• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ground Theory Methodology

### Impact Force Applied on the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canister that Accidentally Drops and Collides onto the Ground (사고로 지면에 추락낙하 충돌하는 고준위폐기물 처분용기에 발생하는 충격력)

• Kwon, Young Joo
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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• v.40 no.5
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• pp.469-481
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• 2016
• In this paper, a mathematical methodology was theoretically studied to obtain the impact force caused by the collision between rigid bodies. This theoretical methodology was applied to compute the impact force applied on the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister that accidentally drops and collides onto the ground. From this study, the impact force required to ensure a structurally safe canister design was theoretically formulated. The main content of the theoretical study concerns the rigid body kinematics and equation of motion during collision between two rigid bodies. On the basis of this study, a general impact theory to compute the impact force caused by the collision between two bodies was developed. This general impact theory was applied to theoretically formulate the approximate mathematical solution of the impact force that affects the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister that accidentally falls to the ground. Simultaneously, a numerical analysis was performed using the computer code to compute the numerical solution of the impact force, and the numerical result was compared with the approximate mathematical solution.

### Evaluation of Consolidation Settlement by Gaussian Quadrature (가우스 적분법을 이용한 압밀침하량 산정)

• Yune, Chan-Young;Jung, Young-Hoon
• Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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• pp.188-194
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• 2009
• Consolidation settlement, a crucial parameter in geotechnical design of soft ground, has not been computed in a unique way due to different computation methods in practice. To improve computational error in calculating consolidation settlement, a number of researches has been attempted. Conventional 1-dimensional consolidation theory assumes the center of the clay layer as the representative point to obtain effective stress in calculation, which could resort to erroneous results. To calculate exact solutions considering initial distribution of effective stress, diving a stratum into multi-layers could resort to wasting time and effort. In the study, a novel methodology for calculating consolidation settlement via Guassian quadrature is developed. The method generally is capable of computing settlements in any case of the stress conditions encountered in fields.

### A Ground Theory Approach to the Adaptation Process of the Spinal Cord Injured Persons (척수손상인의 적응과정에 관한 근거이론적 접근)

• Song, Chung Sook
• Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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• v.22 no.2
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• pp.158-169
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• 2016
• Purpose: This study is a qualitative research on the adaptation of the spinal cord injury after fortuitous the accident. Methods: The subjects are fifteen spinal cord injuries. As a study method, this author employed Grounded theory, one of the qualitative research methods. For data analysis, the procedures of Grounded theory methodology was adopted, and then the data collection were collected for six months from March to September 2009. Concerning the frequence of interviewing, each participants went through individual interviewing twice at least and up to four times if necessary. Results: As a result of open coding, total thirty six concepts and twenty categories were drawn. To synthesize these categories, they came to choose 'Going into the new self-made spinal cord injury' as a nuclear category. Typological analysis based on the result of the paradigm model divided them into a reality-avoiding, passive coping, reality-maintaining, reality-overcoming, and self-fulfillment type. Conclusion: As a result of this study, family support to those with spinal cord disability is an important factor for their motive for rehabilitation and adjustment, spinal disabilities were accepted to mostly the disabilities in relations with colleagues. Thus it is necessary to give them a nursing intervention through disability group for successful adjustment to life with disability.

### The Coping Experience of Family Caregivers for the Industrial Disaster Victim (산재 환자를 간병하는 가족원의 대처경험)

• Kim, Chun Mi;Oh, Jin Joo;Choi, Jeong Myung
• Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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• v.16 no.2
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• pp.119-129
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• 2007
• Purpose: The purposes of this study were to understand the coping experience that family caregivers undergo during the process of care, to grasp coping behaviors used to solve problems and, finally, to develop a substantive theory by analyzing the coping process. Method: The methodology of collecting and analyzing data used in this study followed the ground theory. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with open-ended and descriptive questions about the subjects' coping experiences. The survey was conducted between May 2006 and August. The subjects of this study were 10 women. Result: The result of the study is as follows. Core category of This Study was "Self-Sacrifice". And The coping process of family caregivers while taking care of the industrial disaster victim was found to have five stages: shocked stage; undertaking stage of new role; skilled stage; exhausted stage; and desiderating stage. Seven coping behaviors were found to reduce the stress of role and anguish resulting from care. Conclusion: The result of this study is helpful for developing effective industrial nursing strategies suitable for each coping stage. It is necessary to practice nursing mediation and to analyze the change about nursing effect and family caregivers' adaptation.

