• Title/Summary/Keyword: Hepatocarcinogenesis

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Studies on the ploidy distributions of the hepatocytes isolated in hepatocarcinogensis of rats (랫드의 간발암화과정에서 분리한 간세포의 ploidy 분포변화에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-chul;Lee, Yong-soon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.649-661
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    • 1992
  • This study was performed to compare DNA content by flow cytometer (FCM) and glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) positive foci for searching objective and accurated properties of tumor. Sprague-Dawley rats aged six weeks were divided into three groups and group 1 and 2 of rats were given an intraperitoneal injection of diethylnitrosamine at 200mg/kg body weight and group 3 of rats were given saline. Three weeks after beginning of the experiment, all groups were performed partial hepatectomy. Group 1 of rats were begun to feed on diets containing 0.02% 2-acetylaminofluorene as a promoter for six weeks, group 2 and 3 of rats were begun to feed on basal diets. At 4, 6, and 8 weeks after initiation, all groups of rats were killed, livers were extracted for H & E stain, immunohistochemical stain, and DNA ploidy analysis. In quantitative analysis for GST-P positive lesion number and area by using Image Analyzer, group 1 and 2 represented significant difference in comparison with group 3. In ploidy distribution, diploid cells of group 1 and 2 were increased significantly in comparison with those of group 3 at 4, 6, and 8 weeks after initiation, respectively tetraploid cells were reduced. But S-phase cells were not changed significantly. It is concluded that ploidy change by FCM is useful as objective data for early detection in hepatocarcinogenesis. Therefore, methodology and study of DNA content are carried out for more objective and accurate ploidy analysis in liver tumor.

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Excess Taurine Induced Placental Glutathione S-transferase Positive Foci Formation in Rat

  • Kweon, Sang-Hui;Kim, Yoon;Choi, Hay-Mie;Kwon, Woo-Jung;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.469-475
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the chemopreventive potential of taurine at various levels on the diethylnitrosamine (DEN)·induced hepatocarcinogenesis. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on diets containing 0, 1, 2, 3% taurine or 5% ${\beta}-alanine$ for taurine depletion. Then they were treated with DEN and 2/3 partial hepatectomy. The number of placental glutathione S-transferase positive ($GST-P^+$) foci, as a preneoplastic marker in the 1 % taurine group was lower than the control diet group. However the difference was insignificant. Although taurine diets reduced the thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) level, the number of $GST-P^+$ foci was increased in 3% taurine diet group. The 1 % taurine diet increased the glutathione (GSH) level and GST activity, however they unfortunately did not suppress the foci formation. In the 3% taurine group, the GSH level and GSH peroxidase (GPx) activity were significantly decreased. Excess taurine supplementation of the pharmaceutical dose worked against hepatic chemoprevention, which might result from modulation of GPx activity and GSH utility. On the contrary, taurine might work as an antioxidant against TBARS production as the 1 % taurine diet increased GSH level. The potency of the cancer preventive effect of taurine still remains and further studies should investigate the effect of taurine with less than 1 % levels on the prevention of hepatic cancer.

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Effects of $\gamma$-Irradiated Beef Feeding on Antioxidative Defense System in Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis (실험적 간 발암모델에서 감마선 조사 쇠고기 섭취가 쥐의 항산화 방어체계에 미치는 효과)

  • 김정희;진유리;강일준;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.646-653
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    • 1999
  • This study was done to investigate the effect of ${\gamma}$ irradiated beef feeding on antioxidant vitamin levels and defense enzyme activities in diethylnitrosamine(DEN) initiated rats. Weaning Sprague Dawley male rats were fed the diet containing ${\gamma}$ irradiated ground beef at the dose 0, 3, 5 kGy as a 20% of protein source for 8 weeks. One week after feeding, rats were intraperitoneally injected twice with a dose of DEN(50mg/kg BW). As a promoter, 0.05% phenobarbital was fed in drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. At the end of 8th week, serum level of vitamin C, serum and hepatic levels of retinol and tocopherol were determined. In addition, activities of cytosolic glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S transferase, catalase and hepatic superoxide dismutase(SOD) were measured. By ${\gamma}$ irradiation, there was no significant effect on serum and hepatic levels of vitamin C and tocopherol except a significant decreasing effect on hepatic retinol level. There was also no significant effect on the activities of enzymes involved in antioxidative defense system, However, DEN treatment led to a significant increase in activities of glutathione reductase and glutathione S transferase while the activity of glutathione peroxidase was decreased. The activities of hepatic SOD and catalase were not changed by DEN treatment. Overall results indicate that the consumption of low dose of ${\gamma}$ irradiated beef does not affect antioxidative defense system.

