• Title/Summary/Keyword: HPA

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Performance Analysis of Nonlinear Satellite Communication System in the CCI And ACI Interference Channel (간섭채널에서 비선형 위성 통신 시스템의 특성 분석)

  • 박주석;유흥균;김기근;이대일;김도선
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.29 no.2A
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    • pp.166-173
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    • 2004
  • Satellite communication system uses a high non-linear HPA(high power amplifiers) in the earth station and satellite transponder. Therefore, it is important to consider the nonlinear effect of HPA on the communication system. In this paper, we find the variation of power spectrum density by nonlinearity HPA and the change of harmonic component according to IBO (input back-off). When the BPSK is used for satellite communication system, we analyze BER performance including the external co-channel interference (CCI) and the adjacent channel interference (ACI) resulting from the HPA nonlinearity. BER degrades as ACI magnitude grows up when the uplink SNR, uplink SIR (signal to co-channel interference power ratio) and downlink SIR are constant at some level. In case there is only non-linear HPA in the satellite, it is shown that BER considerably depends on the ACI magnitude ACI. When there are two non-linear HPAs in the both earth station and satellite, much BER degradation results from the CCI and ACI.

Design and Performance Evaluation of SSD (Simultaneous Single Band Duplex) System with HPA Nonlinearity (HPA 비선형 특성을 고려한 SSD(Simultaneous Single Band Duplex) 시스템의 설계와 성능 분석)

  • Keum, Hong-Sik;An, Changyoung;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we design a SSD(simultaneous single band duplex) system using RF cancellation and digital cancellation. And then, we analyze performance of the SSD system using pre-distorter with HPA non-linearity. Also, we analyze digital cancellation performance of the SSD system using pre-distorter with HPA non-linearity. Additionally, digital cancellation cancels residual self-interference. In linear conditions, digital cancellation can cancel self-interference of 40dB. Therefore, the SSD system has good BER performance because most of self-interference is canceled. But, in HPA non-linearity conditions, digital cancellation cancels residual self-interference of 25dB. In this conditions, self-interference is greater than desired signal. Therefore, bit informations of distant station can not be received. But, we confirm that if the proposed system uses pre-distorter then bit information of distant station can be received by HPA non-linearity compensation. Also, we confirm that even though the proposed system uses pre-distorter, if HPA non-linearity increases then digital cancellation performance is degraded by imperfect compensation of HPA non-linerity.

HPA(Human Powered Aircraft) Material Selection and Structural Design (인력비행기의 소재선정 및 구조설계)

  • Yun, Sungchan;Hu, Hyenoo;You, Saerom;Lee, Jaehong;Kim, Dooman;Oh, Janggeun;Lee, Heewoo
    • Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2009
  • The 1st development of "Human Powered Aircraft(HPA)" in Korea has been conducting by KAFA(Korea Air Force Academy) from Aug. 2008 to now. HPA is an aircraft powered by directly human energy. The thrust provided by the human power may be the only source and that is weak. Therefore, light weight and strong structure is first requirement. In this paper, treating a basic conceptual design of HPA and material property and material choice for HPA. Also analysing the structure and checking the safety of HPA.

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SETTING OF HPA OUTPUT POWER IN COMS DATS CONSIDERING IMD CHARACTERISTICS

  • Park, Durk-Jong;Yang, Hyung-Mo;Ahn, Sang-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • v.1
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    • pp.204-207
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    • 2006
  • COMS will receive two different meteorological signals in S-Band from IDACS (Image Data Acquisition and Control System) in ground station before transmitting them in L-Band to user station. MODCS (Meteorological Ocean Data Communication Subsystem) in satellite released the value of required PFD (Power Flux Density) to receive two signals. Thus, DATS (Data Acquisition and Transmission Subsystem) needs to send two signals to satellite with a satisfied EIRP. The value of minimum HPA (High Power Amplifier) output power was estimated by subtracting antenna directional gain and path loss between antenna and HPA from the needed EIRP in this paper. Besides the minimum output power of HPA, the maximum output power was also calculated with considering IMD (Inter-Modulation Distortion) characteristics. IMD is always occurred in the output of HPA when LRIT and HRIT are amplified by using single HPA as COMS application. In this paper, the setting of maximum output power was determined when the IMD of modelled HPA was corresponded to the requirement of MODCS.

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BER Performance Comparison and Evaluation of 5G Candidate Waveforms Based on DFT Spreading under the Nonlinear HPA (비선형 HPA 환경에서 DFT Spreading 기반 5세대 후보변조기술의 BER 성능 비교와 평가)

  • An, Changyoung;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2016
  • High PAPR (Peak-to-Average Power Ratio) characteristic causes some problems like system performance degradation and OOB (Out-of-Band) power increasement under the HPA (High Power Amplifier) nonlinearity condition. UFMC (Universal Filtered Multi-Carrier) and FBMC (Filter Bank Multi-Carrier) are regarded as 5G(Generation) candidate waveforms. In this paper, we evaluate and analyze performance of these systems with DFT-s (Discrete Fourier Transform Spreading) technique under the nonlinear HPA environment. In this paper, we describe OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), UFMC, FBMC, DFT-s-OFDM, DFT-s-UFMC, and DFT-s-FBMC system, and evaluate BER (Bit Error Rate) performance of these systems. As simulation results, BER performance degradation by HPA nonlinearity of DFT-s-OFDM and DFT-s-UFMC is greatly overcome by DFT spreading technique. However, BER performance degradation by HPA nonlinearity of DFT-s-FBMC system is little overcome.

