology is capable of achieving better performance than older technology. Analysis of how body attachment stiffness affects the dynamic stiffness of a bushing in the attachment parts of the suspension is expected to lead to improvements with respect to vehicle handling and road noise. The process of developing a car body with a high degree of stiffness, which was accomplished in the preliminary stage of this study, confirms the possibility of improving the stability performance and of designing a lightweight prototype car. These improvements can reduce the time needed to develop better vehicles.

Study of the effect of cleaning the intake manifold on common rail diesel engine and exhaust gases (커먼레일 디젤엔진의 흡기 매니폴더 클리닝이 배기가스에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Jung;Hong, Sung-In
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.15 no.10
    • /
    • pp.5912-5918
    • /
    • 2014
  • Owing to highly developed industries and the use of fossil fuels, environmental problems becoming becoming pressing issues globally. Therefore, a study of automobile exhaust is urgently needed. Generally, air is sucked into the engine through the intake manifold. The aims of this study were to reduce the exhaust from used cars and increase the output by removing carbon deposits, which are considered a reason for the increasing exhaust and reduction of output, and the reduction of exhaust, variation of output and stability of idle speed were analyzed. The formation of carbon deposits within the suction manifold was investigated through a test device (KD147). In the intake manifold, the exhaust cleaning effect was confirmed.

A Study on Cyclic Variation by Idling in Gasoline Vehicle (가솔린자동차의 무부하 운전에서 사이클변동에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Sung-Bin;Kim, Sung-Mo
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.156-162
    • /
    • 2009
  • Cylinder-pressure based combustion analysis provides a mechanism through which a combustion researcher can understand the combustion process. This paper was to identify the most significant sources of cycle-to-cycle combustion variability in a spark ignition engine at idle. To analyse the cyclic variation in the test engine, the burn parameters are determined on a cycle-to-cycle basis through analysis of the engine pressure data. The burn rate analysis program was used in the analysis of the data. Burn parameters were used to determine the variations in the input parameter-i.e., fuel, air, residual mass, and so on.

Management Methods and Vegetation in a Windbreak Forest around the Coast of Gwanmaedo, Jindo-gun, Jeonnam (전남 진도군 관매도 해안 방풍림의 식생과 관리방안)

  • Kim, Ha-Soug
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5-11
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study examined the characteristics of Pinus thunbergii community that forms a windbreak forest around the coast of Gwanmaedo located in Jodo-myeon, Jindo-gun, Jeollanamdo which is located in the south-western areas of Korea from December 2005 to April 2007 and to suggeste the ecological management methods of coastal windbreak areas. P. thunbergii community, a coastal windbreak forest of Gwanmaedo, was classified into disturbance, growth, mixture, stability, and back mountain vegetation according to major companions species and vegetation types. P. thunbergii community of disturbance and growth vegetation needs active management through tree thinning, mowing, weeding out, use of rest space, and felling sick pine trees. P. thunbergii community of mixture, stability, and back mountain vegetation needs active preservation of a coastal windbreak to restore natural vegetation by making a windbreak walk and a forest buffer zone and inducing vegetation succession. Accordingly, in this study, ecological management methods were suggested according to the actual state of distribution by habitat characteristics of coastal windbreak areas such as management of beaches and surrounding area of idle lands, restoration of back wetlands, inhibition of foreign plants, maintenance of diversity of species and habitats, and prevention of aging and spread of damage from insects.

End-to-End Congestion Control of High-Speed Gigabit-Ethernet Networks based on Smith's Principle

