• 제목, 요약, 키워드: G-Rh2

검색결과 390건 처리시간 0.075초

Differential Expression of Protein Kinase C Subtypes during Ginsenoside Rh2-Induced Apoptosis in SK-N-BE(2) and C6Bu-1 Cells

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Jin, Sung-Ha;Lee, You-Hiu;Park, Jong-Dae;Kim, Shin-Il
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.518-524
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    • 2000
  • We examined the modulation of protein kinase C (PKC) subtypes during apoptosis induced by ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2) in human neuroblastoma SK-N-Bl(2) and rat glioma C6Bu-1 cells. Apoptosis induced by C-Rh2 in both cell lines was confirmed, as indicated by DNA fragmentation and in situ strand breaks, and characteristic morphological changes. During apoptosis induced by G-Rh2 in SK-N-BE(2) cells, PKC subtypes $\alpha$, $\beta$ and $\gamma$ were progressively increased with prolonged treatment, whereas PKC $\delta$ increased transiently at 3 and 6 h and PKC $\varepsilon$ was gradually down-regulated after 6 h following the treatment. On the other hand, PKC subtype $\beta$ markedly increased at 24 h when maximal apoptosis was achieved. In C6Bu-l cells, no significant changes in PKC subtypes $\alpha$, $\gamma$, $\delta$, $\varepsilon$ and $\beta$ were observed during apoptosis induced by G-Rh2. These results suggest the evidence for a possible role of PKC subtype in apoptosis induced by G-Rh2 in SK-N-BE(2) cells but not in C6Bu-1 cells, and raise the possibility that G-Rh2 may induce apoptosis via different pathways interacting with or without PKC in different cell types.

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홍삼유래 ginsenosides Rh1의 단핵구 U937 세포 유착조절 효과 (Regulatory Effect of Ginsenosides Rh1 on Monocytic U937 Cell Adhesion)

  • 김병훈;조재열
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.324-329
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    • 2009
  • G-Rh1에 의한 단핵구 세포주인 U937 세포의 유착조절 능을 조사하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. G-Rh1은 CD29 항체 (MEM101A) 처리에 의해 유도된 세포-세포간 유착현상을 유의적으로 억제하였다. 2. G-Rh1은 fibronectin처리에 의해 유도된 U937 세포-fibronectin간 유착현상을 유의적으로 억제하였다. 3. G-Rh1은 CD29의 세포표면 발현 수준을 유의적으로 감소시켰다. 최근 활발히 G-Rh1의 약리작용 연구들이 진행되고 있다. 특별히, 본 화합물은 항알러지, 피부염증질환 치료효과, 항암효과 및 여성호르몬 유사기능 등이 있는 것으로 보고된 바있다. CD29-매개성 세포유착과정이 다양한 염증과정, 알러지 반응 및 암세포의 이동 및 전이성과 관련이 있다는 관점에서 볼 때 본 연구결과는 이들 약물이 갖는 치료기전의 하나가 CD29 기능저해에서 비롯될 수 있음을 제시한다고 하겠다. 이후 G-Rh1의 억제 기능에 관한 기전 이해를 위해 세포유착 유도 신호전달 단백질의 활성을 포함한 다양한 분자적 수준에서의 추가적인 실험들을 진행하고 한다.

Ginsenoside Rh2 differentially Mediates microRNA Expression to Prevent Chemoresistance of Breast Cancer

