• Title/Summary/Keyword: Goal orientations

Search Result 17, Processing Time 0.097 seconds

The Effects of Supervisors on Goal Orientations and Sales Performance of Department Store Salespeople (백화점 판매원의 목표지향성과 성과에 미치는 판매관리자의 영향: 패션제품 판매원을 중심으로)

  • 박경애;허순임;사공수연;신수임
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.116-127
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study investigated the effects of sales supervisors on salespeople's goal orientations and sales performance in fashion retail setting. Specifically, it examined: 1) the differences in salespeople's goal orientations by salespeople characteristics; 2) the effects of supervisor's behavioral orientations on goal orientations of salespeople; and 3) the effects of salespeople's goal orientations on performance. A total of 343 questionnaires collected from salespeople in various apparel and accessory selling departments at four department stores in Korean were analyzed. Variables included supervisor's behavioral orientations(end-results, activity and capability), salespeople's goal orientations(learning and performance), sales performance and salespeople characteristics. MANOVA revealed that three was no difference in goal orientations by salespeople characteristics except by selling department. Multiple regression analysis revealed that supervisor's end-result orientation affected salespeople's learning orientation and performance orientation while activity and capability orientations did not. The study suggests that for long-term performance supervisors and retail organizations need to develop various supervisory behaviors, stimulate learning demands of salespeople, and provide training programs to achieve the learning goal.

  • PDF

A Survey of Japanese University Students' Future Use of English Goal Orientations

  • Uehara, Suwako;Richard, Jean-Pierre Joseph
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.213-235
    • /
    • 2011
  • The aim of this study is to present preliminary results from an ongoing large-scale study of English-language future goal orientations held by Japanese university students. The work here involves an investigation of learners in multiple disciplines, from five universities, both public and private, in the Kanto-region of Japan, and their perspective on their future use of English. The results summarize written essays on L2-goal orientations. Preliminary results indicate Japanese learners (n = 629) as a whole have disparate L2-learning goals; however, these can be summarized into four broad categories: career, personal life, study, and general; and early findings indicate that most learners (63.56%) are oriented to career or personal goal orientations, while others are oriented to study and general. These early results help us to gain a better understanding of the future goals of Japanese university learners and their views of English usage in the future.

  • PDF

The Effects of Students' Self Efficacy, Classroom Contextual Characteristics and Help-avoidance Attitudes on Academic Help-seeking Behavior (자기효능감 및 교실맥락, 도움회피 태도가 초등학생의 도움요청 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hee-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.209-220
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study explored the effects of self efficacy, classroom contextual characteristics and help-avoidance attitudes on academic help-seeking behavior. Participants were 210 4th grade students. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis through the SPSSWIN 12.0. Results showed that students' self efficacy, perception of teacher behavior and goal orientations were positively related to help-seeking behaviors. Help-avoidance attitudes were negatively related to help-seeking behaviors. Cognitive efficacy and social-emotional efficacy facilitated help-seeking behaviors. Help-seeking behaviors were influenced by teacher's supportive help and expectation. Mastery goal orientations and performance-approach goal orientations promoted help-seeking behaviors but performance-avoidance goal orientations impeded help-seeking behaviors. Autonomous intention attitudes expedited help-seeking behaviors but intention based on ability diminished help-seeking behaviors.

  • PDF

The Relationships between the Preservice Elementary Teachers' Goal Orientations for Science Teaching and Their Images of Science Class (초등학교 예비교사의 교수목표 지향성과 과학 수업 이미지 사이의 관계)

  • Jeon, Kyungmoon
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.430-439
    • /
    • 2018
  • The preservice elementary teachers' goal orientations for science teaching (mastery/ability-approach/ ability-avoidance/work-avoidance goal) were measured. We also examined how the goal orientations were related to their images of science class (preferred/avoided). The results showed that the student teachers (75 males and 82 females) tended to have the mastery or ability-approach goals rather than the ability-avoidance or work-avoidance goals for science teaching. For avoided class, they tended to show teacher-centered components (eg., teacher: lecturing, students: watching and listening, environment: chalkboard), while rarely to show such teacher-centered components for preferred class. Regarding the relationships between the goal orientations and the images of science class, the significantly positive relationship was found between the ability-approach goal orientation and teacher-centered image of avoided class. However, the teacher-centered image for preferred class was positively related to the ability-avoidance goal orientation. The educational implications and future directions were discussed.

