• Title, Summary, Keyword: Health Projects

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A Study on Oral Health Projects for the Disabled in public health center (보건소의 장애인 구강보건사업에 관한 연구)

  • Woo, Seung-Hee;Kim, Youn-Jung;Gkuk, Jung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2008
  • Oral health projects that cater to the disabled should be more prevailing in order to ensure the maintenance and successful promotion of the oral health of disabled people. 70 public dental clinics that conducted oral health projects geared toward the disabled were examined to get a precise grip on their oral health projects. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. 31 out of 70 public dental clinics investigated(44.3%) were equipped with two or more dental hygienists who were professional human resources in charge of the oral health projects for the disabled. As for the age and disability type of the beneficiaries of the oral health projects, adolescents(74.3%) and people with mental retardation(87.1%) benefited most from the oral health projects. Concerning the most common implementation frequency of the projects, the projects were carried out once to three times a week(62.9%). 2. The most dominant oral disease treatment provided to disabled people was amalgam treatment and resin treatment(68.6%), which were the early dental caries treatment. The most common preventive treatment that was offered to improve their oral health was oral prophylaxis(82.9%). As for reform measures for the oral health projects, education of personnels in charge of the projects and their specialization(58.6%) were most emphasized. 3. Regarding factors related to the preventive oral health projects for the disabled, the implementation of oral prophylaxis and toothbrushing education was linked to the age of the beneficiaries. More oral prophylaxis was offered to teens, and more toothbrushing education was provided to preschoolers and adolescents. The age of the beneficiaries and the number of dental hygienists responsible for the projects had something to do with the application of fluorides. 4. Concerning the relationship of the preventive oral health projects for the disabled to the number of dental hygienists, one of the personnels in charge of the projects, the application of fluorides( 54.4%) and pit & fissure sealing(56.8%) were more prevalent when there were two or more dental hygienists. There was a statistically significant disparity in that regard(p<0.05). The above-mentioned findings illustrated that in order to boost the oral health of the disabled, dental hygienists who are responsible for the oral health projects for the disabled should put ceaseless efforts into fostering their professional knowledge and ability and offering quality service to disabled patients. Every public dental clinic should be equipped with plenty of professional personnels to enlarge the scope of treatment and ensure the efficiency of treatment and the preventive projects.

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Development of School Health System and Projects in Korea from 1945 to 2010 (우리나라의 학교보건제도와 학교보건사업의 발달: 1945~2010년)

  • Chang, Chang-Gok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.143-146
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the academic development of school health system and projects implemented in Korea since 1945. Methods: This study analyzed and reviewed literatures to find out the process of the development of school health system and projects implemented in Korea. Results: The history of school health in Korea since 1945 could be divided into three periods according to the development of school health system and projects; countermeasure period (1945-1969), support period (1970-1999), and innovation period (2000~). The major school health system and projects were focused on the health screening and prevention, health management and support, and health promotion for each period. Conclusion: School health system in Korea has been set successfully due to school health law(1967) and school meal law(1981), and various countermeasure, support, and innovation projects had implemented during last 60 years.

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International Trend of Health Education and Health Promotion (보건교육과 건강증진의 국제적인 동향: 우선순위 사업에 대한 검토)

  • Nam, Eun-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2008
  • For the development of Korean health promotion projects, this paper appraised the capacities of health promotion projects and examined the latest international trend of the health promotion field, based on the appraisal of data made by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, 2005 and IUHPE relevant reports. The capacities of Korean health promotion should be strengthened as follows: First, it is urgent to give health education and to use the professionals of it. Secondly, setting approach is required when working on health promotion projects. Thirdly, it is necessary to strengthen the capacities of local communities through the central government's administrative and financial supports for the healthy cities project which is a strategy of general approach to new public health projects. The $21^{st}$ century is an age of new public health that the cause for deaths increasingly is centered on life style. So it is necessary to expand the scope of health education to the field of making the environment of local community healthy beyond the level of individual health education. And further, it is required to develop the curriculum of health and to work out new strategies for health promotion. In conclusion, Korea should train competent human resources in the fields of practice of healthy public policies, of knowledge-based projects, and of health promotion (like health educators). The political direction for it should be to promote various healthy city projects, not only health center-led health promotion projects, and further, to strengthen the capacities of the health promotion projects of local communities.