  • Wen, Xu;Zhang, He-Da;Zhao, Li;Yao, Yu-Feng;Zhao, Jian-Hua;Tang, Jin-Hai
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.1105-1109
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    • 2015
  • Chemoresistance is the most common cause of chemotherapy failure during breast cancer (BCA) treatment. It is generally known that the mechanisms of chemoresistance in tumors involve multiple genes and multiple signaling pathways,; if appropriate drugs are used to regulate the mechanisms at the gene level, it should be possible to effectively reverse chemoresistance in BCA cells. It has been confirmed that chemoresistance in BCA cells could be reversed by ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2). Preliminary studies of our group identified some drugresistance specific miRNA. Accordingly, we proposed that G-Rh2 could mediate drug-resistance specific miRNA and corresponding target genes through the gene regulatory network; this could cut off the drug-resistance process in tumors and enhance treatment effects. G-Rh2 and breast cancer cells were used in our study. Through pharmaceutical interventions, we could explore how G-Rh2 could inhibit chemotherapy resistance in BCA, and analyze its impact on related miRNA and target genes. Finally, we will reveal the anti-resistance molecular mechanisms of G-Rh2 from a different angle in miRNA-mediated chemoresistance signals among cells.

Caspase-3 Specifically Cleaves $p21^{WAF1/CIP1}$ in the Earlier Stage of Apoptosis in SK-HEP-1 Human Hepatoma Cells

  • Park, Jeong-Ae;Kim, Kyu-Won;Kim, Shin-Il;Lee, Seung-Ki
    • 고려인삼학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.231-243
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    • 1998
  • In the present study, we provide evidence that ginsenoside $Rh_2$ (G-$Rh_2$) as well as staurosporine induces apoptosis of human hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells by caspase 3-mediated processing of $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ in the early stage of apoptosls. Immunoblottings showed that G-$Rh_2$ as well as statrosporine induced the processing of caspase-3 to an active form, pl7. In stable Bcl-2 transfectants however, G-$Rh_2$ induced DNA fragmentation, while staurosporine did not. In the early stage of apoptosis, $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ was detected to undergo proteolytic processing specifically conducted by caspase-3. $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ translated in vitro was cleaved into a p14 fragment, when incubated with cell extracts obtained from either G-$Rh_2$- or staurosporine-treated cells. Cleavage was equally inhibited in both cases by adding Ac-DEVD-cho, a specific caspase-3 inhibitor, but not by Ac-YVkD-cho, a specific caspase-l inhibitor. Similarly, $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ was efficiently leaved by recombinant caspase-3 overexpressed in E. coli. Moreover, the endogenous $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ of untreated-cell extracts was also cleaved by recombinant caspase-3. Mutation analysis allowed identification of two caspase-3 cleavage sites, $DHVD^{112}$/L and $SMTD^{149}$/F, which are located within, or near the interaction domains for cyclins, Cdks, and PCNA. Taken together, these results show that G-$Rh_2$ as well as staurosporine increases caspase-3 activity, which in turn directly cleaves $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ resulting in elevation of Cdk kinase activity in the early stages of apoptosis. We propose that proteolytic cleavage of $p21^{WAFI/CIPI}$ is a functionally relevant event that allows unleashing the cyclin/Cdk activity from the inhibitor seen in the earlier stage of apoptosis, the event of which may be associated with the triggering mechanism for the execution of apoptosis.

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Preparation of Ag2Se-Graphene-TiO2 Nanocomposite and its Photocatalytic Degradation (Rh B)

  • Ali, Asghar;Oh, Won-Chun
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.388-394
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    • 2017
  • Here, utilizing rhodamine B (RhB) as standard color dye, we examined the photo degradation proficiency of $Ag_2Se-Graphene-TiO_2$ nanocomposites under visible light irradiation; samples were prepared by ultrasonication techniques and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectroscopic investigation and UV-Vis absorbance spectra examination. Our outcomes demonstrate that the $Ag_2Se-G-TiO_2$ nanocomposite showed significant photodegradation efficiency as compared with those of $TiO_2-G$ and $Ag_2Se-G$, with around 85.2% of Rhodamine B (RhB) degraded after 180 min. It is concluded that the $Ag_2Se-G-TiO_2$ nanocomposite is a competent candidate for dye pollutants.

