• Title/Summary/Keyword: Hepatocarcinogenesis

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The Effect of the Injinhotang Extract on the Hepatocarcinogenesis Induced by N-Nitrosodiethylamine and Carbon Tetrachloride in Rats (N-Nitrosodiethylamine과 사염화탄소로 유발된 흰쥐의 간암발생에 대한 인진호탕 추출액의 효과)

  • Yoon, Jung-Sik;Kim, Jeong-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.436-441
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    • 2009
  • In order to examine the effect of Injinhotang extract on the hepatocarcinogenesis induced by N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) and carbon tetrachloride ($CCl_4$) in 8 week-old rats. Experimental rats were subdivided into three groups; normal group (Nor), hepatic cancer inducing control group (Con), and control group administered Injinhotang extract 260 mg/kg/day (IJH). The body weight decreased significantly (p<0.05) in the Con compared with the Nor. The body weight of IJH group more increased than Con. Rats intoxicated with NDEA had significantly (p<0.05) increased levels of serum AST, ALT, LDH, ALP, and AFP. On the contrary, group treated with Injinhotang extract had inhibited levels of serum AST, ALT, LDH, ALP, and AFP. The bcl-2 mRNA expression levels in rat liver were more increased in the IJH than Con, but these levels of c-myc mRNA were more decreased in the IJH than Con. Also, cytoplasmic vacuolizations in the liver of NDEA-administrated rats were inhibited by the treatment of Injinhotang extract. These results suggest that administration of Injinhotang extract suppresses or retards NDEA and $CCl_4$-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats.

Effect of Butylated Hydroxytoluene on Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis Induced by 3'-Methyl-4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene I. Ultrastructural study (실험적인 간암 유발과정에서 Butylated Hydroxytoluene이, 미치는 영향 I : 미세구조적인 연구)

  • Choi, Jeung-Mok;Kang, Dae-Young;Suh, Kwang-Sun;Lee, Choong-Sik;Song, Kyu-Sang;Kim, Jin-Man;Park, Won-Hark
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.197-215
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    • 1997
  • A morphologic study on the effect of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on experimental hepatocarcinogenesis induced by 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl aminoazobenzene (3'-MeDAB) was investigated. A total of 110 Sprague-Dowley male rats weighting about 200 g each were used for the experiment, and divided into 4 groups; the 3'-MeDAB, BHT, 3'-MeDAB/BHT treated group, and the control group. Four to eight rats of each group were sacrified on the 4th, 8th, 14th and 16th experimental weeks, with continuous pelletized feeding containing 0.09% 3'-MeDAB and 0.5% BHT. The liver was examined by transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The results were as follows; Electron microscopically, the fine structure of the hepatocytes remained consistently abnormal up to 16 weeks after the 3'-MeDAB treatment. There was no significant difference in the groups observed earlier than in the ones observed later. Many subcellular changes were observed : nuclear change, decreased glycogen, mitochondrial abnormalities, disaggregated rough endoplasmic reticulum, marked proliferation of smooth endoplasmic reticulum, dilatation and distortion of bile canaliculi, increased lysosomes, apoptotic bodies, migration of bile ductule cell. In the BHT treated group, the ultrastructural changes of hepatocytes were not significant, except for the lipid droplets and proliferated smooth endoplasmic reticulum among hepatocytes depending on the experimental duration. The various subcellular changes of 3'-MeDAB/BHT treated groups were simillar to those of the 3'-MeDAB treated group, but the degree of changes in the 3'-MeDAB/ BHT treated group decreased compared with those of the 3'-MeDAB treated group. These results suggest that dietary butylated hydroxytoluene has a protective/inhibitory effect on the hepatocarcinogenesis induced by 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl -aminoazobenzene.

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Modifying Effect of Bisphenol A on the Preneoplastic and Neoplastic Lesions of Rat Liver Treated with Diethylnitrosamine Infusion (화학적 간발암모델에서 Bisphenol A가 간암의 전암성 및 종양성 병변에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ki-Dae;Han, Beom-Seok;Rhim, Kook-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1 s.88
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2006
  • Bisphenol A(BPA) was known as an endocrine disrupting chemical. This study was conducted to assess the effect of BPA, weaker estrogen, on the preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN). One hundred male F344 rats were divided into four groups which were treated with DEN followed by BPA. To make liver tumor early, we conducted that DEN containing osmotic pump implanted into rat abdominal cavity. Then diet containing BPA were fed to the rats. All animals were sacrificed at 10 and 18 weeks. Body weights were significantly decreased in 4000ppm at 18 weeks. Relative Liver weights of 4000 ppm BPA treated group were significantly increased compared to that of DEN alone group at 18 weeks. There were no significant differences of liver tumor incidences. Sum area of GST-P positive foci and BrdU labeling indices of BPA treated group were not significantly different compared to those of control group. These results suggest that BPA have no effects in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions on DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis.

