• Title, Summary, Keyword: IT Investment

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Influential Factors for the IT Investment Decision Making Quality: An Empirical Study Focus on IT Governance

  • Ham, Ju-Yeon;Lee, Jung-Hoon;Woo, Hyeok-Jun
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2010
  • In recent years, many leading corporations are actively adopting IT as competitive resources to improve productivity and processes efficiency with strategic alignments. In effect, IT investment also continues to increase. As a vast growth of IT investment, questions and criticism on recent IT investment results are also rapidly being raised. Especially, improper decision making and management on IT investment may cause negative impact on the company's reputation and finances, therefore companies need reasonable and wise investment decision making on new IT projects. This study applies the conceptual framework of IT governance to IT investment decision making cases to examine how IT investment governance influences the quality of IT investment decision making and how business-IT strategic alignment affects the quality of IT investment decision making. This paper contributes to identify the main factors for reasonable and effective IT investment decision making and expected to provide proper guidelines for IT investment decision making.

A Study on the IT Investment Management System in Korean Public Sector (공공부문의 정보화 투자관리 체계 구축 방향 제안)

  • Oh, Kang-Tak;Park, Sungbum
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 2013
  • The interest in economics and efficiency of IT investment is growing as the amount of overall governmental IT investment steadily increase. Accordingly, there is a strong need to determine whether the expenditure incurs effectively for IT investment and to accurately analyze the economics of IT investment, In this perspective, this study discusses the prior researches on concepts regarding the analysis of IT investment management framework as proposed from academic and professional perspectives in advanced countries' government sectors. Thereafter, an adoption of IT investment management (ITIM) framework has been considered so as to enhance the performance of ICT initiative projects in the public sector. In the suggested IT investment management framework, we suggest economics and efficiency of public IT investment should be improved by integrating ICT project selection and control as well as evaluation stage into single governance framework.

A Study on the Factors for IT Investment Justification (IT 투자 정당화 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jaeyoung
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.177-187
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    • 2015
  • Although actual business environment is getting difficult and hard, IT companies tend to shy away from of annual investment. Many firms have already reached the 25 percent level. However, the profit and the result of their annual investment needs to be evaluated objectively. IT investment analysis usually proceeds by comparing benefits and costs of an IT investment. Much of the problem derives from the historical treatment of IT as an overhead expense rather than a capital asset. What is most worrying about the current situation is the pressure to take a very short-term view of IT. Therefore, this research aims to analyses and justify the necessity of Visionary IT Investment. For this, it is crucial to identify the factors, which affect positively Visionary IT Investment and understand the role of CIO and explain the result of Visionary IT Investment, which is differed to related business and by different business environment. As a result of this study, the legitimacy of IT Investment is proved through analyzing the business value of not investing and cost-avoidance strategies.

How does the Stock Market Reacts to Information Security Investment of Firms in Korea : An Exploratory Study (기업의 정보보안 투자에 시장이 어떻게 반응하는지에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Park, Jaeyoung;Jung, Woojin;Kim, Beomsoo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2018
  • Recently, many South Korean firms have suffered financial losses and damaged corporate images from the data breaches. Accordingly, a firm should manage their IT assets securely through an information security investment. However, the difficulty of measuring the return on an information security investment is one of the critical obstacles for firms in making such investment decisions. There have been a number of studies on the effect of IT investment so far, but there are few researches on information security investment. In this paper, based on a sample of 76 investment announcements of firms whose stocks are publicly traded in the South Korea's stock market between 2001 and 2017, we examines the market reaction to information security investment by using event study methodology. The results of the main effects indicate that self-developed is significantly related to cumulative average abnormal returns (CAARs), while no significant effect was observed for discloser, investment characteristics and firm characteristics. In addition, we find that the market reacts more favorably to the news announced by the subject of investment than the vendor, in case of investments with commercial exploitation. One of main contributions in our study is that it has revealed the factors affecting the market reaction to announcement of information security investment. It is also expected that, in practice, corporate executives will be able to help make an information security investment decision.

