• Title/Summary/Keyword: GST-p

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Pathological Changes in Rats Fed petasites japonicus Maxim II. Immunohistochemical Localization of Cytochrome P4502E1 and GST-P in Liver

  • Jee, Young-Heun;Lee, Cha-Soo;Jeong, Kyu-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 1997
  • We investigated metabolism and carcinogenesis in livers of Sprague-Dawley rats fed juices and pelleted diets containing Korean native plants petasites japonicus Maxim by evaluating cell localization and expression of cytochrome P450s and GST-P. Anti-cytochrome P450s application in liver sections revealed three to four times increased expression of cytochrome P450E1 immunoreactivity in degenerative hepatocytes when compared to histologically normal hepatocytes. Anti-GST-P in showed positive pren plastic foci as well as in individual hepatocytes randomly scattered throughout all liver sections examined. Additionally GST-P was evident in proliferative endothelial cells and biliary epithelial cells in exposed rat livers. These results suggested that the increased level of cytochrome P4502E1 in affected hepatocytes was a direct consequence of Petasites japonicus toxicity. Further immunoreactivity to anti-GST-P in hepatocytes endothelial cells and biliary epithelial cells indicated a possible preneoplastic effects of Petasites japonicus in Sprague-Dawley rat.

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D-galactosamine을 이용한 중기발암성 검색법 개발에 관한 연구

  • 이영순;김형진;임창형
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.96-96
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    • 1993
  • 간부분 절제술을 하지 않는 비수술적 방법으로서 D-galactosamine을 이용한 중기발암성 시험의 개발을 목적으로 F344 수괵 랫드를 이용하여 본 실험을 수행하였다. 실험 I 에서는 실험방법에 따라 3가지 모델로 구분하고, 각 모델에 처치군과 대조군을 두었다. 모델 1 에서는 실험개시시에 diethylinitrosamine (DEN)을 200 mg/kg body weight로 복강내로 1회 투여하고, 실험개시후 2및 5주에 D-galactosamine을 300 mg/kg body weight로 복강내로 각각 1회 투여하였다. 처치군에는 실험개시후 2주부터 6주간 2-acetylaminofluorene을 0.01%로 혼합한 사료를 급여하였으며, 대조군에는 기초사료를 계속 급여하였다. 모델 2에서는 모델 1의 4주차까지의 처치를 2회 반복하였다. 모델 3은 간부분 절제술을 하는 DEN-PH (diethylnitrosamine-partial hepatectomy) 모델과 같은 방법으로 처치하였다. 사육기간 중 매주 체중 및 사료소비량을 측정하였고, DEN 투여후 8주에 전동물을 부검하여 적출한 간의 중량을 측정하고, glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) 양성 foci에 대한 면역조직화학적 염색표본을 만들어 GST-P 양성 foci의 수 및 면적을 측정하였다. 실험 II에서는 모델 1의 방법으로 phenobarbital(PB), 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC), n-ethyl-n'-nitro-n-nitrosoguanidine 및 3,3'-diaminobenzidine외 GST-P 양성 foci의 발현정도를 조사하였다. 실험 I의 결과, 모델 1이 정상적인 체중 증가를 보여주었으며, 간조직의 GST-P 양성 foci 의 발현율이 가장 좋았다. GST-P 양성 foci의 면적은 큰것 부터 미상엽, 내측우엽, 외측우엽의 순으로 나타났으나 foci의 수는 모델별로 다르게 나타났다. 실험 II의 PB 투여군과 3-MC 투여군에서 GST-P 양성 foci의 수 및 면적의 유의성 있는 증가가 관찰되었다. 이와 같은 결과로 볼때, 비수술적 방법인 D-galactosamine 을 이용한 중기 발암성 검색법은 간부분 절제술을 이용한 중기발암성 검색법에 비하여 GST-P 양성foci의 발현능력이 동등하거나 더 우수하였으며, 간 및 간이외 장기의 발암물질에 대한 발암성 검색에 보다 유용할 것으로 생각된다.

