• 제목, 요약, 키워드: HPV

검색결과 520건 처리시간 0.046초

고위험군 HPV 검출을 위한 분석적 민감도와 특이도 성능평가 (Analytical Performance of Sensitivity and Specificity for Rapid Multiplex High Risk Human Papillomavirus Detection Kit: HPV ViroCheck)

  • 박선영;윤현석;방혜은;김연;최성경;안성우;김정호;이수지;양지영;이동섭
    • 대한임상검사과학회지
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.446-454
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    • 2017
  • 인간유두종 바이러스 (HPV)는 자궁경부암의 주요 원인이며, 자궁경부암의 주요 원인 바이러스는 16종의 고위험군 유전형 HPV 16, HPV 18, HPV31, HPV 33, HPV 35, HPV 39, HPV 45, HPV 51, HPV 52, HPV 53, HPV 56, HPV 58, HPV 59, HPV 66, HPV 68, HPV 69 이다. 특히, HPV 16형과 HPV 18형이 HPV 양성 암환자의 70%에서 발견된다. 따라서, 바이러스의 존재 유무를 확인하는 것은 환자의 스크리닝에 도움을 주며, 최근에 세포학적 검사와 함께 보조적인 검사법으로 사용되고 있다. 본 연구는 16종의 고위험군 바이러스와 HPV 16, HPV 18 유전형을 검출 할 수 있는 HPV ViroCheck의 발암 유전자의 분석 성능을 확립하기 위한 목적으로 수행되었다. 먼저, 16종의 고위험군 HPV의 발암유전자 E6/E7 유전형의 검출한계를 확인하기 위하여, 분석적 민감도를 수행하였다. 그리고, 관련된 미생물 및 바이러스에서의 교차반응 및 정확도를 비교하여 평가하였다. 고위험군 HPV 유전자형의 민감도는 Clone DNA를 이용 하였을 때, 최대 1카피에서 100 카피까지 검출이 가능하였고, SiHa 세포와 Hela 세포의 경우 최소 10 세포까지 검출이 가능하였다. 자궁경부 관련 미생물 및 바이러스에서 HPV 유전형에 대한 교차 반응은 나타내지 않았다. 또한, 측정법 내 변동계수 및 측정법 간 변동계수 실험 결과 변동계수가 5% 이하로 정확도가 높았다. 위의 분석 성능자료는 HPV ViroCheck의 유전자형 검사의 식품의약품 안전처의 체외진단용 의료기기 허가를 위한 자료로 사용 될 것이며, 향후, HPV 16종의 발암유전자 검출과 HPV 16, HPV 18 유전형 검출 연구에 도움이 될 것이다.

부산지역 여성의 고위험군 인유두종 바이러스 유병률과 유전자형 분석 (Prevalence and Genotype Analysis of High Risk-human Papillomavirus Infection in Busan Women)

  • 강창수;이경은
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.29 no.11
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    • pp.1267-1272
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    • 2019
  • 자궁경부암의 주요 원인은 인유두종 바이러스(HPV)로 알려져 있으며, 자궁경부암 환자의 99.7%에서 HPV DNA가 검출된다고 하였다. 또한 세계적으로 HPV 16 및 18의 유병률이 가장 높은 것으로 보고되고 있으나, 한국을 포함한 아시아에서는 HPV 52 및 58의 유병률이 더 높게 나타나고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 부산지역 여성의 HPV 유병률과 고위험군 인유두종 바이러스(HR-HPV) 유전자형을 분석하여 자궁경부암 예방을 위한 기초 자료를 확보하고자 하였다. 2016년 1월부터 2017년 12월까지 부산 산부인과병원을 내원한 여성 중 HPV 유전자형 검사를 시행한 여성 1,995예를 대상으로 분석하였다. 본 연구에서는 부산지역 여성에서 28.3%(565/1995)의 HPV 유병률을 확인하였다. 특히 HR-HPV 감염률은 75.4%(426/565)로 높게 나타났으며, HR-HPV 유전자형은 52형(63/565, 11.2%)이 가장 높게 나타났고, 그 다음으로 58형(56/565, 9.9%), 53형(55/565. 9.7%), 16형(53/565, 9.4%) 순으로 나타났다. 또한 18~39세이하의 젊은 여성들의 HR-HPV 감염률이 60.3%(257/426)로 높게 나타나므로 지속적인 감시가 필요할 것으로 사료된다. 또한 세포학적 결과에서 자궁경부내 상피의 이상소견이 높아지는 HSIL과 SCC에서 HPV 16형이 높은 감염률을 보였으나, 향후 더 많은 검체를 이용하여 자궁경부내 종양 발생과 관련된 HR-HPV 유전자형을 확인해야 될 것으로 사료된다.

