• Title, Summary, Keyword: ICAM-1

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Vitamin C Blocks TNF-${\alpha}$-induced NF-kB Activation and ICAM-1 Expression in Human Neuroblastoma Cells

  • Son, Eun-Wha;Mo, Sung-Ji;Rhee, Dong-Kwon;Pyo, Suhk-Neung
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1073-1079
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    • 2004
  • Interactions of the cell adhesion molecules are known to play important roles in mediating inflammation. The proinflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$(TNF-${\alpha}$), activates the NF-kB signaling pathway, which induces the expression of various genes, such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). In this study, the effect of vitamin C on the ICAM-1 expression induced by TNF-${\alpha}$ in a human neuroblastoma cell line, SK-N-SH was investigated. Treatment with vitamin C resulted in the downregulation of the TNF-${\alpha}$-induced surface expression and ICAM-1 mRNA levels in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, a gel shift analysis indicated that vitamin C dose-dependently inhibited the NF-kB activation and IkB${\alpha}$ degradation induced by TNF-${\alpha}$. Taken together, these results suggest that vitamin C downregulates TNF-${\alpha}$- induced ICAM-1 expression via the inhibition of NF-kB activation.

Effects of Hantaan Virus and $IFN-{\gamma}$ on Induction of Surface ICAM-1 in Primary Cultured Human Nasal Epithelial Cells and Human Lung Fibroblasts

  • Park, Ho-Sun;Kim, Sung-Kwang
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.317-325
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    • 1998
  • The primary culture of human nasal epithelial cells was performed using the inferior nasal turbinate tissues, and infected with Hantaan virus to examine the hypothesis of airborne transmission of Hantaan virus in humans. The primary culture cells were identified as epithelial cells by morphologic and immunologic analyses. The viral antigens were detected in the primary human nasal epithelial cells infected with Hantaan virus by immunofluorescence staining. The ICAM-1 induction by Hantaan virus or $IFN-{\gamma}$ was examined in the primary human nasal epithelial cells and human lung fibroblasts (WI-38). Hantaan virus induced the surface ICAM-1 in WI-38 cells in a time-dependent manner, and $IFN-{\gamma}$ induced the surface ICAM-1 in a dose-dependent manner in HNEC and WI-38 cells. These results revealed that the human nasal epithelial cells are susceptible to Hantaan viral infection supporting the hypothesis of airborne transmission of Hantaan virus in humans. The human lung fibroblasts also might have an important role in the pathogenesis of Hantaan virus through the induction of ICAM-1.

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Identification of Endothelial Specific Region in the Intracellular Adhesion Molecule-2 (ICAM2) Promoter of Miniature Pig

  • Jang, Hoon;Jang, Won-Gu;Kim, Dong Un;Kim, Eun-Jung;Hwang, Sung Soo;Oh, Keon Bong;Lee, Jeong-Woong
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2012
  • The shortage of human organs for transplantation has induced the research on the possibility of using animal as porcine. However, pig to human transplantation as known as xeno-transplantation has major problem as immunorejection. Recently, the solutions of pig to human xenotransplantation are commonly mentioned as having a genetically modification which include alpha 1, 3 galatosyl transferase knockout (GTKO) and immune-suppressing gene transgenic model. Unfortunately, the expression level of transgenic gene is very low activity. Therefore, development of gene overexpression system is the most urgent issue. Also, the tissue specific overexpression system is very important. Because most blood vessels are endothelial cells, establishment of the endothelial-specific promoter is attractive candidates for the introduction of suppressing immunorejection. In this study, we focus the ICAM2 promoter which has endothelial-specific regulatory region. To detect the regulatory region of ICAM2 promoter, we cloned 3.7 kb size mini-pig ICAM2 promoter. We conduct serial deletion of 5' flanking region of mini-pig ICAM2 promoter then selected promoter size as 1 kb, 1.5 kb, 2 kb, 2.5 kb, and 3 kb. To analyze promoter activity, luciferase assay system was conducted among these vectors and compare endothelial activity with epithelial cells. The reporter gene assay revealed that ICAM2 promoter has critical activity in endothelial cells (CPAE) and 1 kb size of ICAM2 promoter activity was significantly increased. Taken together, our studies suggest that mini-pig ICMA2 promoter is endothelial cell specific overexpression promoter and among above all size of promoters, 1 kb size promoter is optimal candidate to overcome the vascular immunorejection in pig to human xenotransplantation.