### The Coping Process of Chief Executive Nurses(CENs) Who Had Experienced Unexpected Dismissal (예기치 않게 직위해임을 당한 간호부서장의 대처경험)

• Yun, Soon-Nyung;Suh, Eun-Young;Kim, Chun-Mi
• Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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• v.19 no.2
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• pp.140-149
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• 2010
• Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the coping process of chief Executive Nurses(CENs) Who Had Experienced Unexpected Dismissal.The research question was "would you tell me about your experience of sudden dismissal?" Method: The methodology of collecting and analyzing data used in this study followed the ground theory of Strauss and Corbin (1998). Data were collected through in-depth interviews with open-ended questions about the subjects' coping experiences, which were audio-taped and transcribed. The survey was conducted between April and May, 2007. The subjects of this study were 5 CENs. Result: The results of the study are as follows. Core category of This Study was "Battling unsupported against the overwhelming reality." The participants had to face the most unexpected reality of being laid off. Their emotional/psychological response were betrayal, powerlessness, lonesomeness, sorrow, and hopelessness. They felt like a general who is facing overwhelming enemy in a war. The coping process was found to have four stages: shocked stage, resisting stage, negotiating stage and reflecting and transcending stage. Conclusion: The result of this study suggested that ceaseless exertion and cooperation at organizational and individual levels are needed to establish stable status and power of nursing departments and CENs in hospitals.

### Re-employment Experience of Nurses Who Have Left the Profession (유휴간호사 재취업 경험)

• Byeon, Young-Soon;Kim, Mi-Young
• Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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• v.38 no.5
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• pp.768-778
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• 2008
• Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the re-employment process of inactivated nurses returning to the nursing field and to develop a grounded theory about their re-employment experiences. Methods: Data was collected through a face-to-face interview and telephone interviews from 10 nurses. The ground theory methodology of Strauss and Corbin (1998) was used for theoretical sampling in accordance with their unemployment period and reason for leaving prior to reemployment; whereas works of data collection and analysis were performed concurrently. Results: The core category was discovered to be 'identifying a career path by striking a balance between the practical and the ideal'. This series of processes was categorized into five stages: 'trying to get a job again', 'tolerating difficulties as a beginner', 'trying their best to remain a nurse', 'trying to get another job', and 'staying in the profession till the end'. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest an understanding and profound insight on the issue of a nursing shortage.

### The Factors Influencing Information Technology Non-Acceptance: Approach by Grounded Theory (정보기술 비수용에 영향을 미치는 요인: 근거이론에 의한 접근)

• Lee, Woong-Kyu;Park, Jin-Hoon
• The Journal of Information Systems
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• v.24 no.4
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• pp.83-97
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• 2015
• Purpose: Traditionally, information technology acceptance have been considered one of the most important research issues. However non-acceptance, which was main objective of acceptance theories, have not been included in main research area by communities of information systems. This study is to identify the factors influencing non-acceptance of information technology and suggest a total research model for explaining the phenomena of non-acceptance. Design/methodology/approach: Grounded theory was adopted as a principal research method. which is an inductive technique of interpreting qualitative data about a social phenomenon to build theories about that phenomenon. Data were collected by depth interview and open question on potential non-adopters during 3 months. The collected data were coded by two main coding paradigm in ground theory, open coding and axis coding. Findings: Factors influencing non-acceptance, status quo, imitation, value evaluation, and concerning risk were extracted from open coding. These factors were integrated into system 1 thinking and system 2 thinking, which were from axis coding. More specifically, status quo and imitation are system 1 thinking which are more responsive and emotional thinking and value evaluation and concerning risk are system 2 thinking which are more rational and reasoning thinking.

