• Title, Summary, Keyword: ICAM-1

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Lactosylceramide Mediates the Expression of Adhesion Molecules in TNF-${\alpha}$ and IFN ${\gamma}$-stimulated Primary Cultured Astrocytes

  • Lee, Jin-Koo;Kim, Jin-Kyu;Park, Soo-Hyun;Sim, Yun-Beom;Jung, Jun-Sub;Suh, Hong-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 2011
  • Here we have investigated how lactosylceramide (LacCer) modulates gene expression of adhesion molecules in TNF-${\alpha}$ and IFN ${\gamma}$ (CM)-stimulated astrocytes. We have observed that stimulation of astrocytes with CM increased the gene expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. D-Threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol (PDMP) and N-butyldeoxynojirimycin (NBDNJ), inhibitors of glucosylceramide synthase (GLS) and LacCer synthase (galactosyltransferase, GalT-2), inhibited the gene expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 and activation of their gene promoter induced by CM, which were reversed by exogenously supplied LacCer. Silencing of GalT-2 gene using its antisense oligonucleotides also attenuated CM-induced ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression, which were reversed by LacCer. PDMP treatment and silencing of GalT-2 gene significantly reduced CM-induced luciferase activities in NF-${\kappa}B$, AP-1, GAS, and STAT-3 luciferase vectors-transfected cells. In addition, LacCer reversed the inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$ and STAT-1 luciferase activities by PDMP. Taken together, our results suggest that LacCer may play a crucial role in the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 via modulating transcription factors, such as NF-${\kappa}B$, AP-1, STAT-1, and STAT-3 in CM-stimulated astrocytes.

The Effect of Galkunhwanglyeonhwanggum-tang (GGT) and Sopunghwalhyeol-tang (SPT) on Gene Expression Levels of MCP-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and eNOS in HUVECs (갈근황연황금탕(葛根黃蓮黃芩湯)과 소풍활혈탕(疎風活血湯)이 HUVEC 내에 MCP-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and eNOS의 유전자 발현량에 대해 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Hyun-jin;Jeon, Sang-yoon;Jang, Hye-yeon;Kim, Min-wook
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.668-675
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Galkunhwanglyeonhwanggum-tang (GGT), and Sopunghwalhyeol-tang (SPT) on gene expression of MCP-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and eNOS in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Methods: HUVECs were treated with GGT and SPT at concentrations of 50, 100, and 200 ㎍/mL. Gene expression of MCP-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and eNOS in HUVECs was analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and electrophoresis was performed to verify the gene expression level. Results: 1. MCP-1 gene expression was more strongly decreased by SPT than by GGT. 2. ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 gene expressions were more strongly decreased by SPT than by GGT 3. GGT significantly increased eNOS gene expression, but SPT did not. Conclusions: These findings suggest that GGT and SPT regulate gene expression related to anti-inflammatory effects in HUVECs. Clinical application of these Korean medicines to diseases related to dyslipidemia, such as cardiovascular disease, will require additional in vivo experiments to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of GGT and SPT.

2,3-Dimethoxy-2′-hydroxychalcone ameliorates TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and subsequent monocyte adhesiveness via NF-kappaB inhibition and HO-1 induction in HaCaT cells

  • Kim, Hyejin;Youn, Gi Soo;An, Soo Yeon;Kwon, Hyeok Yil;Choi, Soo Young;Park, Jinseu
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2016
  • Up-regulation of adhesion molecules plays an important role in the infiltration of leukocytes into the skin during the development of various inflammatory skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis. In this study, we investigated the modulatory effects of 2,3-dimethoxy-2′-hydroxychalcone (DMHC) on tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression and monocyte adhesiveness, as well as the molecular mechanisms underlying its action in the HaCaT human keratinocyte cell line. Pre-treating HaCaT cells with DMHC significantly suppressed TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and subsequent monocyte adhesiveness. DMHC inhibited TNF-α-induced activation of NF-ᴋB. In addition, DMHC induced HO-1 expression as well as NRF2 activation. Furthermore, HO-1 knockdown using siRNA reversed the inhibitory effect of DMHC on TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and adhesion of monocytes to keratinocytes. These results suggest that DMHC may inhibit TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and adhesion of monocytes to keratinocytes by suppressing the signaling cascades leading to NF-ᴋB activation and inducing HO-1 expression in keratinocytes. [BMB Reports 2016; 49(1): 57-62]