A Study on Dental Hygienists' Needs for Specialized Education in Health Promotion Projects (보건분야 치과위생사들의 건강증진사업을 위한 전문교육 필요도 조사)

  • Hwang, Yoon-Sook
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.611-625
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze dental hygienists' opinions on health promotion projects in public health and their needs for specialized education in the projects, so that it could help prepare specialized education program required for health promotion projects in the future. To meet the goals, total 364 dental hygienists working in public health were asked to join a questionnaire survey via e-mail in September 2007 for data analysis. As a result, this analysis came to the following conclusions: First, it was found that 29.9% of total respondents took in charge of health promotion projects, and 26.9% respondents considered it very necessary to be responsible for the health promotion projects(56.0% considered it necessary). Almost half respondents considered nonsmoking assistance most desirable task(48.4%) and foremost demanded(50.5%) out of all current health promotion projects, 39.8% respondents answered that they could carry on health promotion task, if assigned, after completing occupational training course. Second, it was found that 39.3% respondents acquired other licenses and qualifications than certificate of registered dental hygienist, and their medical licenses or qualifications included certificate of nursing assistant(18.7%) and certificate of social worker(11.8%) by category. Third, in terms of opinions on possible ways to facilitate health promotion projects, it was found that over half respondents considered it recommended to step up specialized education(56.9%) and prepare legal basis and administrative system(53.6%). Notably, 90.7% respondents considered it necessary to step up specialized education in health promotion. Fourth, in terms of opinions on participation in health promotion projects, it was found that almost half respondents(49.7%) considered it necessary and very positive for extending dental hygienists' works in the future. Moreover, in terms of reasons for sum positive answers, it was found that many respondents considered it helpful for appointment(41.8%) and contributing to capability development and job satisfaction(44.5%). In terms of opinions that sud, participation would be unnecessary, 29.7% respondents thought that nothing would be changed in their dental health projects even with reduced number of public health dentists, and 31.3% respondents thought that dental hygienists are professional manpower responsible only for dental health works. Finally, in terms of on-the-job training(OJT) related to health promotion, it was found that 92.9% respondents desired for OJT. In terms of experiences in OJT, 79.9% respondents answered that they never joined OJT course. In other words, only 20.1% respondents joined OJT courses for health promotion task, such as nonsmoking assistance(8.8%), health promotion FMTP training(2.2%), exercises(1.4%) and nutrition(0.6%).

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The Healthy Village Projects Centered on the Living Site (생활터 중심의 건강마을 만들기 사업)

  • Choi, Youngmi;Kim, Jieun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Rural Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify health problems in the community by providing healthy village projects centered and based on the actual living site and to enhance the empowerment of the community related to health. Methods: The participants were 600 people who lived in one of the 5 villages under the jurisdiction of one Primary Health Care Post (PHCP) in D city. The Community Health Practitioner (CHP) carried out the projects to increase geographical and temporal accessibility by building infrastructures through connecting human and physical resources in the community. The health leaders who were trained through the project consistently managed, and periodically checked the residents' health status. Results: The participants in the projects had significantly lower levels of depression, routine stress, and activity of daily living (ADL) disorders, and higher interpersonal relationships, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared to the control group. Conclusions: The healthy village projects centered on the living site led to voluntary participation from the residents, improve HRQoL and enhanced empowerment of community.

A Study on Characteristics of Core Projects Described in 3rd Community Health Plans (제3기 지역보건의료계획서에 기술된 핵심사업의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Moon;Lee, Weon-Young;Moon, Ok-Ryun;Kim, Chang-Yup
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.88-98
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : The 3rd community health plan let health centers select and promote core projects considering budget and manpower. This study analyzed the content and selection processes of core projects, using the nationwide 3rd community health plans, to give relevant information on health center policies. Methods : Classification criteria for content analysis of core projects were established and verified through a literature review and by specialist discussions. Fifty plans were selected by stratified proportional random sampling for regional characteristics. And coding criteria standardized through coding repetition and discussion, by 2 persons (k>0.7). Using stratified proportional random sampling for 16 cities and provinces, regional characteristics, 117 plans were selected, and the contents of the core project selection processes and program contents analyzed. Results : The survey was used by 59.8 % of samples as a core project decision-making method. The partici- pants included 98.6, 81.4, 40 and 38.6% of the health staffs, residents, medical institutions, and administrators, respectively. Discussion was used by 15.4% of samples. The participants were health staffs by 100% as a great. The ranking of the frequencies of the selected core projects were, in order; chronic disease control, health promotion, elderly health, maternal-child health, and oral health at 16.4, 14.8, 14.3, 12.7 and 11.9%, respectively. Analyses on the chronic disease control and elderly health contents showed the diversity of object disease, high rates of visitors on patient detection programs, high rates of unclear target populations, and the provision of medical exams and treatments as the main services, with high variations in business per-formance. The national health budgets for health centers in 2003 were about 910 and 240 million won for chronic disease control and elderly health, respectively, which were less than for the other five priority core projects. Conclusions : The chronic disease control and elderly health at the health centers were not standardized for object disease, patient detection program, target population, service provision, and national support budget was insufficient. Thus it is necessary to develop standard guidelines, and increase financial support, for chronic disease control and elderly health