Correlation between Cerebral Vasospasm after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Levels in Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid

  • Cheong, Jin-Hwan;Kim, Jae-Min;Bak, Koang-Hum;Kim, Choong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2005
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation of the ICAM-l levels in serum and CSF with cerebral vasospasm in early aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage [SAH] patients. Methods : A prospective analysis was performed in thirty consecutive patients who underwent early surgery for intracranial aneurysmal SAH. The serum and CSF were obtained daily through the indwelling arterial lines and intraoperative ventriculostomy, or cisternal drain for 4 consecutive days after surgery. The ICAM-1 levels in serum and CSF samples were measured via quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results : The mean concentration of serum in aneurysmal SAH patients was 207.89ng/ml compared with 132.25ng/ml in controls. The mean concentration of CSF in aneurysmal SAH patients was 76.39ng/ml compared with 3.96ng/ml in controls. There were no significant differences between serum and CSF ICAM-1 level with regards to clinical characteristics in patients with aneurysmal SAH [P>0.05]. However, CSF ICAM-1 levels increased significantly in patients with vasospasm compared with those without vasospasm [P<0.05]. Conclusion : The major result of this study shows that ICAM-1 is increased in CSF after early aneurysmal SAH and that this increase in ICAM-1 has correlation with cerebral vasospasm. Further study is needed to determine whether ICAM-1 levels may be indicator in the pathogenesis of important events leading to cerebral vasospasm.

The Enhanced Monocyte Adhesiveness after UVB Exposure Requires ROS and NF-κB Signaling in Human Keratinocyte

  • Park, Lee-Jin;Ju, Sung-Mi;Song, Ha-Yong;Lee, Ji-Ae;Yang, Mi-Young;Kang, Young-Hee;Kwon, Hyung-Joo;Kim, Tae-Yoon;Choi, Soo-Young;Park, Jin-Seu
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.618-625
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    • 2006
  • The infiltration of both monocyte and activated T cells in the skin is one of critical steps in the development of UVB-induced inflammation. Upregulation of adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) on the surface of keratinocytes plays an important role in this process. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanism responsible for UVB-induced expression of ICAM-1 and subsequent monocyte adhesion by keratinocyte. We observed that (1) UVB induced protein and mRNA expression of ICAM-1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner in human keratinocyte cell HaCaT; (2) UVB induced the translocation of NF-kappaB and inhibition of NF-kappaB by NF-kappaB inhibitors suppressed UVB-induced mRNA and protein expression of ICAM-1; (3) UVB increased the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by HaCaT cells; (4) UVB-induced increase of intracellular ROS level was suppressed by pre-treatment with diphenyl iodonium (DPI) and N-acetyl cysteine (NAC); and (5) inhibition of UVB-induced ROS production by DPI or NAC suppressed UVB-mediated translocation of NF-kappaB, expression of ICAM-1 and subsequent monocyte adhesion in HaCaT cells. These results suggest that UVB-induced ROS is involved in the translocation of NF-kappaB which is responsible for expression of ICAM-1 and subsequent increased monocyte adhesion in human keratinocyte.

Inhibition of COX-2 Impairs Colon Cancer Liver Metastasis through Reduced Stromal Cell Reaction

