• 제목, 요약, 키워드: G-Rh2

검색결과 390건 처리시간 0.048초

Effect of Timed Artificial Insemination Protocols on the Pregnancy Rate Per Insemination and Pregnancy Loss in Dairy Cows and Korean Native Cattle under Heat Stress

  • Uhm, Hyun-Boem;Jeong, Jae-Kwan;Kang, Hyun-Gu;Kim, Ill-Hwa
    • 한국임상수의학회지
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.235-241
    • /
    • 2020
  • We aimed to determine the effect of timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocols on the pregnancy rate per insemination and pregnancy loss compared with AI performed at detected estrus in dairy cows and Korean Hanwoo cattle under heat stress. In dairy cattle, 1,250 sets of data that underwent AI during heat stress (temperature-humidity index ≥ 72) were categorized according to their TAI protocols or as controls: 1) PGF-36 h-estradiol benzoate (EB)-36 h-TAI (PG-EB group, n = 113); 2) GnRH-7 days-PGF-56 h-GnRH-16 h-TAI (Ovsynch group, n = 455); or 3) GnRH-6 days-Ovsynch (G6G group, n = 136). The remaining cows underwent AI at detected estrus (AIDE group, n = 546). The probability of pregnancy per AI 45 days after AI was higher (P < 0.01) in the PG-EB (odds ratio [OR]: 1.68), Ovsynch (OR: 1.48), and G6G (OR: 1.79) groups than in the AIDE group. However, the prevalence of pregnancy loss between 30 and 45 days after AI did not differ among the groups. In Hanwoo cattle, 617 sets of data inseminated artificially under heat stress were categorized into AIDE (n = 281), PG-EB (n = 194), and combined Ovsynch or G6G (n = 142) groups. The probability of pregnancy per AI 45 days after AI and the prevalence of pregnancy loss between 30 and 45 days after AI did not differ among the groups. Thus, implementation of a TAI protocol (PG-EB, Ovsynch, or G6G) in dairy cows under heat stress improves the pregnancy rate per AI versus AIDE, whereas there is no beneficial effect of TAI on the pregnancy rate of Hanwoo cattle under heat stress.

해면연어의 성숙을 유도하기 위한 시상하부호르몬의 이용 (Utilization of Hypothalamic Hormones for Maturational Induction in Seawater Chum Salmon, Oncorhynchus keta)

  • 박우동;이철호;손영창
    • 한국해양학회지:바다
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-124
    • /
    • 2007
  • 강원도 양양군 연안으로 회귀한 성숙중의 연어(Oncorhynchus keta)를 국립수산과학원 영동내수면연구소로 수송하고 담수에 1일 이상 순치시킨 후, GnRH 유사체(GnRH-a)와 시상하부 도파민수용체의 길항제인 pimozide를 복강에 주사하여 생식소중량지수[GSI, (생식소중량/체중량)${\times}100$]와 간중량지수[HSI, (간중량/체중량)${\times}100$]의 변화를 조사하였다. GnRHa와 pimozide는 각각 $70\;{\mu}g$$700\;{\mu}g/kg$ 어체중 농도로 단독 또는 혼합주사하여 주사후 7일째까지 조사하였다. 2004년도의 실험에서는 GSI의 유의적인 변화가 없었다. 2005년도에도 유의적인 변화가 없었지만, 5일째 및 7일째에는 호르몬 주사군에서 약간 증가하는 경향이 관찰되었다. HSI는 주사후 7일째에 대조군에 비하여 GnRH-a 주사군 및 pimozide 혼합 주사군에서 유의적으로 감소하였다 (2004년; P<0.05). 2005년도에도 호르몬 주사군에서 HSI는 전체적으로 감소하는 결과이었으나, GnRH-a 주사후 7일째의 연어에서만 유의적으로 감소하였다(P<0.05). pimozide를 단독주사 한 2005년도의 실험에서는 유의차는 없었지만, GSI는 증가하고 HSI는 감소하였다. 따라서 성숙중인 해면연어가 연안에서 포획되었을 경우에는 담수에 일시적으로 순치시킨 다음, 시상하부호르몬 및 도파민 길항제를 주사하면 최종성숙을 조기에 유도할 수 있음이 부분적으로 시사되었으며, 향후 이에 대한 효과가 검증될 수 있게 되기를 바란다.