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Effects of Corn Oil, Perilla Oil, Sardine Oil Diet on the Hepatic Glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) Positive Foci and Glutathione Related Enzyme System in Carcinogen Treated Rats (옥수수유, 들깨유, 정어리유의 급여가 발암물질의 투여한 쥐 간의 Glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) 양성결절과 Glutathione 관련 효소계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung-Min
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.276-284
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    • 2010
  • The effects of different dietary fatty acids on the hepatic glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci and glutathione related enzyme system were investigated in carcinogen treated rats. Weaning male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into three groups and fed the diets of 15% corn(CO), perilla(PO), and sardine oil(SO), respectively. Hepatocellular carcinogenesis was initiated with diethylnitrosamine(DEN) and then fed the diet containing 0.02% 2-acetylaminofluorene(2-AAF) followed by 0.05% phenobarbital for 10 weeks. The hepatic tissues were homogenized and centrifugated to prepare microsomal and cytosolic fractions. The enzyme activities of hepatic glutathione S-transferase(GST), glutathione reductase(GR), and glutathione peroxidase(GPx) were determined from cytosolic fractions. The number of GST-P hyperplastic nodules was the highest in corn oil group at 6th week, the early stage of hyperplastic nodule formation. GST activities were increased significantly by carcinogens in all dietary groups after 6th wk. GR activities followed the same trend as GST activities. GPx activities were decreased by carcinogens in all dietary groups at 10th week. In this experiment, corn oil diet may have promotive effect on hyperplastic nodule formation during the early promotional stages of chemical carcinogenesis.

Suppressive Effects of Vitamin E on the Induction of Placental Glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) Positive foci and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (비타민 E가 쥐간 세포의 암화과정에서 태반형 Glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) 양성 병소와 항산화요소계에 미치는 영향)

  • 최혜미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.803-812
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    • 1997
  • The influences of dietary supplements of vitamin E on hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis have been studied, Placental glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci area, antioxidant enzymes(superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase(GST)), glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activities, and lipid peroxidation of mecrosomes(thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) contents) were investigated. For is purpose , we used the murine chemical hepatocardinogenic procedure induced by modified Ito model, which consists of 200mg/kg body weight diethylinitrosamine (DEN) injection, 0.01% 2-acethlaminoflurene(2-AAF) feeding for 6 weeks, and partial hepatectomy on week 3. Weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed pulverized Purina rat chow with 15, 000IU/kg diet vitamin E from initiation or promotion stages. We found that vitamin E supplement decreased the area of GST-P positive foci. Catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase. GST activities, and TBARS contents were decreased. On the other hand G6Pase activities were increased by vitamin E supplement. It seemed that vitamin E supplements helped endogenous defense systems against carcinogenesis by decreasing TBARS contents, $H_2O$$_2$ and organic peroxides. So, vitamin E seemed to protect cell from free radical damage in carcinogenesis. Anticarcinogenic effects of vitamin E were more effective at intiation that at promotion stage. These results suggest that vitamin E has suppressive effects on hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis, probably through antioxidant effects against TBARS contents $H_2O$$_2$ and orgainc peroxides.

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Differential Effects of Nongenotoxic and Genotoxic Carcinogens on the Preneoplastic Lesions in the gat Liver

  • Kim, Dae-Joong;Lee, Kook-Kyung;Hong, Jin-Tae
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 1998
  • Glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) positive foci development and its expression in liver exposed by nongenotoxic carcinogens phenobarbital (PB) and clofibrate (CF), and genotoxic carcinogen 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f] quinoline (IQ) were investigated as a measure of carcinogenic potential of these chemicals. Male F344 rats were initially given a single intraperitioneal injection of diethyinitrosamine (200 mg/kg), and 2 weeks later, animals were fed diets containing 0.03% IQ or 0.5% CF or 0.05% PB or basal diet as a control for 6 weeks. All rats were subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH) at week 3. Sequential sacrifice of rats was performed at 8 weeks or 52 weeks, and liver tissues were examined for immunohistochemical staining of GST-P positive foci. The numbers (No./$cm^2$) and areas ($mm^2$/ $cm^2$) of GST-P positive foci were increased by IQ or PB, but were decreased by CF compare to the control. Consistent with the development of GST-P positive foci, a time-related increase in the expression of GST-P mRNA was found in the rats treated with IQ, whereas CF decreased it. The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma at 52 weeks was increased by all three chemicals. These results show that PB and IQ induced GST-P positive foci, but the peroxisome proliferator CF did not, which suggest that the prediction of carcinogenic potency based on the development of prenoplastic foci may cause false negative in a particular category compounds like peroxisome proliferators.