Enhanced Expression of Cell Adhesion Molecules in the Aorta of Diabetic Mice is Mediated by gp91phox-derived Superoxide

  • Yun, Mi-Ran;Kim, Jong-Jae;Lee, Sun-Mi;Heo, Hye-Jin;Bae, Sun-Sik;Kim, Chi-Dae
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2005
  • Endothelial activation and subsequent recruitment of inflammatory cells are important steps in atherogenesis. The increased levels of cell adhesion molecules (CAM) have been identified in diabetic vasculatures, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To determine the relationship among vascular production of superoxide, expression of CAM and diabetes, superoxide generation and expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E- and P-selectin in the aorta from control (C57BL/6J) and diabetic mice (ob/ob) were measured. In situ staining for superoxide using dihydroethidium showed an increased superoxide production in diabetic aorta, accompanied with an enhanced NAD(P)H oxidase activity. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the endothelial expression of ICAM-1 ($3.5{\pm}0.4$) and VCAM-1 ($3.8{\pm}0.3$) in diabetic aorta was significantly higher than those in control aorta ($0.9{\pm}0.5$ and $1.6{\pm}0.3$, respectively), accompanied with the enhanced expression of gp91phox, a membrane subunit of NAD(P)H oixdase. Furthermore, there was a strong positive correlation (r=0.89, P<0.01 in ICAM-1 and r=0.88, P<0.01 in VCAM-1) between ICAM-1/VCAM-1 expression and vascular production of superoxide. The present data indicate that the increased production of superoxide via NAD(P)H oxidase may explain the enhanced expression of CAM in diabetic vasculatures.

Study for defensive effect of Jowesungcheong-tang on gastric mucosal damage in mice (조위승청탕(調胃升淸湯)의 위점막(胃粘膜) 손상(損傷) 방어효과(防禦效果)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Seoung-Sik;Han, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.100-111
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    • 2002
  • 1. The Purpose of study An experimental study has done to examine the effect of defense on gastric mucosal damage of Jowesungcheong-tang. 2. The Material and Method of study Mice had intragastric injected with JST extract before indome thacin treatment which induces hemorrh age erosion artificially. General morphology, infiltrative cell in mucosa, the distribution of UEA-I, COX-1, MAC-1. ICAM, and Apoptotic cell were objected (Ahhreviation) JST :Jowesungcheong-tang, UEA-I : ulex europaeus agglutinin-I, COX-1: cyclooxyhenase-1, ICAM : intercellular adhesion molecule-1, GPE : Gastropathy elicitated mice 3. The results and Conclusions of study 1) The degree of hemorrhage erosion in GPE-group had increased conspicuously in gastric gland proper. JST -group were the same as normal 2) The noticeable increase of granular lecocytes and lymphocytes in GEP-group were seen, but in JST group, the configuration is decreased 3) The decrease of UEA-I positive reacted cells, COX-1, surface epithelial cells and the increase of MAC-l positive cells, ICAM-l positive cells had shown in GPE-group, but in JST-group UEA-I positive cells, COX-1 surface epithelial cells were in creased and MAC-1 positive cells, ICAM-l positive cells were decreased than GPE-group. 4) A number of apoptotic cells were distributed in hemorrhage erosion. The remarkable decrease of apoptotic cells were shown in JST-group.

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Levels of Soluble Intercelluar Adhesion Molecule-1 and Total Sialic Acid in Serum of Patients with Oral Cavity Cancer and Laryngeal Cancer (진행된 구강암 및 후두암 환장의 혈청 Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1(ICAM-1) 및 Sialic acid(SA)농도)

  • Choi Seung-Hyo;Yun Doo Hwm;Kang Jin Wook;Kwan Hyun Ja;Lee Jae Dong;Park Jung Je;Nam Soon Yuhl
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2004
  • Adhesion molecules have been implicated in tumor progression. In this study, we aimed to investigate serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and sialic acid (SA) levels in oral cavity cancer and laryngeal cancer and correlate their levels with cancer progression. Method : The sera from 31 patients with advanced oral cavity cancer (5 at stage III, 10 at stage IV) and advanced laryngeal cancer (1 at stage III, 15 at stage IV) were extracted before treatment. The concentrations of ICAM-1 was measured by Endogen kit (measured absorbance at 490nm) and the concentration of SA was measured by Roche kit (measured absorbance at 550nm). Respectively, gained data was compared with those from a control group (n=12). Result : Mean serum ICAM-1 and SA levels were found to be higher in oral cavity cancer group and laryngeal cancer group than control group. But statistical meaning was at SA (p<0.001, oral cavity cancer and laryngeal cancer versus control). Conclusion : These data reveal that the significant correlations serum SA level in advanced oral cavity cancer and laryngeal cancer. Serum ICAM-1 level was higher at advanced oral cavity cancer and laryngeal cancer than at control group but that was not significant.