자궁근종의 성선자극호르몬분비호르몬 효능제 치료에 있어 생리의 영향 (The Effect of Menstration on GnRH Agonist Treatment for the Uterine Myoma)

  • 한수경;이명구;한송이;박미숙;임성실
    • 약학회지
    • /
    • v.51 no.6
    • /
    • pp.402-408
    • /
    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of menstration among the influencing factors for the GnRH agonist (as G: depot goserelin 3.6 mg) therapy prior to the planned myomectomy for women who wanted to preserve their fertility. We reviewed total 48 patients. with the G therapy prior to the planned myomectomy from August 1st, 2005 to August 31st, 2006. The patients were classified by the G group (n=28) and the immediate surgery (as S) group (n=20). The G group (n=19) underwent the G therapy for 3 month courses, and then the efficacy was evaluated by menstruation and the myoma volumes. In the G group (n=19), therapy was effective, and the mean age was $32.4{\pm}6.5$ years. After the completion of G therapy, the mean volume of the myoma by ultrasonography was reduced to $85.2{\pm}71.2cm^3$ comparing of $430.6{\pm}248.8cm^3$ at first visit. The 11 patients had menstruation and the rest 8 patients with amenorrhea had less reduced volume of the myoma ($124.05{\pm}79.85cm^3\;v.s.\;329.41{\pm}234.0cm^3$ p<0.05). In the immediate S group, the myoma volumes by sonography was also checked for accuracy (${\alpha}=1.0$). As the result, the initial myoma volume had the positive correlations to the effectiveness with G therapy. However, the occurrence and frequency of the menstruation during the G therapy had a negative correlation. In conclusion, the use of G prior to the planned myomectomy was effective in reducing myoma volume and the menstruation.

Expression and Characterization of Human N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases and ${\alpha}$2,3-Sialyltransferase in Insect Cells for In Vitro Glycosylation of Recombinant Erythropoietin

  • Kim, Na-Young;Kim, Hyung-Gu;Kim, Yang-Hyun;Chung, In-Sik;Yang, Jai-Myung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.383-391
    • /
    • 2008
  • The glycans linked to the insect cell-derived glycoproteins are known to differ from those expressed in mammalian cells, partly because of the low level or lack of glycosyltransferase activities. GnT II, GnT IV, GnT V, and ST3Gal IV, which play important roles in the synthesis of tetraantennarytype complex glycan structures in mammalian cells, were overexpressed in Trichoplusia ni cells by using a baculovirus expression vector. The glycosyltransferases, expressed as a fusion form with the IgG-binding domain, were secreted into the culture media and purified using IgG sepharose resin. The enzyme assay, performed using a pyridylaminated-sugar chain as an acceptor, indicated that the purified glycosyltransferases retained their enzyme activities. Human erythropoietin expressed in T. ni cells (rhEPO) was subjected to in vitro glycosylation by using recombinant glycosyltransferases and was converted into complex-type glycan with terminal sialic acid. The presence of Nacetylglucosamine, galactose, and sialic acid on the rhEPO moiety was detected by a lectin blot analysis, and the addition of galactose and sialic acid to rhEPO was confirmed by autoradiography using $UDP-^{14}C-Gal\;and\;CMP-^{14}C-Sia$ as donors. The in vitro glycosylated rhEPO was injected into mice, and the number of reticulocytes among the ed blood cells was counted using FACS. A significant increase in the number of reticulocytes was not observed in the mice injected with in vitro glycosylated rhEPO as compared with those injected with rhEPO.

