• Title/Summary/Keyword: Helicopter Pilot

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A Study on Aptitude for Helicopter Pilots through the Job Analysis (직무분석을 통한 회전익 항공기 조종사 적성에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, T.J.;Kim, C.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2006
  • The operational environment of helicopters extends from the civil air traffic control system to remote and hazardous areas and from day operations under visual flight conditions to night operations in adverse weather. Helicopters can move in any direction, remain stationary while airborne, climb and descend vertically, and take off and land almost anywhere. Thus their range of maneuvers and control requirements vary more widely than do those of fixed-wing aircraft. In this study, I analyzed the job of helicopter pilot through methods of observation, and classified the required ability of them into the domain of cognitive, perceptual/spatial, psychomotor. I expect that the result of this study will be used to aid training and selection of helicopter pilot.

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A Study on the Effects of Helicopter Pilot's Working Career to Situation Awareness (헬리콥터 조종사 근무기간이 상황인식에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sung-Ho;Choi, Yeon-Chul;Lee, Yeong-Heok;Jeon, Jeong-Dae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2009
  • According to U.S. NTSB, accidents of scheduled airliners from 1989 to 1992 caused by the lack of SA consisted of approximately 80% of all aircraft accidents, which emphasized the importance of maintaining SA. Furthermore, all of the 27 domestic helicopter accidents between 1996 and 2005 were related with pilot SA and of these, 21 events were directly attributed to pilot errors. Therefore, SA is a matter of great importance to pilots. Following the pre-study of the relations between SA and pilot qualifications, the results of this study which deals with SA and pilot working careers show the statistical importance between those two factors.

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A Study on Situation Awareness of Helicopter Pilot (헬리콥터 조종사의 상황인식에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sung-Ho;Lee, Yeong-Heok;Choi, Yeon-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2007
  • According to U.S. NTSB, from 1989 to 1992, Situation Awareness (SA) was a major factor causing 80% of all aircraft accidents in scheduled airlines. Therefore, the prevention of accidents through effective training in SA became a pivot in aviation safety. Furthermore, during the past 10 years, since all helicopter accidents in Korea were caused by the factors related to SA, an appropriate countermeasure has been required. This study, which uses survey data, examines various factors related to SA that could affect helicopter pilots. Recognition of and countermeasures for the factors in emergency situations were analyzed. The results show that, while the factors associated with SA and vigilance have lower correlations with each other, the factors associated with recognition, diagnosis, and generation and implementation of solutions have higher correlations with each other. Thus, the results demonstrate the need for better SA through educational training.

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The Correlation between Flight Training Factors in Helicopter Pilot Training Course and Learning Achievement (헬리콥터 조종사 양성과정 비행훈련요소와 학습성취도의 상관관계)

  • Park, Chul;Kim, Sang-chul;Tak, Heoi-suk;Shin, Seung-mun;Choi, Youn-chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a brief overview of the helicopter pilot training system applied to the Army, and to examine what factors positively affect the successful flight training of helicopter pilots. For this purpose, we analyzed the correlations between various factors such as individual characteristics, selection factors, flight aptitude evaluation, theoretical subjects test, and self-life evaluation. As a result, it was found that only the flight experience was influential on the individual characteristics at the beginning of the training course, and the learning achievement represented by the test of theoretical subjects was positively influenced throughout the flight training course. This reaffirms the fact that an individual's high level of motivation or effort influences his flight training performance. These results are expected to be useful indicators for future development of pilot selection system and pilot training system.

A Study on the Aptitude Test of Helicopter Pilots - Based on the Diagnostic Model - (헬리콥터 조종사의 적성검사에 관한 연구 - 진단 모형을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jong-Pil;Kim, Sang-Chul;Seol, Hyeonju
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.74-83
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    • 2020
  • Securing excellent pilots is not only directly linked to the military's improved combat capabilities, but also a way to minimize human and property losses from aircraft accidents. Therefore, a scientific method is needed to diagnose pilot aptitude from the pilot selection process and select those with high accident potential, those who are dropped out of the flight training process, and those who are not suitable for pilot life in advance. Developed countries have implemented pilot aptitude tests to solve these problems early on, but so far, the Korean Army has not introduced a pilot aptitude test system that uses diagnostic tools in the helicopter pilot selection process. Therefore, in this study, scientific diagnostic tools are developed for selecting helicopter pilots, and through this, it is predicted that the number of people who are likely to be dropped out of the training course and who have the potential for accidents will be selected in advance and eliminated in the selection process. In this context, prior research examined the key factors involved in the pilot aptitude test. Through this, the aptitude test items were developed and aptitude tests were conducted on student pilots currently in flight training, and the results of flight training were analyzed.

A Model of Military Helicopter Pilot Scheduling (군용 헬리콥터 조종사 스케줄링 모형)

  • Kim, Joo An;Lee, Moon Gul
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.150-160
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we introduce a pilot's scheduling model which is able to maintain and balance their capabilities for each relevant skill level in military helicopter squadron. Flight scheduler has to consider many factors related pilot's flight information and spends a lot of times and efforts for flight planning without scientific process depending on his/her own capability and experience. This model reflected overall characteristics that include pilot's progression by basis monthly and cumulative flight hours, operational recent flight data and quickly find out a pinpoint areas of concern with respect to their mission subjects etc. There also include essential several constraints, such as personnel qualifications, and Army helicopter training policy's constraints such as regulations and guidelines. We presented binary Integer Programming (IP) mathematical formulation for optimization and demonstrated its effectiveness by comparisons of real schedule versus model's solution to several cases experimental scenarios and greedy random simulation model. The model made the schedule in less than 30 minutes, including the data preprocessing process, and the results of the allocation were more equal than the actual one. This makes it possible to reduce the workload of the scheduler and effectively manages the pilot's skills. We expect to set up and improve better flight planning and combat readiness in Korea Army aviation.

