• Title, Summary, Keyword: IL-1$\beta$

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Inhibitory Activity of Pigmented Rice Bran Extract to the Allergic Inflammation in Basophilic Cell Line and Peritoneal Mast Cells (호염구세포주와 복강 비만세포에서 유색미 겨 추출물의 알레르기 염증 억제활성)

  • Choi, Sun-Phil;Kang, Mi-Young;Nam, Seok-Hyun
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.315-321
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    • 2005
  • The effects of the extracts from the bran part of pigmented rices on inflammation was evaluated by determining their inhibitory action on the histamine and ${\beta}-hexosaminidase$ release, together with inflammatory cytokine productions ($IL-1{\beta},\;TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6). Examination of the inhibitory effects on the histamine and ${\beta}-hexosaminidase$ release from a basophilic cell line RBL-2H3 cells and rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMC) showed that the pigmented rice extract inhibited these inflammation-mediating substances (10.19% and 110.03% inhibition in histamine and ${\beta}-hexosaminidase$ release, respectively), while normal brown rice extract rather increased their release. For RPMC, the pigmented rice extract was found to have 8 or 3-fold stronger inhibitory activity than normal brown rice toward histamine or ${\beta}-hexosaminidase$ release, respectively. Expression of $IL-1{\beta},\;TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6 was measured as the representative inflammatory cytokine species showed that the pigmented rice extract had a higher inhibitory activity than the normal rice counterpart. ELISA analysis for determining cytokine release demonstrated a more effective blockading ability of the pigmented rice to the release of $IL-{\beta},\;TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6 compared to normal rice. These results showed us the superiority of the pigmented rice bran extract not only in suppressing the release of inflammation-mediating substances such as histamine and ${\beta}-hexosaminidase$, but also in repression of the inflammatory cytokine expression.

Effects of Mite Antigen and Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 on the Biological Actvity of Human Fibroblast (Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 및 Mite 항원이 사람섬유아세포의 생물활성에 미치는 효과)

  • 김광혁;옥미선;유태현
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.111-119
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    • 1996
  • The production of interleukin-1(IL-1)and nitric oxide(NO) by cultured fibroblast cells of human nasal turbinate was revealed by biological assay respectively. The cells were incubated for various periods of time in the presence of staphyloccocal toxic shock syndrome toxin-1(TSST-1) and house dust mite(Dermatophagoides farinae, HDM), and the culture supernatants were harvested. There was a little difference in the activities of IL-1beta and the amount of NO produced by the cells when stimulated with 0.002-0.1$\mu$g/ml of TSSTO-1 and 0.02-1$\mu$g/ml of HDM. The shapes of the time course curves for the production of IL-1beta and NO by the cells were different. Groups stimulated with TSST-1 or HDM produced more IL-beta in 2 h than no exposure group(Control). A certain mixed group(TSST-1, 10ng+mite, 100 ng) continued to produce IL-1beta highly throughout the entire incubation period. The cells stimulated with TSST-1 or HDM produced more NO in 2 h and 6 h than that produced in the end of incubation(48 h). Also, the mixed groups were generally similar. There results suggest that induction of IL-1beta by a certain mixed condition(TSST-1+mite) in fibroblast cell in vivo may play a role in inflammation.