인과립구 콜로니 자극인자 제제인 HM10411와 필그라스팀의 정맥, 근육 및 피하 주사시 흰쥐와 마우스에서의 약물 동태 (Pharmacokinetics of Recombinant Human Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (rhG-CSF) Following Intravenous, Intramuscular and Subcutaneous Administration of HM10411 and Filgrastim to Rats and Mice)

  • 김인화;이상훈;김영민;정성엽;권세창;이관순;정석재;심창구
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2001
  • The pharmacokinetics of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) following intravenous (i.v.), intramuscular (i.m.) and subcutaneous (s.c.) administration of HM1041l-lyo and HM10411-liq (lyophilized and liquid formulations of rhG-CSF, recently under development by Hanmi Pharmaceutical Company) were studied in rats, and compared with that of Filgrastim (conventional formulation of rhG-CSF on market). The plasma concentration of rhG-CSF was quantified using a specific ELISA. The pharmacokinetic parameters of rhG-CSF, after i.v., i.m. and s.c. administration of Filgrastim, HM1041l-lyo and HM1041l-liq to rats at a rhG-CSF dose of $10\;{\mu}g/kg$, were almost identical among the three formulations. No dose-dependency was observed in the pharmacokinetic parameters of rhG-CSF following i.v. administration in the dose range of $5{\sim}100\;{\mu}g/kg$. rhG-CSF, after i.v. administration of the three preparations at a dose of $10\;{\mu}g/kg$ to rats, was detected at low levels in all of the body tissues with highest tissue/plasma ratio of $0.46{\sim}0.51$ for the kidney at 30 min after the administration. The pharmacokinetics of rhG-CSF, after i.v. administration to mice at a dose of $10\;{\mu}g/kg$, were comparable among the three formulations. In conclusion, HM10411-lyo and HM10411-liq exhibited similar pharmacokinetics for rhG-CSF with Filgrastim regandless of animal species. Considering the fact that HM10411 series, contrary to Filgrastim, are proteins lacking a methionine residue, the methionine moiety in rhG-CSF molecule does not appear to influence the pharmacokinetics of the protein significantly.

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대장균에서 증식속도 조절에 의한 수용성 재조합 인간 과립구 콜로니 촉진인자의 생산 (Production of Soluble Recombinant Human Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor in E. coli by Control of Growth Rate.)

  • 박세철;고인영;강희일
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2004
  • 인간 과립구 성장인자(hG-CSF)는 골수에서 생산되는 단백질로 호중구의 분화 및 생성을 촉진시키는 역할을 한다. 현재 재조합 hG-CSF는 암화학요법에 의한 호중구감소증, 골수이식시 호중구 감소증, 재생불량성 빈혈에 수반되는 호중구 감소증 등으로 적응증이 확대되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 OmpA signal sequence를 삽입하여 인간 과립구 성장인자(hG-CSF)가 분비발현되도록 고안된 T7 promoter 에 의하여 발현되는 pYRCl 발현백터를 제조하였다. E. coli BL2l (pYRCl) 발현시 $37^{\circ}C$에서 배양하는 경우 많은 양의 봉입체(aggregates)를 형성한다. 이에 비하여 $10\mu$M ucose를 포함하는 변형된 MBL배지에서 10 g/$\ell$IPTG를 유도물질로 7시간동안 $25^{\circ}C$에서 배양하였을 때 전체 periplasm단백질의 15%가 soluble rhG-CSF이었다. 또한, 유가식 배양방법을 사용하여 E. coli BL2l(pYRCl)에서 soluble rhG-CSF의 생산조건을 조사하였다. 유가식 배양에서 rhG-CSF의 발현량이 비증식속도를 $0.43 h^{-1}$ 에서 0.14 $h^{-1}$ 으로, 유도 배양시간을 최적화함으로써 rhG-CSF의 발현량이 4.4mg/$\ell$에서 24mg/$\ell$ 로 증가하였다.

