• Title, Summary, Keyword: Healthy Housing

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A Study on the Evaluation Indicators of Healthy Housing Quality of Multi-Family Housing (공동주택의 건강성능 평가지표 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Heui;Kang, Na-Na
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2011
  • The purpose this study is to develop indicators that measure the healthy housing condition of multi-family housing. The major findings are as follow: first, healthy housing was defined by physical, mental, social, and management aspects and proposed the conceptual model of hierarchy structure of evaluation of healthy housing by literature reviews. Second, evaluating items were selected based on literature reviews of existing indicators and preceding studies about both domestic and overseas multi-family housing. The evaluating indicators were identified as a total of 87 evaluating items which were composed of four dimensions and 16 attributes on the basis of the conceptual model. They cover comprehensive scope of the multi-family housing such as unit, building, complex, and site. Third, as the measurement, the 5-point ordinal scale measure was suggested. The evaluating measurement including measure standards, measure methods, and measure contents were developed by each evaluating items. Lastly, the weighting of evaluating indicators was developed by AHP method conducted by survey of an expert group. Items were identified as high contributors or low contributors. The weighting of these items could suggest several evaluations according to the situation. The level of healthy housing condition may be evaluated by both total evaluation and a specific field of evaluation.

The Elderly's Perspectives on Apartments as a Healthy Home Environments (공동주택 거주 고령자의 건강주거 인식특성 및 요구에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sung Heui;Kang, Na-Na;Jun, Eun-Jung
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2010
  • This study focuses on a concrete understanding of the characteristics of perceptions and needs about healthy housing of the elderly, who represent the most vulnerable group of people in society, on the four evaluation dimensions of healthy housing as part of the research for evaluation indicators development for housing health performance in apartments. First, it was found that the elderly perceive an environment where their physical health is well supported as the most important factor for healthy housing. Additionally, the management support of the housing was perceived as the second most important consideration. Second, the most frequently used area for the elderly is the living room and a desired place to be added to indoor spaces was a room of their own or a 'living room', which clearly indicates the importance of the indoor environment for the elderly. Third, the biggest factor for the interior environment that affected the satisfaction level of the elderly in their housing was largely based on the convenience factor that helped lesson the discomfort in their daily life due to the physical aging process, and also on factors related to the pleasant indoor surroundings. Based on the concepts discovered in this study on healthy housing, more concrete items should be developed in the future for an extensive indicator for health performance evaluation, and actual research on the general public should follow suit.

A Preliminary Study on the Development of the Design Guideline on Shared Space of Apartment for Healthy Housing (건강한 주거를 위한 공동주택 공용공간 디자인가이드라인 개발에 관한 기초연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Heui;Choi, In-Young
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 2011
  • This study is a preliminary study to develop design guidelines on shared spaces of apartment for healthy housing. It was tried to set the basic direction of the guideline development by comparing and analyzing related literatures based on the previously identified evaluation indicators of healthy housing of apartment. The major findings were as followings: 1) based on the research conducted before, the characters of shared spaces for healthy housing were classified as physical, mental and social dimensions. 2) According to the comparison and analysis of relevant standards and guidelines, focuses were mostly on the physical dimension, particularly on the human traffic lines of the convenience attributes. Other focuses were on the attractiveness of the apartment complex of the vitality attribute under the mental dimension, and community facilities of the residential stability attributes under the social dimension. Therefore, it was identified that it is required to take complementary measure regarding mental and social dimensions, and design concrete steps to include different attributes of each dimension, in order to develop comprehensive guidelines for shared space.

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Implementation of a Remote Bio-Equipment System for Smart Healthy Housing Properties

  • Han, Seung-Hoon
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2014
  • It is essential to investigate the structure and the main characteristics of BSN (Bio-Sensor Network) platform in built smart healthcare environment while designing healthy housing facilities. For this study, WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) data transmission technologies have been employed with medical sensors, and optimal medical devices would provide various Web 2.0 services by connecting to the WiBro network. The BSN platform normally recognizes in surroundings of WBAN (Wireless Body Area Network) or WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network), and it is possible to manage sensor nodes by utilizing SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) and REST (REpresentational State Transfer). In addition, the feature of SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) for mobile gateway is also included for being adapted to huge network structure. Finally, BSN platform will play a role as important clues for developing personal WSN service models for smart healthy housing properties.

A Fundamental Study on the Planning of Elderly Housing Environment - Focused on a preference of middle-aged people for elderly housing

  • Shin, Hwa-Kyoung;Lee, Joon-min
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.153-164
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate preferences of middle-aged people for elderly housing in order to properly plan elderly housing; 1 ) To analyze the middle-aged peoples' preferences for elderly housing in each situation based on the following 4 categories; elderly couple/healthy, elderly couple/unhealthy, elderly living alone/healthy, elderly living alone/unhealthy. 2) To clarify the differences in preferences for elderly housing according to the subjects' backgrounds in each case. This research intends to understand the form of elderly housing and desire for the environment of subjects, middle-age, who will be old aged, and the change of preference to characteristics for elderly housing according to the change of situation. The data were collected through structured questionnaires. The subject were 298 middle-aged, 40-50's who will be experiencing aging, major customer of elderly housing in the future.

