• Title/Summary/Keyword: GST-p

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Stroke Patients According to the Degree of Spasticity in Median Nerve Cross-Sectional Area and Nerve Conduction Velocity and Comparison of Upper Extremity Function (수근관증후군 뇌졸중 환자에서 경직정도에 따른 정중신경 단면적과 신경전도속도 및 상지기능의 비교)

  • Kim, Tae-Gon;Jung, Dae-In;Kim, Kyung-Yoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.288-296
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study were carpal tunnel syndrome in stroke patients according to the degree of spasticity in the median nerve cross-sectional area, nerve conduction velocity, and to evaluate differences in upper extremity function. The subjects of this study was in adult patients with stroke 42 patients from 21 patients CTS group and 21 patients Non-CTS group were selected. Measurement of median nerve-cross sectional area, nerve conduction velocity, GST, FMAS, CTS-FSS was measured. The study results were each group between the unaffected side and the affected side CTS and Non-CTS group in each grade between groups unaffected side(p<.001), and affected side(p<.001) median nerve-cross sectional area, median motor and sensory nerve onset latency, there was a statistically significant difference. CTS and Non-CTS group between groups in each grade GST(p<.05), FMAS(p<.05), CTS-FSS(p<.001), there was a statistically significant difference. In this study, the carpal tunnel pathokinesiology ever presented by the contents of upper extremity functional training in stroke patients is one of the information that you need to consider when presented.

Effect of Kamicheonggan-tang on Pre-hepatocarcinogenesis Induced by N-nitrosomorpholine (가미청간탕이 N-nitrosomorpholine으로 유도된 전암성 간병변에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Dong Hee;Choi Jeung Mok;Jo Dong il
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.734-744
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of Kamicheonggan-tang(KCGT) on pre-hepatocarcinogenesis induced by N-nitrosomorpholine. The studied using blood chemistry, lipidperoxidation, antioxidant, immunohistochemistry and morphological change. The results were obtained as follows. In the pre-hepatocarcinogenesis induced by NMP, serum AST, ALT, ALP and total bilirubin were not changed in NMP and NK treated group after 1 st week, but desreased in NK treated group after 4th week as compared with NMP treated 4th week group. The content of GSH was similary to in NK treated groups as compares with data of normal group. The content of MDA was increased in NK treated group after 1st and 4th week, and more increased in the NMP treated group than those of their NK treated group. The immunohistochemically, stain of GST-p, positive lesions of KCGT were significantly decreased than those of NMP treated group. The histopathologically, fat changes, nucleotic changes, oval cell and inflammatory cells in periportal were observed in NMP treated fater 4th week, but those were significantly decreased from 4th week in the NK treated group. And the enlarged nucleus was not changed in KCGT treated group, but increased in NMP treated group after 1st and 4th week. The ultrastructurally, nucleotic changes, glycogen degeneration, lipid droplet and rER fragmentation were observed in NMP treated group after 4th week, but those changes were significantly decreased from 4th week in the NK treated group. These results suggested that KCGT extracts has protective effect on prehepatocarcinogenesis by NMP, might be usefully applied for clinical treatment of hapatic disease and also it was necessary to do more studies about its mechanisms.

Effect of Korean Mistletoe Extract and Lectin on the Preneoplastic Hepatic Lesion and Apoptosis in Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis (실험적 간암모델에서 한국산 겨우살이 추출물 및 렉틴 투여가 전암성 병변의 생성 및 Apoptosis에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미정;김정희;이미숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.782-787
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    • 2002
  • This study was done to investigate the effects of Korean mistletoe water extract and lectin on the apoptosis and preneoplastic lesion in chemically induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. To attain the above objectives, weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed modified AIN-76 diets containing 10% corn oil for 9 weeks. One week after feeding starts, rats were intraperitoneally injected twice with a dose of diethylnitrosamine (DEN, 50 mg/kg body weight (BW). Rats were provided with 0.05% phenobarbital (PB) in drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. During the period of PB treatment, rats were injected with mistletoe extract (100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg BW) and lectin (10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg BW) twice a week. At the end of 9th week, rats were sacrificed and the formation of hepatic glutathione S-transferase placental form positive (GST-P$^{+}$) foci, apoptosis, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis related proteins were determined respectively. The formation of GST-P$^{+}$foci was significantly decreased by mistletoe extract or lectin treatment. Although there was no effect on apoptosis and DNA fragmentation in hepatic tissue by mistletoe extract or lectin treatment, caspase-9 and fas-L were increased. These results suggest that Korean mistletoe extract and lectin have a potential to inhibit hepatocarcinogenesis by increasing apoptosis.sis.