Escherichia coli에서 발현된 재조합 인간 상피세포 증식인자의 정제 및 특성

  • 박세철;유광현
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.478-484
    • /
    • 1996
  • Recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) was produced by E. coli BL21 harboring a plasmid pYHB101. The maximum production was 68.7 mg/l when the E. coli strain was cultured at 25$\circ$C for 48 hours in the modified MBL medium containing 10 g/l glucose with 1 mM IPTG induction at 2 hours after inoculation. The rhEGF was purified upto 267 folds by Amberlite XAD- 7 chromatography, ultrafiltration, and DEAE Sepharose fast flow ion exchange chromatography with an overall yield of 66.6%. The purified rhEGF was further separated into two fractions by HPLC. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the second fraction was Asn-Ser-Asp-Ser-Glu-Cys-Pro-Leu-Ser-His. The effect of rhEGF on the DNA synthesis was examined using in vitro biological assay based on the incorporation of 5'-bromo-2'- deoxy-uridine (BrdU). The purified rhEGF shows no difference with natural human epidermal growth factor (nhEGF) in N-terminal amino acids residues and biological activity. From the results, we concluded that rhEGF produced from E. coli harboring the plasmid pYHB101 was apparently the same as nhEGF.

  • PDF

Bioavailability of Fermented Korean Red Ginseng

  • Lee, Hyun-Jung;Jung, Eun-Young;Lee, Hyun-Sun;Kim, Bong-Gwan;Kim, Jeong-Hoon;Yoon, Taek-Joon;Oh, Sung-Hoon;Suh, Hyung-Joo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.201-207
    • /
    • 2009
  • In an effort to improve ginsenoside bioavailability, the ginsenosides of fermented red ginseng were examined with respect to bioavailability and physiological activity. The results showed that the fermented red ginseng (FRG) had a high level of ginsenoside metabolites. The total ginsenoside contents in non-fermented red ginseng (NFRG) and FRG were 35715.2 ${\mu}g$/mL and 34822.9 ${\mu}g$/mL, respectively. However, RFG had a higher content (14914.3 ${\mu}g$/mL) of ginsenoside metabolites (Rg3, Rg5, Rk1, CK, Rh1, F2, and Rg2) compared to NFRG (5697.9 ${\mu}g$/mL). The skin permeability of RFG was higher than that of NFRG using Franz diffusion cells. Particularly, after 5 hr, the skin permeability of RFG was significantly (p<0.05) higher than that of NFRG. Using everted instestinal sacs of rats, RFG showed a high transport level (10.3 mg of polyphenols/g sac) compared to NFRG (6.67 of mg of polyphenols/g sac) after 1 hr. After oral administration of NFRG and FRG to rats, serum concentrations were determined by HPLC. Peak concentrations of Rk1, Rh1, Rc, and Rg5 were approximately 1.64, 2.35, 1.13, and 1.25-fold higher, respectively, for FRG than for NFRG. Furthermore, Rk1, Rh1, and Rg5 increased more rapidly in the blood by the oral administration of FRG versus NFRG. FRG had dramatically improved bioavailability compared to NFRG as indicated by skin permeation, intestinal permeability, and ginsenoside levels in the blood. The significantly greater bioavailability of FRG may have been due to the transformation of its ginsenosides by fermentation to more easily absorbable forms (ginsenoside metabolites).

직접 산화와 간접 산화용 전극의 Dye 제거 성능 비교 (Comparison of Dye Removal Performance of Direct and Indirect Oxidation Electrode)

  • 김동석;박영식
    • 한국물환경학회지
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.963-968
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study has carried out to evaluate the performance of direct and indirect oxidation electrode for the purpose of decolorization of Rhodamine B (RhB) in water. Four kinds of electrodes were used for comparison: Pt and JP202 (indirect oxidation electrode), Pb and boron doping diamond (BDD, direct oxidation electrode). The effect of applied current (0.5 ~ 2.5 A), electrolyte type (NaCl, KCl, HCl, $Na_2SO_4$ and $H_2SO_4$) and electrolyte concentration (0.5 ~ 2.5 g/L), solution pH (3 ~ 11) and initial RhB concentration (25 ~ 125 mg/L) were evaluated. Experimental results showed that RhB removal efficiency were increased with increase of current, NaCl dosage and decrease of the pH. However, the effect of operating parameter on the RhB removal were different with the electrode type. JP202 electrode was the best electrode from the point of view of performance and energy consumption. The order of removed RhB concentration per energy lie in: JP202>Pt>Pb>BDD.