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Effect of Ulmus Davidiana Planch Herbal Acupuncture Solution on Inhibition of Experimental Bone Resorption in Mouse Calvarial Bone Cells (유근피 약침액이 생쥐의 두개골 파골세포에서 골재흡수의 저해에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Mi-Suk;Back, Song-Ook;Kim, Kap-Sung
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2008
  • 목적 : 골관절염치료에 빈용되는 유근피 약침액의 처치가 생쥐의 파골세포에 있어서 골재흡수의 저해에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다 방법 : 생쥐에게 유근피 약침액을 두개골 세포에 전, 후 처치하여 골재흡수에 대한 유근피 약침액의 억제 활성능을 검토하였다. 결론 : 염증성 cytokine 중 $IL-1{\beta}$ 유도인자인 PGE와 LPS처리로 $IL-1{\beta}$생성이 증가되었으나, 유근피 약침액 처치군은 이를 억제하였다. 유근피 약침액 전처리군에서도 $IL-1{\beta}$ 생성이 억제되었다. 유근피 약침액 처치군은 PGE2유발 $IL-1{\beta}$ 전사를 억제하였으며, PGE2 유발 $IL-1{\beta}$ 유도는 cAMP antagonist인 Rp-cAMP와 protein kinase A(PKA)저해제에 의해서도 억제되어 $IL-1{\beta}$ 발현에 cAMP, PKA 신호전달경로가 관여함을 시사하였다. 본 연구에서 유근피 약침액은 강한 항 관절염효과와 골재흡수 저해 활성이 있으며, 관절염 치료, 예방에 유의함을 밝힌 것으로 사료된다.

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Agrobacterium sp.-derived β-1,3-glucan enhances natural killer cell activity in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study

  • Lee, Yeon Joo;Paik, Doo-Jin;Kwon, Dae Young;Yang, Hye Jeong;Park, Yongsoon
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2017
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the hypothesis that a highly pure linear ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan produced by Agrobacterium sp. R259 enhances human natural killer (NK) cell activity and suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokines. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In an eight-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 83 healthy adults with white blood cell counts of $4,000-8,000cells/{\mu}L$ were participated and randomly assigned to take two capsules per day containing either 350 mg ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan or placebo. Six participants withdrew their study consent or were excluded due to NK cell activity levels outside the normal range. NK cell activity and serum levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and cytokines, such as interferon (IFN)-${\gamma}$, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$ were measured. RESULTS: NK cell activity and the serum levels of IL-10 were significantly higher from baseline to week 8 in the ${\beta}$-glucan group compared with the placebo group (P = 0.048, P = 0.029). Consumption of ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan also significantly increased NK cell activity compared with placebo after adjusting for smoking and stress status (P = 0.009). In particular, the effect of ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan on NK cell activity was greater in participants with severe stress than in those experiencing mild stress. However, the administration ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan did not significantly modulate the levels of IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12, TNF-${\alpha}$ and IgG compared with the placebo. CONCLUSION: The results showed that supplementation with bacterial ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan significantly increased NK cell activity without causing any adverse effects. Additionally, the beneficial effect of ${\beta}$-1,3-glucan on NK cell activity was greater in participants experiencing severe stress.

Biological effect of recombinant IL-1$\beta$ on the expression of antiviral genes in the gill of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

  • Hyun, Do Jeong
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2003
  • We have investigated the biological effects of recombinant IL-1$\beta$ (rIL-1$\beta$) on the expression of antiviral genes such as Myxovirus-3 (MX-3) and Interferon regulating factor-1 (IRF-1), which are related to type I interferon. When ten micrograms of rIL-1$\beta$ were treated, we observed the stimulatory effect on the expression of these antiviral genes. Interestingly, at the early stage of stimulation, these genes were down-regulated and then up-regulated by the results obtained that the expressions of these genes were decreased at day 1 post-injection and gradually increased at day 3 post-injection. Thus, the stimulatory effect of rIL-1$\beta$ on the expression of MX-3 and IRF-3 gene might be an indirect stimulatory effect because significant up-regulation was delayed until day 3 post-injection.

HMGB1 Promotes the Synthesis of Pro-IL-1β and Pro-IL-18 by Activation of p38 MAPK and NF-κB Through Receptors for Advanced Glycation End-products in Macrophages