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The Effects of Jinmu-tang on Mesangial Cell Proliferation, Fibronectin Synthesis and Expression of ICAM-1, $\beta$ 1-Integrin, MHC-Class II (진무탕이 배양 인체 메산지움 세포증식과 기질 침착에 미치는 영향)

  • 안영민;안세영;두호경;이태원;박재경
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.40-50
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : The progression of renal disease can be identified as a glomerulosclerosis by histological examination, and the basic mechanism of glomerulosclerosis is mesangial cell proliferation and mesangial matrix accumulation. ICAM-1, ${\beta}1-integrin$ and MHC-class II are known to attribute to the progression of glomerulosclerosis. They mediate cell-cell or cell-matrix interactions and are expressed in response to injury and inflammation. Up to now, there have been few satisfactory regimens to treat glomerular diseases except minimal change nephrotic syndrome, which can be improved by steroid therapy. Studies were performed in order to investigate whether Jinmu-tang has suppressive effects on some factors associated with the progression of glomerular disease, mesangial cell proliferation, fibronectin synthesis, ICAM-1, ${\beta}1-integrin$ and MHC-class II expression. Methods : Studies were performed with the method of surface enzyme immunoassays or flow cytometry after addition of peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMC) supernatants treated with Jinmu-tang, using the cultured human mesangial cells. Results : 1. The suppressive effect of Jinmu-tang on mesangial cell proliferation was higher than that of hydrocortisone. 2. Jinmu-tang has some suppressive effects on fibronectin synthesis, ICAM-1, expression, ${\beta}1-integrin$ expression and MHC-class II expression of mesangial cells, but was lower than hydrocortisone. Conclusions : Jinmu-tang generally shows some immunosuppressive effects. We carefully suggest that the above prescription may be applied to prevent the progression of renal disease or can be used as an adjuvant of or a substitute for steroid therapy.

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Functional Analysis of Fibroblastic Reticular Cells Derived from Mouse Lymph Node via Bidirectional Crosstalk with T Cells (T세포와 양방향 작용을 통한 마우스 림프절로부터 분리된 fibroblastic reticular cell의 기능적 분석)

  • Park, Sung Hee;Lee, Jong-Hwan
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.1199-1208
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    • 2013
  • Fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) form the structural backbone of the T zone provide a guidance path for immigrating T cells in the lymph node (LN). FRCs may contribute directly to developing T-cell biology in the LN and allow analyses of fundamental aspects of FRC biology related to T cells. FRCs inhibited T-cell apoptosis, and FRC culture supernatants strongly induced the expression of Bcl-xL in T cells against doxorubicin. Coculture of FRC and T cells resulted in rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton, as well as global changes in the morphology of the FRCs. In addition, when cocultured, the T cells adhered to the FRC monolayer, and the membrane intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 was slightly increased by day-dependent manner. In contrast, the expression of soluble ICAM-1 was dramatically increased in a day-dependent manner. Several chemokines, such as CCL5, CXCL1, CXCL5, CXCL16, CCL8, CXCL13, and ICAM-1, and MMPs were expressed in FRCs sensed by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) families. Nuclear factor kappa B ($NF{\kappa}B$)-RelA of the $NF{\kappa}B$ canonical pathway was translocated into FRC nuclear by $TNF{\alpha}$. In contrast, p52 proteolyzed from p100, a counterpart of RelB of the noncanonical $NF{\kappa}B$ pathway, accumulated in the peripheral FRC nucleus by agonistic anti-$LT{\beta}R$ antibody. In summary, we propose a model in which FRCs engage in bidirectional crosstalk to increase the efficiency of T-cell biology. This cooperative feedback loop may help to maintain tissue integrity and function during immune responses.