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Effects of Different Dietary Oils on Hepatic Mitochondrial Lipid Composition, Adenine Nucletide Translocase and ATPase Activities in Carcinogen Treated Rats (지방산 조성이 다른 식이지방이 발암물질을 투여한 쥐의 간 미토콘드리아 지질조성과 Adenine Nucleotide Translocase 및 ATPase 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • 이미숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.532-546
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    • 1993
  • This study was done to investigate the effects of different dietary oils on hepatic mitochondrial lipid compositon, adenine nucleotide translocase(AdNT) and ATPase activities in carcinogen treated rats. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 50∼60g, were fed three different types of dietary oil, beef tallow(BT), corn oil(CO) and sardine oil(SO) at 15% by weight for 14 weeks. Three weeks after feeding rats were intraperitoneally injected with a single dose of diethylnitrosamine(200mg/Kg BW). After five weeks rate fed 0.02% acetylaminofluorene contating diet for 6 weeks, and after seven weeks 0.05% phenobarbital containing diet for 7 weeks. At 14th week, rats were sacrificed and hepatic mitochondrial lipid composition, AdNT and ATPase activities were determined. Percent liver weight per body weight was significantly by carcinogen treatment. Analysis of mitochondrial lipid composition showed that body cholesterol and phospholipid contents were not affected by dietary oils but significantly increased by carcinogen treatment. Individual phospholipid composition as well as phosphatidyl ethanolamine/phosphatidyl choline ratio were altered by either dietary oils or carcinogen treatment. Fatty acid composition was changed by dietary oils but not much by carcinogen treatment. AdNT activity was affected by dietary oils in only carcinogen treated groups. ATPase activity was affected by dietary oils in only carcinogen nontreated groups. These data indicate that both dietary oils and caricinogen treatment can change mitochondrial lipid composition and thereby change AdNT and ATPase activities. Particularly effects of carcinogen treatment on cholesterol/phopholipid ratio, phospholipid compositon and ATPase activity were different among dietary oil groups. Therefore it is suggested that different dietary oils can somewhat modulate the changes of mitochnodrial lipid composition and membrane bound enzyme activites during hepatocarcinogenesis.

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Bicluster and Pathway Enrichment Analysis of HCV-induced Cirrhosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Cheng, Peng;Cheng, You;Su, Mei X.;Li, Dong;Zhao, Guo Z.;Gao, Hui;Li, Yan;Zhu, Jie Y.;Li, Hua;Zhang, Tao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.3741-3745
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    • 2012
  • Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and the most common form of liver cancer. However, while it is associated frequently with hepatitis C virus (HCV) there is only an elementary understanding of its molecular pathogenesis. Methods: To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms of HCV-induced hepatocarcinogenesis, we performed microarray analysis on 75 surgical liver samples from 48 HCV-infected patients. Results: There were 395 differentially expressed geness between cirrhotic samples and HCC samples. Of these, 125 genes were up-regulated and 270 genes were down-regulated. We performed pathway enrichment analysis and screened as described previously. Conclusions: The differentially expressed genes might be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis through upregulating the pathways of ECM-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, cell adhesion molecules and other cancer-related pathways, and downregulating the pathways of "complement and coagulation cascades". We hope our results could aid in seeking of therapeutic targets for HCV-induced hepatocellular carcinoma.

