• Title, Summary, Keyword: G-Rh2

검색결과 390건 처리시간 0.047초

해양에서 분리한 Bacillus sp. RH-5에 의한 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein(LDL) 산화에 대한 항산화제의 개발 (Discovery of Antioxidant on Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) by Bacillus sp. RH-5 Isolated from Marine Origin)

  • 류병호;박종옥;김동석
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 1999
  • Bacillus sp. RH-5로 배양한 배양액을 silica gel column (8.0cmX100cm)chromatography를 행하여 chloroform : methanol = 90 : 10인 항산화 분획층을 얻어 TLC 법에 의해 활성이 있는 물질을 분리하여 thiocyanate method로 활성을 측정하여 본 결과 Vit. E($10^{-2}$ mol)보다 좋았으며 BHA, BHT와는 비슷한 결과를 나타내었다. 한편 $5_\muM$ $CuSO_4$ 촉매 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein(LDL)의 산화에 항산화 활성이 알려진 Fraction 3의 band 4를 각각 100 및 200$\mu$g/$m\ell$ 농도로 $37^{\circ}C$에서 18시간 배양한 결과 LDL의 산화에 대한 억제효과가 좋았다. Fraction 3의 band 4를 HPLC로 정제한 후 IR. NMR 및 GC/MASS.로 확인한 결과 5-hydroxyndole로 확인되었다.

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Excess of leptin inhibits hypothalamic KiSS-1 expression in pubertal mice

  • Ahn, Sung-Yeon;Yang, Sei-Won;Lee, Hee-Jae;Byun, Jong-Seon;Om, Ji-Yeon;Shin, Choong-Ho
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.55 no.9
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    • pp.337-343
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Leptin has been considered a link between metabolic state and reproductive activity. Defective reproductive function can occur in leptin-deficient and leptin-excessive conditions. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of centrally injected leptin on the hypothalamic KiSS-1 system in relation to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) action in the initial stage of puberty. Methods: Leptin (1 ${\mu}g$) was injected directly into the ventricle of pubertal female mice. The resultant gene expressions of hypothalamic GnRH and KiSS-1 and pituitary LH, 2 and 4 hours after injection, were compared with those of saline-injected control mice. The changes in the gene expressions after blocking the GnRH action were also analyzed. Results: The basal expression levels of KiSS-1, GnRH, and LH were significantly higher in the pubertal mice than in the prepubertal mice. The 1-${\mu}g$ leptin dose significantly decreased the mRNA expression levels of KiSS-1, GnRH, and LH in the pubertal mice. A GnRH antagonist significantly increased the KiSS-1 and GnRH mRNA expression levels, and the additional leptin injection decreased the gene expression levels compared with those in the control group. Conclusion: The excess leptin might have suppressed the central reproductive axis in the pubertal mice by inhibiting the KiSS-1 expression, and this mechanism is independent of the GnRH-LH-estradiol feedback loop.

전기화학적 공정의 운전인자에 따른 산화제 생성과 염료 분해 특성 (Characteristic of Oxidants Production and Dye Degradation with Operation Parameters of Electrochemical Process)

  • 김동석;박영식
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1235-1245
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate electro-generation of free Cl, $ClO_2$, $H_2O_2$ and $O_3$ and degradation of Rhodamine B in solution using Ru-Sn-Sb electrode. Electrolysis was performed in one-compartment reactor using a dimensionally stable anode(DSA) of Ru-Sn-Sb/Ti as the working electrode. The effect of applied current (0.5-3 A), electrolyte type (NaCl, KCl, HCl, $Na_2SO_4$ and $H_2SO_4$) and concentration (0.5-2.5 g/L), air flow rate (0-3 L/min) and solution pH (3-11) was evaluated. Experimental results showed that concentration of 4 oxidants was increased with increase of applied current, however optimum current for RhB degradation was 2 A. The generated oxidant concentration and RhB degradation of the of Cl type-electrolyte was higher than that of the sulfate type. The oxidant concentration was increased with increase of NaCl concentration and optimum NaCl dosage for RhB degradation was 1.75 g/L. Optimum air flow rate for the oxidants generation and RhB degradation was 2 L/min. $ClO_2$ and $H_2O_2$ generation was decreased with the increase of pH, whereas free Cl and $O_3$ was not affected by pH. RhB degradation was increase with the pH decrease.

