• Title, Summary, Keyword: Holocene

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A Geochemical Boundary in the East Sea (Sea of Japan): Implications for the Paleoclimatic Record

  • Han, Sang-Joon;Hyun, Sang-Min;Huh, Sik;Chun, Jong-Hwa
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 2002
  • Sediment from six piston cores from the East Sea (Sea of Japan) was analyzed for evidence of paleoceanographic changes and paleoclimatic variation. A distinct geochemical boundary is evident in major element concentrations and organic carbon content of most cores near the 10-ka horizon. This distinctive basal Holocene change is interpreted to be largely the result of changing sediment sources, an interpretation supported by TiO_2/Al_2O_3$ ratios. Organic carbon and carbonate contents also differ significantly between the Holocene and glacial intervals. The C/N ratio of organic matter is greater than 10 during the glacial period, but is less than 10 for the Holocene, suggesting that the influx of terrigenous organic matter was more volumetrically important than marine organic matter during glacial times. The chemical index of weathering (CIW) is higher for the Holocene than the glacial interval, and changes markedly at the basal Holocene geochemical boundary. Silt fractions are higher in the glacial interval, suggesting a strong effect of climate on silt particle transportation: terrigenous aluminosilicates and continental organic carbon transport were higher during glacial times than during the Holocene. Differences in sediment composition between the Holocene and glacial period are interpreted to have been climatically induced.

Holocene paleoenvironmental changes in the Lake Khuvsgul, Northern Mongolia (몽골 북부 흡수굴호의 홀로세 동안의 고환경 변화)

  • Orkhonselenge, A.;Kashiwaya, K.;Ochiai, S.;Krivonogov, S.K.;Nakamura, T.
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.28-36
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    • 2008
  • The present study has focused on the environmental changes and evidences for sedimentation in the Lake Khuvsgul catchment during the Holocene period, inferred from short core sediment (BO03) from the eastern shore of Borsog Bay, which were analyzed in order to review records of the Holocene climatic evolution and Holocene history in Northern Mongolia. For the purpose of reconstruction of natural phenomenon that occurred in the lake catchment system during the Holocene, physical and chemical properties including HCl-soluble material, biogenic silica, organic matter and grain size distribution of minerals in the core sediments have been analyzed in this study. The vertical variations in composition for these properties show distinctly that five lines of paleoenvironmental evidence occurred in the lake catchment during the Holocene. A modified age model resulting from AMS carbon dating for the BO03 core sediment shows timings of these environmental events at 9.5 Kyr BP, 8.0 Kyr BP, 5.6 Kyr BP and 3.2 Kyr BP, respectively. Paleoenvironmental changes in the Lake Khuvsgul catchment system during the Holocene highlight distinctive features of the hydrological regime and geomorphologic evolution in the lake catchment due to regional landscape and global climatic changes corresponding with the Holocene optimum and thermal optimum. In particular, the change of hydrologic regime based on the sedimentological evidence has been caused by not only overland flow due to melting water, but also base flow due to thick permafrost around Khuvsgul region.

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Sea level change and paleogeomorphological change since the middle Holocene in the lowerreaches of Taehwa River, Ulsan-si, South Korea (울산시 태화강 하류부의 Holocene 중기 이래 해수면변동과 고지형변화)

  • Kim, Jeong-Yun;Hwang, Sangill;Yoon, Soon-Ock
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.61-75
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to reconstruct sea level change and paleogeomorphology since the middle Holocene by diatom analysis and 14C-dating from the sedimentary facies of three trenches on alluvial plain of Taehwa River, Taehwa-dong, Ulsan-si, South Korea. The Taewha-dong area was a narrow bay located between Bangeojin and eatuary of Taehwa River was a narrow bay which has been detached from the open sea during middle Holocene. Taewa-dong area at bay area was developed into alluvial plain by the sediments had been come from the Taewa river basin. The sea level change during the middle Holocene effected on the development of Taewha-dong alluvial plain and its information is included in the sediment facies.