The Relationship among Coach Support, Achievement Goal Orientations and Continuous Participation Intention for Golf Participants (골프참여자의 코치지원과 성취목표성향 및 참여지속의도의 관계)

  • Kim, Dong-Kee
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.37 no.1
    • /
    • pp.133-144
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among coach support, achievement goal orientations and continuous participation intention for golf participants. To achieve the goal of this study, a total of 250 questionnaires were distributed and 250 copies were collected back. Out of those returned questionnaires, insincerely replied or double-replied questionnaires were excluded and finally 226 questionnaires were analyzed for this study. For analysis of the data, frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and structural equating modeling were conducted using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0. Main findings were as follows: First coach support had a positive effect on achievement goal orientations. Second, achievement goal orientations had a positive effect on continuous participation intention. Third, coach support had a positive effect on continuous participation intention. Fourth, achievement goal orientations mediated the relationship between golf participant coach support and continuous participation intention. If golf participants improve their physical and psychological health effects through golf and achievement goal orientations increase from gaining a sense of accomplishment such as acquiring or improving golf skills, they will be able to lead a better quality of life.

The Preservice Elementary Teachers' Achievement Goal Orientations for Science Teaching and Their Science Teaching Efficacy Belief (초등학교 예비교사의 과학 교수 목표 지향성과 교수 효능감)

  • Jeon, Kyung-Moon
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.504-513
    • /
    • 2011
  • The preservice elementary teachers' achievement goal orientations(mastery/ability-approach/ability-avoidance/work-avoidance goal) for science teaching were measured. The student teachers(91 males and 127 females) tended to have the mastery or ability-approach goals rather than the ability-avoidance or work-avoidance goals for science teaching. The male students were more learning focused than were the females, while the female students reported stronger work-avoidance goal orientation than did the males. This study also examined how the preservice teachers' achievement goal orientations were related to their science teaching efficacy beliefs(personal science teaching efficacy belief/science teaching outcome expectancy). As expected, the results showed that there were significantly positive relationships between the mastery or ability-approach goals and science teaching efficacy beliefs, while the significantly negative relationships were found between the ability-avoidance or work-avoidance goal and personal science teaching efficacy belief. The educational implications and future directions were discussed.

A Structural Model of Management Goal Orientations and Preferred Goal Achievement Index in one Hospital Employees (한 종합병원 구성원의 경영목표 지향성의 구조적 모형과 선호 경영성과지표)

  • Park, Jae-Sung
    • Health Policy and Management
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.50-74
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to identify a determent of mastery approach goal and performance approach goal using a basic concept of goal orientations and goal setting theory, and to evaluate a preference of goal achievement index as a balance score card (BSC). The study model proposed had a adoptable level of goodness of fit index(.94) and root mean square residual(.08). The meditating variable, goal contribution, totally mediated the impact of goal commitment, Y-theory human behavior, and self-efficacy but organizational resource contribution for pursuing goal orientation. Moreover, goal contribution significantly determined mastery approach goal(p<.01) and performance approach goal(.05). In standardized effects, the most powerful antecedent of mastery approach goal and performance approach goal were in order of organizational resource contribution(.27/.28), goal contribution(.21/.17), self-efficacy(.07/.06), and Y -theory human behavior and goal commitment(.05/.05), respectively. Moreover, goal contribution had a more powerful impact on mastery approach goal(.21) rather than performance approach goal(.17). In the preference of BSC, all job types preferred learning and growth index in first. In the second preference, medical doctors and pharmacists chose financial results, nurses customer service, and office managers internal processes. Each job type reflected its' own preferred BSC index to that of the other job types. In comparing a preference of four BSC index of each own job type, it was statistically different at p<.001. In conclusion, one who emphasize organizational goal contribution in pursuing goal orientation has a more strong orientation toward mastery approach goal rather than performance approach goal. A hospital should overcome and harmonize the different preferences of four BSC index since the differences might cause organizational conflicts among job types with having each unique professional norm.