Expression of Some Adhesion Molecules on the Cultured Endothelial Cells of Human Umbilical Vein Infected with Hantaan Virus (한탄바이러스 감염 내피세포에서 부착분자의 발현 (II) -In Situ Hybridization-)

  • Chung, Sang-In;Shin, Sung-Il;Kim, Ki-Jeong;Kang, Eung-Taek;Yu, Suk-Hee;Choi, Chul-Soon;Yang, Yong-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 1996
  • Histopathological vascular changes in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by Hantaan virus include increased vascular permeability, disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombocytopenia and changes in coagulation activity. Although vascular endothelial cells of main target organs such as kidney infected with Hantaan virus are not damaged but swelling of endothelial cells, perivascular exudates and infiltration of mononuclear cells and fresh interstitial hemorrhages are common. However, the pathogenesis of cell infiltration and hemorrhages around vascular endothelial cells are not well understood. Some endothelial cell molecules or vascular adhesins that acts as adhesion moleulces for leukocyte are expressed on endothelial cells close to site of inflammation. However, whether the expression of endothelial adhesion molecules such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM) on vascular endothelial cells are increased by infection with Hantaan virus has not been studied. In this study, the relationship between the expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and ELAM and adhesion of mononuclear cells on endothelial cells of human blood vessels infected with Hantaan virus was investigated. The endothelial cells of umbilical vein was passaged three times in culture medium and the monolayered cells were infected with $10^5\;pfu/ml$ of Hantaan virus grown in Vera E6 cell cultures. The multiplication of virus in cultured endothelial cells was monitored by immunohistochemistry and the expression of adhesion molecules was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies against VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and ELAM. And in situ hybriditation against ICAM-1 was also performed. The endothelial adhesion molecules, VCAM and ICAM, were expressed after 6 hours postinfection, respectively, and their expressions lasted for 72 hours. Similar expression of VCAM and ICAM appeared on endothelial cells by infection with virus, but the expression of ELAM was not recognized up to 72 hours postinfection. Microscopically, it was noted that many monocuclear cells adhered on endothelial cells infected with viruses. In an electronmicroscopic study, the transendothelial migration of mononuclear cells was observed on monolayered endothelial cells infected with virus. This results suggested that the endothelial adhesion molecules, particulary VCAM and ICAM, might be expressed on endothelial cells by infection with Hantaan virus and these molecules play a key role in the adhesion and extravasation of inflammatory cells around blood vessels.

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Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Gene Polymorphism (K469E) in Korean Preeclamptic Women

  • Lim, Ji-Hyae;Park, So-Yeon;Kim, Shin-Young;Lee, Moon-Hee;Yang, Jae-Hyug;Kim, Moon-Young;Park, Hyun-Young;Lee, Kwang-Soo;Kim, Young-Ju;Ryu, Hyun-Mee
    • Journal of Genetic Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Preecalmpsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder that reflects widespread endothelial dysfunction resulting from increases of adhesion molecule expression. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is involved in the pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for preeclampsia, and ICAM-1 plasma levels and/or function is genetically influenced. Therefore, we evaluated the distribution of ICAM-1 gene K469E polymorphism in pregnant Korean women with preeclampsia and evaluated the association between this polymorphism and preeclampsia. Methods: The K469E polymorphism was analyzed in peripheral blood samples from 197 preeclamptic pregnancies and 193 normotensive pregnancies by a SNapShot kit and an ABI Prism 3100 Genetic analyzer. Results: Genotypic and allelic frequencies of ICAM-1 gene polymorphism (K469E) did not differ between preeclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. The distributions of the KK, KE, and EE genotypes were 40.6%, 43.7%, and 15.7%, respectively, in preeclamptic pregnancies and 38.9%, 45.1%, and 16.1%, respectively, in normotensive pregnancies. The frequencies of K and E alleles were 0.62 and 0.38, respectively, in preeclamptic pregnancies and 0.61 and 0.39, respectively, in normotensive pregnancies. By multiple logistic regression analysis, there was no increased risk of preeclampsia in subjects with ICAM-1 KE (OR, 1.08; P=0.74) or EE (OR, 1.07; P=0.88) genotypes. Conclusion: This study suggests that the ICAM-1 gene K469E polymorphism does not associate with an increased risk of preeclampsia in pregnant Korean women.

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