• Title, Summary, Keyword: HPV

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Type-Specific Incidence and Persistence of HPV Infection among Young Women: A Prospective Study in North India

  • Datta, Palika;Bhatla, Neerja;Pandey, R.M.;Dar, Lalit;Patro, A. Rajkumar;Vasisht, Shachi;Kriplani, Alka;Singh, Neeta
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.1019-1024
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    • 2012
  • Background: Infections with human papillomavirus (HPV) are highly prevalent among sexually active young women in India. However, not much is known about the incidence of type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and their patterns of persistence, especially in the Indian context. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of acquisition and persistence of HPV types in young women. Methods: Women residing in an urban slum in Delhi (n=1300) were followed for 24 months at 6 monthly intervals. Exfoliated cervical cells collected at each visit were tested for the presence of HPV DNA. Genotyping was performed using the reverse line blot assay. Results: The incidence rate for any HPV type was calculated to be 5 per 1000 women-months. Among high risk HPV types, HPV16 had the highest incidence rate followed by HPV59, HPV52 and HPV18, i.e., 3.0, 0.58, 0.41 and 0.35 women per 1000 women-months respectively. The persistence rate was higher for high-risk than low-risk HPV types. Among low-risk types, HPV42, HPV62, HPV84 and HPV89 were found to persist. Whereas almost all high risk types showed persistence, the highest rate was found in women with HPV types 16, 45, 67, 31, 51 and 59. The persistence rate for HPV16 infection was 45 per 1000 women-months. Conclusion: Incident HPV infections and high risk HPV type-specific persistence were found to be high in our study population of young married women. Understanding the patterns of HPV infection may help plan appropriate strategies for prevention programs including vaccination and screening.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection in Women Participating in Cervical Cancer Screening from 2006 to 2010 in Shenzhen City, South China

  • Wang, Yue-Yun;Li, Li;Wei, Sheng;Peng, Ji;Yuan, Shi-Xin;Xie, Jian-Sheng;Liu, Zhi-Hua
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.7483-7487
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays an important role in the development of cervical cancer, but the prevalence of HPV infection in women of Shenzhen city remains unclear. The present study was performed to describe the change of cervical HPV infection in females who participated in voluntary cervical cancer screening from 2006 to 2010 in Shenzhen city, China. Methods: A total of 4, 413 women were recruited. HPV infections were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reversed dot blot hybridization in Shenzhen Maternity and Child Health Hospital. Results: The prevalence of HPV infection was 13.8%. The five most commonly found HPV types were HPV16 (3.47%), HPV58 (1.68%), HPV33 (1.38%), HPV43 (1.36%) and HPV18 (1.27%). The secular trends of major HPV type-specific were diverse. Among of them, the prevalence of HPV18 increased sharply while others increased slowly or even decreased in the period. The change of total HPV, single HPV and multiple HPV infection were similar during the five years. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that HPV infection is common with HPV16 and HPV 58 as the primary subtypes in women in Shenzhen city.The prevalence of HPV 18 infection is increasing faster than any others, which will lead it to be one of the main subtypes in this city in the future.

Detection of Human Papillomavirus in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinomas (후두편평세포암종에서 인유두종 바이러스의 검출)

  • 김완수;박성용;마현웅;도남용;김용기;이도용;나한조
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 1998
  • Human papillomavirus(HPV) is epitheliotrophic virus invading the anogenital tract and the upper aerodigestive tract HRV produces a diversity of benign and maljgnant tumors. In this study, the author determined the frequency of association of human papillomavirus(HPV) and laryngeal carcinomas and investigated the significance of HRV infection of different subtypes in the tumorigenesis of laryngeal carcinoma. Laryngeal squamous cell cancinomas from 34 patients who did not have preexisting papillomas by clinical history were retrieved from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks and analyzed for HPV. Nineteen cases were tumors of the true vocal folds, 11 were supraglottic and 4 were transglottic. HPV detection was dane using polymerase chain reaction amplification with HPV L$_1$consensus primer. HPV type was determined by the same method using HPV-6, 11 and 16,-18 type-specific E6 primers. The results were as follows : 1) HPV DNA was detected in 7 cases among the 34 patients(20.6%). According to the type of HPV DNA HPV-11 was detected in 3 cases, HPV-16 was detected in 2 cases and HPV-6 and HPV-18 were detected in 1 case, respectively. 2) These 7 HPV-positive patients were advanced cancinoma cases. From these results, we concluded that HPV was thought to be the etiological factor of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas.