An Empirical Study on the Moderating Effect of Competitive Strategy on the Relationship between Information Technology Investment and Information Technology Effectiveness (정보기술투자와 정보기술 효과성 간의 관련성에 대한 경쟁전략의 조절효과)

  • Chung Hyun-Sik;Roh Jung-Gu
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.17
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    • pp.381-399
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    • 2005
  • During the past decade a great deal of attention has focused on the impact of IT investment. However, many related studies have frequently generated controversial or inconsistent results. These results imply that the relationship between IT investment and performance is complex and multifaceted. And empirical studies with new analytical techniques are badly needed to examine the way IT investment interacts with various organizational and environmental elements to influence corporate performance. Accordingly a study of IT investment needs to make a contingency approach to determining the level of IT investment based on the competitive strategy in a macro perspective. The basic purpose of this research is to analyse the relationship between IT investment and IT effectiveness and to identify the moderating effect of competitive strategy in the relationship. The results showed that there is no relationship between IT investment and IT effectiveness, and the competitive strategy can be considered as a significant moderating variable between IT investment and IT effectiveness.

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A Study on Methodology to Assess IT Investment by ROI (IT ROI에 의한 투자 타당성 평가 방법론 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Woon;Chong, Ki-Won
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.53-67
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    • 2006
  • It is difficult to justify an IT investment unless the investment is expected to have a direct impact on a corporation's performance under rapidly changing business environment. It is important to demonstrate the benefit of the investment through a pre-investment assessment process to induce the executive's decision. This paper presents a methodology to assess the investment by analyzing cost and benefit of the investment. This methodology shows tangible cost as well as hidden cost by analyzing total cost of ownership. The methodology also produces ROI by performing cost benefit analysis including financial and non-financial factors. This paper suggests a systematic way to support If investment decision marking process by evaluating the investment objectively.

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The Roles and Characteristics of R&D Investment in the IT Firms: IT Hardware Firms vs. IT Software Firms

  • Lee, Myunggun;Park, Jongpil;Park, Woojin
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.61-81
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    • 2015
  • Investment in research and development (R&D) is critical in the information technology (IT) firms, where newer and better technology is a quintessential goal that directly affects innovation and competitive advantage. This study investigates how R&D investment influences firm performance and value, and how the effect of R&D investment differs between IT hardware and software firms. We also analyze the relationship between firm age and R&D investment in order to identify learning effects on continuous R&D investment. The empirical investigation in this study, based on longitudinal archival data from 2001 to 2010, found a significant effect of R&D investment on firm performance in IT firms. Further, this study demonstrates causal relationship between firm age, and verifies that learning effects are present in R&D investment. Moreover, the results are found to differ between IT hardware and IT software firms.

Firm Size and Different Behaviors in IT Investment Decisions

  • Shim, Seon-Young;Lee, Byung-Tae
    • Management Science and Financial Engineering
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.99-114
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    • 2010
  • The influencing factors of large-scale IT investment decisions are rarely investigated in an empirical perspective. We find out different behaviors in IT investment decisions according to the size of organization. Large scale IT-investment decisions (e.g. system downsizing) can be the outcome of decision-makers' motivation to adopt and control new IT systems- However, this phenomenon is salient in the large-sized organization rather than small-sized ones. Based on our investigation, we predict general IT decision-making behaviors in organizations when making IT investment decisions.

A Study of Causality between Country-level IT Investment and Economic Performance in the U.S. (미국의 정보기술 투자와 경제적 성과 사이의 인과성 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Kim, Soung-Hie
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2006
  • This paper investigated the causal relationship between IT investment and economic performance with the office, computing and accounting machinery (OCAM) and gross domestic product (GDP) statistics from the United States for the period 1961 to 2001. Due to non-stationary aspects of the series, found by unit root tests, it was deemed applicable to apply growth models using the first difference of the series. The results indicate that IT investment growth at the country level do not only cause economic performance growth, but are also caused by economic performance growth. While IT investment growth affect economic performance growth over shorter time periods, economic performance growth affect IT investment growth over longer time periods. As a result, this study reveals IT investment growth have the preceding effect on economic performance growth, and then economic performance growth impact subsequently on IT investment growth.

The Contribution of IT Investment to Growth in OECD Countries (OECD 가입국에 있어서의 ICT투자의 성장기여도 추정 및 비교분석)

  • 서환주;이영수;홍필기
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.175-209
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    • 2000
  • The performance of US economy in the last cecade is considered to be driven by the IT investment. However, the causal relationship has not been conclsive between IT investment and economic performance, which makes a decision in IT investment tricky. IT as a growth strategy is critical to the developing countries which experienced resource constraint. In case IT acts as a driving force in the new technology paradigm, the less investment in IT will continue to which the growth gap between countries. When IT dose not make a significant contribution to growth, heavy investment in IT means misallocations of resources. Therfore a decision on IT investment has critical implication in terms of growth strategy. Based on a growth accounting nethod, the current study is to analyse the contribution of IT

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