Sea Level Change during the Middle Holocene at Bibong-ri, Changnyeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea (창녕 비봉리 지역의 Holocene 중기 해수면변동)

  • Hwang, Sangill;Kim, Jeong-Yun;Yoon, Soon-Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.837-855
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    • 2013
  • The remains and relics such as wood vessel, shell middens and acorn hollows related to marine environments were excavated at Bibong-ri, Changnyeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea, approximately 70km apart from the Nakdong River mouth. The sea-level changes were reconstructed based on characteristics of shell middens and acorn hollows, sedimentary facies, AMS dating, and diatom analysis. The shell middens and acorn hollows were constructed during the early Neolithic Age and provide information on the paleo-sea level, because of influences of marine processes. The sedimentary facies are classified into a bedrock, base gravel and Holocene sediment (marine, terrestrial and back marsh sediments), upward. The sea level fluctuated during the middle Holocene is in harmony with those in Sejuk-ri, Ulsan and Pyeongtaek. In particular, the sea level at Bibong-ri of study area was higher than the mean high tidal level in Gimhae by approximately 1m during 5,000yr BP and maintained the stable condition during 4,000yr BP.

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Holocene Climate Variability on the Centennial and Millennial Time Scale

  • Lee, Eun Hee;Lee, Dae-Young;Park, Mi-Young;Kim, Sungeun;Park, Su Jin
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.335-340
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    • 2014
  • There have been many suggestions and much debate about climate variability during the Holocene. However, their complex forcing factors and mechanisms have not yet been clearly identified. In this paper, we have examined the Holocene climate cycles and features based on the wavelet analyses of $^{14}C$, $^{10}Be$, and $^{18}O$ records. The wavelet results of the $^{14}C$ and $^{10}Be$ data show that the cycles of ~2180-2310, ~970, ~500-520, ~350-360, and ~210-220 years are dominant, and the ~1720 and ~1500 year cycles are relatively weak and subdominant. In particular, the ~2180-2310 year periodicity corresponding to the Hallstatt cycle is constantly significant throughout the Holocene, while the ~970 year cycle corresponding to the Eddy cycle is mainly prominent in the early half of the Holocene. In addition, distinctive signals of the ~210-220 year period corresponding to the de Vries cycle appear recurrently in the wavelet distribution of $^{14}C$ and $^{10}Be$, which coincide with the grand solar minima periods. These de Vries cycle events occurred every ~2270 years on average, implying a connection with the Hallstatt cycle. In contrast, the wavelet results of $^{18}O$ data show that the cycles of ~1900-2000, ~900-1000, and ~550-560 years are dominant, while the ~2750 and ~2500 year cycles are subdominant. The periods of ~2750, ~2500, and ~1900 years being derived from the $^{18}O$ records of NGRIP, GRIP and GISP2 ice cores, respectively, are rather longer or shorter than the Hallstatt cycle derived from the $^{14}C$ and $^{10}Be$ records. The records of these three sites all show the ~900-1000 year periodicity corresponding to the Eddy cycle in the early half of the Holocene.

The Change of the Depositional Environment on Dodaecheon River Basin during the Middle Holocene (Holocene 中期에 있어서 道垈川流域의 堆積 環境 變化)

  • Hwang, Sang-Ill;Yoon, Soon-Ock;Jo, Wha-Ryong
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.403-420
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    • 1997
  • Dodaecheon is a small river flowing into Asan Bay which is located in the middle part of the West Coast of the Korean Penninsula. We have investigated the change of depositional environment in Dodaecheon river basin during the middle Holocene. In the course of the research, the methods such as boring, radiocarbon dating, diatom and pollen analysis were employed. The Holocene deposits of the studied area are consisted of peat and gray silt layers, and contain many plooen and diatom fossils. Based on the results of diatom and pollen analysis, we conclude that the gray silt layers were sedimented owing to the transgression in the middle Holocene, and the peat layers by the regression or stabilzation of the sea level. The shoreline in the Post Glacial Age reached to the rivemouth of Dodaecheon at ca. 7,000 years before present(y. BP) and at that time the high tide sea-level(mean high water level of spring tide) rose to ca. 3m above present mean sea-level(m.a.s.l.). Since then to ca. 6,000y. BP, the high tide sea-level arrived to ca. 5m above present mean sea level further repeating minor transgressions and regressions. The peat layers of the coastal lowland of the West Coast were formed by the sea level fluctuations from 7,000 y. BP to 3,000 y. BP, and they were distributed 2 to 6 meters higher than the mean sea level of the present day. Most of them sedimented due to the high tide level are older and higher than those of the East Coast which were formed at the swale in the low tidal range environment.