Adaptive Predistortion for High Power Amplifier by Exact Model Matching Approach

  • Ding, Yuanming;Pei, Bingnan;Nilkhamhang, Itthisek;Sano, Akira
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2004.08a
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    • pp.401-406
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a new time-domain adaptive predistortion scheme is proposed to compensate for the nonlinearity of high power amplifiers (HPA) in OFDM systems. A complex Wiener-Hammerstein model (WHM) is adopted to describe the input-output relationship of unknown HPA with linear dynamics, and a power series model with memory (PSMWM) is used to approximate the HPA expressed by WHM. By using the PSMWM, the compensation input to HPA is calculated in a real-time manner so that the linearization from the predistorter input to the HPA output can be attained even if the nonlinear input-output relation of HPA is uncertain and changeable. In numerical example, the effectiveness of the proposed method is confirmed and compared with the identification method based on PSMWM.

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A HPA Linearization Algorithm Using an Adptive Pre-distorter (적응 전치 왜곡기를 이용한 고전력 증폭기의 선형화 알고리듬)

  • 한동석;황태원;이규만
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • 1999.11b
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 1999
  • 일반적인 통신 시스템에서 높은 전력을 가지는 출력 신호를 얻기 위하여 고전력증폭기(HPA)의 사용은 필수적이다. 그러나 HPA를 통과한 신호는 AM/AM 및 AM/PM의 비선형왜곡이 발생하는 단점을 가지고 있다. 그 결과 송신신호의 대역내 신호 스펙트럼이 왜곡되고 신호의 대역폭을 확장시켜 인접채널에 간섭을 유발한다. 본 논문에서는 HPA의 비선형 왜곡 특성을 보상하기 위하여 기저대역에서 룩업테이블(LUT)을 이용한 전치왜곡기의 동작 알고리듬을 제안한다. 먼저, LUT의 빠른 초기화를 위하여 송신신호로부터 HPA의 특성을 예측하여LUT를 초기화 시키는 알고리듬을 제안한다. 그리고 통신중에 HPA의 특성이 변화할 경우에 대비하여 평균자승오차를 최소화하는 적응알고리듬을 제안한다.

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Isolation and Characterization of Acidic Polysaccharides Activating Complement System from the Hot Water Extracts of Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (고사리 열수 추출물로부터 보체계 활성화 산성 다당의 분리 및 특성)

  • O, Byeong-Mi;Gwon, Mi-Hyang;Na, Gyeong-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 1994
  • From the hot water extract of bracken(Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum), a Korean win edible plant, anti-complementary acidic polysaccharides were Isolated. Crude polysaccharide fraction(HPA-1) was obtain ed by methanol reflux, ethanol precipitation, dialysis, and lyophilization. HPA-1 contained 81.80% of total sugar, 30.40% of uronic acid, and 15.60cA of protein. HPA 1 was purified consecutively by cetavlon fractionation and chromatography including ion exchange nth DEAE-Sepharose CL 6B and gel permeation with Sephadex G-100 and Sepharose CL-6B. HPA-2- IVa and HPA-Va-2 were nearly homogeneous on HPLC and had 500,000 and 560,000 daltons of molecular weights, respectively. HPA-2-Wa consisted of fucose, galacturonic acid, and glucuronic acid at the molar ratio of 1.40 : 0.97 : 1.88. HPA-2-Va 2 was composed of rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid at the molar ratio of 1.00 : 1.38 : 1.39. The polysaccharides were found to activate the C3 component both In the presence and In the absence of Ca2+ through the crossed-immunoelectrophoresis suggesting that those Involved in both classical and alternative complement pathway.

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Comparison of Stress Level and HPA axis Activity of Internet Game Addiction vs. Non-addiction in Adolescents (인터넷게임중독 청소년과 비중독 청소년의 스트레스 수준과 HPA axis 활성도 비교)

  • Kim, Eun Hwa;Kim, Na Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.173-183
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the stress level and HPA axis activity of an internet game addiction group and non-addiction group in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study was performed with 140 male high school students from 9 vocational high schools at W city. Data were collected from July to September, 2012, using a questionnaire for measuring internet game addiction and stress level, blood samples for serum ACTH, and cortisol level for HPA axis activity. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, $X^2$-test, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient with SPSS/WIN 15.0. Results: The stress level of the internet game addicted group was significantly higher than that of the non-addicted group (p<.001). The serum cortisol level was also significantly higher in the internet game addicted group than in the non-addicted group (p<.026). The serum ACTH level was higher in the internet game addicted group more than in the non-addicted group (p<.072). Conclusion: These results showed that internet game addiction could increase stress level and HPA axis activity in high school adolescents. Thus, a nursing approach to prevent and relieve internet game addiction should be initiated to stabilize the HPA axis of internet game addicted adolescents.

Analysis of the Complementary Clipping Transform technique for the PAPR reduction of OFDM system (OFDM PAPR reduction을 위한 Complementary Clipping Transform 성능 분석)

  • Won, Seong-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Electromagnetic Engineering Society Conference
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    • 2005.11a
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2005
  • In spite of many advantages of OFDM, a major drawback for implementation is a non-linear distortion in the HPA due to a high PAPR problem. In this paper, the Complementary Clipping Transform technique (CCT) for the PAPR reduction of OFDM system is analyzed for the QPSK and QAM mapping data. BER performance and PSD in front of HPA and after HPA are analytically demonstrated.

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