  • Lee, Seung-Hyub;Cho, Kwang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.101-104
    • /
    • 2000
  • Nowadays, the issue of congestion control in high-speed communication networks becomes critical in view of the bandwidth-delay products for efficient data flow. In particular, the fact that the congestion is often accompanied by the data flow from the high-speed link to low-speed link is important with respect to the stability of closed-loop congestion control. The Virtual-Connection Network (VCN) in Gigabit Ethernet networks is a packet-switching based network capable of implementing cell- based connection, link-by-link flow-controlled connection, and single- or multi-destination virtual connections. VCN described herein differ from the virtual channel in ATM literature in that VCN have link-by-link flow control and can be of multi-destination. VCNs support both connection-oriented and connectionless data link layer traffic. Therefore, the worst collision scenario in Ethernet CSMA/CD with virtual collision brings about end-to-end delay. Gigabit Ethernet networks based on CSMA/CD results in non-deterministic behavior because its media access rules are based on random probability. Hence, it is difficult to obtain any sound mathematical formulation for congestion control without employing random processes or fluid-flow models. In this paper, an analytical method for the design of a congestion control scheme is proposed based on Smith's principle to overcome instability accompanied with the increase of end-to-end delays as well as to avoid cell losses. To this end, mathematical analysis is provided such that the proposed control scheme guarantees the performance improvement with respect to bandwidth and latency for selected network links with different propagation delays. In addition, guaranteed bandwidth is to be implemented by allowing individual stations to burst several frames at a time without intervening round-trip idle time.

  • PDF

Optimal Utilization of a Cognitive Shared Channel with a Rechargeable Primary Source Node

  • Pappas, Nikolaos;Jeon, Jeong-Ho;Ephremides, Anthony;Traganitis, Apostolos
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.162-168
    • /
    • 2012
  • This paper considers the scenario in which a set of nodes share a common channel. Some nodes have a rechargeable battery and the others are plugged to a reliable power supply and, thus, have no energy limitations. We consider two source-destination pairs and apply the concept of cognitive radio communication in sharing the common channel. Specifically, we give high-priority to the energy-constrained source-destination pair, i.e., primary pair, and low-priority to the pair which is free from such constraint, i.e., secondary pair. In contrast to the traditional notion of cognitive radio, in which the secondary transmitter is required to relinquish the channel as soon as the primary is detected, the secondary transmitter not only utilizes the idle slots of primary pair but also transmits along with the primary transmitter with probability p. This is possible because we consider the general multi-packet reception model. Given the requirement on the primary pair's throughput, the probability p is chosen to maximize the secondary pair's throughput. To this end, we obtain two-dimensional maximum stable throughput region which describes the theoretical limit on rates that we can push into the network while maintaining the queues in the network to be stable. The result is obtained for both cases in which the capacity of the battery at the primary node is infinite and also finite.

Selective Recovery of the SSD TRIM Command in Digital Forensics (디지털 포렌식 관점에서 SSD TRIM 명령의 선별적 복구)

  • Hwang, Hyun Ho;Park, Dong Joo
    • KIPS Transactions on Computer and Communication Systems
    • /
    • v.4 no.9
    • /
    • pp.307-314
    • /
    • 2015
  • Recently, market trends of auxiliary storage device HDD and SSD are interchangeable. In the future, the SSD is expected to be used more popular than HDD as an auxiliary storage device. The TRIM command technique has been proposed and used effectively due to the development of the SSD. The TRIM command techniques can be used to solve the problem of Freezing SSD that operating system cooperates with the SSD. The TRIM command techniques are performed in the idle time of the internal SSD that are actually deleted when a user deletes the data. However, in the point of view of computer forensics, the digital crime is increasing year by year due to lack of data recovery. Thus, this rate of arrest is insufficient. In this paper, I propose a solution that selectively manages data to delete based on advantage of the stability and the write speed of the TRIM command. Through experiments, It is verified by measuring the performance of the traditional method and selected method.

Factors Affecting the Choice of Banks: Do Bank's Interest Rate, Employee Image and Brand Matter?

  • DAO, Le Kieu Oanh;LOC, Huynh Huu;NGUYEN, Van Chien;HANG, Le Thi Thuy;DO, Thi Tuyet
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.457-470
    • /
    • 2021
  • The banking system provides a number of important functions for the economy and is also the lifeblood and financier of the economy in each country. Large amounts of idle money have not been exploited by banks; however, banks still depend on loans, including loans from foreign banks, to meet the growing demand, as such, for banks, the cost of capital is high, the stability and business efficiency are low and banks have not promoted their internal resources to grow steadily. To achieve the goal, this research analyzes the factors affecting the choice of bank for the deposit decisions of customers in Vietnam. The study used a sample data of 250 individuals and SPSS software was used to analyze the data. The results showed that customer policy has a positive effect on customers' deposit decisions in a bank, and this is new evidence regarding behavioral theory in the case of Vietnam. Results further demonstrated that other factors such as employee image, brand, interest rate, relative influencing, and transaction time positively impact the choice of bank for the deposit decisions of customers. However, the bank's promotion strategies had no impact on the choice of bank for the deposit decisions of customers. Besides, employee image is the most influential factor in the deposit decisions, followed by the bank's brand and interest rate.