대장균에서 lactose를 이용한 수용성 재조합 인간 상피 세포 성장 인자의 생산 (Efficient Use of Lactose for Production of the Soluble Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor in Escherichia coli.)

  • 박세철;권태종;고인영;유광현
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 1998
  • 재조합 인간상피세포 성장인자(rhEGF)가 E. coli BL21(pYHB101) 균주를 사용하여 발현되었다. 10g/L glucose를 첨가한 변형된 MBL 배지를 사용하여 10 $\mu\textrm{m}$ IPTG/lactose로 2시간 동안 유도배양한 후 27$^{\circ}C$에서 48시간 동안 배양하였을 때 44.5 mg/L의 rhEGF가 발현되었다. 상기의 결과는 E. coli BL2l(pYHB101)를 사용하여 rhEGF를 발현시 lactose를 IPTG와 동일한 유도 물질로 사용 가능하다는 것을 시사하는 것이다. 회분식 배양에서 glucose를 10 g/L 첨가한 변형된 MBL 배지에 유도물질로 10 $\mu\textrm{m}$ lactose를 사용하였으며 28시간 동안 배양하였을 때 최대 45 mg/L의 rhEGF가 발현되었다. 유가식 배양에서 정지기에 0.5%(w/v) lactose와 0.25%(w/v) yeast extract를 첨가하였을 때 160mg/L의 rhEGF가 발현되었으며 94.3%가 분비되었다. 이에 비하여 유도기에 lactose를 첨가한 경우는 120 mg/L의 rhEGF가 발현되었으며 cytoplasm으로 발현된 불용성 봉입체의 비율은 20.9%에 달하였다. 이것은 lactose의 첨가시기가 E. coli BL2l(pYHB101)로부터 soluble rhEGF의 생성에 중요하다는 것을 확인한 결과이다.

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저수태 한우에 대한 성선자극 호르몬 방출호르몬 투여 효과 (Effect of Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone Administration in Repeat-breeder Hanwoo)

  • 임석기;우재석;윤상보;전기준
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 1997
  • The objective of this study was to enhance the pregnancy rate of repeat-breeder Hanwoo with gonadotropin-releasing hormone(Gn-RH) at the time, dose and site of administration.The results obtained were summaried as fallows:1.Ovulation time and pregnancy rate following GnRH administration time was 46.0, 27.4, 42.0 and 43.2hr and 33.3, 57.1, 37.5 and 40.0% at non-treatment, estus, 1st A' and 2nd Al treatment, respectively.2. Ovulation in repeat-breeder was induced 100% within 24hr with GnRH administration at the time of estrus.3. Ovulation time and pregnancy rate following GnRH adminstration dose and site was 25.2, 32.6, 17.6 and 27.6hr, and 28.6, 42.9, 75.0 and 66.7% at 50$\mu$g+IU, 50$\mu$g+IM, 100$\mu$g+IU and 100$\mu$g+IM treatments, respectively. It is concluded that GnRH administration for repeat-breeder was enhanced the pregnancy rate when treated with 100$\mu$g intrauterine at the time of estrus.

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Inhibitory Effect of Protopanxatriol Ginsenosides in an Oxazolone-induced Mouse Psoriatic Model

  • Shin, Young-Wook;Bae, Eun-Ah;Han, Myung-Joo;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 2006
  • When the inhibitory effect of ginsenoside (G) Re isolated from ginseng and its metabolites G-Rg1, G-F1, G-Rh1 and protopanaxatriol in mouse ear skin psoriasis stimulated by oxazolone was investigated, G-Re and its metabolites suppressed mouse ear swelling stimulated by oxazolone. Among these agents tested, G-Rh1 most potently suppressed ear swelling as well as mRNA expression of COX-2 and proinflammatory cytokines $IL-1{\beta},\;TNF-{\alpha}$ and $interferon-{\gamma}$. These findings suggest that G-Rh1 may improve chronic dermatitis and psoriasis.