SEASONAL VARIATIONS IN THE HYPOPHYSIAL RESPONSIVENESS TO GnRH IN CYCLING BUFFALO (Bubalus bubalis)

  • Palta, P.;Madan, M.L.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.6
    • /
    • pp.711-714
    • /
    • 1996
  • The present study investigated the hypophysial responsiveness in terms of GnRH induced LH and FSH release in cycling buffalo during the tropical summer and winter climatic conditions (seasons). Peripheral plasma LH and FSH levels were measured at 1 hour before and 6 hours subsequent to the administration of GnRH (1 ug/kg body weight) or saline on Day 14 of oestrous cycle in 2 groups of buffalo (n = 6 each) during summer and winter seasons. Although GnRH induced LH peak concentrations did not differ during the two seasons, time to attain LH peak concentration was shorter (p < 0.05) and the area under LH peak was 39% higher (p < 0.05) during winter season in comparison to summer season. However, season had no effect on GnRH induced peak FSH concentration, time to attain peak FSH concentration and the area under FSH peak. Pretreatment basal LH and FSH levels did not differ during the two seasons. The present study suggests that the summer season adversely affects the GnRH stimulated release of LH in buffalo.

마우스에서 Cisplatin과 방사선조사로 유발된 구내염에 대한 재조합 표피성장인자의 효과 (The Effect of Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor on Cisplatin and Radiotherapy Induced Oral Mucositis in Mice)

  • 나재범;김혜정;채규영;이상욱;이강규;장기철;최병옥;장홍석;정배권;강기문
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.242-248
    • /
    • 2007
  • 목적: 마우스 모델에서 cisplatin과 방사선조사로 구내염을 유발시킨 후 재조합 표피성장인자 (recombinant human epidermal growth factor, rhEGF)을 처치하여 그 효과를 알아보고자 하였다. 대상 및 방법: 마우스 24마리를 대상으로 정상대조군 8마리와 실험군은 각각 rhEGF 처치군과 미처치군으로 8마리씩 분류하였으며 실험군은 10 mg/kg의 cisplatin을 방사선조사 첫날 동시에 1회 복강 내 투여하였고, 방사선조사는 5일간 1회 5 Gy씩, 5일간 25 Gy를 조사하였다. RhEGF 처치군은 방사선조사 2일 전부터 2일간 1 mg/kg의 rhEGF를 피하주사하였으며 방사선조사3일째부터 3일간 1 mg/kg를 피하주사하여 총 5 mg/kg의 rhEGF를 투여하였다. 마우스의 체중변화, 먹이섭취 및 조직학적 변화를 평가하였다. 결 과: 마우스 체중변화는 rhEG F처치군이 실험 3일째부터 5일간 rhEGF 미처치군과 비교하여 통계적으로 유의한 체중의 차이를 관찰할 수 있었다. 먹이섭취는 실험군(rhEGF 처치군과 미처치군)에서 실험 5일째까지 감소하였다가 13일째부터 먹이섭취의 증가를 보여주었다. Cisplatin과 방사선조사 후 7일째의 조직학적 검사에서는 rhEGF 처치군에서 마우스의 점막 표피층의 변성이 관찰되었으나 rhEGF 미처치군에서는 점막층의 염증 반응이 관찰되었다. 결 론: Cisplatin과 방사선 조사로 마우스에서 발생한 구내염에서 rhEGF를 투여한 경우 체중 변화와 먹이섭취의 유의한 개선을 관찰하였으며 조직학적 검사에서 점막 손상의 회복을 확인하였다. 향후 임상적으로 rhEGF가 항암화학요법과 방사선치료로 인한 구내염을 줄일 수 있는 가능성을 확인하였다.값은 11개월이었고 2년, 3년 생존율은 31.5%, 15.8%였다. 결 론: 2기 췌장암 환자들은 국소 재발 및 원격 전이의 가능성이 높은 고위험군으로 국소 제어율 및 전체 생존율의 향상을 위해서 수술 후 효과적인 방사선치료의 적극적인 시행 및 이후의 보조적인 전신 항암화학요법을 권고하여 시행하는 것이 바람직하다. 평가 검사는 모두 제조사의 시험지침서에 부합하였다. 결론적으로, 이는 본 GE $Advance^{TM}$ PET 시스템이 임상에의 적용에 적합함을 보여주었다.mens사의 상용 분석 프로그램에는 해당 기능이 없어 계산값의 비교를 통한 검증은 수행하지 못하였고, 수화(hydration)와 탈수(dehydration) 각각의 조건에 따른 신장기능 분석에 적용하였을 때, 판별 기준이 되는 유의미한 값을 산출하여 타당성 검증을 대신하였다. 결론: 이 연구에서 개발한 핵의학 영상의 정량적 분석을 통한 신장기능 분석 프로그램을 사용하여 신장 기능을 분석한 결과, 타당성 있는 결과를 도출하여 그 유용성을 입증하였다. 이 개발 프로그램은 좀 더 다양한 임상응용 목적의 분석기능을 사용자가 직접 개발, 추가하기가 용이하여 기존 상용 프로그램보다 연구적 활용범위가 크다고 사료된다.2.2{\pm}0.4\;(1.6{\sim}3.2){\mu}g/ml$와 $1.4{\pm}0.2\;(0.8{\sim}1.6){\mu}g/ml$로서(p=0.16), 표준균주 3종 모두에서 Infecton의 MBC 또한 ciprofloxacin에 비해 $2{\sim}4$배가 높았다. 결론: Tc-99m Infecton은 ciprofloxacin 보다는 약하였지만 표준균주에 대해 생체외 항균력을 보였다.를