### Does Microfinance Institution Has Institutional Properties to Generate Savings?

• Mia, Md Aslam;Tabet, Imene
• Asian Journal of Business Environment
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• v.6 no.3
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• pp.11-14
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• 2016
• Purpose - Microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Bangladesh have been providing savings services to their clients at least for the past 15 years. However, whether an MFI should have institutional requirement(s) to be a deposit-taker generates interest among academics and policy makers. Thus, this short note aims to provide a brief overview of institutional properties of MFIs. Research Design, Data, and Methodology - This study used the existing literature and reports by the Microcredit Regulatory Authority' to investigate institutional properties of MFIs. In doing so, we have used 'institutional theory of saving' as a theoretical ground. Although the 'institutional theory of saving' has several important properties, the existing literature mostly discusses seven features such as information, incentives, facilitation, expectation, access, restrictions and security. Results - It is found that MFIs- in general- should have all the seven important institutional properties to be considered as an ideal savings institution. With regards to the microfinance sector in Bangladesh, this study supports that all the NGO-MFIs have these properties to be considered as an ideal deposit taker. Conclusions - The microfinance sector in Bangladesh needs to design and develop comprehensive and customer friendly savings products to further motivate the poor to save in MFIs.

### The Coping Process of Family Caregivers for Demented Elderly (치매노인을 돌보는 가족의 대처과정)

• Kim, Chun-Mi
• Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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• v.16 no.3
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• pp.249-259
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• 2005
• Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand the coping process that family caregivers experience during the process of care, to grasp coping behaviors used to solve problems and, finally, to develop a substantive theory by analyzing the coping process. Method: The methodology of collecting and analyzing data used in this study followed the ground theory of Strauss and Corbin(1998). Data were collected through in-depth interviews with open-ended and descriptive questions about the subjects' coping experiences, which were audio-taped and transcribed. The survey was conducted between February 2000 and February 2001. The subjects of this study were 17 women. Result: The result of the study is as follows. The coping process of family caregivers while taking care of the demented elderly was found to have six stages: problem recognition: undertaking care: struggling: mental control: burden mediation; and acceptance. These stages proceed with reciprocal action and in cycle. Conclusion: The result of this study is helpful for developing effective and individual nursing strategies suitable for each coping stage. It is necessary to develop an assessment tool that can judge caregivers' coping stage based on the result of this study. Moreover, we need continuous study to practice nursing mediation and to analyze the change about nursing effect and family members' adaptation.

### Adaptation Experience to Work of Nurses with Low Back Pain (요통을 가진 간호사의 근무 적응 경험)

• Yang, Jin-Hyang
• Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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• v.25 no.6
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• pp.597-609
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• 2013
• Purpose: This study was to explore work experience among nurses with low back pain. Specific aims were to identify problems nurses face as workers at a hospital and how they interact with other workers. Methods: Grounded theory methodology was utilized. Data were collected from iterative fieldwork with individual in-depth interviews from 9 nurses with low back pain as key informants, and a head nurse and a charge nurse who had experiences working with nurses with low back pain as general informants. Results: Through constant comparative analysis, a core category emerged as "to make one's own ground". The process of "to make one's own ground" was identified as four categories: perception of limitations, intervening conditions, balancing limitations, and controlling limitations. Intervening conditions were identified as 'working conditions' and 'personal traits'. Conclusion: Findings of the study indicate that there is a need for health professionals and administrators to understand limitations to working experience among nurses with low back pain. In addition, institutional and psychological support program is needed to improve an adaptation to working environment among nurses with low back pain.