Cancer Chemopreventive Effect of Spirogyra Neglecta (Hassall) Kützing on Diethylnitrosamine-Induced Hepatocarcinogenesis in Rats

  • Thumvijit, Tarika;Taya, Sirinya;Punvittayagul, Charatda;Peerapornpisal, Yuwadee;Wongpoomchai, Rawiwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1611-1616
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    • 2014
  • Spirogyra neglecta, a freshwater green alga, is a local food in the northern and northeastern parts of Thailand. This investigation explored the anticarcinogenicity of S neglecta and its possible cancer chemopreventive mechanisms in rats divided into 14 groups. Groups 1 and 10 served as positive and negative control groups, respectively. Groups 1-9 were intraperitoneally injected with diethylnitrosamine (DEN) once a week for 3 weeks. Groups 10-14 received normal saline instead. One week after the last DEN injection, groups 2-5 were administered for 9 consecutive weeks various doses of S neglecta extract (SNE) and dried S neglecta (SND), mixed with basal diet. Groups 6-9 and 11-14 similarly were administered various doses of SNE and SND starting from the first week of the experiment. Administration of SNE and SND was not associated with formation of glutathione-Stransferase placental form (GST-P) positive foci in rat liver. SNE and SND during initiation phase significantly reduced the number of GST-P positive foci in rats injected with DEN. The number of GST-P also diminished in groups treated with SNE and SND after injection with DEN, except for the low dose extract group. SNE showed stronger anticarcinogenic potency than SND. Furthermore, SNE also decreased the number of Ki-67 positive cells. However, the numbers of TUNEL-positive cells in the liver of the SNE-treated groups were not statistically different from the controls. The GST activity in 50 mg/kg bw of SNE and 1% of SND groups was significantly increased as compared to the positive control. In conclusion, Spirogyra neglecta (Hassall) K$\ddot{u}$tzing showed cancer chemopreventive properties at the early stages of diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats. Possible inhibitory mechanisms include enhancement of the activities of some detoxifying enzymes and/or suppression of precancerous cells.

Kupffer Cells Suppress Hepatocarcinogenesis and Metastasis in Tumor Orthotopic Implanted Kunming Mice

  • Li, X.Y.;Wang, M.Y.;Zhang, J.Y.;Li, J.Z.;Gong, J.P.;Zhang, Wei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6393-6398
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    • 2013
  • In this research, we used $GdCl_3$ (gadolinium chloride) to restrain the function of Kupffer cells and assessed effects on hepatocarcinogenesis and metastasis in the Kunming mouse. A 0.25% $GdCl_3$ solution (10 mg/kg b.w.) was infused via the vena caudalis of each mouse 1 week before inoculation of H22 cells and was continued once per three days. Then we observed the follow indexes 3 weeks after injection of H22 cells: tumor weight, histologic characteristics of tumor tissue by light microscopy, ultramicrostructure of Kupffer cells under the electron microscope, distribution and number of Kupffer cells by histochemical staining, and TNF-${\alpha}$ and IFN-${\gamma}$ levels in blood-serum and liver tissue by ELISA and RT-PCR. MMP-2 protein expression was tested by immunohistochemistry. The $GdCl_3$ pretreatment had no effect on the quantity of Kupffer cells, but clearly restrained their functions, with decrease of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IFN-${\gamma}$ levels and elevation of MMP2. Tumor immunity functions were markedly suppressed and tumor growth was accelerated with appearance of metastasis. Furthermore, survival time of trial mice was shortened.

Expression of Glypican-3 in Mouse Embryo Stem Cells and its Derived Hepatic Lineage Cells Treated with Diethylnitrosamine in vitro