Production of Red Ginseng Specific Ginsenosides $(Rg_2, Rg_3, Rh_1 and Rh_2)$ from Agrobacterium-transformed hairy Roots of Panax ginseng by Heat Treatment

  • Yang, Deok-Chun;Yang, Kye-Jin;Park, Yong-Eui
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.19-22
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    • 2001
  • It was reported that Red ginseng contains specific ginsenoside-Rg$_2$,-Rg$_3$,-Rh$_1$and -Rh$_2$, which show various pharmacological effects. However, production of these specific ginsenosides from Red ginseng is not commercially applicable because of high cost of the raw material, roots. This work was carried out to examine the production of Red ginseng specific ginsenosides from Agrobacterium-transformed hairy roots. Hairy roots were induced from 3 year-old root segment of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) after infection with Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4. Among many lines of hairybroots, KGHR-8A was selected. Steam heat treatment of hairy roots was resulted in the changes of ginsenoside composition. Eleven ginsenosides were detected in heat-treated hairy roots but eight in freeze dried hairy roots. In heat treated hairy root, content of ginsenoside-Rb$_1$,Rb$_2$,Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, and Rg$_1$were decreased compared to those of freeze dried hairy roots. However, heat treatment strongly enhanced the amount of Red ginseng specific ginsenogides (ginsenoside-Rg$_2$,-Rg$_3$,-Rh$_1$and -Rh$_2$). Amounts of ginsenoside-Rg$_3$,-Rh$_1$and -Rh$_2$ in heat-treated hairy roots were 2.58, 3.62 and 1.08 mg/g dry wt, respectively, but these were detected as trace amount in hairy roots without heat treatment. Optimum condition of heat treatment for the production of Red ginseng specific ginsenoside was 2 h at 105$^{\circ}C$. This result represents that Red ginseng specific ginsenoside can be producted from hairy roots by steam heat treatment.

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Pichia pastoris에서 사람 락토페린 N-lobe의 발현과 항균활성 (Expression of human lactoferrin N-lobe in Pichia pastoris and its antibacterial activity)

  • 원수진;조재형;김승환;권혁진;이현환
    • 미생물학회지
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.271-279
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    • 2015
  • 락토페린(LF)는 철이온과 결합하는 당 단백질로서 항균, 항바이러스, 항진균 등의 기능을 가지고 있으며, 생체의 각종 체액으로부터 분비되는 다기능성 단백질이다. 본 연구에서는 사람의 락토페린(hLF)으로부터 유래된 N-lobe의 유전자를 분리하고 산업용 균주로서 많이 사용되는 메탄올자화 효모인 Pichia pastoris에서 발현시켰다. 재조합 사람 락토페린 N-lobe (rhLF-N)는 배양액으로 분비 발현되었으며, 3L 발효조에서 약 $458{\mu}g/ml$이 수준으로 생성되었다. rhLF-N을 정제한 다음 SDS-PAGE와 western blot으로 분석하여 분자량 35 kDa 단백질을 확인하였으며, hLF에 대한 항체를 이용하여 면역확산법으로 면역성을 확인하였다. rhLF-N의 mRNA 발현양상을 qRT-PCR로 분석한 결과 메탄올 첨가에 의한 발현 유도 후 2-3일째에 발현율이 가장 높았으며, 4일째에는 점차적으로 감소하였다. 정제한 rhLF-N을 이용하여 항균활성을 조사한 결과 Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia, Salmonella typhimurium과 같은 병원성 균에 대해 광범위한 항균활성을 보였으나, LF유래 항균 peptide들과 항균활성을 비교하였을 때, 항균력이 상대적으로 매우 떨어지는 것으로 나타났다. 비록 본 연구에서 발현한 rhLF-N은 항균력은 떨어지나, hLF에 비해 그 크기가 작고 배양조건 연구로 P. pastoris에서 대량 생산이 가능하며, 배양액으로 분비시킬 수 있기 때문에 정제 비용 등을 고려 할 때 산업적 응용에는 보다 유리할 것으로 사료된다.

불용성 전극을 이용한 Rhodamine B의 전기화학적 탈색 (Electrochemical Decolorization of a Rhodamine B using Dimensionally Stable Anode)

  • 김동석;박영식
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.377-384
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    • 2007
  • This study has carried out a performance of dimensionally stable anode for the purpose of decolorization of Rhodamine B (RhB) in water. Seven kinds of 1, 2 and 3 component electrodes were prepared by plating and thermal deposition, which were coated by the oxides of Pt, Ru, Ir, Sn-Sb, Ir-Sn-Sb, Ru-Sn-Sb and Ru-Sn-Ti on Ti metal surface, respectively. Performance for RhB decolorization of the seven electrodes lay in: Ru-Sn-Ti/Ti ${\fallingdotseq}$ Ru-Sn-Sb/Ti > Ir-Sn-Sb/Ti > Sn-Sb/Ti > Ru/Ti > Ir/Ti > Pt/Ti. The effects of electrode area and distance, electrolyte type and concentration, current density and pH were investigated on the decolorization of RhB using Ru-Sn-Ti/Ti electrode. Decolorization of RhB was not influenced by electrode area and distance largely, however wattage was influenced by them. NaCl was superior to the decolorization of RhB than $Na_2SO_4$. Optimum NaCl dosage and current density were 0.5 g/L and $0.183A/cm^2$, respectively. The pH effect of decolorization of RhB was not significant within the range of 3-7.

