• Title/Summary/Keyword: GnRH-a

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Induced Ovulation in the Mandarin Fish, Siniperca scherzeri by Sex-Maturation Hormones (성성숙 호르몬 처리에 의한 쏘가리의 배란 유도)

  • 장선일;이완옥;이종윤;손송정
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.513-519
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    • 1998
  • Ovulation of maturing femal mandarin fish, Siniperca scherzeri was induced using single injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) or gonadotropin releasing hormone-analogue (GnRH-a), GnRH-a plus prostaglandin F2 (PG$F_2$) or GnRH-a plus pimozide. The response was evaluated by fertilization, embryo-formation and hatching rate after insemination. Those rates were generally higher in GnRH-a group than in HCG group. The higher hatching rat of above 89% was achived using a dosage of 5,000 IU/kg HCG plus 10 ${\mu}$g/kg GnRH-a, 10${\mu}$g/kg GnRH-a plus 500 ng/kg PGF2, and 10 ug/kg GnRH-a plus 1-5 mg/kg pimozide. Ovulation was induced in all female injected with sex-maturation hormones and stimulator, but blocked in female injected with HCG plus GnRH-a plus dopamine combination, and GnRH-a plus PGF2 plus indometacin combination. These results show that the mandarin fish in spawning period secrete a sex-mutruation assosiated hormones and gonadotropin-releasing -inhibiting factor(GRIF).

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Induced Ovulation by using Human Chorionic Gonadotropin and Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Analogue plus Pimozide in Yellow Puffer, Takifugu obscurus (인간의 태반성 성선자극호르몬 또는 성선자극호르몬-방출호르몬 유도체와 Pimozide에 의한 황복의 배란유도)

  • Jang, Seon-Il
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 1996
  • Ovulation of maturing female yellow puffer, Takifugu obscrus, was induced by using single injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) or gonadotropin releasing hormone-analogue (GnRH-A) $des-Gly^{10}[D-Ala^6]$ GnRH-ethylamide plus pimozide. The response was evaluated using the fertilization and embryo-formation rate after insemination and the gonadotropin (GTH) level in blood plasma using radioimmunoassay. In the fertilization and embryo-formation, maximal effects were recorded by using 1,000 IU/kg HCG or $10\;{mu}g/kg$ GnRH-A plus 5 mg/kr pimozide. Pimozide (1, 5 mg/kg) or GnRH-A treatment alone was not effective in elevation of GTH level, however combinations of these treatments were particularly effective. Injection of dopamine blocked the rapid elevation of plasma GTH levels of blood. These data suggest that yellow puffer secrete GnRH and gonadotropin-releasing-inhibiting factor during the spawning or the other period.

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Induced Ovulation in Catfish (Silurus asotus) by GnRH-Analogue (생식소자극호르몬방출호르몬 유사물질에 의한 메기(Silurus asotus)의 배란유도)

  • Kwon Hyuk-Chu;Choi Nack-Joong;Park Hong-Yang
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 1996
  • Experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of GnRH-analogue (GnRH-a) on the induction of ovulation in catfish, S. asotus. Fully matured female catfish ($250\~600\;g$) received a single intraperitoneal injection of GnRH-a ($50\~200\;{\mu}g/kg{\cdot}body$ weight) showed the successful induction of ovulation. More than $86\%$ of treated females were ovulated after injection of GnRH-a ($90\;{\mu}g/kg$) at $25{\pm}1^{\circ}C$. The majority of spawning took place within 22 to 25 hours after the injection. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) and pseudo-GSI in the group treated with $120\;{\mu}g/kg$ GnRH-a were $23-30\%$ and $18-21\%$, respectively. Average fertilization and hatching rates were $94\%\;and\;81\%$, respectively. Electron microscopically, gonadotrophs of maturing female catfish were characterized by the presence of numerous small, electron-dense granules of approximately $150\~300$ nm in diameter and a few larger, less electron-dense granules of approximately $800\~1000$ nm in size in their cytoplasm. Gonadotrophs of GnRH-a treated catfish showed that their was a distinct decrease in number of small and large granules. The rough endoplasmic reticulum was composed of numerous cisternae conspicuosly dilated to various degrees.

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Utilization of Hypothalamic Hormones for Maturational Induction in Seawater Chum Salmon, Oncorhynchus keta (해면연어의 성숙을 유도하기 위한 시상하부호르몬의 이용)