Prevalence and Genotype Distribution of Human Papillomavirus among Women from Henan, China

  • Wang, Xiao-Chuan;Sun, Liang-Qi;Ma, Li;Li, Hua-Xin;Wang, Xiu-Li;Wang, Xin;Yun, Tian;Meng, Nian-Long;Lv, Da-Le
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7333-7336
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    • 2014
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been implicated as a causative of cervical cancer. In the present study, a total of 578 samples from females attending the gynecological outpatient clinic in Henan province, China, were collected and the HPV genotypes were detected by gene chip and flow-through hybridization. Overall, 44.5% (257/578) females were found to be HPV DNA positive, and the high risk HPV (HR-HPV) rate was 35.1% (203/578). The first peak of HR-HPV infection appeared in the >60 year-old group (55.0%), and the second was within the 51-55 year-old group (50.0%) (${\chi}^2$=19.497, p<0.05). HPV 16 was the most prevalent genotype (9.2%), followed by HPV 52 (7.8%), HPV 6 (6.9%), HPV 11 (5.9%) and HPV 42 (5.0%). The single type HPV infection was 30.4%, with the five majority prevalent genotype HPV 16 (16.5%), HPV 52 (14.3%), HPV 6 (12.6%), HPV 42 (8.6%), HPV 31 (5.1%). The multiple-type HPV infections were 14.0%, and HPV 16 was the most prevalent type (29.6%), followed by HPV 52 (24.7%), HPV 6 (22.2%), HPV 11 (22.2%), HPV 42 (17.3%) and HPV 39 (17.3%).

Type-Specific Human Papillomavirus Distribution in Invasive Squamous Cervical Carcinomas in Tunisia and Vaccine Impact

  • Ennaifer, Emna;Salhi, Faten;Laassili, Thalja;Fehri, Emna;Alaya, Nissaf Ben;Guizani, Ikram;Boubaker, Samir
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.15
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    • pp.6769-6772
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    • 2015
  • Background: High risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the leading cause of cervical cancer (CC) and Pap smear screening has not been successful in preventing CC in Tunisia. HPV vaccination that targets HPV16 and 18 offers a new efficient prevention tool. Identification of HPV types in CC is thus essential to determine the impact of HPV vaccine implementation. The aim of this study is to provide specific data from Tunisia. Materials and Methods: A total of 89 histological confirmed paraffin embedded samples isolated from patients with CC diagnosed between 2001 and 2011 were collected from five medical centres from Northern and Southern Tunisia. HPV DNA was detected using a nested PCR (MY09/MY11-GP5+/GP6+) and genotyping was assessed using a reverse blot line hybridisation assay that enables the detection of 32 HPV types. Results: HPV DNA was detected in all samples. Twelve high risk types were detected; HPV16 and/or 18 were predominant, accounting together for 92.1% of all the CC cases (HPV16: 83.1%). Single infections accounted for 48.8% of the cases and were mostly linked to HPV 16 (32.6%) and less frequently to HPV 18 (2.4%). The other high risk HPV single infections were linked to HPV 35 (4.6%), 45 (4.6%), 58 (2.3%) and 59 (2.3%). Multiple infections with mixing of 2 to 4 genotypes predominately featrued HPV16 and/or 18 with HPV 35 and 45 (96.6 %) and less frequently with HPV 59, 40, 66, 73 and 58. There was no statistically significant variation in the relative distribution of HPV types with age. Conclusions: These results strongly indicate that prophylactic HPV vaccines can have a major impact in preventing CC in Tunisia.