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A Study on the Space Planning of Lifestyle and Welfare for the Elderly - Focused on the Elderly in Gwangju City - (고령자를 배려한 생활복지공간계획에 관한 연구-광주광역시 고령자를 중심으로-)

  • 임만택;박경갑;김덕환
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2002
  • As the elderly population increases, concerns for the elderly's welfare become greater both quantitatively and qualitatively. In order to give a chance for the elderly to live in familiar dwelling and regional context to which they are accustomed, and to participate in their society actively, it is of great importance that suitable living spaces must be provided for the elderly. The practical ways of providing people with good living environment and its easy maintenance for healthy and valuable lives were discussed in this paper. This research is designed to propose pertinent policies related to social issues concerning the elderly. 137 seniors over 60 living in Gwanaju city were sampled and surveyed. The scope of planning for the elderly's lifestyle and welfare is divided into two parts, one is planning of space for the realization of stable and spacious dwellings and another is urban environment planning capable of supporting healthy and affluent lifestyles. Also, the realization of stable housing, the construction of urban structure for a healthy life, and the provision of barrier-free living conditions are investigated. For increasing the degree of stabilization and improvement for the elderly's life, self-governing bodies should grasp the demands of living condition and spatial requirements by taking the lifestyles of the elderly into account in urban or regional levels. Then, a master plan including development, improvement, execution, and maintenance of proper housing facilities and urban environments should be made for the best results.

The Characteristics of Behavior for Ventilation and Maintenance for Ventilation Equipments by Multi-family Housing Residents to Actualize Healthy Housing (건강주택 실현을 위한 공동주택 거주자의 환기행태 및 환기기기 관리 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Youn-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the behaviors for ventilation to control indoor air quality and characteristics of the maintenance for ventilation equipments by multi-family housing residents. This study was conducted by the survey in the area of Seoul and Kyungki-do. The results of the study are as follows: the majority of respondents conduct ventilation once a day, below 20 minutes with opening some windows of the inside of the house. The time for ventilation is generally between 9-11 am. and 5-7 pm. Most of the wives are responsible for ventilation activities. In addition, so far building materials and furniture are not seriously considered as the source of indoor air pollution by the respondents. Their satisfaction for indoor air before and after ventilation is perceived as just the level of average. As the mechanical ventilation equipments such as a hood and an exhaust fan, half of the respondents are using them frequently. However, the ventilation equipments are not maintained well. Specially maintenance and checks for exhaust fans are hardly conducted. In conclusion, the frequency of ventilation is very limited and residents show passive attitudes about ventilation and maintenance of ventilation equipments. Therefore, for the actualization of healthy housing, educational programs and guidelines on the way of ventilation targeting the residents should be set up and a certain organization has to check periodically the performance of the ventilation equipments of each house in the multi-family housing complex.

The Occurrences of Allergic Diseases and Accidents within Housing and Residents' Consciousness

  • Kim, Sung-Hwa;Lee, Jae-Hoon
    • Architectural research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2014
  • Allergic diseases as the major symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome have significantly increased because of the indoor pollutants resulted from the enhanced energy conservation performances of residential buildings. Following traffic accidents, domestic accidents are known as the second most frequent accident type. This study analyzes the occurrences of allergic diseases and home accidents caused by housing conditions, together with the residents' consciousness of the diseases and accidents. The findings of this study are expected to help develop the design guidelines and new housing types conducive to the healthy housing environment. For this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted in two rounds which include face-to-face questionnaire survey and online survey, collecting 200 responses and 1000 responses respectively. The data based on the valid 1011 responses were analyzed by Frequency Analysis and T-test.

Residential Preference for Planning Components in High-Rise Condominium (희망평형에 따른 아파트 단위주거 계획요소에 관한 거주자의 태도)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jeong;Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.15-18
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    • 2004
  • The study focused on residents' preference for planning components according to preferred size of high-rise condominiums. After being examined not only a brief chronological review of spatial composition and planning components in high-rise condominiums but also residents' attitudes toward and preference for current planning components, this research developed a wide range of planning components included in the questionnaire. The main survey was designed to find out the needs of residents for planning components in relation to high-rise condominiums. Descriptive and factor analysis were utilized to find out the residents' different preference for planning components. The findings of this study showed that residents were very aware of healthy housing, environmental friendly housing and digitally equipped housing, and their preference was different according to preferred size of condominium housing. In other words, residents preferring condominium housing with 99m$^2$ or smaller considered features of safety and healthy housing as important, those with between 102.3m$^2$ to 115.5m$^2$ recognized experiential space, and those with 118.8m$^2$ or larger regarded features of housing management and storage as important. It is suggested that the needs and wants of residents for housing have been various to be customized.

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A Study on the Types and Supply of Elderly Housing in Japan (일본 노인주거시설의 종류와 공급특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soonjung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2010
  • In Japan, a lot of elderly housing types have been developed in order to meet various needs of the older person and the change of social situations. Elderly housings can be divided into three categories elderly housings for healthy older persons, elderly care homes for the healthy and elderly care facilities for the unhealthy. Elderly housings include public and private rental housings. Sometimes they can be designated only for the elderly. Elderly care homes for the healthy elderly include full fee charging elderly housing, elderly homes, low fee charging elderly homes and care houses. Elderly care facilities for the unhealthy elderly consist of full fee charging elderly care homes, group homes for the dementia, elderly health facilities, nursing homes, elderly hospitals, and so on. However "elderly care facilities" have been proved not to be efficient for the delivery of elderly welfare services nor satisfactory to the frail older person. Therefore, based on the concept of the "Normalization", daily services have been provided for the elderly in order that they can live at their own home in the community for themselves. As a result, Japan aims not only to reduce elderly welfare expenses but also to increase elderly users' satisfaction. Emphasis on non-institutionalization and in-home services, regional characterization, harmony between Hard and Soft, user oriented services, substantiality, universal design and so on are sought for the sake of those goals.