  • He, Qiang;You, Hong;Li, Xin-Min;Liu, Tian-Hui;Wang, Ping;Wang, Bao-En
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1365-1370
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    • 2012
  • The high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein and NALP3 inflammasome have been identified to play important roles in inflammation and cancer pathogenesis, but the relationships between the two and cancer remain unclear. The current study investigated the relationship between HMGB1 and the NALP3 inflammasome in THP-1 macrophages. HMGB1 was found unable to activate the NALP3 inflammasome and failed to induce the release of the IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-18 in THP-1 macrophages. HMGB1 was also found significantly enhanced the activity of ATP to induce IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-18 by the induction of increased expression of pro-IL-$1{\beta}$ and pro-IL-18. This process was dependent on activation of RAGE, MAPK p38 and NF-${\kappa}B$ signaling pathway. These results demonstrate that HMGB1 promotes the synthesis of pro-IL-$1{\beta}$ and pro-IL-18 in THP-1 macrophages by the activation of p38 MAPK and NF-${\kappa}B$ through RAGE. HMGB1 likely plays an important role in the first step of the release of the IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-18, preparing for other cytokines to induce excessive release of IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-18 which promote inflammation and cancer progression.

Increased expression of interleukin-1β in triglyceride-induced macrophage cell death is mediated by p38 MAP kinase

  • Sung, Ho-Joong;Son, Sin-Jee;Yang, Seung-Ju;Rhee, Ki-Jong;Kim, Yoon-Suk
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.414-418
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    • 2012
  • Triglycerides (TG) are implicated in the development of atherosclerosis through formation of foam cells and induction of macrophage cell death. In this study, we report that addition of exogenous TG induced cell death in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-differentiated THP-1 human macrophages. TG treatment induced a dramatic decrease in interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$) mRNA expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The expression of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule remained unchanged. To identify signaling pathways involved in TG-induced downregulation of IL-$1{\beta}$, we added p38 MAPK, protein kinase C (PKC) or c-Raf1 specific inhibitors. We found that inhibition of p38 MAPK alleviated the TG-induced downregulation of IL-$1{\beta}$, whereas inhibition of PKC and c-Raf1 had no effect. This is the first report showing decreased IL-$1{\beta}$ expression during TG-induced cell death in a human macrophage line. Our results suggest that downregulation of IL-$1{\beta}$ expression by TG-treated macrophages may play a role during atherogenesis.

Antiinflammatory effect of ursodeoxycholic acid and mixture of natural extracts combined with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA를 함유한 생약추출물혼합제제의 항염효과에 관한 연구)

  • Rhyu, In-Cheol;Kim, Sang-Nyun;Chung, Chong-Pyoung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.1013-1021
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    • 1996
  • There are many important factors in periodontal inflammation. $IL-1{\beta}$, $PGE_2$ and collagenase are predorminantly key factors. These inflammatory mediators induce gingival tissue and alveolar bone destruction. For the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease, it is necessary to inhibit $IL-1{\beta}$, $PGE_2$ production and collagenase activity. Ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA) has immunomodulatory properties, and there is evidence that some natural extracts show antiinflammatory activity to some degree. The purpose of this study was to assess the inhibitory effect of UDCA and its mixture with natural extracts on $IL-1{\beta}$, $PGE_2$ production and collagenase activity. Accordingly we assessed the effect of UDCA and its mixture combined with some natural extracts on inhibition of $IL-1{\beta}$, $PGE_2$ production and collagenase activity. For the $IL-l{\beta}$ inhibition study, cultured cells were exposed to $25{\mu}g/ml$ LPS. $IL-1{\beta}$ activity was measured by $IL-1{\beta}$ enzyme immunoassay system. Human gingival fibroblasts were prepared and cells (l05/well) were seeded into culture plates. $rhIL-1{\beta}$ was added to induce $PGE_2$. The amount of $PGE_2$ in sample media was measured using enzyme immunoassay system. Crude collagenase was prepared from Porphyromonas gingivalis and collagenolytic activity was determined using a Collageno kit CLN-100. The test inhibitor was added to the assay mixture consisting of 0.1ml of 50mM Tris buffer(pH 7.5) and 0.2ml of substrate solution. UDCA and UDCA combined with natural extracts generally inhibited $IL-1{\beta}$ production. groups above 0.01% UDCA strongly inhibited $IL-l{\beta}$ synthesis. Both groups inhibited $IL-1{\beta}-induced$ synthesis of $PGE_2$. In low concentration, the degree of inhibition was as same as prednisolone. In high concentration, each group was superior to prednisolone. UDCA group and UDCA mixture group exerted a moderate inhibition of collagenolytic enzyme. The present study suggested that UDCA and its mixture with natural extracts could be further investigated as antiinflammatory drug for periodontal disease.