보건 계열과 비보건 계열 남자대학생의 인유두종 바이러스 지식, 인유두종 바이러스 백신 접종 의향과 접종 저해 요인 (HPV Knowledge, HPV Vaccination Intention, and Barriers on HPV Vaccination in Male Undergraduate Students of Health Department and Non-health Department)

  • 최정아;김경아
    • 지역사회간호학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.144-152
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the level of Human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge, intention of HPV vaccination, and barriers on HPV vaccination among male undergraduate students of Health department and Non-health department. Methods: A total of 149 male undergraduate students responded to self-administered questionnaires about their HPV knowledge, HPV vaccination intention, and their barriers on HPV vaccination. ANOVA, t-test and $x^2$ test (Fisher's exact test) were used for data analysis. Results: Mean score of HPV knowledge was $3.39{\pm}3.05$, and there was significant difference between Health department ($4.15{\pm}3.08$) and Non-health department ($2.58{\pm}2.82$) in HPV knowledge (t=3.241, p=.001). There was no significant difference in HPV vaccination acceptance between the two groups. The barriers on HPV vaccination were 'lack of information about HPV vaccine efficacy' and 'lack of information about HPV vaccination time and strategy', and there were significant differences in barriers on HPV vaccination between the two groups. Conclusion: The knowledge on HPV was low, and HPV vaccination was hindered due to lack of information about HPV vaccine despite their intention to obtain HPV vaccine. HPV education to promote HPV vaccination should be targeted among male students.

National HPV Immunisation Programme: Knowledge and Acceptance of Mothers Attending an Obstetrics Clinic at a Teaching Hospital, Kuala Lumpur

  • Ezat, Sharifa Wan Puteh;Hod, Rozita;Mustafa, Jamsiah;Mohd Dali, Ahmad Zailani Hatta;Sulaiman, Aqmar Suraya;Azman, Azlin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.2991-2999
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    • 2013
  • Background: Introduction of the HPV vaccine is a forefront primary prevention method in reducing the incidence of carcinogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. The Malaysia government has implemented the National HPV immunisation programme since 2010, supplying HPV vaccine free to targeted 13 year olds. This study aimed to explore the level of knowledge among mothers on cervical cancer, HPV, HPV vaccine and National HPV (NHPV) immunisation programme since its' implementation. It also assessed acceptance of mothers towards HPV vaccine being administered to their daughter, son or themselves. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 155 respondents using self-administered questionnaires; conducted in December 2012 at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Clinic in a teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur. Respondents were selected using a multistage sampling technique. Results: A response rate of 100% was obtained. Overall, 51.0% of mothers had good knowledge, with 55% having good knowledge of cervical cancer, 54.2% for both HPV and the National HPV immunisation programme and 51.0% for the HPV vaccine. Regression analyses showed that ethnicity was associated with knowledge on cervical cancer (p=0.003) while education was associated with knowledge on HPV (p=0.049). Three factors are associated with knowledge of the National HPV immunisation programme; ethnicity (p=0.017), mothers' education (p=0.0005) and number of children (p=0.020). The acceptance of HPV vaccine to be administered among daughter was the highest at 87.1%, followed by for mothers themselves at 73.5%, and the least is for sons 62.6%. Conclusions: This study found that the overall level of knowledge was moderate. Adequate information on cervical cancer, HPV, HPV vaccination and the National HPV immunisation programme should be provided to mothers in order to increase acceptance of the HPV vaccine which can reduce the disease burden in the future.