EFFECTS OF GANODERMA LUCIDUM EXTRACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAT LIVER PRENEOPLASTIC LESIONS

  • Kim, Jong-Soo;Lee, Yong-Soon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.135-149
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    • 1989
  • The effect of Ganoderma lucidum (Polyporaceae) extract on initiation and promotion of liver preneoplastic lesions in chemical carcinogenesis were examined in male rats. Male Fisher 344 rats, 8 weeks old, were injected i.p. with diethylnitro-samine(DENA` 200 mg/kg) as an initiator and were fed on diet containing 0.02%-acetaminofluorene (2-AAF) as a promoter for 2 weeks (group 1, 2` 2-4 week) and were fed on basal diet (group 3 and 4). The rats in test groups(group 1 and 3) were fed on diet containing 0.1% of Ganoderma lucidum extract for 6 weeks (2-8 week).

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The effect of Korean ginseng on diethylnitrosamine-initiated hepatic altered foci in a mid-term induction system (고려인삼이 diethylnitrosamine에 의한 유도되는 preneoplastic hepatic altered foci의 형성에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Sung-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 1989
  • 홍삼 및 수삼이 랫트의 간조직에서 diethylnitrosamine(DEN)에 의해 유도되는 preneoplastic altered foci 형성에 미치는 영향을 관찰한 바 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. Altered foci의 지표로 사용되는 glutathione S-transferase (GST-P)-positive foci의 숫자는 DEN 단독투여군($9.07{\pm}5.69$)에 비하여 수삼병행 투여군 ($4.77{\pm}3.23$)에서, 면적은 DEN 단독투여군($0.93{\pm}0.65$)에 비하여 홍삼병행투여군 ($0.50{\pm}0.31$)에서 각각 현저한 감소를 나타냈다. 이러한 결과는 홍삼 및 수삼이 간암 발생을 억제하는 작용이 있음을 암시하였다.

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Toxicity and Carcinogenicity of the Fusarium moniliforme MRC 826 Culture Material in Rats (랫드에서 Fusarium moniliforme MRC 826 배양물질의 독성 및 발암성에 관한 연구)

  • 신동진;신광순;이영순
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 1993
  • F. moniliforme MRC 826, a common fungal contaminant of com, has been known to produce a group of mycotoxins, the fumonisins. By thin layer chromatography, fumonisin $B_{1}$ was detected in the F. moniliforme MRC 826 com culture material(CM) extracts. This study was performed to compare the toxicity and carcinogenicity of F. moniliforme MRC 826 CM with those of aflatoxin $B_1(AFB_1)$ in rats. The toxicity was tested over a period of 7 days in ten female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Treatment group were fed a 1 : 1 mixture(wt/wt) of ground CM and basal diet in powder form, while other negative control group were given basal diet alone. The principal pathological changes in rats treated with 50% CM were hepatocellular hydropic degeneration and renal tubular necrosis. The cancer-promoting activity of CM was evaluated in the rat liver diethylnitrosamine-two thirds partial hepatectomy(DEN-PH) model for carcinogenesis. 70 male SO rats(ca. 170 g) were randomized into 5 groups. Group I served as the positive controls and received the basal diet containing 2 ppm $AFB_{1}$ group 2 received 5% CM, group 3 received 2.5% CM, group 4 received 5% normal com and group 5 received 2.5% normal com. 5% treated group showed cancer promoting activity in rat liver using DEN as initiator and the induction of glutathione S-transferase placental form positive foci as an end point after 6 weeks of promotion.

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CYP450 1A1 and p53 expression and DNA adduct formation in the liver of rats treated with a single dose of aflatoxins (아플라톡신을 간회 투여한 랫드의 간에서 CYP450 1A1, p53의 발현과 DNA adduct의 형성)

  • Lee, Beom Jun;Lee, Sook Jin;Kim, Tae Myoung;Kim, Dae Joong;Nam, Sang Yoon;Hyun, Sang Hwan;Kang, Jong Koo;Hong, Jin Tae;Kim, Cheul Kyu;Yun, Young Won
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.507-513
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    • 2004
  • Aflatoxins are produced mainly by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus that grow in improperly stored cereals. Aflatoxin B1 ($AFB_1$) is a potent hepatocarcinogen in a variety of experimental animals including human beings. In spite of a high attention to the hepatocarcinogenecity of $AFB_1$, the relative toxicity of aflatoxins ($AFB_2$ and $AFG_1$) is not fully clarified. Sprague-Dawley male rats were orally administered with $AFB_1$, $AFB_2$, and $AFG_1$ at the dose of 250 ${\mu}g/kg$ (additionally including a dose of $1250{\mu}g/kg $ for $AFB_1$) body weight. Animals were then killed at 12, 24 or 48 hrs following aflatoxin exposure. Subsequently the immunohistochemical examination of p53, cytochrome p450 1A1 (CYP450 1A1), and glutathione-S-transferase placental form (GST-P) were performed. The level of the 8-OxodG in the liver was determined. Expressions of CYP450 1A1 and p53 were high in the liver of rats through 48 hrs after treatment of $AFB_1$ at the single dose of $250{\mu}g/kg $. This pattern was more clear as increasing doses. The treatment of $AFB_2$ and $AFG_1$ did not affect the expression of CYP450 1A1 but it caused weak expression of p53. The activity of GST were not found in the liver of rats treated with aflatoxins. The formation of 8-OxodG by $AFB_1$ increased in a dose-dependent manner up to 24 hrs after a single treatment of $AFB_1$ thereafter decreased to the level of control. The treatment of $AFB_2$ and $AFG_1$ did not affect the levels of 8-OxodG in the liver of rats with increasing time. These results in the present study indicate that $AFB_1$ among aflatoxins with low comparable levels is the most toxic as determined by early biomarkers such as CYP450 1A1, p53, GST-P, and 8-OxodG.