DA-3030(recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor)의 정맥, 근육 또는 피하주사시 실험동물에서의 약물동력 학 및 조직 분포 (Pharmacokinetics and Tissue Distribution of DA-3030 (recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) after Intravenous, Intramuscular or Subcutaneous Administrations to the Laboratory Animals.)

  • 이응두;심현주;이종진;이상득;강수형;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.2 no.4
    • /
    • pp.310-315
    • /
    • 1994
  • The pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of DA-3030 (recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, rhG-CSF, recently manufactured by Dong-A research laboratory of Dong-A Pharmaceutical Company) were compared with reported data in the literature. After intravenous(i.v.) administration of DA-3030, at dose of 5, 10 and 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg to rats, some pharmacokinetic parameters, such as terminal half-lives(1.05, 1.19 and 1.83 hr, respectively) and clearance (84.0, 54.8 and 45.5 mι/hr/kg, repectively), were dose-dependent. This could be due to the saturable metabolism of DA-3030 in rats. Similar results were also reported. After subcutaneous(s.c.) and intramuscular(i.m.) administrations of DA-3030, 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg to rats, the extent of bioavailability(absolute bioavailability) were incomplete; the values were 23.3 and 18.2% after s.c. and i.m. injections, respectively, due to the degradation of DA-3030 by protease. After 7-consecutive day i.v. administrations of DA-3030, 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day, to rats, the plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters of DA-3030 were not significantly different from those in single administration. In mice and dogs at DA-3030 dose of 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, the plasma concentrations of DA-3030 were also declined rapidly with terminal half-lives of 1.31 and 1.15 hr, respectively. DA-3030 was highly concentrated in the kidney after i.v. administration of DA-3030, 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, to rats, and the results were similar to those obtained using radiolabelled rhG-CSF in the literature. Above data indicate that DA-3030 has similar properties to rhG-CSF manufactured by other companies in view of pharmacokinetics.

  • PDF