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Prevalence and Genotype Distribution of HPV among Women Attending a Cervical Cancer Screening Mobile Unit in Lampang, Thailand

  • Paengchit, Kannika;Kietpeerakool, Chumnan;Lalitwongsa, Somkiet
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6151-6154
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    • 2014
  • A growing body of literature is evidence that identifying subtypes of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) has impacted on various steps of cervical cancer prevention.Thus, it is mandatory to determine the background prevalence and distribution of HPV subtypes for designing and implementing area-specific management. The present study was conducted to evaluate prevalence and distribution of HPV subtypes among women aged 30-70 years living in Lampang, an area with a high incidence of cervical cancer, through use of a mobile screening unit. Of 2,000 women recruited in this study, 108 (5.40%, 95%CI: 4.45-6.48) were found to have HR-HPV infection. Risk was significantly correlated with age and number of partners. Singly or in combination, the most common genotype was HPV 52 (17.6%), followed by HPV 16 (14.81%), HPV 58 (13.89%), HPV 33 (11.11%), HPV 51 (11.11%), and HPV 56 (9.26%). HPV 18 was found in only 5.6% of cases. Together, HPV 16/18 were noted in approximately 20.4% of cases. Eighteen(16.67%) women were positive with multiple subtypes of HR-HPV. Co-infection most frequently involved HPV 16 or HPV 58. These findings have obvious implications for vaccine policy.

Convergence Study of Knowledge, Health Beliefs and HPV Preventive Behavior Intention about Human Papilloma Virus(HPV) Vaccination among Health College Students (일부 보건계열 대학생의 인유두종 바이러스 지식과 예방접종 관련 건강신념 및 감염 예방행위의도에 관한 융복합 연구)

  • Jang, Young-Mi;Han, Jin-Sook;Moon, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge level, health beliefs related to HPV vaccination and HPV preventive behavior intention of human papilloma virus among health college student in Korea. A quantitative, descriptive design was used to study 264 students in D-city, M-city recruited from June 1 to June 15, 2014. The data were analyzed SPSS 21.0 program. The average level of HPV knowledge, health beliefs related to HPV vaccination and HPV preventive behavior intention about human papilloma virus were relatively low. No correlation between HPV knowledge and health beliefs. But health beliefs related to HPV vaccination have risen even higher degree of infection prevention behaviors. Therefore, it is necessary for specific methods, such as education programs, including HPV knowledge to improve future health beliefs related to HPV vaccination and HPV preventive behavior intention of human papilloma virus.

Human Papillomavirus Genotypes and Cervical Cancer in Northeast Thailand

  • Natphopsuk, Sitakan;Settheetham-Ishida, Wannapa;Pientong, Chamsai;Sinawat, Supat;Yuenyao, Pissamai;Ishida, Takafumi;Settheetham, Dariwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6961-6964
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    • 2013
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cervical cancer. More than 100 HPV genotypes have been identified; however the distribution varies geographically and according to ethnicity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and distribution of HPV subtypes among Northeast Thai women. Subjects included 198 cases of SCCA and 198 age-matched, healthy controls. HPV-DNA was amplified by PCR using the consensus primers GP5+/6+ system followed by reverse line blot hybridization genotyping. The prevalence of high-risk HPV infection was 21 (10.1%) and 152 (76.8%) in the controls and in the cases, respectively. High-risk HPV significantly increased the risk for cervical cancer with an OR of 42.4 (95%CI: 22.4-81.4, p<0.001) and an adjusted OR of 40.7-fold (95%CI: 21.5-76.8, p <0.001). HPV-16 was the most prevalent HPV type in the SCCA (56.2%) followed by HPV-58 (17.8%) and HPV-18 (13.6%); whereas HPV-58 (46.4%) was a prominent genotype in the controls followed by HPV-16 (39.3%) and unidentified HPV types (25.0%). These findings indicate that HPV infection remains a critical risk factor for SCCA; particularly, HPV-16, HPV-58 and HPV-18. In order to eradicate cervical cancer, sustained health education, promoted use of prophylactics and a HPV-58 vaccine should be introduced in this region.

An Increase in HPV-related Knowledge and Vaccination Beliefs Among Parents of Adolescent Sons in Dongdaemon-gu, Seoul, Korea (남자 청소년을 둔 학부모 대상 HPV 및 HPV 백신 지식 관련 교육 전후 지식과 태도의 변화: 서울시 동대문구 지역을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seyoung;Choi, Jihye;Kim, Sooyoun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 2021
  • Background and objectives: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection globally and is responsible for multiple clinical outcomes, including genital warts and cervical, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers. Despite the well established burden of HPV on both men and women, vaccine uptake among men is critically low in Korea. A preliminary step to combat this issue is to target parents of male adolescents. In the present study, we aimed to assess any change observed in parents' HPV knowledge and attitudes towards male HPV and subsequent willingness to vaccinate their sons following an HPV educational intervention. Methods: On November 14, 2020, a one-time HPV educational session was conducted and parents (n=136) completed self-administered pre-/post-test questionnaires that included previously validated survey items. Paired t-tests were used to evaluate change in HPV-related knowledge, attitudes and intent for HPV vaccination. Results: Following the intervention, participants reported increased scores in HPV and vaccine related knowledge by approximately 4 and 1.5 points, respectively (p<.001). Parents scored higher on perceived benefits of the vaccine, perceived social influence on vaccination decision and perceived severity of diseases caused by HPV infections, whereas lower scores were observed for perceived harm of the vaccine, and difficulties communicating with their sons about sex and HPV vaccination. Following the intervention, those without the intent to vaccinate their sons significantly decreased and those who intended to vaccinate their sons though not in the next six months significantly increased (χ2=33.045, p<.001) Conclusion: Our educational intervention resulted in an increase in HPV-related knowledge with a positive impact on parents' attitudes toward male HPV vaccination. We expect that this study can serve as a pivotal reference to promote the unexplored issue of HPV vaccination among male adolescents in Korea.