Effect of Clonorchis sinensis infection on hepatic oval cell proliferation in rats (랫트에서 Clonorchis sinensis 감염이 간 oval cell 의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun;Yoon, Byung-Il;Park, Min-Kyung;Kim, Shin-A;Lee, Joon-Sang;Joo, Kyoung-Hwan;Kim, Han-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 1998
  • The prevalence of primary liver carcinoma (PLC) is relatively high in Clonorchis sinensis (CS) endemic areas in Korea. PLC is a malignant tumor which can be subclassified into hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma(CC). CC has been associated with clonorchiasis, but it is unclear whether clonorchiasis is associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. This experiment was designed to investigate relationships between clonorchiasis and early changes of hepatocarcinogenesis. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 150g were divided into two groups of 8 rats in each. All rats were fed choline-devoid(CD) diet for 4 weeks. Group 1 was given 0.015-0.020% diethylnitrosamine(DEN) as drinking water for 1 week. After one week, the rats were treated orally with 1% N-acetylaminofluorene(AAF) (5 times per week for 2 weeks). Group 2 was treated equally to group 1 except for CS infection during AAF treatment. Two rats in each group were sacrificed at 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th week of the experiment. Livers were stained with OV -6, proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and GST-p. Results were as follows: Group 2 livers showed more oval cell proliferation in parenchyma and portal areas at the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th weeks than did livers of group 1 (p<0.01). PCNA was mostly localized in oval cell populations, rather than hepatocytes and biliary cells. The ratio of oval cells to hepatocytes was much higher in group 2 than in group l(p<0.01 The ratio of hepatocytes to biliary cells is higher in group 2 than in group 1 (p<0.05), More group 2 acidophilic foci reacted to GST-p monoclonal antibody than in the noninfected group. It appeared that CS infection promoted potentially precancerous acidophilic foci and oval cell proliferation.

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Modifying Effect of Bisphenol A on the Preneoplastic and Neoplastic Lesions of Rat Liver Treated with Diethylnitrosamine Infusion (화학적 간발암모델에서 Bisphenol A가 간암의 전암성 및 종양성 병변에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ki-Dae;Han, Beom-Seok;Rhim, Kook-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1 s.88
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2006
  • Bisphenol A(BPA) was known as an endocrine disrupting chemical. This study was conducted to assess the effect of BPA, weaker estrogen, on the preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN). One hundred male F344 rats were divided into four groups which were treated with DEN followed by BPA. To make liver tumor early, we conducted that DEN containing osmotic pump implanted into rat abdominal cavity. Then diet containing BPA were fed to the rats. All animals were sacrificed at 10 and 18 weeks. Body weights were significantly decreased in 4000ppm at 18 weeks. Relative Liver weights of 4000 ppm BPA treated group were significantly increased compared to that of DEN alone group at 18 weeks. There were no significant differences of liver tumor incidences. Sum area of GST-P positive foci and BrdU labeling indices of BPA treated group were not significantly different compared to those of control group. These results suggest that BPA have no effects in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions on DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis.

The effect of caffeine on promotion step of diethylnitrosamine-initiated hepatic altered foci in a mid-term induction system (Caffeine이 diethylnitrosame에 의해 유도되는 preneoplastic hepatic altered foci 형성의 promotion 단계에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Sung-ho;Lee, Cha-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.629-633
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    • 1992
  • Caffeine이 랫드의 간조직에서 diethylnitrosamine(200mg/kg B.W., DEN)에 의해 유도되는 preneoplastic altered foci형성의 promotion단계에 미치는 효과를 관찰한 바 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. Altered foci의 지표로 사용되는 glutathione S-transferase(GST-P)-positive foci의 수는 caffeine 음수 $m{\ell}$당 2mg 병행투여군($3.10{\pm}2.74$) 및 1mg병행 투여군($5.86{\pm}2.83$) 모두에서 DEN 단독투여 대조군($11.55{\pm}5.82$)에 비하여 현저히 낮게 나타났으며 면적 또한 caffeine 2mg 병행투여군($0.13{\pm}0.11$), 1mg 병행투여군($0.21{\pm}0.12$)에서 DEN 단독투여 대조군($0.76{\pm}0.33$)에 비하여 유의성있는 낮은 수치가 관찰되었다. 간 세포배양에서 unscheduled DNA synthesis(UDS)는 DEN($250{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ of medium)단독처리군에 비하여 caffeine($200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ of medium) 처리시 약 70% 감소하였다. 이러한 결과는 caffeine이 간암발생의 promotion단계에 작용하여 억제효과를 나타냄을 암시하며 이는 DNA회복의 억제와 관계됨을 알 수 있었다.

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