Effect of Training Achievement on DiSC Behavior Types of Flight Instructors and Student Pilots - Focusing on Army Helicopter Pilot Training - (비행교관과 학생조종사의 DiSC 행동유형이 훈련성취도에 미치는 영향 - 육군 헬리콥터 조종사 양성교육을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jong-Pil;Seol, Hyeonju
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2021
  • This study wanted to confirm whether the DiSC behavior types of student pilots and instructors in the training course of Helicopter pilots affect the flight training achievement. The results of the study are as follows. First, in the distribution of DiSC behavior types of student pilots and instructors, student pilots had the largest number of Dominance with 40.2 percent, while Instructors had the highest number of conscientiousness with 46.5 percent. Second, it was analyzed that the flight training achievement was influenced by the behavior type of student pilots. In basic flight and aircraft type conversion flight, Steadiness had the highest achievement in flight training, and in tactical flight, conscientiousness was the highest. Third, the behavior patterns of student pilots and instructors have been confirmed to have interaction effects in tactical flight.

A Study on the Improvement of Education through the Correlation Analysis of the Situation Awareness and Education Satisfaction of Helicopter Pilots (헬리콥터 조종사의 상황인식과 교육 만족도의 상관분석을 통한 교육개선연구)

  • Kim, Sang-chul;Lee, Oyong-hyeok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.82-91
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    • 2021
  • The topic of this paper was analyzed as "t -test" and "multiple regression analysis" for 303 helicopter pilot trainees from aviation schools in the county for "improvement of education through correlation analysis of helicopter pilots' situational awareness and education satisfaction." In addition to the factors for overcoming situational awareness and situational awareness, the level of satisfaction of the instructor and the level of satisfaction of the learning management system (LMS) is the confidence interval p<.05, 95%. It was analyzed to be significant at the level of 05, 95%. Therefore, it was analyzed that in order to improve the "quality of the instructor" in future education, institutional supplementation and "learning management system (LMS)" need to be established including VR and AR so that pilot trainees can use it at all times.

Classification and Analysis of Human Error Accidents of Helicopter Pilots in Korea (국내 헬리콥터 조종사 인적오류 사고 분류 및 분석)

  • Yu, TaeJung;Kwon, YoungGuk;Song, Byeong-Heum
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2020
  • There are two to three helicopter accidents every year in Korea, representing 5.7 deaths per 100,000 flights. In this study, an analysis was conducted on helicopter accidents that occurred in Korea from 2005 to 2017. The accident analysis was based on the aircraft accident and incident report published by the Aircraft and Railway Accident Investigation Board. This Research analyzed the characteristics of accidents occurring in Korea caused by human error by pilots. Accident analysis was done by classifying the organization, flight mission, aircraft class, flight stage, accident cause, etc. Pilot's huan error was classified as Skill-based error, decision error and perceptual error in accordance with the HFACS taxonomy. The accidents caused by pilot's human error were classified into five categories: powerlines collision, loss of control, fuel exhaustion, unstable approach to reservoir, and elimination of tail rotor.

Helicopter Pilot Metaphor for 3D Space Navigation and its implementation using a Joystick (3차원 공간 탐색을 위한 헬리콥터 조종사 메타포어와 그 구현)

  • Kim, Young-Kyoung;Jung, Moon-Ryul;Paik, Doowon;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Computer Graphics Society
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 1997
  • The navigation of virtual space comes down to the manipulation of the virtual camera. The movement of the virtual cameras has 6 degrees of freedom. However, input devices such as mouses and joysticks are 2D. So, the movement of the camera that corresponds to the input device is 2D movement at the given moment. Therefore, the 3D movement of the camera can be implemented by means of the combination of 2D and 1D movements of the camera. Many of the virtual space navigation browser use several navigation modes to solve this problem. But, the criteria for distinguishing different modes are not clear, somed of the manipulations in each mode are repeated in other modes, and the kinesthetic correspondence of the input devices is often confusing. Hence the user has difficulty in making correct decisions when navigating the virtual space. To solve this problem, we use a single navigation metaphore in which different modes are organically integrated. In this paper we propose a helicopter pilot metaphor. Using the helicopter pilot metaphore means that the user navigates the virtual space like a pilot of a helicopter flying in space. In this paper, we distinguished six 2D movement spaces of the helicopter: (1) the movement on the horizontal plane, (2) the movement on the vertical plane,k (3) the pitch and yaw rotations about the current position, (4) the roll and pitch rotations about the current position, (5) the horizontal and vertical turning, and (6) the rotation about the target object. The six 3D movement spaces are visualized and displayed as a sequence of auxiliary windows. The user can select the desired movement space simply by jumping from one window to another. The user can select the desired movement by looking at the displaced 2D movement spaces. The movement of the camera in each movement space is controlled by the usual movements of the joystick.

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