Core Safety Disposition as a Cause of Safety Consciousness (안전 의식의 결정 요인으로서 핵심 안전 성향)

  • Park, Young Seok;Jung, Ji Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.34 no.6
    • /
    • pp.58-64
    • /
    • 2019
  • Over the past decades there has been a growing body of researches that examines the psychological traits related to safety outcomes. After briefly reviewing the relationships between psychological dispositions and safety outcomes, we empirically examine the relationships with 2 samples of 1,102 participants. Fifteen psychological dispositions (big 5 personality, locus of control, cognitive failure, affection from job and relations, 4 achievement goal orientations, self-efficacy, fatigue, and depression) and four psychological outcomes (safe behavior, unsafe behavior, accidents, and injuries) are examined. After covariance structure modeling variances of safety outcomes are well explained by simple 4 dispositions of consciousness, mastery-approach goal orientation, self-efficacy, and depression. We name them 'core safety disposition', and name four psychological outcomes 'safety consciousness', and the relationships between those latent variables are stronger than between measurement variables. We propose core safety disposition as a cause of safety consciousness, and discuss implications for research and practices.

The Relationship between Goal Orientation and Service-Oriented Organizational Citizenship Behaviors - A Case of Five Star Deluxe Hotel Employees - (목표 지향성과 서비스 지향적인 조직시민행동 간의 관계 - 특 1급 호텔 근무자를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Ji-Eun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-17
    • /
    • 2014
  • Under the needs to study the predictors of the frontline employees' service-oriented organizational citizenship behaviors(OCBs) in the hotel industry, this study aimed to the influence of goal orientations on the OCBs. The two factors of performance goal and learning goal orientations were hypothesized to influence each dimension of OCBs(loyalty, service delivery, and participation). The data from 266 five star deluxe hotel employees were analyzed with descriptive statistics, multi-variate analysis of variance, and structural equation modeling conducted using SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 20.0. The results showed learning goal orientation positively influenced all dimensions of the OCBs while performance goal orientation positively influenced all dimensions except loyalty. These results suggest that hotel practitioners need to seek the applicants who are willingly oriented to specific goals at recruiting process. Furthermore, hotel organizations need to utilize the employees' goal approach to motivate their performances.

Elementary School Students' Achievement Goal Orientation, Teacher Efficacy, and Teachers' Approaches to Instruction (초등학생의 성취목적, 교사효능감 및 교수전략 간의 관계)

  • Yoo, Jihyun;Lee, You Joung;Ahn, Doehee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.239-252
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was to explore the causal relationship among teacher efficacy, teachers' approaches to instruction, and students' achievement goal orientation. Among the 278 6th grade students (average age: 12 years) who completed a self-report questionnaire during the second term, 230 (102 boys, 128 girls) returned the completed questionnaire (overall response rate : 82.7%). Measures of teacher efficacy, teachers' approaches to instruction, and students' achievement goal orientation were based on students' perceptions. Structural equation modeling tested relationships among the variables. Findings were that teacher efficacy influenced both students' achievement goal orientation and teachers' approaches to instruction. Teacher efficacy positively influenced teachers' mastery approach to instruction and students' mastery and performance approach goal orientations, whereas teacher efficacy negatively influenced teachers' performance approach to instruction.

  • PDF