  • Park, Woo-Dong;Lee, Cheul-Ho;Shon, Young-Chang
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.121-124
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    • 2007
  • Freshwater-adapted maturing chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) involuntarily captured by stationary nets in Yang-yang seashore areas were transferred to freshwater in an outdoor raceway tank at Yeongdong Inland Fisheries Research Institute, NFRDI, Yang-yang, Gangwon, Korea and kept over 1 day until the start of the experiments. The freshwater-adapted females were single-injected intraperitoneally with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue, (GnRH-a: $70\;{\mu}g/kg$ body weight, BW) alone or combined with a dopamine receptor antagonist, pimozide($700\;{\mu}g/kg$ BW). Although gonadosomatic indices [GSI, (gonad weight/BW)${\times}100$] did not show significant changes in both 2004 and 2005, GSI of GnRH-a-injected fish during the 2005 trial slightly increased on the 5th and 7th days post-injection compared to those of vehicle treated fish. Hepatosomatic indices [HSI, (liver weight/BW)${\times}100$] of fish injected with GnRH-a alone and combined with pimozide decreased significantly on the 7th day post-injection in 2004(P<0.05). In 2005 trials, HSI was significantly reduced in GnRH-a treated fish on the 7th day post-injection (P<0.05). Pimozide-injected fish showed a pattern with increase of GSI and decrease of HSI, without significant differences. Taken together, these results suggest that at least in part hypothalamic hormones and dopamine receptor antagonist may induce sexual maturation in freshwater-adapted maturing chum salmon. It remains to evaluate these preliminary results by further researches.

Comparison of Pregnancy Rates by Intrauterine Insemination after Ovulation Trigger with Endogenous LH Surge, GnRH Agonist or hCG in Stimulated Cycles (인공수정시술주기에서 내인성 LH, GnRH Agonist 및 hCG를 이용한 배란유발후 임신율의 비교연구)

  • Lee, Jong-In;Hur, Young-Mun;Jeon, Eun-Suk;Yoon, Jeong-Im;Jung, Goo-Sung;Hong, Ki-Eon;You, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Hyeon-Sook;Hong, Jeong-Eui;Lee, Ji-Sam
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 1999
  • Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of endogenous LH surge, GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) as ovulation trigger on pregnancy rate by intrauterine insemination (IUI). Method: Patients received daily 100 mg of clomiphene citrate (CC) for 5 days starting on the third day of the menstrual cycle followed by human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) for ovulation induction. Follicles larger than >16 mm in diameter were present in the ovary, frequent LH tests in urine were introduced to detect an endogenous LH surge. Final follicular maturation and ovulation were induced by GnRH-a 0.1 mg (s.c.) or hCG $5,000{\sim}10,000$ IU (i.m.) administration except natural ovulation. Pregnancy was classified as clinical if a gestational sac or fetal cardiac activity was seen on ultrasound. Results: There were no differences in age, duration of infertility and follicle size, but more ampules of hMG were used in GnRH-a group compared to hCG 10,000 IU treated group (p<0.05). Lower level of estradiol ($E_2$) on the day of hCG or GnRH-a injection was observed in hCG 10,000 IU group than other treatment groups (p<0.01). The overall clinical pregnancy rate was 19.8% per cycle (32/162) and 22.2% per patient (32/144). Pregnancy rate was higher in natural-endogenous LH surge group (37.5%, 9/24) than GnRH-a (18.8%) or hCG treated group (20.9% & 13.9%), but this difference was not statistically significant. No patient developed ovarian hyperstimulation. Abortion rate was 22.2% (2/9) in hCG 5,000 IU group. Delivery or ongoing pregnancy rate was 37.5% (9/24), 18.8% (3/16), 16.3% (7/43) and 13.9% (11/79) in endogenous LH surge, GnRH-a, hCG 5,000 IU and hCG 10,000 IU treatment groups, respectively. Conclusion: These results support the concept that use of natural-endogenous LH surge in stimulated cycles may be more effective to obtain pregnancies by IUI than GnRH-a or hCG administration.

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The Activity of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen(PCNA) of Uterine Myoma after Treatment with Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone(GnRH) Analogue (자궁근종 환자에서 Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone(GnRH) 유사체 투여 후 자궁근종 세포 증식에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Seok;Lee, Bo-Yeon;Park, Ki-Hyun;Cho, Dong-Jae;Lee, Kook;Song, Chan-Ho;Kim, Ho-Keun
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.175-179
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    • 1992
  • The factors involved in the initial neoplastic transformation and subsquent growth of uterine fibroid are poorly understood. The reduction in uterine fibroid volume associated with the chronic administration of the mechanisms mediating the decrease in fibroid volume in GnRH-a treated patients are poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) in fibroid from-women pretreated with GnRH analogue(GnRH-a) compared with controls. Tissue was obtained from 16 premenopausal women with uterine fibroid who received GnRH-a(D-Trp6-GnRH) intramusculary every 28 days for four injections. The mean proliferating index(PI) in patients with uterine fibroids was $2.25{\pm}0.9$, and in controls was $8.82{\pm}1.8$(P<0.001). The proliferating index was not corrleated with the reduction of fibroid volume. In this clinical study, although hypoestrogenism may be the main factor that reduce the volume of fibroid, other factors are also considered to be involved in that process. And the regrowth of uterine fibroid may be affected by increased production of PCNA after stopping GnRH-a.