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Effects of Sardine Oil Fedding and Vitamin E Supplementation on Histopathological Changes and $\alpha$-L-Fucosidase Activity in Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis (정어리유 섭취와 비타민 E 보충이 실험적 간 발암과정의 병리조직학적 변화와 $\alpha$-L-fucosidase의 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • 김정희;윤혜진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2001
  • Effects of Sardine Oil Feeding and Vitamin E Supplementation on Histopathological Changes and $\alpha$-L-fucosidase activity in experimental hepatocarcinogenesis. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 80~90 g were fed the diet containing either 15% corn oil (CO) or sardine oil (SO) with or without vitamin E supplements (dl-$\alpha$-tocopherol acetate 800 IU/kg diet) for 8 weeks. After 2 weeks of feeding, the rats were given a single intraperitoneal injectin of diethylnitrosamine (DEN, 200 mg/kg BW). From the fifth week, rats were given 0.02% acetylaminofluorene (AAF) in diet for 4 weeks. At the seventh week, 0.05% phenobarbital in liver and hepatic glutathione S-transferase palcental form positive (GST-P+) foci were examined by Hematoxylin& Eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical method, respectively. Serum $\alpha$-L-fucosidase activity was determined. The livers fromt he carcinogen treated rats showed significantly increased formation of GST-P+ foci at sacrifice points while the livers fromthe non-carcinogen treated groups showed almost no foci. Although GST-P+ foci formation was not affected by dietary oil, it was increased unexpectedly by vitamin E supplementation. Histopathological changes were similar to patterns of GST-P+ foci formation in almost all groups. Serum $\alpha$-L-fucosidase activities were increased by carcinogen treatment in all dietary groups. $\alpha$-L-fucosidase activities were positively correlated with GST-P+ foci formation. There results suggest that excessive vitamin E supplementation can enhance hepatocarcinogenesis although the mechanisms involved are not clearly understood.

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High Vitamin E Supplement is Needed to Have an Anticarcinogenic Effect of Fish Oil (어유와 비타민 E 보강 수준이 쥐간의 전암성 병변에 미치는 영향)

  • 김숙희;강상경;김유미;최혜미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.1014-1023
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    • 1998
  • The influences of fish oil and different levels of vitamin I supplement on hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis have been studied. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received diethylnitrosamine (DEN)(200mg/kg body weight) and were subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy to induce murine chemical hepatocarcinogenic procedure. Placental glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci area, antioxidant enzymes(Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase, glutathione reductase (GR), total- glutathione peroxidase (TGPx), glutathione S -transferase (GST)), glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activities, and lipid peroxidation of microsomes(thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS)) were measured. Experimental animals were fed 15% corn or fish oil with 0, 40, 1,000, 10,000IU vitamin E /kg diet for 8 weeks. Vitamin E supplements decreased the area of GST-P positive foci in both groups. The higher the vitamin E levels, the smaller the area of GST-P positive foci were noticed. Compared to 0 IU vitamin E, 40 IU in corn oil and 1,000 IU in fish oil groups were effective in decreasing G57-P positive foci area. Fish oil groups tended to have smaller area of GST-P positive foci. fish oil groups showed lower body weight, lower activities of Cu/Zn-SOD and TGPx, higher TBARS contents, higher activities of GST, catalase, G6Pase, GR and higher liver/body ratio than corn oil groups. As the level of vitamin I increased, GST-P positive foci count, catalase activities, and TBARS tended to decrease. G6Pase activities tended to increase in both groups. At higher vitamin E levels, GST activities tended to decrease in fish oil groups. These results suggest that vitamin I has suppressive offects on hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis probably through antioxidant eH:cts decreasing TBARS contents, $H_2O$$_2$, and organic peroxides. fish oil tended to have greated suppressive offects than corn oil on hepatocellular carcinogenesis. (Korean J Nutrition 31(6) : 1014-1023, 1998)

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Effects of Dietary Garlic Powder on GST-P Positive Foci and Glucose 6-Phosphatase Activity in Diethylnitrosamine-Initiated Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Seo, Jeong-Min;Park, Kyung-Ae;Yeo, Eui-Zu;Choi, Hay-Mie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to examine the anticarcinogenic effect of dietary supplementation with garlic powder on rat hepatocarcinogenesis. All rats were initiated by a single dose (200 mg/body weight) intraperitoneal injection of diethylnitrosamine (DEN), and three weeks later, subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy. Two weeks after initiation, four groups of rats were given experimental diets supplemented with 0 (control group), 0.5, 2.0, or 5.0% garlic powder for 6 weeks. Rats were sacrificed at eight weeks after initiation. The induction of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci was significantly inhibited almost equally in all three groups fed garlic diets. Glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activity was increased in rats fed 0.5% and 2.0% garlic powder, and was negatively correlated with the number and area of GST-P positive foci. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) contents were decreased in rats fed 2.0% and 5.0% garlic powder. Only 5.0% garlic powder supplementation significantly increased the glutathione content and the glutathione S-transferase activity, compared to the control group. Therefore, all levels of garlic powder, 0.5% to 5.0%, exerted an anti promotional effect during hepatocarcinogenesis. Dietary supplementation with garlic powder seemed to maintain microsomal membrane integrity by increasing G6Pase activities. Glutathione-dependent detoxifying enzymes did not seem to contribute to this protective effect directly. The present study suggests that garlic powder is effective in inhibiting the induction of GST-P positive foci, possibly by stabilizing the hepatic microsomal membrane.