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The Holocene Marine Sediment Distribution on the Continental Shelf of the Korea South Sea and the Early Holocene Sea level Standing Evidence (한국 남해 대륙붕 해저 퇴적물 분포특성과 현세초기의 해수면)

  • 박용안;이창복;조영길;최진용;박상윤
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 1989
  • The Holocene marine surficial sediments and submarine morphology of the continental shelf of the Korea South Sea have been investigated to understand the evolutionary history of tile continental shelf sedimentation in relation to Holocelle sea level fluctuations. It is considered that along 120m $\pm$ $\alpha$ water depth of so-called Pusan Trough between the Tsushima Island and Pusan, Korea the lowest stand of Holocene sea level seems to be existed.

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Numerical Simulation of the Asian Monsoon for the Mid-Holocene Using a Numerical Model (수치모델을 이용한 홀로세 중기의 아시아 몬순순환 변화 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Joong;Lee, Bang-Yong;Park, Yoo-Min;Suk, Bong-Chool
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2005
  • The change in global climate and Asian monsoon patterns during the mid-Holocene, 6000 years before present (6 ka), is simulated by a climate model at spectral truncations of T170 with 18 vertical layers, corresponding to grid-cell sizes of roughly 75km. The present simulation is forced with the observed monthly data of sea surface temperatures, and the specified concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, while in the mid-Holocene experiment, orbital parameters such as obliquity, precession, and eccentricity are changed to the 6ka conditions. Under such conditions, the precipitation associated with the summer monsoon is enhanced over a wider zonal band from the Middle East to Southeast Asia, while no significant alteration takes Place in winter. The monsoonal wind also increases over the Arabian Sea, showing the enhanced southwesterly wind during summer and northeasterly wind during winter. Overall, the showing of the Asian monsoon is enhanced during the mid-Holocene, especially in summer, which is consistent with the proxy estimates and other previous model simulations.

Records of Holocene Environmental Changes in Terrestrial Sedimentary Deposits on King George Island, Antarctica; A Critical Review

  • Tatur A.;Valle R. Del;Barczuk A.;Martinez-Macchiavello J.
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.531-537
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    • 2004
  • In this study we discuss some problems that emerged from paleolimnological and paleontological investigations of terrestrial Holocene ecosystems on King George Island (South Shetland Islands) conducted by an Argentine-Polish research group. Biological and geochemical markers commonly used in standard analytical procedures are considered insufficient in tracing overlapping records of past environmental changes preserved in peat banks, lake sediments and ornithogenic remnants. Records that might be explained by predictable natural events (related to glacio-isostatic uplift of land), roughly predictable events (ecological succession), or unpredictable events (volcanic eruptions or accidental destruction of aquatic moss) may overlap or interfinger one with another providing that signals of regional and/or global climatic changes, are hardly identifiable. A more sophisticated and more selective methods are recommended to do discrimination between records of local and regional/golbal processes in studies on Holocene climatic history of the South Shetland Islands.

Sea Level Fluctuation in the Yellow Sea Basin (황해 분지의 해수면 변동)

  • PARK, YONG AHN;KHIM, BOO KEUN;ZHAO, SONGLING
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.42-49
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    • 1994
  • A series of radiocarbon dating from intertidal, subtidal, and inner continental shelf deposits investigated along the west coast of Korea as well as from its offshore sea floor (namely, the eastern Yellow Sea Basin) how (1) the Holocene sea level rise, i.e., the ecstatic sea-level history during the oxygen isotope stage 1, and (2) pre-Holocene sea-level fluctuations during the oxygen isotope stages 2 and 3. Marine geophysical investigations in the Yellow Sea reported a possible development of desert and loses deposits due to dieselization under the cold and dry climate during the Last Glacial Maximum. The Kanweoldo deposit overlain unconformably by the Holocene intertidal deposits, which is mainly exposed along the tidal channels and intertidal flats in the Cheonsu Bay, the west coast of Korea, shows the characteristic cryogenic structure (cryoturbation). Such cryoturbation structure of the Kanweoldo deposit appears to indicate the cold and dry climate under the ecstatic sea-level paleoshoreline standing before and after of the pre-Holocene interstitial period (about 30000 y BP is suggested and its shoreline curve is constructed.

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