Purple Rice Bran Extract Attenuates the Aflatoxin B1-Induced Initiation Stage of Hepatocarcinogenesis by Alteration of Xenobiotic Metabolizing Enzymes

  • Suwannakul, Nattawan;Punvittayagul, Charatda;Jarukamjorn, Kanokwan;Wongpoomchai, Rawiwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3371-3376
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    • 2015
  • Pigmented rice bran has been suggested to be a valuable source of beneficial phytochemicals. We investigated genotoxic and anti-genotoxic effects of purple rice bran extract (PRBE) in rats using a liver micronucleus assay. Purple rice bran was extracted with methanol, obtaining large amounts of phenolic compounds, including anthocyanins and small amounts of gamma-oryzanol. The experimental protocols were divided into two sets. Male rats were divided into three groups. Group 1 was a negative control, while Groups 2 and 3 were fed with 100 and 500 mg/kg bw of PRBE, respectively, for 28 days. PRBE had no effect on micronucleus formation or xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes in rat liver. Experiments concerning the effect of PRBE on $AFB_1$ showed that PRBE significantly lessened the amount of micronucleated hepatocytes in $AFB_1$ treated rats. Furthermore, it modulated metabolic activation of $AFB_1$ metabolism in the liver by suppressing activity and protein expression of CYP1A2, CYP3A and CYP 450 reductase, and enhancing phase II enzymes including GST and UGT. Overall, purple rice bran extract was not genotoxic in rats. It exhibited anti-genotoxicity by modulation some xenobiotic enzymes active in $AFB_1$ metabolism.

High NDRG3 expression facilitates HCC metastasis by promoting nuclear translocation of β-catenin

  • Shi, JiKui;Zheng, HongZhen;Yuan, LingYan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.52 no.7
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    • pp.451-456
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    • 2019
  • NDRG1 has been reported to exert pivotal roles in tumor progression and metastasis via Wnt/${\beta}$-catenin signaling pathway. However, little is known about the role of NDRG3 in hepatocarcinogenesis despite its classification in the same subfamily of NDRG1. The present study was aimed to characterize the expression pattern and understand the biological roles of NDRG3 in hepatocarcinogenesis, as a means to exploit its therapeutic potential. It was observed that NDRG3 was up-regulated in HCC tissues and higher NDRG3 expression was associated with significantly shorter overall survival. Furthermore, a lower level of NDRG3 exhibited marked positive correlation with metastasis-free survival. In vitro and in vivo experiments revealed that knock-down of NDRG3 inhibits HCC metastasis and angiogenesis. We further demonstrated that activation of WNT/${\beta}$-catenin signaling and enhanced CSC-like properties were responsible for NDRG3-mediated promoting effect on HCC. In conclusion, the principal findings demonstrated that high NDRG3 expression facilitates HCC metastasis via regulating the turnover of ${\beta}$-catenin, as well as provides a potential therapeutic target for future therapeutic interventions.

Effect of Clonorchis sinensis infection on hepatic oval cell proliferation in rats (랫트에서 Clonorchis sinensis 감염이 간 oval cell 의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun;Yoon, Byung-Il;Park, Min-Kyung;Kim, Shin-A;Lee, Joon-Sang;Joo, Kyoung-Hwan;Kim, Han-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 1998
  • The prevalence of primary liver carcinoma (PLC) is relatively high in Clonorchis sinensis (CS) endemic areas in Korea. PLC is a malignant tumor which can be subclassified into hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma(CC). CC has been associated with clonorchiasis, but it is unclear whether clonorchiasis is associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. This experiment was designed to investigate relationships between clonorchiasis and early changes of hepatocarcinogenesis. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 150g were divided into two groups of 8 rats in each. All rats were fed choline-devoid(CD) diet for 4 weeks. Group 1 was given 0.015-0.020% diethylnitrosamine(DEN) as drinking water for 1 week. After one week, the rats were treated orally with 1% N-acetylaminofluorene(AAF) (5 times per week for 2 weeks). Group 2 was treated equally to group 1 except for CS infection during AAF treatment. Two rats in each group were sacrificed at 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th week of the experiment. Livers were stained with OV -6, proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and GST-p. Results were as follows: Group 2 livers showed more oval cell proliferation in parenchyma and portal areas at the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th weeks than did livers of group 1 (p<0.01). PCNA was mostly localized in oval cell populations, rather than hepatocytes and biliary cells. The ratio of oval cells to hepatocytes was much higher in group 2 than in group l(p<0.01 The ratio of hepatocytes to biliary cells is higher in group 2 than in group 1 (p<0.05), More group 2 acidophilic foci reacted to GST-p monoclonal antibody than in the noninfected group. It appeared that CS infection promoted potentially precancerous acidophilic foci and oval cell proliferation.