A Study on Degree of Interest in Health Projects Among Public Servants of Local Centers and Local Residents (보건사업에 관한 주민센터 공무원과 지역주민의 관심차이)

  • Kim, You Ho;Choi, Gyu yil
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.521-530
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    • 2020
  • This study was intended to provide basic data for increasing the interest in health projects for the public servants and local residents in the period ahead by examining the difference in the degree of interest in health projects among the public servants at resident centers and the residents. For that, 46 public servants at resident centers and 107 local residents were sampled, and their degree of interest in specific health projects was analyzed based on Chi-Square and independent sample t-test. Based on comprehensive consideration of the results of analysis, public servants at resident centers were found to have lower interest in health projects than local residents. The results of this study showed that the public servants at resident centers had lower interest in health projects than local residents. That arises from the consideration that specialization is important for implementation of special works. Thus, this study needs to focus on expanding the role of public servants to ensure that resident centers can take on integrated role related to public health. Therefore, the results of this study can provide basic data for expanding the role of public servants at resident centers. Moreover, the results of this study suggested that various ways need to be explored to increase the interest in health projects for local residents.

A Preliminary Study to Determine Comprehensive Research and Development Plans for Promoting Mental Health Services

  • Kim, Chul Eung;Ko, Young-Mi;Lee, Sang-Uk;Choi, SungKu;Han, Kiwan;Park, Se Jin;Jo, MinKyung;Park, Yu Kyong;Lee, Hye Young;Park, Subin
    • Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.314-324
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze research and development projects in mental health services in Korea, using priority evaluation of mental health promotion policies to determine direction of the service. Methods: An online survey was conducted that targeted experts in the mental health service regarding promotion of mental health in Korea in 2016. The survey was based on 32 policy projects that resulted from 12 strategies according to 4 policy objectives. Results: Analysis of 32 mental health projects were assessed regarding the possibility of technology development success, magnitude of the ripple effect, and necessity of a national response. It was observed that 3 policy projects relevant to suicide, had a high relative priority. This was followed by policies for improvement of health insurance and the medical benefit cost system, and policies for reinforcement of crisis psychological support such as those for disaster victims. Conclusion: The prioritization of mental health services should place an emphasis on promotion of a healthy mental lifestyle, rehabilitation support for patients with serious mental illness, and reinforcement of social safety networks for suicide prevention.

A Study on the Application of Web Database for Healthy City Wonju (건강도시 웹데이터베이스 활용방안 연구: 원주시 사례)

  • Nam, Eun-Woo;Park, Jae-Sung;Choe, Eun-Hee;Kim, Gyeong-Na
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.219-229
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce the web database for healthy city Wonju that contains healthy city indicators and materials. It has provided diverse information to public officers who are working on healthy city projects and citizens for monitoring and evaluating the projects, effectively. The web database was made on 2006 and was updated on 2009. The new Web database system was designed for supporting that the staffs of healthy city can manage all data update by themselves. The new Web database encompasses more recent information about health city projects. After identifying users' needs and reasons for modifying the fields of data, we added new indicators to the Web database. Some redundant indicators were deleted based on users' requests. The Web database quality evaluations were performed by using 13 quality evaluations constructs. Through all 13 constructs, less than 20% of study subjects felt that it did not satisfy their needs or expectations. Well developed and verified contents of the Web database for healthy city are very essential and important. The database makes healthy city projects alive by managing and sharing healthy city related data and indicators effectively.

A study on Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and life satisfaction of the state of oral health project of the elderly in Jeonbuk Korea (전북 일부 지역 노인구강보건사업 실태와 노인구강건강평가지수 및 삶의 만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chung-Soon;Han, Ye-Seul
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.555-564
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the oral health assessment and satisfaction according to recognition and beneficiary oral health projects for oral health promotion of the elderly. Methods: The subjects were elderly over 65 years old in Jeonbuk province. The study instrument was structured questionnaire including general characteristics, oral care condition, recognition of project, satisfaction of project, geriatric oral health assessment index, life satisfaction. For data analysis, the study used independent t-test, one way ANOVA and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: The subjects of this study were well aware of the perceived health status of oral health projects. Satisfaction scaling project was the highest in the satisfaction of the received projects. People who recognized the oral health project had a high oral health assessment index. People who benefit from oral health project showed higher satisfaction in life. Conclusions: As for the elderly's perception on oral health care, they showed higher oral health assessment index and life satisfaction.