  • Herrero, Alba;Benedicto, Aitor;Romayor, Irene;Olaso, Elvira;Arteta, Beatriz
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.342-351
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    • 2021
  • Liver colonization is initiated through the interplay between tumor cells and adhesion molecules present in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). This crosstalk stimulates tumor COX-2 upregulation and PGE2 secretion. To elucidate the role of the LSEC intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the prometastatic response exerted by tumor and stromal COX-2, we utilized celecoxib (CLX) as a COX-2 inhibitory agent. We analyzed the in vitro proliferative and secretory responses of murine C26 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells to soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1), cultured alone or with LSECs, and their effect on LSEC and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) migration and in vivo liver metastasis. CLX reduced sICAM-1-stimulated COX-2 activation and PGE2 secretion in C26 cells cultured alone or cocultured with LSECs. Moreover, CLX abrogated sICAM-1-induced C26 cell proliferation and C26 secretion of promigratory factors for LSECs and HSCs. Interestingly, CLX reduced the protumoral response of HSC, reducing their migratory potential when stimulated with C26 secretomes and impairing their secretion of chemotactic factors for LSECs and C26 cells and proliferative factors for C26 cells. In vivo, CLX abrogated the prometastatic ability of sICAM-1-activated C26 cells while reducing liver metastasis. COX-2 inhibition blocked the creation of a favorable tumor microenvironment (TME) by hindering the intratumoral recruitment of activated HSCs and macrophages in addition to the accumulation of fibrillar collagen. These results point to COX-2 being a key modulator of processes initiated by host ICAM-1 during tumor cell/LSEC/HSC crosstalk, leading to the creation of a prometastatic TME in the liver.

The Effect of Gamidohongsamul-tang (GDT) on the Gene Expression Levels of eNOS, KLF2, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVEC Cells (가미도홍사물탕(加味桃紅四物湯)이 HUVEC cell 내에 eNOS, KLF2, ICAM-1, VCAM-1의 유전자 발현양에 대해 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Hyun-chan;Jeon, Sang-yoon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study seeks to investigate the effects of Gamidohongsamul-tang (GDT) on the Gene expression levels of eNOS, KLF2, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVEC cells. Methods: HUVEC cells were treated at a concentration of 1, 10, 100 (${\mu}g/ml$) of Gamidohongsamul-tang (GDT). To measure the NOS, KLF2, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 gene expression in HUVEC cells, the synthesized cDNA was subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and electrophoresis was performed to verify gene expression level. Results: 1. GDT significantly increased eNOS and KLF2 gene expression. 2. GDT significantly reduced ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 gene expression. Conclusions: These experiments suggest that Gamidohongsamul-tang (GDT) regulates gene expression related with anti-dyslipidemic effects in HUVEC cells. In order to clinically apply this to diseases related to dyslipidemia, such as cardiovascular disease, additional in vivo experiments are needed to verify the anti-dyslipidemic effects of GDT.

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1)의 분자구조와 기능

  • 전창덕
    • The Zoological Society Korea : Newsletter
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 2001
  • Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)은 T 세포의 활성이나 면역세포가 염증작용이 일어나고 있는 곳으로 옮겨갈 때 중요한 역할을 수행하는 당단백질 (glycoprotein)으로서 2-integrin 계열의 분자인 leukocyte function associated antigen-1(LFA-1)이나 Mac-1의 수용체이며 세포의 막에 homodimer인 상태로 발현되어진다. ICAM-1은 5개의 세포외 domain과 transmembrane domain(TM) 및 짧은 cytoplasmic domain을 갖고 있으며, dimerization motif는 domain 5 또는 TM인 것으로 알려져 있다. 최근의 crystal 구조분석 결과에 의하면 domain 1에도 dimerization motif가 있는 것으로 추정되어지지만 정확한 실험적인 뒷받침이 되어져 있지 않다. 본 연구에서는domain 1에 dimer를 형성할 수 있는 motif가 존재하는 지에 대한 실험적인 증명과 함께 ICAM-1이 세포의 막에서 어떠한 구조를 갖고 있는지에 대한 최근의 연구성과를 보고하고자 한다.

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Preparation of Benzoyloxy Benzophenone Derivatives and Their Inhibitory Effects of ICAM-1 Expression

  • Kwon, Eun-Mi;Kim, Cheol-Gi;Goh, Ah-Ra;Park, Jin-Seu;Jun, Jong-Gab
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.1939-1944
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    • 2012
  • Benzoyloxy benzophenone derivatives were prepared in 3 steps including DCC coupling, Fries rearrangement and esterification from benzoic acids in 24-89% total yields. Among the prepared 12 benzophenone analogues 1a-1l, the compound 1b having three chloro groups at the para position showed maximum inhibitory effects of ICAM-1 expression but, 1a which have no substituents at all showed no inhibitory activity. This study provides the evidences that benzoyloxy benzophenone derivative, 1b may exert its anti-inflammatory activity by suppressing IFN-${\gamma}$-induced ICAM-1 expression.