INVESTIGATION OF RUNNING BEHAVIORS OF AN LPG SI ENGINE WITH OXYGEN-ENRICHED AIR DURING START/WARM-UP AND HOT IDLING

  • Xiao, G.;Qiao, X.;Li, G.;Huang, Z.;Li, L.
    • International Journal of Automotive Technology
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.437-444
    • /
    • 2007
  • This paper experimentally investigates the effects of oxygen-enriched air (OEA) on the running behaviors of an LPG SI engine during both start/warm-up (SW) and hot idling (HI) stages. The experiments were performed on an air-cooled, single-cylinder, 4-stroke, LPG SI engine with an electronic fuel injection system and an electrically-heated oxygen sensor. OEA containing 23% and 25% oxygen (by volume) was supplied for the experiments. The throttle position was fixed at that of idle condition. A fueling strategy was used as following: the fuel injection pulse width (FIPW) in the first cycle of injection was set 5.05 ms, and 2.6 ms in the subsequent cycles till the achieving of closed-loop control. In closed-loop mode, the FIPW was adjusted by the ECU in terms of the oxygen sensor feedback. Instantaneous engine speed, cylinder pressure, engine-out time-resolved HC, CO and NOx emissions and excess air coefficient (EAC) were measured and compared to the intake air baseline (ambient air, 21% oxygen). The results show that during SW stage, with the increase in the oxygen concentration in the intake air, the EAC of the mixture is much closer to the stoichiometric one and more oxygen is made available for oxidation, which results in evidently-improved combustion. The ignition in the first firing cycle starts earlier and peak pressure and maximum heat release rate both notably increase. The maximum engine speed is elevated and HC and CO emissions are reduced considerably. The percent reductions in HC emissions are about 48% and 68% in CO emissions about 52% and 78%; with 23% and 25% OEA, respectively, compared to ambient air. During HI stage, with OEA, the fuel amount per cycle increases due to closed-loop control, the engine speed rises, and speed stability is improved. The HC emissions notably decrease: about 60% and 80% with 23% and 25% OEA, respectively, compared to ambient air. The CO emissions remain at the same low level as with ambient air. During both SW and HI stages, intake air oxygen enrichment causes the delay of spark timing and the increased NOx emissions.

Constructability Analysis in Aged-Housing Remodeling Demolition Work for Maximizing Waste Recycling (폐기물 재활용성 향상을 위한 리모델링 철거공사의 시공성 평가 및 사례적용)

  • Chae, Seong-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Cha, Hee-Sung;Kim, Kyung-Rai;Han, Ju-Yeoun
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.13-22
    • /
    • 2010
  • From now on, the aged apartment or house is expected to increase rapidly. So, we have to build a process of remodeling and develop the new technique. Demolition work is needed for systematic plan and management. However, contractors of the remodeling project established a rough plan and did not consider recycling wastes, safety of workers and structural stability of building. Therefore, we need a step to develop a assessment system, verify and make specified. This paper evaluated how much improve on construction speed, work efficiency, intensity of work and influence with another process comparing the existing method with the new demolition method. The qualitative and quantitative assessment system are developed with these output. The case study was carried out experimental group and control group, based on developed assessment system, which have the same condition. The existing method was made up of 3 steps- 1)Demolish windows, doors and iron goods, 2)Demolish indoor and outdoor walls, 3)Drop the waste. The new demolition method was made up of 5 steps- 1)Demolish windows, doors and iron goods, 2)Demolish the ceiling and wall's finishing materials, 3)Demolish the floor's finishing materials, 4)Demolish indoor and outdoor walls, 5)Drop the waste. Work time, idle time, the character of a work unit are analyzed by mock-up test. This study's output is expected to establish a systematic process of new demolition method and based on the maximizing waste recycling work in our construction industry.