Diagnostic Performance of HPV E6/E7 mRNA and HPV DNA Assays for the Detection and Screening of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus Infection among Woman with Cervical Lesions in China

  • Wang, Hye-young;Lee, Dongsup;Park, Sunyoung;Kim, Geehyuk;Kim, Sunghyun;Han, Lin;Yubo, Ren;Li, Yingxue;Park, Kwang Hwa;Lee, Hyeyoung
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7633-7640
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    • 2015
  • Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide and it is responsible for most cases of cervical uterine cancer. Although HPV infections of the cervix do not always progress to cancer, 90% of cervical cancer cases have been found to be associated with high risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection. HPV DNA testing is widely used, along with Papanicolaou (Pap) testing, to screen for cervical abnormalities. However, there are no data on the prevalence of genotype-specific HPV infections assessed by measuring HPV E6/E7 mRNA in women representative of the Chinese population across a broad age range. Materials and Methods: In the present study, we compared the results with the CervicGen HPV RT-qDx assay, which detects 16 HR-HPV genotypes (Alpha-9: HPV 16, 31, 33, 35, 52, and 58; Alpha-7: HPV 18, 39, 45, 51, 59, and 68; and Alpha-5, 6: HPV 53, 56, 66, and 69), and the REBA HPV-ID assay, which detects 32 HPV genotypes based on the reverse blot hybridization assay (REBA) for the detection of oncogenic HPV infection according to cytological diagnosis. We also investigated the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV infection with a total of 324 liquid-based cytology samples collected in western Shandong province, East China. Results: The overall HPV prevalences determined by HPV DNA and HPV E6/E7 mRNA assays in this study were 79.9% (259/324) and 55.6% (180/324), respectively. Although the positivity of HPV E6/E7 mRNA expression was significantly lower than HPV DNA positivity, the HPV E6/E7 mRNA assay showed greater specificity than the HPV DNA assay (88.6% vs. 48.1%) in normal cytology samples. The prevalence of Alpha-9 (HPV 16, 31, 33, 35, 52, and 58) HPV infection among these women accounted for up to 80.3% and 76.1% of the high-grade lesions detected in the HPV mRNA and DNA tests, respectively. The HR-HPV genotype distribution, based on HPV DNA and E6/E7 mRNA expression by age group in patients with cytologically confirmed lesions, was highest in women aged 40 to 49 years (35.9% for cytologically confirmed cases, Pearson correlation r value=0.993, p<0.001) for high-grade lesions. Among the oncogenic HR-HPV genotypes for all age groups, there was little difference in the distribution of HPV genotypes between the HPV DNA (HPV -16, 53, 18, 58, and 33) and HPV E6/E7 mRNA (HPV -16, 53, 33, 58, and 18) assays. HPV 16 was the most common HPV genotype among women with high-grade lesions. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the HPV E6/E7 mRNA assay can be a sensitive and specific tool for the screening and investigation of cervical cancer. Furthermore, it may provide useful information regarding the necessity for early cervical cancer screenings and the development of additional effective HPV vaccines, such as one for HPV 53 and 58. Additionally, gaining knowledge of HPV distribution may also inform us about ecological changes in HPV after the vaccination.

인유두종 바이러스와 관련된 낙인, 수치심과 검사의도의 영향요인 (Factors Associated with Human Papillomavirus related Stigma, Shame, and Intent of HPV Test)

  • 김혜원
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the factors associated with HPV (Human Papillomavirus) related stigma, shame and intent to have HPV test among adult women. Methods: Data were collected from December 1, 2009 to January 31, 2010, and participants were 324 women who visited an obstetric gynecologic clinic. They anticipated testing positive for HPV. Then HPV related stigma, shame, intent to have HPV testing and HPV knowledge were measured. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis test and multivariate adjusted logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results: The levels of stigma and shame were higher than average. Intent to have HPV test was high and HPV knowledge was low. Women who answered that HPV is not sexually transmitted had lower HPV stigma than did women who answered they didn't know (OR=0.20, 95%CI 0.06-0.68). Women with lower stigma showed lower intent to have HPV test than women with higher stigma (OR=0.46, 95%CI 0.26-0.82). Conclusion: Basic HPV information should be fully understood for women especially prior to HPV test. Normalizing HPV stigma is necessary for women who perceive HPV as sexually transmitted and women intending to have HPV test.