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Spontaneous and Stimulated Release of the TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$, IL-6 and IL-8 of Alveolar Macrophages in the Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis (폐결핵 환자의 폐포 대식세포에서 TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$, IL-6 및 IL-8의 분비에 관한 연구)

  • Cheon, Seon-Hee
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.942-952
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    • 1998
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate spontaneous and LPS stimulated proinflammatory cytokines and chemokine release of alveolar macrophages in the patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and healthy individuals, as a control. Alveolar macrophages recovered from bronchoalveolar lavage fluids were cultured with or without LPS 0.1, 1, or 10 ${\mu}g/ml$ for 24 and 48 hours in 37C, 5% CO2. TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$, IL-6 and IL-8 amount were evaluated using ELISA kit from the supernatants. There were a significant increase in the spontaneous 24 hours release of TNF-$\alpha$ and IL-6 from the involved segments of tuberculosis patients compared with uninvolved segments and normal control There were also increasing trends of release of them after LPS stimulation in involved segments, but not significant. IL-1$\beta$ and IL-8 were not evaluated from the involved segments of tubeculosis and there were not significant differences of them between uninvolved segments of tuberculosis and normal control. It is concluded that cytokine release of alveolar macrophages in the pulmonary tuberculosis was markedly increased, and it was localized to the alveolar macrophages from the involved segments.

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Silica induced Expression of IL-1$\beta$, IL-6, TNF-$\beta$, TGF-$\alpha$, in the Experimental Murine Lung Fibrosis (유리규산에 의한 폐장내 IL-1$\beta$, IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$, TGF-$\beta$의 발현)

  • Ki, Shin-Young;Park, Sung-Woo;Lee, Myung-Ran;Kim, Eun-Young;Uh, Soo-Taek;Kim, Yong-Hoon;Park, Choon-Sik;Lee, Hi-Bal
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.835-845
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    • 1998
  • Background: Silica-induced lung diseases is characterized by the accumulation of inflammatory cells at early stage and fibrosis in pulmonary parenchyma and interstitium at late stage. As a consequence of inflammation, silicosis is accompanied with the expansion of interstitial collagen and the formation of fibrotic nodule. In this process, several kinds of lung cells produce cytokines which can amplify and modulate pulmonary fibrosis. The alveolar macrophage is a potent source of proflammatory cytokines and growth factor. But in the process of silicotic inflammation and fibrosis, there are many changes of the kinetics in cytokine network. And the sources of cytokines in each phase are not well known. Method: 2.5 mg of silica was instillated into the lung of C57BL/6J mice. After intratracheal instillation of silica, the lungs were removed for imunohistochemical stain at 1, 2, 7 day, 2, 4, 8, 12 week, respectively. We investigated the expression of IL-1$\beta$, IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$ and TGF-$\beta$ in lung tissue. Results: 1) The expression of IL-6 increased from 1 day after exposure to 8 weeks in vascular endothelium. Also peribronchial area were stained for IL-6 from 7 days and reached the peak level for 4 weeks. 2) The IL-1 $\beta$ was expressed weakly at the alveolar and peribronchial area through 12 weeks. 3) The TNF-$\alpha$ expressed strongly at alveolar and bronchial epithelia during early stage and maintained for 12 weeks. 4) TGF-$\beta$ was expressed strongly at bronchial epithelia and peribronchial area after 1 week and the strongest at 8 weeks. Conclusion: The results above suggests IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$ appear to be a early inflammatory response in silica induced lung fibrosis and TGF-$\beta$ play a major role in the maintenance and modulation of fibrosis in lung tissue. And the regulation of TNF-$\alpha$ production will be a key role in modultion of silica-induced fibrosis.

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