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Complex Korean Medicine Therapy for Hypoestrogenic Side Effects of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Agonist Administration to Postoperative Endometriosis Patient: A Case Report (자궁내막증 수술 후 GnRH-agonist 투여 중인 환자의 저에스트로겐 부작용에 대한 복합 한의 치료: 증례보고)

  • Park, Hye-Rin;Jo, Hee-Geun;Jo, Hyun-Jeong;Choi, Ji-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.188-196
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study is to report the clinical effectiveness of the complex Korean medicine therapy on a postoperative endometriosis patient's hypoestrogenic side effects who is treated with GnRH-agonist injection. Methods: The patient in this case was diagnosed with endometriosis and has been treated with GnRH-a injection after laparoscopic operation. The patient complained hot flash and sweating mainly after GnRH-a treatment. The patient received complex Korean medicine therapy during 10 days admission period. The clinical effects were evaluated through KI (Kupperman's Index) and SF-36 (36 item Short Form Health Survey). Results: After the complex Korean medicine therapy, the various clinical symptoms including hot flash and sweating were improved. Also, the quality of life was enhanced. Conclusions: This case report shows that the complex Korean medicine therapy was effective for treating hypoestrogenic side effects occurred after GnRH-a treatment in postoperative endometriosis patient.

The Comparion of Pregnancy Outcomes between GnRH Agonist and GnRH Antagonist Cycles in Women with Advanced Age (37세 이상의 환자에서 체외수정시술시 GnRH Agonist 주기와 GnRH Antagonist 주기의 비교 연구)

  • Park, Chan Woo;Cha, Sun Wha;Kim, Hae Suk;Kim, Hye Ok;Yang, Kwang Moon;Kim, Jin Young;Song, In Ok;Yoo, Keun Jae;Kang, Inn Soo;Koong, Mi Kyoung
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.261-268
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    • 2005
  • Objective: To compare the clinical results and pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) between GnRH antagonist cycles and GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) cycles including flare-up and long protocol in women with advanced age. Materials and Methods: Retrospective clinical study. From January 2001 to September 2003, IVF cycles of female patient 37 years over were included in this study. GnRH-a long protocol (62 cycles, 61 patients) and GnRH antagonist multi-dose flexible protocol (66 cycles, 51 patients) were compared with the control group of GnRH-a flare-up protocol (151 cycles, 138 patients). IVF cycles for non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), endometriosis III, IV and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) were excluded in this study. Clinical results such as total gonadotropin dose, serum E2 on hCG administration, the number of retrieved oocytes and the pregnancy outcomes - clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), implantation rate (IR) and live birth rate (LBR) per embryo transfer - were compared. Results: There were significant differences in the total dose of gonadotropin (GnRH-a flare-up vs. GnRH-a long vs. GnRH-antagonist; 41.8 vs. 54.7 vs. 24.8), serum E2 on hCG administration (1787.2 vs. 1881.6 vs. 788.0), the numbers of retrieved oocytes (8.1 vs. 11.1 vs. 4.5) and endometrial thickness (9.1 vs. 10.4 vs. 8.0) which were significantly lower in GnRH-antagonist cycles. But pregnancy outcomes shows no significant differenced in CPR (25.0% vs. 35.8% vs. 24.5%), IR (11.7% vs. 12.3% vs. 10.1%) and LBR (15.8% vs. 28.3% vs. 15.1%) Conclusion: In women with advanced age, GnRH-antagonist cycles can result in comparable pregnancy outcomes to GnRH-a cycles including flare-up and long protocol. GnRH-a long protocol show higher CPR, IR and LBR than GnRH antagonist multi-dose flexible protocol and flare-up protocol without significant differences.

Effect of Pioglitazone on Production of Regulated upon Activation Normal T-cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) and IVF Outcomes in Infertile Women with Endometriosis

  • Kim, Chung-Hoon;Lee, You-Jeong;Kim, Jun-Bum;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Kwon, Su-Kyung;Ahn, Jun-Woo;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Chae, Hee-Dong;Kang, Byung-Moon
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of peroxisome proliferators activated receptor-${\gamma}$ (PPAR-${\gamma}$) ligand, pioglitazone, on production of regulated upon activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome in infertile patients with endometriosis. Sixty-four infertile patients with stage III or IV endometriosis undergoing IVF were randomly allocated to the study or the control group. The long protocol of GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) was used for controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) in all patients. Patients in the study group were treated with pioglitazone at a dose of 15 mg/day orally from the starting day of GnRH-a treatment to the day of hCG injection. Blood samples were drawn for serologic assay of RANTES on the first day of GnRH-a treatment and the day of hCG injection. There were no differences between the study and control groups in patient characteristics. There were also no differences between the two groups in COS duration, and the numbers of retrieved oocytes, fertilized oocytes and embryos transferred. The clinical pregnancy rate per cycle was higher in the study group, but this difference was not statistically significant. However, embryo implantation rate was significantly higher in the study group of 12.5% compared with 8.6% in the control group (P<0.05). The serum RANTES levels after pioglitazone treatment were significantly lower than those before pioglitazone treatmen in the study group (P<0.05). Our data suggest that pioglitazone treatment can suppress RANTES production and improve the embryo implantation rate in patients with endometriosis undergoing IVF.