Lack of Effects of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 on Angiogenesis in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Induced in the Syrian hamster Cheek Pouch

  • Zaid, Khaled Waleed;Nhar, Bander Mossa;Alanazi, Salman Mohammed Ghadeer;Murad, Rashad;Domani, Ahmad;Alhaf, Awadh Jamman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.3527-3531
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    • 2016
  • Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2 ), a member of the TGF-${\beta}$ family, has been used widely in recent years to regenerate defects of the maxillary and mandible bones. Such defects are sometimes caused by resection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) yet the biologic effects of rhBMP-2 on these carcinomas are not fully clear. The objective of this study was to determine histologically whether rhBMP-2 produces adverse effects on angiogenesis during induction of OSCC, a biologic process critical for tumor formation in an experimental model in the buccal pouch of golden Syrian hamsters. Buccal cavities were exposed to painting with 0.5% DMBA in liquid paraffin three times a week for 14 weeks, then biopsies were taken. Division was into 2 groups: a study group of 10 hamsters receiving $0.25{\mu}g/ml$ of rhBMP-2 in the $3^{rd}$ and $6^{th}$ weeks; and a control group of 10 hamsters which did not receive any additional treatment. VEGF expression and microvessel density were measured but no differences were noted between the two groups. According to this study, rh-BMP-2 does not stimulate angiogenesis during induction of OCSSs.

CHO 세포 배양을 통한 Recombinant Human Erythropoietin의 생산에서 저혈청 배지와 배양 첨가물질이 미치는 영향 (Effects of Low-Serum Medium and Various Culture Additives on Production of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in CHO Cell Cultures)

  • 이경선;차현명;임진혁;김동일
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 2017
  • Mammalian cell cultures have been used extensively to produce proteins for therapeutic agent because of their ability to perform post-translational modification including glycosylation. To produce recombinant protein, many factors and parameter are considered such as media composition, host cell type, and culture process. In this study, recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) producing cell line was established by using glutamine synthetase system. To reduce serum concentration in media, we compared direct adaptation with step adaptation. Cell growth was faster in step adaptation. In low-level serum media, there were insufficient glucose for cell growth. Thus, we added glucose in low-level serum media from 2 g/L to 4.5 g/L. Titer of rhEPO was higher than other conditions at 4.5 g/L of glucose. Additionally, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), 13-cis-retinal, and pluronic F-68 (PF-68) were added to enhance productivity in CHO cell cultures. In conclusion, we applied CHO cell producing rhEPO to low-level of serum in media using step-adaptation. Also, we confirmed positive effect of NMDA, 13-cis-retinal, and PF-68.

Trials to Increase the Availability of Ovsynch Program Under Field Conditions in Dairy Cows

  • Jeong, Jae-Kwan;Choi, In-Soo;Lee, Soo-Chan;Kang, Hyun-Gu;Hur, Tai-Young;Kim, Ill- Hwa
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.200-204
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated whether presynchronization with GnRH 6 days before initiation of the Ovsynch program improved reproductive outcomes in dairy cows. Additionally, postponement of initiation of the Ovsynch program for cows during the metestrus phase by 5 days was investigated to determine if it improved reproductive outcomes. To accomplish this, 941 Holstein dairy cows with unknown estrous cycle were randomly allocated into an Ovsynch group (n = 768; $100{\mu}g$ gonadorelin [a GnRH analogue], $500{\mu}g$ of cloprostenol [$PGF_{2{\alpha}}$ analogue] seven days later, $100{\mu}g$ gonadorelin 56 h later and timed artificial insemination [AI] 16 h after) and a G6-Ovsynch (n = 173) that received $100{\mu}g$ GnRH followed by the Ovsynch program 6 days later. Additionally, 272 dairy cows with known estrous cycle (metestrus stage) received the Ovsynch 5 days later (Day 5-Ovsynch group, n = 272). The odds ratio (OR) for pregnancy was analyzed by logistic regression using the LOGISTIC procedure in SAS. The treatment group (p < 0.001) and AI season (p < 0.05) significantly affected the probability of pregnancy, whereas farm, cow parity, calving to AI interval, and body condition score had no affect (p > 0.05). The Day 5-Ovsynch group had a higher probability of pregnancy (OR: 1.71) than the Ovsynch group, while that of the G6-Ovsynch group was intermediate (p > 0.05). Cows inseminated during winter had a higher OR (1.39) than those inseminated during spring. Overall, additional GnRH treatment 6 days before the Ovsynch did not improve reproductive outcomes, whereas postponement of the initiation of Ovsynch by 5 days for cows during metestrus improved reproductive outcomes.