• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ideological Values

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Social Conservative Values and Voters in America - Focusing on Abortion Issue - (미국 사회적 보수주의 가치와 유권자 성향 - 낙태 이슈를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, So Young
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.549-566
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    • 2008
  • This study examines the effect of social conservative values that have risen as an important factor in American politics. Focusing on the abortion issue, it discusses how the abortion issue has affected American voters' issue and party preferences and their ideological orientations. The empirical results demonstrate that the abortion issue has contributed to reinforce the existing ideological and partisan divisions, although it has not realigned them. As a consequence, the abortion issue has become a significant determinant for vote choice since 1980s. Particularly in 1990s, when the polarization among the political elites became clear, the political effect of the abortion issue appears to be more evident.

The Vehicle and Driver of China's Cultural Diplomacy: Global Vision Vs. Localised Practice

  • Liu, Xin
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.130-151
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    • 2018
  • China's cultural diplomacy is mostly understood as an endeavour to build and project soft power, which draws on three sources of 'culture, political values and foreign policy' according to Nye. This paper focuses on the debates about the vehicle and agents of China's cultural diplomacy. It starts with a theoretical discussion of the competing views in the Chinese context, and develops an argument that the vehicle of China's cultural diplomacy tries to project soft power on two wheels of culture and political values, to serve the purpose of reshaping China's image away from being the 'cultural other' and 'ideological other' respectively. However, the state-led approach to driving this vehicle is generating some side effects with its sponsorship, censorship and presence in the driver's seat. Then the paper analyses the inherent tensions existing in practice both between the two sources of building soft power and between the two means of doing so, attraction and persuasion, with empirical evidence through a comparative case study of the Confucius Institutes in the US and South Korea. The finding shows that China's attempt at reshaping its image as an Eastern cultural contestant is often disrupted by its authoritarian political values, and the state-led persuasion is often reducing China's cultural attraction. Following this, the paper finishes with some recommendations regarding evolving the cultural diplomacy approach from a vertical one that is government-centred to a horizontal one that is network-based with multiple agents, and localising its practice by engaging the target audiences as stakeholders.

Kyeryong Mountain as a Contested Place (경합(競合) 장소(場所)로서의 계룡산(鷄龍山))

  • Ryu Je-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.553-570
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    • 2005
  • On Kyeryong Mountain, different religious(or ideological) groups have endowed space and place with amalgams of different meanings, uses and values. In addition to Buddhism and Confucianism, Shamanism and other popular beliefs have practiced their own ideologies(or powers) to create and maintain their own territories and identities. The geographies of resistance, involving Shamanism, have been scattered all over the mountain, discontinuous in the territorialization. These geographies of resistance could be identified the best around the most sacred sites, such as Sambulbong, Amyongch'u and Sutyongch'u. The entanglement of Shamanism with Buddhism, in various patterns through space and time, has indeed contributed to the survival of Shamanism as a subordinate power.

A Study on Ideological Orientation and the Construction of News about Korean News Media : Focused on a Semantic Network Analysis for Articles about 'Bernie Sanders' (국내 언론매체의 이념성향과 뉴스구성에 대한 연구 : 미 대선 후보 '버니 샌더스' 관련 보도의 의미연결망 분석을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hye-Mi;Gim, Hye-Yeong;Ryu, Seoung-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.180-191
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    • 2016
  • This study utilized a semantic network analysis for Korean major newspaper articles concerning 'Bernie Sanders'. 'Bernie Sanders' promotes conservative values of 'Americana' as well as the progressive values of 'relieving inequality', and thus, perhaps he is a subject on which ideological differences between the press can be distinctively manifest. Upon comparison of the priority of frequency between the conservative press and progressive press, the conservative press frequently used the expressions, 'socialist' and 'black man', whereas the progressive press frequently used the expressions, 'inequality' and 'problem'. Both the conservative press and progressive press displayed particularly different semantic compositions with the term, 'Korea'. The progressive press aimed to express the criticism of social problems and established politics identified by Sanders in relation to the 'Korean' society, whereas the conservative press criticized the blunt expressions stating that a specifically named politician resembles Sanders, and the specific party and term of 'Korea'. A completely different disposition of reports from different perspectives and context was ascertained, regardless of the use of the same terms. Thus, it is demonstrated that the semantic composition of the press on a specific issue displays significant differences according to their ideological disposition.

Analysis of Experts' Views on Health Care: A Survey (보건의료체계에 대한 전문가 인식 분석)

  • Jung, Young-Ho;Ko, Suk-Ja
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.86-111
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    • 2006
  • Either ways of understanding health care as a commodity or public work are at opposite ends of health care spectrum. These two rival conceptions reflected by viewpoint(ideology) would lead to different directions in policy-making for health care reform. The purpose of this study is to access the value differences of experts' policy views about health care issues by analyzing the extent of consensus among experts in the field of health care. Using primary data obtained through a mail survey of 558 experts in the field of health care, we analyzed the differences of experts' opinions about characteristics of health care market, policy issues and values Gdeology). The study represents from 50-50 split analysis, entropy index, and factor analysis that the wide spread disagreements over health policy, which is a major barriers to effective policy-making, could be caused by the ideological perception differences among experts. This implies that, if values play an important role in policy-making, we should identify the differences in value and seek ways to balance among the diverse values such as efficiency, equity, freedom, and security. For this, the policy issues debated on differences in values should be reconciled for narrowing gaps of experts' perceptions through various ways.