한국인 일반 여성의 HPV 감염 유병율 -부산지역 일반 여성에서의 HPV DNA 및 항 VLPs 항체 양성 빈도 - (Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Infection in Women in South Korea -Incidence of Positive HPV DNA and anti-VLPs in Residents of Busan City-)

  • 홍숙희;이덕희;신해림
    • 대한세포병리학회지
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2004
  • To investigate a population-based survey of the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in South Korea, we performed Papanicolaou smears and tests for HPV DNA and anti-HPV antibody detection in 909 sexually active general women (age range; 20-74 years, median 44 years) who were randomly selected residents from S district of Busan City. The presence of DNA of 36 different HPV types was detected by means of a GP 5+/6+ primer-mediated PCR enzyme immunoassay in cervical exfoliated cells, and IgG antibodies against L1 virus-like particles (anti-VLPs) of 5 HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, and 58 were tested by means of enzyme linked immunoassay. The incidence of cytologic abnormality was 5.2% in Pap smear. The positive rate of HPV DNA was 10.4%, high in young women younger than 35 years old and proportionally increased according to the cytologic grades. The most often found HPV type was HPV 70, followed by HPV 16 and 33, and high-risk HPV types were more frequent in women younger than 35 years old. The most common HPV type in abnormal cytologic smears was HPV 16, followed by HPV 58 and 66. Anti-VLPs was positive in 19.7% and the frequent anti-VLPs type was against HPV 18, followed by HPV 31 and 16. The concordance between the markers for each specific HPV type was noted in 10 women and HPV 16 was the most frequent one. The incidence of multiple HPV infection was 18.9% and that of multiple anti-VLPs antibodies was 31%. Among 103 self-reported virgins, 4.9% had anti-VLP antibodies.

HPV Detection and Genotyping in Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Northern Thailand

  • Siriaunkgul, Sumalee;Settakorn, Jongkolnee;Sukpan, Kornkanok;Srisomboon, Jatupol;Utaipat, Utaiwan;Lekawanvijit, Suree;Khunamornpong, Surapan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.3773-3778
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    • 2014
  • Background: The study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV infection in vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in northern Thailand and the clinicopathological difference with regard to HPV infection status. Materials and Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of vulvar SCC diagnosed between January 2006 and December 2012 were collected. HPV infection was detected by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with primers MY09/11 and GP5+/6+. HPV genotyping was performed using the Linear Array Genotyping Test, followed by type-specific PCR targeting the E6/E7 region of HPV16/18/52 if the Linear Array test was negative. The histologic slides of vulvar lesions and the medical records were reviewed. Results: There were 47 cases of vulvar SCC included in the study (mean patient age $57.9{\pm}13.2$ years). HPV infection was detected in 29 cases (62%), all of which had single HPV infections. HPV16 accounted for 23 (49%). The patients with HPV-positive SCC had a significantly younger mean age than those with HPV-negative tumors (52.7 years vs 66.2 years, p<0.001). There was no significant difference in tumor stage distribution with regard to the status of HPV infection. The presence of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) of usual type (basaloid or warty) was significantly more frequent in HPV-positive cases compared with HPV-negative cases (62% vs 6%, p<0.001), whereas differentiated-type VIN was more common in HPV-negative cases (24% vs 0%, p=0.019). Conclusions: HPV infection was detected in 62% of vulvar SCC in northern Thailand. HPV16 was the predominant genotype similar to the data reported from other regions. HPV-positive SCC occurred in younger patients compared with HPV-negative SCC, and was associated with usual-type VIN. Vaccination against HPV16/18 may potentially prevent almost one half of vulvar SCC in northern Thailand.