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Effects of $\gamma$-Irradiated Beef Feeding on Preneoplastic Hepatic Lesion, Cytochrome P450 System and Microsome Glucose 6-Phosphatase Activity in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (실험적 간 발암모델에서 감마선 조사 쇠고기 섭취가 전암성병변의 생성, 약물대사 효소계 및 소포체 막 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김정희;김미정;강일준;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.638-645
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    • 1999
  • This study was done to investigate effects of ${\gamma}$ irradiated beef feeding on the formation of gluta thione S transferase placental form positive(GST P+) foci, lipid peroxidation, cytochrome P450 system and microsomal glucose 6 phosphate activity in diethylnitrosamine(DEN) initiated rat hepatocarci nogenesis. Weaning Sprague Dawley male rats were fed the diet containing ${\gamma}$ irradiatied ground beef at the dose of 0, 3, 5kGy as a 20% of protein source for 8 weeks. One week after feeding, rats were intraperitoneally injected twice with a dose of DEN(50mg/kg BW). As a promoter, 0.05% phenobarbital was fed in drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. At the end of 8th week, rats were sacrificed and hepatic GST P+ foci, microsomal malondialdehyde(MDA) and conjugated diene contents were determined. In addition, cytochrome P450 content and the activities of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase and glucose 6 phosphatase were also measured. There was no significant effect by gamma irradiation on microsomal MDA content, conjugated diene, cytochrome P450 content and activities of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase and glucose 6 phosphatase. However with DEN treatment, microsomal MDA content and conjugated diene contents were significantly changed. Cytochrome P450 content was also significantly increased while microsomal glucose 6 phophatase activity was significantly decreased with DEN treatment. However activity of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase was not affected. An interesting finding in this study was that the number and area of hepatic GST P+ foci of the rats fed gamma irradiated beef were significantly(p<0.05) lower than those of the control. Such a lowering effect on GST P+ foci formation was highest at the dose of 3kGy than others. Overall results suggest that the consumption of low dose of gamma irradiated beef does not affect the formation of lipid peroxide, cytochrome P450 system and membrane stability.

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Modification of Hepatic Microsomal Cytochrome P450 2E1 Enzyme by Garlic Powder in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Park, Kyung-Ae;Choi, Hay-Mie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1997
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary garlic powder on cytochrome P450 enzymes and membrane stability in murine hepatocarcinogenesis initiated by diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Male Sprague-Dawley rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of DEN (200 mg/kg body wt) dissolved in saline. After 2 weeks on a basal diet, animals were fed diets containing 0. 0.5. 2.0. or 5.0% garlic powder for 6 weeks, and were subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy. The areas of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci were inhibited in rats fed with garlic diets. GST-P is the most effective marker for DEN-initiated lesions. Hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation was significantly decreased in rats fed with 2.0 and 5.0% garlic powder diets compared with that observed in the control animals and hepatic microsomal glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activity was found to increase significantly in rats fed 0.5 and 2.0% garlic powder diets. Thus as little as 0.5% garlic powder has a positive effect on the stability of hepatic microsomal membranes. p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase (PNPH) activity and the level of cytochrome P450 2E1 protein in the hepatic microsomes from rats fed diets containing 2.0 and 5.0% garlic powder were much lower than those of control microsomes. Rats fed 5.0% garlic powder diets exhibited the lowest P450 2E1 activity and protein levels among groups. Pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity and immunoblot (cytochrome P450 2B1) analyses were not different between groups. However, the levels of cytochrome P450 1A1/2 protein in rats fed 0.5 and 2.0% garlic powder were significantly induced compared to controls. These results suggest that 2.0% garlic powder is effective in inhibiting the areas of GST-P positive foci, modulating certain isoforms of cytochrome P450 enzymes and stabilizing the hepatic microsomal membrane. Thus, the selective modification of cytochrome P450 enzymes and membrane stability by dietary garlic powder may influence areas of GST-P positive foci and chemoprevention of post-initiation of rat hepatocarcinogenesis.

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