Human Papillomavirus Burden in Different Cancers in Iran: a Systematic Assessment

  • Jalilvand, Somayeh;Shoja, Zabihollah;Hamkar, Rasool
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7029-7035
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    • 2014
  • Certain types of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are undoubtedly involved in genesis of human malignancies. HPV plays an etiological role in cervical cancer, but also in many vaginal, vulvar, anal and penile cancers, as well as head and neck cancers. In addition, a number of non-malignant diseases such as genital warts and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis are attributable to HPV. Moreover, HPV forms have detected in several other cancers including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, lung, prostate, ovarian, breast, skin, colorectal and urinary tract cancers, but associations with etiology in these cases is controversial. The aim of this systematic assessment was to estimate the prevalence of HPV infection and HPV types in HPV-associated cancers, HPV-related non-malignant diseases and in cancers that may be associated with HPV in Iran. The present investiagtion covered 61 studies on a variety of cancers in Iranian populations. HPV prevalence was 77.5 % and 32.4% in cervical cancer and head and neck cancers, respectively. HPV was detected in 23.1%, 22.2%, 10.4%, 30.9%, 14% and 25.2% of esophageal squamous cell, lung, prostate, urinary tract cancers, breast and skin cancers, respectively. HPV16 and 18 were the most frequent HPV types in all cancers. The findings of present study imply that current HPV vaccines for cervical cancer may decrease the burden of other cancers if they are really related to HPV.

Prevalence and Genotype Distribution of Human Papillomavirus in Cheonan, Korea

  • Kim, Jae Kyung;Jeon, Jae-Sik;Lee, Chong Heon;Kim, Jong Wan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1143-1147
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    • 2014
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is considered to play a critical role in the development of cervical carcinoma, which is the third most common cancer among Korean females. Here, we performed a baseline study of HPV infection and genotyping using an HPV DNA chip, which is a type of oligonucleotide microarray. A total of 6,855 cervical swab specimens from 5,494 women attending Dankook University Hospital Health Improvement Center in Cheonan, Korea between 2006 and 2012, originally collected for HPV infection screening, were genotyped for HPV. The extracted DNA from the cervical specimens was investigated by an HPV DNA chip designed to detect 41 different HPV types. HPV was identified as positive in 1,143 (16.7%) of the 6,855 samples. The most frequently detected HPV genotypes were HPV types 16, 53, 56, 58, 39, 52, 70, 84, 68, 62, 35, 54, 81, 18, and 30, in descending order of incidence. The proportions of single and multiple HPV infections in the HPV-positive specimens were 78.1% and 21.9%, respectively. The average age of HPV-positive patients was 39.9 years, with the positive rate of HPV being the highest in the 10-29 age group (20.6%). We report here on the prevalence and distribution of 41 different genotypes of HPV according to age among women in Cheonan, Korea. These data may be of use as baseline data for the assessment of public health-related issues and for the development of area-specific HPV vaccines.

HPV Genotyping Linear Assay Test Comparison in Cervical Cancer Patients: Implications for HPV Prevalence and Molecular Epidemiology in a Limited-resource Area in Bandung, Indonesia

  • Panigoro, Ramdan;Susanto, Herman;Novel, Sinta Sasika;Hartini, Sri;Sahiratmadja, Edhyana
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.5843-5847
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    • 2013
  • Background: Persistent infection with high risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is strongly associated with cervical cancer. Normal cervical cells may also harbor hrHPV, and detection of early hrHPV infection may minimize risk of cervical cancer development. This study aimed to compare two commercial HPV genotyping assays that may affordable for early screening in a limited-resource setting in Bandung, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: DNA from cervical biopsies with histologically confirmed as squamous cell cervical cacinoma were HPV genotyped by Linear Assay 1 (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) or Linear Assay 2 (Digene HPV Genotyping RH Test, Qiagen Gaithersburg, MD). In a subset of samples of each group, HPV genotype results were then compared. Results: Of 28 samples genotyped by linear assay 1, 22 (78.6%) demonstrated multiple infections with HPV-16 and other hrHPV types 18, 45 and/or 52. In another set of 38 samples genotyped by linear assay 2, 28 (68.4%) were mostly single infections by hrHPV type 16 or 18. Interestingly, 4 samples that had been tested by both kits showed discordant results. Conclusions: In a limited-resource area such as in Indonesia, country with a high prevalence of HPV infection a reliable cervical screening test in general population for early hrHPV detection is needed. Geographical variation in HPV genotyping result might have impacts for HPV prevalence and molecular epidemiology as the distribution in HPV genotypes should give clear information to assess the impact of HPV prophylactic vaccines.