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Effects of Dietary Levels of Corn and Tuna Oils on the Formation of Preneoplastic Lesions in Rat Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis (쥐간세포암화과정에서 옥수수기름과 참치기름의 수준에 따른 전암성 병변의 변화)

  • Kim Sook hee;Kang Sang kyoung;Choi Hay mie
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.20-29
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    • 2005
  • This study is conducted to determine the effects of dietary levels of corn and tuna oils on the formation of preneoplastic lesions in die-thylnitrosamine (DEN) induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 2.5, 5, 15, 25% (w/w) corn or tuna oils. Hepatocellular carcinogenesis was induced by DEN (200 mg/kg body weight) and two-thirds partial hepactectomy was carried out 3 weeks later and were sacrificed 8 weeks after DEN initiation. Tuna oil group showed smaller area of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci than com oil group. Com oil group of 25% (w/w) showed the widest area of GST -P positive foci, and tuna oil group showed significantly smaller area of GST-P positive foci than com oil in 25% (w/w) level but had no differences between oil levels. Thio-barbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content was the highest in 25% (w/w) level of tuna oil group fed long chain and highly polyunsaturated fatty acids. Also serum ${\gamma}$ -glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) activities in 25% level of tuna oil group were significantly higher than by other levels. As oil contents increased, glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) seems to decrease in com oil groups but remained the same in tuna oil groups. Glutathione reductase (GR) activities were significantly higher in tuna oil group, and the higher the level of tuna oil, the higher GR activities. But Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities didn't seem to be influenced by levels and kind of dietary fats. Therefore, as oil levels increased, com oil rich in n-6 fatty acids promoted carcinogenesis but tuna oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) of n-3 fatty acids suppressed. Although lipid peroxidation products were elevated in 25% (w/w) tuna oil group, GST-P positive foci didn't increase. Therefore pre-neoplastic lesions might be reduced through mediation of a lipid peroxidation process in tuna oil. As fat contents of tuna oil increased, elevated GR activities may give a rise to produce more reduced glutathione in order to protect against free radical attack, and high G6Pase activities remained the same and they contributed to membrane stability. So tuna oil diet seems to protect hepatocarcinogenesis.

p53 Polymorphisms and Haplotypes as a Possible Predictor of a High-risk Group for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Sato Shigeaki;Shiraki Takashi;Inoue Yoshiki;Takeshita Tatsuya;Morimoto Kanehisa
    • 대한예방의학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 1999.10a
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 1999
  • In a case-control study to evaluate the factors involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, polymorphisms of the p53 gene were compared in 68 cases mostly infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 68 controls matched for sex and age: DNA from peripheral blood leukocytes was analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism method and direct sequencing. Polymorphisms analyzed were those in exon 4 (CCC vs. CGC, Pro vs. Arg at codon 72, Al allele vs. A2 allele), intron 2 (C vs. G at nucleotide 38, Al vs. A2), intron 3 (C vs. A at nucleotide 65, Al vs. A2; absence and presence of 16 base pair repeat at nucleotides 24 to 39, Al vs. A2), intron 6 (A vs. G at nucleotide 62, Al vs. A2) and intron 7 (C and T vs. T and G at nucleotides 72 and 92, Al vs. A2). A significantly higher frequency of the allele for CCC (Pro, Al) at codon 72 of exon 4 was found in cases (39%) than in controls (26%) (p<0.05). Highly significant linkage of the polymorphisms in exon 4, intron 2, intron 3 and intron 7, and between the intron 3-16 bp duplication and polymorphism in intron 6 also was found. Matched Fair analysis showed significantly higher frequencies of certain haplotypes (1-1-1-1-2-2 or 1-1-2-1-2-1 for exon 4, intron 2, intron 3, the intron 3-16 bp duplication, intron 6 and intron 7) in cases than in controls (p=0.014, OR=2.27, 95% CI= 1.08-5.12). No preference of specific p53 polymorphisms for specific HCV genotype was detected. These findings suggest that in hepatocarcinogenesis mainly due to HCV infection, genetic factors may be involved and that genetic markers can serve as predictors of a high-risk group for hepatocarcinogenesis.

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