  • Kim, Young Hee;Kang, Jin Seok
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6341-6345
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    • 2013
  • To clarify the role of stem cells in hepatocarcinogenesis, glypican-3 (GPC-3) and E-cadherin expression was investigated in embryonic cell lineages. Mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) and hepatocyte like cells (HCs), representing 0, 22 and 40 days of differentiation, respectively, were treated in vitro with diethylnitrosamine (DEN) at four doses (0, 1, 5 and 15 mM; G1, G2, G3 and G4, respectively) for 24 h and GPC-3 and E-cadherin expression was examined by relative quantitative real-time PCR and immunocytochemistry. GPC-3 mRNA expression was significantly different for G4 at day 0 (p<0.001) and for G4 at day 22 (p<0.01) compared with the control (G1). E-cadherin mRNA expression was significantly different for G3 and G4 at day 0 (p<0.05 and p<0.001, respectively), for G2 and G4 (p<0.05 and p<0.001, respectively) at day 22 and for G2 and G4 (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively) at day 40 compared with G1. Immunofluorescence staining for GPC-3 showed a membranous and/or granular expression in cytoplasm of ESCs and HPCs and granular and/or diffuse expression in cytoplasm of HCs, which were also stained by E-cadherin. DEN treatment increased GPC-3 expression in ESCs, HPCs and HCs, with increase of E-cadherin expression. Taken together, the expression of GPC-3 was altered by DEN treatment. However, its expression pattern was different at the stage of embryo stem cells and its derived hepatic lineage cells. This suggests that GPC-3 expression may be modulated in the progeny of stem cells during their differentiation toward hepatocytes, associated with E-cadherin expression.

Modifying Effects of Ellagic Acid in Food on Carcinogenesis (식품 중 Ellagic acid의 발암수식효과)

  • 장동덕;신동환;홍충만;조재천;한정희
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 1998
  • The effect of ellagic acid (EA) on hepatocarcinogenesis induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN), and promoted by phenobarbital (PB), and hepatectomized partially was investigated in male Wi star rats. All rats were injected 200 mg of DEN intraperitoneally, received 0.05 % of PB in drinking water at week 2, and hepatectomized 2/3 of liver at week 3. Rats of group 2, 3 and 4 were fed diet containing 400ppm EA for 1 week before DEN administration, for 9 weeks from beginning of experiment to sacrifice and for 6 weeks from PB treatment to sacrifice respectively. Rats of group 5, 6 and 7 were fed 800 ppm EA in the same manner as group 2, 3 and 4. Animals were killed at 8 weeks after DEN administration. The number and area of preneoplastic lesions were quantified the glutathione-S-transferase placental-form (GST-P) positive foci using immunohistochemical method. Decrease of number and area of the positive foci was observed in the rats fed 400 ppm EA for 9 weeks. In addition, the reduction of the foci can examine in all group fed 800 ppm EA. In conclusion, EA inhibited the hepatocarcinogenesis induced by DEN when it was administrated 800 ppm.

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Effects of $\Upsilon$-Irradiated Pork Feeding on Preneoplastic Hepatic Lesion, Cytochrome P450 System and Microsome Glucose 6-Phosphatase Activity in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (실험적 간 발암모델에서 감마선 조사 돼지고기 섭취가 전암성병변의 생성, 약물대사 효소계 및 소포체 막 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미정;김정희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.643-649
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    • 2002
  • This study was done to investigate effects of ${\gamma}$-irradiated pork feeding on the formation of glutathione S-transferase placental form positive (GST-P$^{+}$) foci, lipid peroxidation, cytochrome P450 system and microsomal glucose 6-phosphatase activity in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-initiated rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Weaning Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed the diet containing ${\gamma}$-irradiated ground pork at the dose of 0, 3, 10, 30 kGy as a 20% of protein source for 8 weeks. One week after feeding, rats were intraperitoneally injected twice with a dose of DEN (50 mg/kg BW). As a promote.,0.05%phenobarbital was fed in drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. At the end of 8th week, rats were sacrificed and hepatic GST-P$^{+}$ foci, microsomal malondialdehyde (MDA) and conjugated diene contents were determined. In addition, cytochrome P450 content and the activities of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase and glucose 6-phosphatase were also measured. There was no significant effect by gamma irradiation on microsomal MDA content, conjugated diene, cytochrome P450 content and activities of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase and glucose 6-phosphatase. However with DEN treatment, microsomal MDA content showed a increasing tendency. Cytochrome P450 content was also significantly increased while microsomal glucose 6-phophatase activity was significantly decreased with DEN treatment. However the activity of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase was not affected. An interesting finding in this study was that the number and area of hepatic GST-P$^{+}$ foci of rats fed gamma irradiated pork were tended to be decreased by high dose of irradiation, but were not significantly different. These results might imply that the consumption of low dose of gamma irradiated pork does not affect the formation of hepatic GST-P$^{+}$ foci and lipid peroxide and membrane stability.ability.