The beauty of form in Oriental painting from a realistic point of view (동양회화에 있어서 형상관점의 심미)

  • Jeong Jin-Ryong
    • Journal of Science of Art and Design
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    • v.6
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    • pp.119-139
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    • 2004
  • The intention of the research is to look into the form reflecting the spiritual image due to Oriental aesthetic from a realistic point of view. In this regard, I will pay attention to examining the process from figurative perspectives, in which painting image by subject acquires the beauty of form. Of the main subjection this paper, figure is an image itself appearing in painting. At this point, I will attempt to show how the meaning and value of image have been interpreted and judged on the aesthetic standard in Oriental painting in particular. For this process, I generalize the conception of the image as 'figure' and through this I will reconsider the standard of understanding and the value of perception regarding painting images on the method which are more applicable to the expressions of Oriental painting. The reason why I try to find out the true nature of images in Oriental painting from a figurative viewpoint is to convert a conventional sense of value which recognizes the images of Oriental painting only as results of idealism, into more practical field. If the true nature of Oriental painting is fixed and restricted to natures of idealism, any productive development and any changes in form for future couldn't be expected at all. In fact, what the ideological and aesthetic values of art suggest is clearly a proof of real art form. However, it is not a hard thing to prospect that only a superficial idealism will be ceaselessly produced, while the practical study about aesthetic values, meaningful results of painting expressions, is totally ignored, if ideology itself is used as criteria to judge the identity of it or if only the idealistic aesthetic values are emphasized while any clue to show a real existence of oriental paintings is not certain. Actually, nobody can deny the fact that interests about real natures regarding art expressions have been relatively ignored while armed with mental ideology for esthetic view of oriental painting in traditionalism Therefore, it is clear that 'spiritual status' itself can generate any form. Traditionally, in the Orient, the standard of judging a real value of things, which put a focus on a spiritual view of value rather than on a materialistic view of it, has been vaguely positioned the identity of images in painting As a result, the aesthetic convention has finally committed to an error that for images of oriental painting, ideological criteria like so called spiritualism are applied as a judging way, and esthetic meanings and values of real painting are considered as strategic results and spiritual intentions.

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An Investigation of What Korean Students Valued with regards to Mathematics and Mathematics Learning: A Study with Sixth and Ninth Graders (한국 학생들의 수학과 수학 학습에 대한 가치 인식: 초등학교 6학년과 중학교 3학년을 중심으로)

  • Pang, JeongSuk;Cho, Sooyun;Seah, Wee Tiong
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.467-484
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    • 2016
  • What an individual values and regards as important has a significant impact on his or her learning. Classroom instruction would be even more effective if what the teacher regards as important in his or her pedagogical practice are aligned with what students regard as important too. Given this background, this study sought to find out what Korean students valued about mathematics and mathematics learning using a questionnaire developed by Seah (2005). The participants were 409 students from Grade 6 and 407 students from Grade 9 in Korea. The results of this study showed that students put the biggest emphasis on ideological aspects of mathematics, specifically rationalism, among mathematical values. The students also valued product, computation, process, exposition, and recalling among values related to the learning of mathematics. A comparative analysis between the two groups of students showed that sixth graders tended to think more positively with regards to each value than ninth graders. On the basis of these results, this paper raises some issues about students' values in mathematics learning. It also suggests that teachers need to consider what students value and regard as important in their mathematics learning to bring about even more effective instruction.

A Study of Formative World with Plastic Furniture Design (Focused on the anti-design in 1960s ${\sim}$1970s) (플라스틱 가구디자인의 조형세계에 관한 연구 (1960년대부터 1970년대 반디자인을 중심으로))

  • Oh, Se-Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2008
  • For ages, Furniture, it has been improved for human aesthetic needs as well as human life as a tool. In the 1960s, it's the age of an ideological conflict. And its war made the hippie-culture come out. And, it was economically bountiful. The epoch-making development of the scientific technology made the result of space development, conquering the moon in the first of the mankind. Made the appearance of the Anti-design against the modern design which was the also, it traditional values and the mainstream. The plastic has merits, low-priced, light, being perfectly able to do mass production of the all kind of shapes' furniture with all-desired colors. It was the wonderful material for the expression of the short-life character, the irony, the kitsch, and an intentional decoration to being chased by anti-design. And the result, the plastic furniture in the people's daily-life has well represented with reflecting the mind of the people in that age.

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American Myth and the Spectatorship of SF Films: Reviewing Star Wars and "Deep Space Homer" of The Simpsons (미국적 신화의 관점에서 본 SF영화의 관객성 -『스타워즈』와 『심슨가족』의 "우주비행사 호머"를 중심으로)

  • Choe, Youngjeen
    • Journal of English Language & Literature
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.461-482
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    • 2008
  • The science fiction was established as a typical genre of the American popular culture by the monumental releases of two series: Star Wars and Star Trek. Based on the popular science discourse, these two series have functioned as an ideological apparatus for re-appropriating Frontierism which reflects the essential values of American myth. Arguably, the SF genre owes its success mainly to the increasing popularity of science during the 1960s and 1970s, which was well represented in the space project of NASA. This power of popular science, however, tended to weaken in the 1990s as the public interest in NASA's project gradually decreased. "Deep Space Homer," an episode of The Simpson's fifth season, reflects the changing attitude of the American audience toward the new American hero created in the SF series of popular science in the previous popular culture.

화이트헤드의 철학과 수학 교육

  • Yu, Chung-Hyun;Kim, Hye-Kyung
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.399-413
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    • 2009
  • Whitehead's philosophy is evaluated as an applicable philosophy and an accurate, logical explanation system about the world through mathematics. Whitehead's ideological development can be divided into mathematical research, critical consciousness about sciences and philosophical exploration. Although it is presented as a whole unified conceptual framework to understand nature and human beings which is based on modern mathematics and physics in the 20th century, Whitehead's philosophy has not been sufficiently understood and evaluated about the full meaning and mathematics educational values. In this paper, we study relations of Whitehead's philosophy and the mathematical education. Moreover, we study implicity of mathematical education.

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